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has not been less than pinety cents per bushel in any one year; and flour not less than four dollars and twenty-five cents to four dollars and fifty cents.
From past experience the petitioners confidently estimate that five dollars per barrel may be looked for as an average price for many years to come, and at the present very low rate of ninety cents per bushel in New York. It may be estimated at sixty-five cents per bushel in the ports of Lake Erie, Toledo, at the mouth of Maumee river, or at Cleveland; and on the completion of the aforesaid Northern Cross Railroad, wheat may be safely estimated at an average price of fifty cents per bushel along the line thereof, instead of having it to haul from tifty to eighty miles, and then obtain only twentyfive cents—the present price. The petitioners are most anxiously desirous of obtaining assistance from Congress to enable this State to finish ihe said road, from the fact that the Great Wabash and Erie Canal is completed, connecting by river and canal communication, Lake Erie, at the mouth of Maumee river, with the Great Wabash river at Lafayette, a distance of 235 miles, and a continuation of said canal will be finished the ensuing year from Lafayette to Covington, in Indiana; which last named point is opposite the east end of the line of said Northern Cross Railroad, and, therefore, when completed through Danville and Decatur, to Springfield, said railroad will be the greatest intercommunication between the waters of Lake Erie and the Mississippi, the connecting route of travel and transportation between New York and New Orleans, and crossing the rich and beautiful prairies of Illinois. It will connect the agricultural interests of the west with the commercial interests of the south and east.
The States of Indiana, Ohio, and New York, are also greatly interested in the completion of this railroad, by the increase of tolls along their public works, by the transportation thereon of the farming produce of Illinois to the eastern or Canadian markets; therefore, the aforesaid citizens most respectfully pray this Legislature to memorialize Congress to donate to this State the alternate sections of land for six miles on both sides of the Northern Cross Railroad from Springfield, the seat of Government of the State of Illinois, to the east line of said State, for purposes of completing said road; therefore, this committee propose and recommend the following for adoption:
Resolved, 1st. That our Senators in Congress be instructed and our Representatives requested to introduce a bill donating to the State of Illinois the alternate sections of land for six miles on each side of ihe Northern Cross Railroad, for the sole use of completing said road.
Resolved, 2d. 'hat in all cases where the lands through which said railroad passes have heretofore heen entered, that the Governor of the State of Illinois be authorised to make the
selection of an equal number of acres from the vacant lands within the State.
Resolved, 3d. That the Governor of this State is hereby em. powered to sell any lands which may be donated to this Štate, and apply the proceeds to the use or purposes as specified or granted.
Resolded, 4th. That the Governor of this State is hereby empowered to appoint commissioners to make, construct, or repair any railroads for which lands may be granted, provided the same be done without any cost or expense to the State, other than the proceeds of the sales of said donated lands.
Resolved, 5th. That the Governor of this State be requested to forward a copy of this report and resolutiors to the Gover. nors of the States of Indiana, Ohio, and New York, soliciting them to take into consideration the great advantages their States will respectively receive from the measure contempla. ted; and the great national benefits arising from all works of interual improvement, such as may be properly called national thoroughfares; and that said executive officers be requested to invite the aid, assistance, and votes of their several delegations in Congress in support of the aforesaid bill for donation of land to the State of Illinois.
PREAMBLE AND RESOLUTIONS in relation to Oregon Territory.
WHEREAS, the title of the Government of the United States to
the Territory of Oregon is indisputable, and the Govern. ment of Great Britain is only entitled to the joint occupancy thereof by the permission of the United States, until notice shall be given for its termination; and whereas, Great Britain has taken exclusive possession of the choice parts of said Territory, in direct violation of treaty, and with an utter disregard of the rights of the United States; and whereas, the safety of the title of the United States to said Territory is greatly endangered by the concessions made in the late treaty, relative to the boundary of Maine, by her rights to said Territory not then being persisted in and made part of said treaty, and will be more endangered by longer de'av; and whereas, the Hon. Lewis F. Linn has lately introduced into the United States Senate a bill pro. viding for the settleinent and protection of Oregon; there.
Resolved by the People of the State of Illinois, represented in the General Assembly, That our Senators in Congress be in.
structed, and our Representatives requested to use their best Ibstractions concerning
S efforts in the support of a bill lately introduced into the N. Western United States Senate to authorise the adoption of measures bonndary for the occupation and settlement of the Territory of Ore.
gon, for extending certain portions of the laws of the United States over the same, and for other purposes.
Resolved, That the Governor be requested to transmit a copy hereof to each of our Senators and Representatives in Congress.
PREAMBLE AND RESOLUTION relative to Oregon.
WHEREAS, in making the late treaty with the British Govern- Preamble ment, all questions were not settled, and thereby the Ter. ritory of Oregon is left in dispute between the Government of the United States and the Government of Great Britain; therefore, Resolved by the House of Representatives of the State of Illinois,
*? Insti uerious the Senate concurring herein, That our Senators in Congress be instructed, and our Representatives requested, to use their efforts to procure the adoption of the proper measures to establish the north-western boundary, and to settle the controversy between the United States Government and the Kingdom of Great Britain, in relation to said boundary. ,
Resolved, That the Governor be requested to forward copies of the foregoing preamble and resolution to each of our Representatives and Senators in Congress.
PREAMBLE AND RESOLUTION relating to pre-emption rights, and
. reducing the price of public lanus.
WHEREAS, it has been the settled policy of the Government
of the United States, in the exercise of a beneficent feeling, to secure, by pre-emption right, those pioneers of the newly settled portions of our country who had toiled to make themselves homes upon the unuccupied and unappropriated lands of the Government; and whereas, the act of Congress entitled "an act to appropriate the proceeds of the sales of the public lands, and to grant pre-emption rights," approved September 4th, 1841, while professing to protect the rights of the actual settler, has imposed so many burthens upon him, by requiring him to file his application with the register of the land office of the proper district, describing the land settled upon, within thirty days next after the date of his settlement, or if made prior to the passage of said act, then within three months after the same became a law, and hy requiring fees to be paid to the land officers, and by requiring proof to be made agreeably to such rules as the Se. cretary of the Treasury may prescribe, and by requiring the whole of the purchase money to be paid within twelve months after the date of the settlement, if made subsequent, and within twelve months after said law went in force, if
made prior to the passage thercof, and by denying any preemption to such as had opened a farm, but not built a house, as to render said law a curse rather than a blessing to the great mass of community in the new States; and whereas, during the present unparallelled scarcity of money, it is next to impossible for the poor man, however industrious he may be, to accumulate by his own labor within twelve months, a sufficient sum of money to enter him a home, while the application describing the land filed in the proper office remains as an unerring directory to guide the ruthless speculator to the little home of the occupant; and whereas, by the 10th section of the act aforesaid, an invidious distinc. tion is made between the citizen and the alien who has not filed bis declaration under the naturalization laws of the United States, so as to deny to the latter any pre-emption right whatever, though he may be a native of the land of De Kalb, Pulaski, of Montgomery, orof La Fayette; and whereas, neither those who furnished us with men or money in our revolutionary struggle, or their descendants, should be denied the privilege of a home in our country, and a partici. pation in the laws of the land, in common with our own citizens; and whereas, a liberal policy should be pursued by our government, so as to secure to the ardent but oppressed lover of liberty throughout the world, a home and an asylumn in the land of Washington; and whereas, it is unjust in principle to impose taxes and other burthens of Government upon aliens in common with native born citizens, while we deny to them equal rights and privileges under our laws; and whereas, the price of our public lands that have long been in market, should be so reduced as to place it within the power of every industrious man, however pour he may be, to secure a home for himself and family, therefore,
Resolved by the House of Representatives, the Senate concurring herein, That our Senators in Congress be instructed, and our Representatives requested to use their utmost exertions to procure the passage of a permanent pre-emption law, embracing not the shadow merely but the substance, which will secure to the actual settler, with as little cost as possible, for a term of years, a home upon any unoccupied and unap. propriated tract of Government land on which he may open a farm or build a dwelling house.
Resolved, That such restrictions and provisions be incorporated in said law as will effectually prevent land speculators and others from entering any tract occupied as aforesaid, witliout having first purchased the improvement of the proper owner.
Resolved, That said law repudiate all invidious distinctions made between aliens and native born citizens, so far as pro. curing a home in our country and interest in our soil is concerned.
Resolved, That they also use their best exertions to procure the passage of a graduation law, with such restrictions and safe guards as will confine its beneficial operations to the actual settler.
Resolved, That the Governor be and is hereb requested to forward a copy of this preamble and resolutions to each of our members in Congress.
PREAMBLE AND RESOLUTIONS in relation to the State debt.
WHEREAS, the State of Illinois, in common with many of her Preamble
sister States of this Union, is now laboring under financial embarrassment; and whereas, under our former policy public works were commenced and prosecuted, and vast and extravagant schemes of internal improvements adopted, utterly disproportioned to our resources and means; and whereas, these measures had their origin in the delusions incident to one of those periodical excitements which, in Europe as well as in this country, have led States and individuals into inordinate speculations, uniformly terminating in bankruptcy and ruin; and whereas, under the influence of this delusion, former Legislatures have contracteu debts in times of great apparent prosperity which we are now, in a period of depression and financial adversity, utterly unable to liquidate; and whereas, doubts are said to exist in the minds of our public creditors as to the intention of the people of this State respecting the legal and moral obligations of fulfilling these contracts and paying these debts; and whereas, it is essential to the well-being of nations, as it is of individuals, to maintain an unblemished reputation and sustain their dignity and honor, and that every individual in the nation is interested in sustaining and preserving that honor, not only from disgrace, but even from suspicion; and whereas, this Legislature has been recently elected by the people, is imbued with their opinious and feelings, and is fully cognizant of their intentions respecting this subject, they deem it due to themselves, to the people they represent, to the public creditors, and to their hitherto unsullied fame in the eyes of the world, to promulgate the following resolutions embodying the sentiments of the People of the State of Illinois:
Resolved by the House of Representatives, the Senate concurring herein, That we fully recognize the legal and moral obligations of discharging, with punctuality, every debt contracied by any authorized agent or agents of this Stace for, a good and valuable consideration; and that the revenues and resources of the State shall be appropriated for that purpose