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Situation of Poland at the Close of 1790. Poland treated with Insolence by the Courts

of Petersburgh und Vienna. Sound Policy of an Alliance between Poland and Prussia.

Unusual Condescendence of the Courts of Vienna and Petersburgh. Awakened Spirit

and Patriotism of the Polish Nation. Abolition of the permanent Council, and

Establishment of a permanent Diet in Poland. Concessions to the Poles by the

Russians and Austrians. Augmentation of the Military Strength of Poland. Situa

ation of Northern and Eastern Europe at the Commencement of 1790. Sketch of a

New Constitution favourable to the Liberty and Happiness of all Ranks. Ercites

Jealousy and Alarm in the Courts of Berlin and Petersburgh. King of Prussia de-

mands the Cession of Dantzic and Thorn. Character, Circumstances, and Conduct

of the King of Poland. Patriotic Ardour of the Poles of all Ranks. Decrees of

the Polish Diet in favour of the Commons. The Meeting of the Polish Slates changed

into a Diet of Confederation; in which all Questions are to be decided by a Majority.

The Diet opened by the King in Person. The Diet absolves the King from his Coro-

nation Oath. Debates in the Diet. The King and the Diet accept, with the Solem-

pity of an Oath, the New Constitution.

108

CHA P. VII.

Erultation of the French at the Confederation. Satisfaction of the Assembly at the Ap

plause it meets with from the Popular Clubs and Socielies in England. Suspicions

occasioned in France by the English Armaments against Spain. Jealousy entertained

against the Emperor. Deliberations in the Assembly concerning an Alliance with

Spain. Domestic Confusions. Continuation of Disturbances in the Colonies. Seve-

ral Regulations for the Internal Government of the Kingdom. Disorders in the Navy.

Discontents in the Army. Motion in the Assembly by M. Duval. Its Con.

sequences. Critical Situation of the King. Designs imputed to the Heads of the Po.

pular Party. Charges against the Duke of Orleans and M. Mirabeau. Both acquita

ted. Coalition of the Parliaments with the Noblesse against the Assembly. Resist-

ance of the Parliament of Toulouse. Compelled to submit. 2eal of the Parisians

for the New Constitution. Confirmation of the Decrees relating to the Civic

Oath. Refractory dispositions of the Noblesse. Pecuniary Embarrassments.

Fabrication of Assignats. Researches into the Civil and Religious Establishments

in France. Number of Seminaries and Convents belonging to the English Roman

Catholics in that Kingdom. Discovery of the Profusions under the late Government.

Efforts of the Court Party to procure a Junction with Spuin against England. De-

bility of that Party. Decrees in favour of the Descendants of French Protestant Refi-

gees in Foreign Parts. Resolute Behaviour of the Adherents to the Noblesse und

Clergy. Conspiracy at Lyons. Anxiety of the Court of Rome at the Transactions in

France. Decree of the Assembly concerning Episcopal Elections. Opposition of the

Court Clergy to this and other Decrees. Address of the University of Paris to the

Assembly. Attachment of the French in Foreign Countries to the New Constitution.

Zealous Perseverance of its Enemies in opposing it. Duel between M. Lameth and

M. Castries. Other Quarrels and violent Proceedings. Reforms in the Adminis-

tration of Justice. Public Revenues before and since the Revolution. Satisfaction

of the Popular Party at the present Situation of Affairs.

126

CHA P. VIII.

Dissatisfaction of the European Princes at the Proceedings of the Assembly. Come

plaints of the German Princes. Letter from the Emperor to the King of Frunce. An

Augmentation of the French Army voted by the Assembly. Affairs of the King's Aunts.

Tumult

Tumult at Vincennes. Insurrection in Britanny. The King limited to the Nomina-

tion of Sir Ministers. Apprehensions of Hostile Intentions to France from the Em-

peror and the other Absolute Sovereigns in Europe. The Assembly demands an Er-

planation of his Conduct, and orders Preparations to face its Enemies. Zeal of the

Revolutionists for the Public Service. Consequences of the Decree for the Civic Vuth.

Ecclesiastical Affairs. M. Mirabeau President of the Assembly. His Address to

the Deputation from the Quakers. Right of Primogeniture abolished. Sequestration.

Dissatisfaction of the Pope at the New Arrangement of Church Affairs in France.

Death of Mirabeau. Progress of the Assignats. Confidence of the Assembly in their

Strength and Resources. Suspicions of the King's Designs. His Complaint of ill

Treatment, and Declaration to the Public. Conduct of M. la Fayette to the Na-

tional Guards. Menaces of the German Princes. Altercations with the Pope. En-

mity of the Spanish Court to the Revolutionists. Suppression of the Duties on Pro-

visions brought into Paris. Progress of the Assignats. Scarcity of Cash. Appre-

hensions from the Emigrants and Foreign Powers. Message of the Assembly to the

Prince of Condé. Claims of the German Princes taken into Consideration, Decrees

against the Authority of the Pope. Various Decrees for the Security of the Assembly

and the Constitutional Government of the Nation. Increasing Popularity of the Ase

sembly. Discontents of the People in Spain at the Government. Progress of the

Spirit of Liberty in various Countries of Europe. Forwarded by the Exertions of the

French. They become odious to Foreign Princes on that Account. Political Opin-

ions current at this Period. Hopes and Projects of the Enemies of the Revolution.

The King's Flight from Paris, and Recapture. Circumstances attending that Event.

Conduct of the Assembly on this Occasion. Declarations of the King and Queen.

Royal Manifesto. Assembly's Reply.

143

CHA P. IX,

M. Bouille's Letter to the Assembly. Commissioners sent to inspect the Frontier.

Violent Feuds in Paris. State of the Public Mind at this Juncture in France, and

in other Countries. Foreign Princes deeply interested in the King of France's Situ.

ation. Apprehensions entertained by the Emperor and other Sovereigns. Interference

of the King of Spain in Behalf of the King of France. Slighted by the Assembly

State of Parties at Paris. Progress of Republican Principles in France. Charges

against the Royal Party. Conduct of the Assembly. Ill Consequences of the King's

Flight to the Royal Cause, and to his Adherents. Deliberations in the Assembly

on the Constitutional Code. Decrees against the Emigrants. Insurrection of the

Republican Party quelled. Inviolability of the King's Person confirmed. Threats

of the German Princes. Rumours of a formidable Combinution against France.

French Preparations for Defence. Various Orders of Knighthood abolished. Sigo

nature of former Titles prohibited. Decree for appointing a Governor to the King's

Son. Expectations of the Popular Party from the Publication of the Constitutional

Code. Effects produced by the French Revolution in various Parts of Europe. Con-

stitutional Code completed. Endeavours to divide the Assembly into different Houses,

after the Model of the English Parliament. Unsuccessful. Respective Arguments

adduced by the supporters of the Royal Prerogatives, and by their Opponents. Ideas

entertained by the violent Republicans, and by the Partizans of the old Government.

Character and Conduct of the Abbé Maury. "Ecclesiastical Matters. Honours paid

to the Memory and the Remains of Voltaire and Rousseau. Scarcity of Specie' and

Depreciation of Paper Money. French Princes and Emigrants. Plan for the

Deliverance of the King— Fails. Divisions in the Assembly. Various Decrees

CH A P.

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65

Petition of Stockholders to the House of Commons against the Bill for appropriating the

Unclaimed Dividends
Ertracts of Letters, 8c. and Accounts relative to the Settlements in New South

Wales

66

Petition of John Horne Tooke, Esq. to the House of Commons

80

Copy of a Memorial, presented by the Roman Catholics to the Right Honourable

William Pitt

82

Letter to Dr. Priestly, from the Committee of the Revolution Society, and his

Answer

84
Address of the Students of New College, Hackney, to Dr. Priestly, in consequence

of the Birmingham Riots, and his Answer

86

New Constitution of the Government of Poland, as established May 3rd, 1791 88

The French Constitution, established August 4th, 1791

94

Account of the Capture of Cannanore and Truckabad, with several Forts on the Mala-

bar Coast by the British

111

Account of the Capture of Bangalore

115

Finance Reports, presented to the House of Commons, May 10, 1791

119

Public Receipt and Erpenditure, 1791

134

State of the Barometer, Thermometer, and Hygrometer, for 1791

135

Account of the Amount of Unclaimed Dividends, and other Sums of Public Money,

remaining unpaid in the Bank of England, from 1736 to 1789

136
Account

His Majesty's Speech to both Houses of Parliament, November 26, 1790

His Majesty's Speech to both Houses of Parliament, June 10, 1791

Message from his Majesty to the House of Commons, February 25, 1791

Message from his Majesty to the House of Commons, March 28

Message from his Majesty to the House of Commons, May 18

Protest of Lord Hawke, against the Questions to be proposed to the Judges relative to

Mr. Hastings Trial, May 16

152

Protest in the House of Lords, against a proposed Amendment in the Libel Bill

June 8

Speech of the Earl of Westmorland, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, to both Houses of Pur-

liament, January 20, 1791

Speech of the Earl of Westmorland, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, to both Houses of Pas-

liament, May 5

Letter

from the Emperor of Germany to the King of the French

136

Memoir left by the French King, and presented to the National Assembly of France,

June 21, 1791

Address from the National Assembly to the French Nation

162

Letter from M. Simolin, the Russian Ambassador, to M. Montmorin

165

Letter from M. de Bouille to the National Assembly

166

Letter from Roederer, Deputy to the National Assembly, to M. de Bouille 163

Declaration of 290 Deputies, on the Decrees which suspend the Exercise of the Royal

Authority; and which infringe the Inviolability of the Sacred Person of the King,

June 29

172

Declaration of the King of the French, June 26

ib,

M. de Bouille's Statement of the King's Journey from Chalons to Varennes, when his

Majesty and the Royal Family left Paris to go to Montmedi

174

Note from the King to the National Assembly, July 9

182

Letter from Monsieur and the Count d'Artois to the King their Brother 183

Letter from the Princes of Bourbon, to the same

190

Convention between the Emperor and the King of Prussia at Pilniti, Aug. 21 ib.
Letter from the King to the National Assembly, announcing his Resolution to uccept the
Constitution, September 13

io.
Letter of Instructions from M. Montmorin, Minister of France for Foreign Affairs,

sent by Order of the King to all his Ministers at Foreign Courts, April 23
The King's Speech to the National Assembly, on accepting the Constitution, Sep-

tember 14

Proclamation of Louis XVI. September 28

196

The King's Speech to the National Assembly, the last day of their Meeting, Sept. 30 197

jhe

195

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