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His Majesty's mostgracious Speech Since the last session of parlia

to both Houses of Parliament, ment, a foundation has been laid Nov. 26, 1790.

for a pacification between Austria

and the Porte, and I am now emMy Lords and Gentlemen,

ploying my mediation, in conT is a great saisfaction to me to junction with my allies, for the

inform you, that the differences purpose of negociating a definitive which had arisen between me and treaty between those powers, and the court of Spain have happily of endeavouring to put an end to been brought to an amicable ter- the dissentions in the Netherlands, mination,

in whose situation I am necessarily I have ordered copies of the de. concerned, from considerations of clarations exchanged between my national interest, as well as from ambassador and the minister of the the engagements of treaties. catholic king, and of the conven A separate peace has taken place tion which has since been conclų, between Russia and Sweden, but ded, to be laid before you.

the war between the former of The objects which I have pro- those powers and the Porte still posed to myself in the whole of continues. The principles on this transaction, have been to ob- which I have hitherto acted, will tain a suitable reparation for the make me always desirous of emact of violence 'committed at ploying the weight and influence Nootka, and to remove the grounds of this country in contributing to of similar disputes in future; as the restoration of general tranwell as to secure to my subjects the quillity. exercise of their navigation, commerce, and fisheries in those parts Gentlemen of the House of of the world which were the sub

Commons, ject of discussion.

I have ordered the accounts of The zeal and public spirit ma the expences of the late armanifested by all ranks of my sub- ments, and the estimates for the jects, and the disposition and con- ensuing year, to be laid before duct of my allies, had left me no you. room to doubt of the most vigo Painful as it is to me, at all rous and effectual support; but no times, to see any increase of the event could have afforded me so public burthens, I am persuaded much satisfaction, as the attain- you will agree with me in thinking ment of the objects which I had in ihat the extent of our preparations view, without any actual interrup- was dictated by a due regard to the tion of the blessings of peace. existing circumstances, and that


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you will reflect with pleasure on so büt afford me peculiar satisfaction, striking a proof of the advantages after so recent an opportunity of derived from the liberal supplies collecting the immediate sense of granted since the last peace for the my people. naval service. I rely on your zeal

be assured that I de. and public spirit to make due pro- sire nothing so much on my part, vision for defraying the charges in- as to cultivate an entire harmony curred by this armament, and for and confidence between me and supporting the several branches of my parliament, for the purpose of the public service on such a foot- preserving and transmitting to ing as the general situation of posterity the invaluable blessings affairs may appear to require. You of our free and excellent constituwill at the same time, I am per- tion, and of concurring with you in suaded, show your determination every measure which can maintain invariably to persevere in that the advantages of our present sisystem which has so effectually tuation, and promote and augment confirmed and maintained the pub- the prosperity and happiness of lic credit of the nation.

my faithful subjects. My Lords and Gentlemen, You will have observed with

the interruption which His Majesty's Message to the has taken place in the tranquillity House of Commons, Feb. 25. of our Indian possessions, in consequence of the unprovoked attack

GEORGE R. of an ally of the British nation. The respectable state, however, of HS majesty thinks it proper to

acquaint the House of Com. the government there, and the con- mons, that it appears to his majesty, fidence in the British name, which that it would be for the benefit of the system prescribed by parlia- his majesty's subjects in his proment' has established among the vince of Quebec, that the same native powers in India, afford the should be divided into two sepamost favourable prospect of bring- rate provinces, to be called the ing the contest to a speedy and province of Upper Canada and the successful conclusion.

province of Lower Canada; and I think it necessary particularly that it is accordingly his majesty's to call your attention to the state of intention so to divide the same, the province of Quebec, and to re- whenever his majesty shall be commend it to you to consider of enabled by act of parliament to such regulations for its govern- establish the necessary regulations ment, as the present circumstances for the government of the said proand condition of the province may vinces. His majesty therefore reappear to require.

commends this object to the con. I am satisfied that I shall, on sideration of this house. every occasion, receive the fullest

His majesty also recommends it proofs of your zealous and affec- to this house, to consider of such tionate attachment, which cannot provisions as may be necessary to enable his majesty to make a per- the zeal andaffection of the House manent appropriation of lands in the of Commons, that they will be said provinces for the support and ready to make good such additional maintenance of a protestant clergy expense as may be incurred by within the same, in proportion these preparations, to the purpose to such lands as have been ale of supporting the interests of his ready granted within the same by majesty's kingdom, and of contrihis majesty; and it is his majesty's buting to the restoration of general desire, that such provision may be tranquillity, on a secure and lasting made, with respect to all future foundation.


G. R. grants of land within the said provinces respectively, as may best conduce to the same object, in pro- His Majesty's Message to the portion to such increase as may

House of Commons, May 18. happen in the population and cultivation of the said provinces; and GEORGE R. for this purpose, his majesty consents, that such provisions or re

His majesty finding that the adgulations may be made by this ditional charges incurred on ac

count of the establishment of the house, respecting all future grants of land to be made by his majesty younger branches of his royal fawithin the said provinces, as this mily,

cannot be defrayed out of the house shall think fit.


monies applicable to the purposes of his majesty's civil government, is under the necessity of desiring

the assistance of parliament for this His Majesty's Message to the purpose; and his majesty

relies on

ComHouse of Commons, March 28.

mons, that they will make such

provision as the circumstances may GEORGE R.

appear to them to require. HIS majesty thinks it necessary

G. R. to acquaint the House of Commons, that the endeavours which his majesty has used, in conjunction with Protest of Lord Hawke, against his allies, to effect a pacification the Questions to be proposed to between Russia and the Porte, the Judges, relative to Mr. Hasthaving hitherto been unsuccessful, ings's Trial, May 16. and the consequences which may arise from the further progress of Dissentient, the war being highly important to 1st, Because I conceive the ques. the interests of his majesty and his tion to be complicated, containing allies, and to those of Europe in different propositions as to the general, his majesty judges it re- judgment, the process, and other quisite, in order to add weight to points, which ought to have been his representations, to make some divided and stated singly and sepa further augmentation of his naval rately. force; and his majesty relies on 2dly, Because the subject being


of a judicial nature, of great mag- tainty the resolutions and laws by nitude, and which may ultimately which, in this high court of judiaffect not only the life, liberty, and cature (from which there is no property of every peer in this appeal), their lives, liberties, and house, but also of every person in property are to be decided and disthis kingdom, I conceive it should posed of. not have been decided upon so 6thly, Because extending the hastily, but ought to have been so- duration of this impeachment from lemnly argued, point by point, one parliament to another, after with the assistance of the judges. dissolution, even on the ground of

3dly, Because this resolution, as the impeachment of the Earl of I conceive, indirectly sets aside the. Oxford having been continued law and practice of parliament in after a prorogation, by the resoluall ages, relative 10 impeachments tion of this house of the 25th May, being abated by dissolution, with. 1717, is, as I conceive, to extend out one precedent to the contrary, criminal law by influence and anaexcept in the cases which happened logy, which is contrary to the after the order made on the 19th known and settled rules of justice. March, 1678-9, which order was, 7thly, Because whatever merit as I conceive, unfounded in pre- or demerit this resolution may concedent, and made, as it should seem, tain, I neither claim the one, nor on the spur of the occasion, and am content that myself or my poswhich was reversed and annulled terity should share the other. on the 22nd May, 1685; in pur.

HAWKE. suance of which last order, consonant to the law_and practice of parliament, the Earl of Salisbury Protest against a proposed Amendand the Earl of Peterborough were ment in the Libel Bill, June 8. discharged on the 30th October, 1690.

Dissentient, 4thly, Because the order of the 1st, Because we hold it to be an 22nd May, 1685, now stands on the unalienable right of the people, journals unrepealed, and conse- that in cases of libel (as well as in quently, as I conceive, is in force, all criminal cases), the jury should and the acknowledged law of the decide upon the whole matter that land upon the subject.

may constitute the guilt or inno5thly, Because this court, in its cence of the person accused; and judicial character, ought, as I con- that in cases of libel, the jury ought ceive, to be governed like all other not to be directed by the judge to courts of law, by precedents, and find the defendant or defendants by its own orders unrepealed, guilty, merely on the proof of the where any precedents are establish- publication, by such defendant or ed, or orders made ; more especi- defendants, of the paper charged ally when such precedents are con- to be a libel, and of the sense ascrisonant to the law of the land, and bed to the said paper in the into the law and usage of parliament, dictment or information. that the subjects of this country 2dly, And because we conceive may know with precision and cer- that the said right of the people is


of the utmost consequence to the rence with respect to what ought freedom of this nation, and to that to be the law in future, that we great bulwark of its rights, the li- cannot with propriety refuse our berty of the press.

immediate assent to provisions 3dly, And because we conceive which are admitted to be salutary, that the bill sent from the Commons on the ground of requiring time to is well calculated to convey a par- ascertain how far the late practice liamentary declaration and enact- of the court is, or is not, justifiable ment of the said important right of by the law of the land. the people; and because we con. WENTWORTH FITZWILLIAM, ceive that every delay of such de- LAUDERDALE, claration and enactment to be in PORCHESTER, the highest degree dangerous to PORTLAND, the safety of the subject.

Hay. 4thly, And because we conceive that we cannot with propriety refuse our immediate assent to pro- His Majesty's most gracious Speech positions which no person in the to both Houses of Parliament, debate did deny to be salutary; June 10. and because we conceive that this delay tends to give countenance to

My Lords, and Gentlemen, doubts that we apprehend to be

In closing the present session of utterly ill-founded, and to encou- parliament, I cannot omit expressrage a contest of jurisdiction that ing my satisfaction in that zeal for can only be injurious to the regu.

the public interests with which lar and partial administration of you have applied yourselves to the justice in this kingdom.

consideration of the different obSTANHOPE, jects which I recommended to

RADNOR. For the first and second reasons.

The measures which have been Dissentient, for the following adopted for defraying the extraor

dinary expences of the last year, Ist, Because we conceive that in such a manner as not to nake the bill sent from the Commons is any permanent addition to the pubof the highest importance for the lic burthens, and the provisions preservation of the rights of juries; which have been made for the and that, considering the different good government and prosperity of opinions which have prevailed of my subjects in Canada, call for my late years with respect to this sub particular acknowledgments. ject, we conceive every delay of

Gentlemen of the House of a parliamentary declaration and

Cominons. enactment to be dangerous in the highest degree to the safety of the I return you my thanks for the subject.

readiness with which you have 2dly, Because whatever differ granted the supplies necessary for ence of opinion may subsist in re- the public service, and for the gard to the existing law, there proof of your affectionate attachseems to be so general a concur- ment, in enabling me to provide


your attention.



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