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enable his majesty to make a per- the zeal andaffection of the House manent appropriation of lands in the of Commons, that they will be said provinces for the support and ready to make good such additional maintenance of a protestant clergy expense as may be incurred by within the same, in proportion these preparations, to the purpose to such lands as have been al- of supporting the interests of his ready granted within the same by majesty's kingdom, and of contrihis majesty; and it is his majesty's buting to the restoration of general desire, that such provision may be tranquillity, on a secure and lasting made, with respect to all future foundation.

G. R. grants of land within the said provinces respectively, as may best conduce to the same object, ia pro- His Majesty's Message to the portion to such increase as may

House of Commons, May 18. happen in the population and cultivation of the said provinces; and GEORGE R. for this purpose, his majesty con'sents, that such provisions or re

His majesty finding that the adgulations may be made by this ditional charges incurred on ac

count of the establishment of the house, respecting all future grants of land to be made by his majesty younger branches of his royal fawithin the said. provinces, as this mily, cannot be defrayed out of the house shall think fit.

monies applicable to the purposes G.R.

of his majesty's civil government, is under the necessity of desiring

the assistance of parliament for this His Majesty's Message to the purpose; and his majesty relies on House of Commons, March 28.

mons, that they will make such

provision as the circumstances may GEORGE R.

appear to them to require. HIS majesty thinks it necessary

G. R. to acquaint the House of Commons, that the endeavours which his majesty has used, in conjunction with Protest of Lord Hawke, against his allies, to effect a pacification the Questions to be proposed to between Russia and the Porte, the Judges, relative to Mr. Hasthaving hitherto been unsliccessful, ings's Trial, May 16. and the consequences

which

may arise from the further progress of Dissentient, the war being highly important to 1st, Because I conceive the

ques. the interests of his majesty and his tion to be complicated, containing allies, and to those of Europe in different propositions as to the general, his majesty judges it re- judgment, the process, and other quisite, in order to add weight to points, which ought to have been his representations, to make some divided and stated singly and sepafurther augmentation of his naval rately. force; and his majesty relies on 2dly, Because the subject being

of

of a judicial nature, of great mag- tainty the resolutions and laws by nitude, and which may ultimately which, in this high court of judi. affect not only the life, liberty, and cature (from which there is no property of every peer in this appeal), their lives, liberties, and house, but also of every person in property are to be decided and disthis kingdom, I conceive it should posed of. not have been decided upon so 6thly, Because extending the hastily, but ought to have been so- duration of this impeachment from lemnly argued, point by point, one parliament to another, after with the assistance of the judges. dissolution, even on the ground of

3dly, Because this resolution, as the impeachment of the Earl of I conceive, indirectly sets aside the Oxford having been continued law and practice of parliament in after a prorogation, by the resoluall ages, relative 10 impeachments tion of this house of the 25th May, being abated by dissolution, with. 1717, is, as I conceive, to extend out one precedent to the contrary, criminal law by influence and anaexcept in the cases which happened logy, which is contrary to the after the order made on the 19th known and settled rules of justice. March, 1678-9, which order was, 7thly, Because whatever merit as I conceive, unfounded in pre

or demerit this resolution may concedent, and made, as it should seen, tain, I neither claim the one, nor on the spur of the occasion, and am content that myself or my poswhich was reversed and annulled terity should share the other. on the 22nd May, 1685; in pur

HAWKE. suance of which last order, consonant to the law and practice of parliament, the Earl of Salisbury Protest against a proposed Amendand the Earl of Peterborough were ment in the Libel Bill, June 8. discharged on the 30th October, 1690.

Dissentient, 4thly, Because the order of the 1st, Because we hold it to be an 22nd May, 1685, now stands on the unalienable right of the people, journals unrepealed, and conse- that in cases of libel (as well as in quently, as I conceive, is in force, all criminal cases), the jury should and the acknowledged law of the decide upon the whole matter that land upon the subject.

may constitute the guilt or inno5thly, Because this court, in its

cence of the

person accused; and judicial character, ought, as I con- that in cases of libel, the jury ought ceive, to be governed like all other not to be directed by the judge to courts of law, by precedents, and find the defendant or defendants by its own orders unrepealed, guilty, merely on the proof of the where any precedents are establish- publication, by such defendant or ed, or orders made ; more especi- defendants, of the paper charged ally when such precedents are con- to be a libel, and of the sense ascrisonant to the law of the land, and bed to the said paper in the into the law and usage of parliament, dictment or information. that the subjects of this country 2dly, And because we conceive may know with precision and cer- that the said right of the people is

of

a

of the utmost consequence to the rence with respect to what ought freedom of this nation, and to that to be the law in future, that we great bulwark of its rights, the li- cannot with propriety refuse our berty of the press.

immediate assent to provisions 3dly, And because we conceive which are admitted to be salutary, that the bill sent from the Commons on the ground of requiring time to is well calculated to convey a par- ascertain how far the late practice liamentary declaration and enact- of the court is, or is not, justifiable ment of the said important right of by the law of the land. the people; and because we con. Wentworth FITZWILLIAM, ceive that every delay of such de- LAUDERDALE, claration and enactment to be in PORCHESTER, the highest degree dangerous to PORTLAND, the safety of the subject.

HAY. 4thly, And because we conceive that we cannot with propriety refuse our immediate assent to pro- His Majesty's most gracious Speech positions which no person in the to both Houses of Parliament, debate did deny to be salutary; June 10. and because we conceive that this

My Lords, and Gentlemen, delay tends to give countenance to doubts that we apprehend to be

In closing the present session of utterly ill-founded, and to encou- parliament, I cannot omit expressrage a contest of jurisdiction that ing my satisfaction in that zeal for can only be injurious to the regu.

the public interests with which lar and partial administration of you have applied yourselves to the justice in this kingdom.

consideration of the different obSTANHOPE,

jects which I recommended to RADNOR,

your attention. For the first and second reasons.

The measures which have been Dissentient, for the following adopted for defraying the extraor

dinary expences of the last year, 1st, Because we conceive that in such a manner as not to naké the bill sent from the Commons is any permanent addition to the pubof the highest importance for the lic burthens, and the provisions preservation of the rights of juries; which have been made for the and that, considering the different good government and prosperity of opinions which have prevailed of my subjects in Canada, call for my late years with respect to this sub- particular acknowledgments. ject, we conceive every delay of

Gentlemen of the House of à parliamentary declaration and

Cominons. enactment to be dangerous in the highest degree to the safety of the I return you my thanks for the subject.

readiness with which 2dly, Because whatever differ- granted the supplies necessary for ence of opinion may subsist in re. the public service, and for the gard to the existing law, there proof of your

affectionate attachseems to be so general a concur- ment, in enabling me to provide

for

reasons:

you have

for a part of the charges of the by all his subjects, and by none younger branches of my family, more than his loyal people of Ireout of the consolidated fund. land, had left him no doubt of the

most vigorous and effectual supMy Lords, and Gentlemen, port. It is a source of peculiar saI am not yet enabled to inform tisfaction to his majesty, that those you of the result of the steps which objects have been accomplished I have taken with a view to the re. without any actual interruption of establishment of peace between the blessings of peace. Russia and the Porte. It is my earnest wish that this important

Gentlemen of the House of object may be effectuated in such

Commons, a manner as may contribute to the I have ordered the proper offipreservation and maintenance of cers to lay the national accounts the general tranquillity of Europe. before you, fully relying upon your I feel, with the greatest satisfaction, accustomed zeal to provide for the the confidence which you have re- exigencies of the state, and the hoposed in me, and my constant en nourable support of his majesty's deavours will be directed to the

government, pursuit of such measures as may I have also ordered an account appear to me best calculated to of the extraordinary expences of promote the interests and happi- government, which have been inness of my people, which are in- curred during the negotiation with separable from my own.

Spain, to be laid before you; and
I trust you will find that the con-

fidence you reposed in me has not Speech of the Earl of Westmore- been misplaced. land, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, to both Houses of Par My Lords and Gentlemen, liament, January 20.

Your disposition to facilitate the

business of commerce, and to conMy Lords and Gentlemen,

sult the ease of the merchants, will I have some pleasure in ac induce you to consider, and if posquainting you, by the king's com

sible to accomplish, during this mand, that the differences which session, such regulations as may had arisen between his majesty and tend to simplify the collection of the court of Spain have happily the various articles of the public been brought to an amicable ter

revenue. mination. Copies of the declarations exchanged between his majesty's ambassador and the minister of the Catholic king, and of the The Speech of the Earl of Westconvention which has been since moreland, Lord Lieutenant of concluded, will be laid before you. Ireland, to both Houses of Par

Had the honour of his majesty's liament, May 5, 1791. crown, and the protection of the rights and interest of the empire,

My Lords and Gentlemen, involved this kingdom in the cala His majesty having directed an mities of war, the zeal manifested augmentation to be made of his

naval forces, in order to add weight the public welfare. Success in to his representations for the re- this desirable measure can alone establishment of peace between be expected from your continued Russia and the Porte, has com- and well-directed efforts. manded me to communicate this I therefore trust, that in your circumstance to his parliament of respective counties, you will partiIreland, on whose zealous and af. cularly apply yourselves to give fectionate attachment to the inter- efficacy to the regulations you

have ests of his majesty's crown his ma- adopted upon this subject. On my jesty places the firmest reliance.

part, no endeavours shall be wanted The unremitted application you to enforce the execution of laws so have given to your parliamentary judiciously calculated to preserve duties enables me now to close the the healths, and amend the morals, session, and to relieve you from any of the people, and to advance the

, further attendance. And I have industry and prosperity of Ireland. the king's direction to express his To these objects my exertions are perfect satisfaction in the zeal and directed by his majesty's comdispatch with which you have mands, and by every impulse of brought the public business to a inclination and duty. conclusion.

Gentlemen of the House of Letter from the Emperor of Ger-
Commons,

many to the King of the French. His majesty directs me to thank

Leopold II. Emperor and king you for the supplies which you of the Romans, &c. Pursuant to have granted for the maintenance

our constitutional laws, we have of the establishments, and the ho- communicated to the electors, nourable support of his govern- princes, and states of the empire, ment. They shall be faithfully ap- on the one part, the complaints of plied to the purposes for which the vassals of our empire, which, they were granted.

agreeably to the wishes of our My Lords and Gentlemen,

electoral college, we transmitted

amicably to you, on the 14th Dec. I have observed, with peculiar last, and on the other, the answer satisfaction, the attention you have returned by your majesty. The shown to the interests of your coun

we have considered this try, by facilitating the business of affair, the more we must regret the merchants in the payment of that your majesty's answer was not duties, by providing accommoda- conformable to our just expectations for the shipping and trade of tion. Besides its not being drawn the metropolis, and by extending up in an idiom usual in discussing the operation of national credit. business between the empire and The salutary provisions you have your kingdom, we remarked, that made to check the immoderate use it called in question the compeof spirituous liquors, afford the tence of the vassals of the empire strongest proof of your regard for to implore our intervention at the

diet,

more

* Memorial or Circular Letter from the Emperor of Germany to all the greut powers of Europe. (For this see History of Europe, p. 72.),

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