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was necessary but a simple dele- the theory of slavery itself has been gation by the assembly to authorise presented to them. him to sign the orders, and those Frenchmen! we have no fear in only issued by them. In this cir. recalling to your memories the facumstance they have been directed mous day of the 23rd of July 1789; by the constitutional law relative that day, on which the chief of the to a regency, which authorises them executive power, the first public to perform the functions of the functionary of the nation, dared to executive power until the nomi- dictate his absolute will to your nation of a regent.
representatives, charged by your By these measures your repre- orders to form a constitution. The sentatives have ensured order in national assembly lamented the the interior part of the kingdom; disorders committed on the 5th of and to repulse any attack from October, and ordered the prosewithout, they add to the army a re cution of the persons guilty of inforcement of three hundred thou. them; but, because it was difficult sand national guards.
to discover some rioters amongst The citizens then have, on all such a multitude of people, they sides, the means of security. Let are said to have approved all their them not be overcome by their sur crimes. The nation is, however, prise; the constituent assembly is more just. It has not reproached upon its duty; the constituted Louis XVI, with the violences that powers are in activity; the citizens have occurred under his reign and of Paris, the national guards, whose those of his ancestors. patriotism and fidelity are above They are not afraid to call to all praise, watch round your re- your recollection the fæderation of presentatives ; the active citizens July. What are the statements of throughout_the kingdom are in the persons who have dictated the arms, and France may wait for its letter of the king with respect to enemies.
this august act? that the first public Are they to fear the consequences functionary was obliged to put of a writing forced, before his de- himself at the head of the repreparture, from a seduced king? It sentatives of the nation. In the is difficult to conceive the ignorance midst of the deputies of all the and blindness that have dictated · kingdom, he took a solemn oath this writing, which may deserve to to maintain the constitution. If be further discussed hereafter ; at the king does not hereafter declare, present, your representatives con- that his good faith has been surtent themselves with examining prised by seditious persons, he has, particular sentiments.
of course, announced his own per, The national assembly has made jury to the whole world ! Is it nea solemn proclamation of political cessary to go through the fatigue truths and of rights, the acknow- of answering the other reproaches ledgment of which will one day of this letter? produce the happiness of the hu. The king is said to have expeman race: to engage them to re- rienced some inconveniences in his nounce this declaration of rights, residence in Paris, and not to have
found the same pleasures as former- The decrees upon the subject of ly; by which it is implied, no doubt, peace and war have taken from the that a nation ought to regenerateit- king and his ministers the power self without any agitation, without of sacrificing the people to the disturbing for an instant the plea- caprices of courts, and the definisures and the indulgences of courts. tive ratification of treaties is reAs to the addresses of congratu- served to the representatives of the lation and adherence to your de- nation. The loss of a prerogative crees, these, say they are the works is complained of. What prerogaof the factious.-Yesno doubt, of tive ? that of not being obliged to twenty-six millions of the factious! consult the national will, when
It was necessary to re-constitute the blood and the fortunes of citi. all powers, because all the powers zens were to be sacrificed. Who were corrupted, and because the can know the wish and the interests alarming debts accumulated by of the nation better than the legisthe despotism and the disorders of lative body? it is wished to make government would have
war with impunity. But have we whelmed the nation. But does not had, under the ancient governnot-royalty exist for the people ? ment, sufficient experience of the And if a great nation obliges itself terrible effects produced by the to maintain it, is it not solely ambition of ministers? because it is believed to be useful? We are accused of having deThe constitution has left to the spoiled the king, in forming the king this glorious prerogative, and judicial power, as if he, king of a has confirmed to him the only au- great nation, ought to appear in thority which he should desire to the administration of justice for any
Would not your repre- other purpose than that of causing sentatives have been culpable, if the law to be observed, and its they had sacrificed twenty-six mil- judgments executed. It is wished lions to the interest of one man ? that he should have the right of
The labour of citizens supports granting pardons and changing the
powers of the state: but the punishments; but does not all the maxim of absolute power is to world know how such a right consider the public contributions would be exercised, and upon as a debt paid to despotism. The whom the benefit of it would fall? national assembly has regulated its The king could not exercise it by expences with the strictest justice; himself, and after having prothey thought themselves bound, hibited royal despotism, it was when acting in the name of the very natural to prohibit that of nation, to act munificently; and the ministers. when they were to determine what The necessity of circumstances part of the public contributions has sometimes obliged the national should be allowed to the first func- assembly to meddle, contrary to its tionary, thirty millions were al- inclination, in the affairs of adlotted for him and the royal fa- ministration. But ought it not to mily; but this is represented as a act, when the government remaintrifling sum!
ed in blameable inertness ? Is it,
therefore, necessary to say, that fail, or at the conclusion of its trineither the king nor the ministers umphs will find only ruins. have the confidence of the nation ?
The societies of friends of the constitution have supported the revolution; they are more neces
Note from M, Simolin, the Rus. sary than ever, and some persons
sian Ambassador to M. Mont
morin, presume to say that they govern the administrative bodies and the
M. le Comte, empire, as if they were the deliberating bodies.
I DID not learn till this morning, Frenchmen ! all the powers are from the public newspapers, the unorganized; all the public function. fortunate effect of a passport which aries are at their posts; the na I had the honour to request of your tional assembly watches over the excellency three weeks ago. I there safety of the state; may you be read, that madame the baroness firm and tranquil! one danger de Corff was a Swede, which would alone threatens us. You have to tend to impress the public, whose guard against the suspension of opinion I infinitely respect, with your labours; against delay in the the idea, that I had infringed upon payment of duties; against any the rights and privileges of the inflammatory measures which com Swedish ambassador. I hastened mence in anarchies, and end in to rectify that error, by declaring, civil war.
It is to these dangers that madame the baroness de Corff that the national assembly calls the is a Russian, born at Petersburgh, attention of citizens. In this crisis, widow of baron de Corff, a colonel all private animosities and private in the service of the empress, who interests should disappear. was killed in the assault of Bender,
Those who would preserve their 1770—that she is daughter of maliberty should show that tranquil dame de Stegleman, likewise born firmness which appals tyrants. at Petersburgh, and that they have May the factious, who hope to see both resided for twenty years past every thing overturned, find order at Paris. maintained, and the constitution These two ladies then could not, confirmed, and rendered more dear nor ought they to have addressed to Frenchmen, by the attacks made themselves to any other but me, to upon it. The capital may be an procure them their passports; and example to the rest of France. Though no way related to them, The departure of the king excited never having even seen them, I no disorders there, but, to the con could not refuse them the slight fusion of the malevolent, the ut- favour of my intervention for that most tranquillity prevails in it. To purpose. It is true that a passport reduce the territory of this empire was pretended to have been burnt, to the yoke, it will be necessary to as madame de Corff herself obsery. destroy the whole nation. Des- ed in the note which accompanied potism, if it pleases, may make my request to obtain a duplicate; such an attempt. It will either but my conduct through the whole
of this business has been as candid you have held him and his family. as regular, and I dare hope that He is yet your captive, and his every one will think that it was days, as well as those of his queen, impossible for me to suspect that it are, I shudder to think of it! yet could give rise to the least subse- at the disposal of a people whom quent imputation, either against you have rendered ferocious and your excellency or against myself, sanguinary, and who have become notwithstanding the inconsiderate the object of contempt of the uniuse which appears to have been It is of importance to you, made of the second passport. I gentlemen, that you should know hope, in consequence, that your the causes which have produced excellency will approve my insert- the event which now occupies ing this letter in the public papers. your attention, and you will see
I have the honour, &c. that, if it has been noble and couParis, June 25, 1791.
rageous on the part of the king to
come and seek an asylum with me, Copy of the Note from the Baro- he bas therein less consulted his
ness de Corff, referred to in the own welfare than that of a cruel preceding
people whom he yet loves. Disen
gaged, however, from the ties I am inconsolable-yesterday, in which bound me to you, I am burning several useless papers, I about to speak to you the language had the misfortune to throw into of truth, which you doubtless will the fire the Passport which you had reject. The king had become a the goodness to obtain for me. I prisoner to his people-Attached am, indeed, ashamed to beg you to my sovereign, although detestto repair my blunder, and of the ing the abuses resulting from an trouble which I occasion you.* authority too powerful, I mourned
over the frenzy of the people-I
blamed your proceedings, but I Letter of M. de Bouille to the Na. hoped, that in the end, the wicktional Assembly
ed" would be confounded, that
anarchy would have an end, and Gentlemen,
that we should have a government THE king has lately made an ef- that could at least be endured. My fort to break the chains with attachment for my king and cougwhich, for a considerable time past, try gave me sufficient courage to
support A Madame D'Ossun having been arrested, as having been privy to the flight of the Queen, and having intended to follow her, the falsity of this accusation was proved by a note found in the possession of that lady, written by the Queen, and dated the 20th of June. It is with much pleasure we translate this short billet, as it does honour to her majesty's character.
Queen's note to Madame D'Ossun. “Every duty united, my dear Madame, has prevented me from advertising you of our departure. Nevertheless, I risk the consequences of this letter to case your anxieties on my account. I have but a few moments to myself, and much business to do. I take pleasure in assuring you of my inviolable and eternal friendship. God grant that we may meet again bappy. I embrace you."
support all the outrages which I After the obstacles which were have experienced, and the shame thrown in the way of his journey and the humiliation of addressing to St. Cloud, on the 18th of April you.
last, I represented to him that there I saw that the spirit of faction remained but this one step to be prevailed--that some were desir- taken to save France. He at length ous of a civil war-that others agreed to it, and resolved to go to wished for a republic, and that in Montmidi. He agreed, that as the last party was M. la Fayette. soon as he should be in safety there, Clubs were established to destroy he would inform the foreign pow. the army, and the populace were ers of it, that they might suspend no longer directed but by cabal and their vengeance till a new assembly intrigue; the king being without should be formed. He then would forces, and even without import- have published a proclamation to ance the army without command- convoke this new assembly, accorders and without subordination. No ing to the ancient laws, which means of re-establishing order ap- would have been the rule of his pearing, I proposed to the king to conduct. The king would have quit Paris, and to retire to the fron. become the mediator between fotiers, persuaded that it would pro- reign powers and his people; and duce a happy change.
they, placed between the fear of This proposal the king and becoming a prey to foreign powers, queen constantly refused, alleging and a hope of the re-establishment the promise which they had made, of order, would have intrusted not to separate themselves from the their interests to an enlightened national assembly-I urged in an assembly, who would at length swer, that a promise extorted by have repressed those crimes which force was not binding. The trans- have resulted from popular despoaction of the 28th of February in- tism. That is what
monarch duced me to renew my solicita- would have done : that is what he tions : but the king again remind- would have done in spite of you ; ed me of the constitution-the in spite of the ingratitude of his queen agreed with him in opinion, ferocious people. He was actuated andrejected all the proposals which by no other motive. Your blindI made to that purport. I knew ness induced you to refuse that that all the powers in Europe were protecting hand which he extended arming against Franco-It was in towards you—it will soon be prothe power of the king to save that ductive of the destruction of the beautiful kingdom. I knew that empire of the French. Believe its towns were dismantled, its 'me, gentlemen, the princes of Eufinances exhausted, and that its fic. rope consider themselves threatened titious money.could not supply the by the monster whom you have specie that was wanting besides, cherished your country will soon I did not doubt but that the people become the theatre of a most would throw themselves into the bloody war. Your means of dearms of their king, and intreat fence are inadequate-it is too late him to prevent the evils with to think of adopting measures for which they were threatened. defence.--You will be justly and