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lation offered to this sacred and was annulled, monarchy was defundamental principle.
stroyed; the appearance of royalty And we ought to declare it, since no longer exists; a republican inwe are compelled to refer to the terim has succeeded. decree itself against which we have Far from all those who are acprotested, and against which we quainted with the rules of our constill protest, there is none of those duct (and, we believe, there are measures which was not before pro- very few Frenchmen who do not scribed to the constitution, in the rightly appreciate them), be the name of which they are taken, idea that we could concur in such The sacred person of the king was decrees. They are not less unpleadeclared inviolable: one only abuse sant to our feelings, than repugnant was provided for, in which, con to our principles. Never have we trary to all the principles essential more severely felt the rigour of our to monarchy, it was supposed that duty, never have we more lamentthat inviolability might ed the fatal consequences resulting This case has not yet occurred; ne from the mission with which we vertheless the king is dragged as a were charged, than when forced to criminal into his own capital, and remain witnesses of acts which we made a prisoner in his own palace, regarded as culpable attempts; and despoiled of his prerogative. while those who are most frequently Thus, after having infringed the our organ, became timid, for the inviolability of the king by decrees, first time condemned themselves to they annul them in order com- silence, that they might not involve pletely to destroy it.
the sacred cause in that unpopulaAmidst these outrages offered to rity which had so ingeniously been the monarch, to his august family, contrived to be thrown upon our and in their persons to the whole party. Without doubt, if we were nation, what has become of the guided by common rules; if we monarchy ? The decrees of the na- yielded to the horror with which tional assembly have centered in we are inspired by the idea of being themselves all the royal power; the thought to approve, by our preseal of the state has been deposited sence, decrees, to which we were on their table ; their decrees are 60 averse, we would fy without derendered executory without requi- lay, we would without hesitation ring sanction; they give direct or separate from an assembly, who ders to all the agents of the execu- have been able to break through tive power ; they inclose in their principles which they had been owo name oaths, in which French forced to preserve. But in circummen do not even find the name of stances so singular, we can neither their king; commissioners, who assume common rules nor our own have received their mission from sentiments as the basis of our own them alone, traverse the provinces, conduct. When our principles, in order to receive oaths which they our honour, may perhaps, in the exact, and give directions to the opinion of a great number, com-army: thus, at the moment at mand us to fly, motives more imwhich the inviolability of the king perious still exact of us a painful
sacrifice, that of remaining in à imposes, both with regard to them situation where we preserve the and to ourselves, duties which do kope of preventing greater evils. not go beyond ourselves alone.
Before the calamitous epoch at For us, honour lies no longer in wbich we are arrived, we could at the common track ; our sole object least grasp the shadow of mo- is the triumph of the sacred cause narchy; we fought upon the with which we are intrusted ; but wreck; the hope of preserving it let them be beforehand assured, justified our conduct. Now, the that whatever may happen, to last blow has been given to mo whatever extremities we may be narchy. But, in addition to that reduced, nothing will efface from great motive, we were bound by our hearts the unalterable oath other duties. The monarch exists; which irrevocably binds us to the he is captive; it is for the king's monarch and to monarchy. sake that we ought to rally our After these considerations, which strength; it is for him, it is for his appear to us founded upon the true family, it is for the precious blood interest of the nation, and the eterof the Bourbons, that we ought to Dal advantage of the people, essenremain at the post, where we can tially dependant on monarchy, we watch over a deposit so valuable. declare to all FrenchmenWe will discharge, then, this sa
That after having constantly opcred duty, which alone ought to posed all those decress, which in be our excuse, and we will prove, attacking royalty, either in its esthat in our hearts the monarch and sence, or in its privileges, have the monarchy can never be sepa- prepared the people to receive rated.
without indignation, as without But whilst we comply with this examination, the anti-monarchical urgent duty, let not our constitu- principles to which these days of ents expect to hear us come for- anarchy have given birth; ward upon any other subject. That after having defended till While one interest alone can force the last moment, monarchy underus to sit along with those who mined in its foundations ; have raised a mis-shapen republic That after having seen its ruin upon the ruins of monarchy, it is completed by the deliberations of to that interest alone that we are the national assembly; for to attack wholly devoted. From this mo the person of the monarch, is to ment the most profound silence, on annul monarchy; to suspend mowhatever shall not relate to this narchy is, in fine, to destroy it ; subject, shall express our deep Nothing can authorise us any regret, and at the same time our longer to take part in deliberations, invariable opposition to every de- which become in our eyes guilty cree that
of a crime which we do not wish In fine, let our constituents turn to participate ; their attention to the circumstances But that monarchy existing alin which we are placed; if, in the ways in the person of the monarch, present moment, we have not glo- from whom it is inseparable; that ried in marching foremost in the his misfortunes and those of his path of honour, our situation now august family, imposing upon us a
stronger obligation always to sur. Joseph Dandre, commissioners noround bis august person, and defend minated by the national assembly it from the application of prin- for the execution of its decree of ciples which we condeinn; we this day, the said decree providing, place our sole honour, our most “ That the national assembly shall sacred duty in defending, with all nominate three commissioners, taour mightwith all our zeal for ken out of its own body, to receive the blood of the Bourbons-with in writing from the mouth of the all our attachment to the prin- king his declaration, which shall be ciples which our constituents have signed by the king and the comtransmitted to us, the interests of missioners; the same ceremony
be the king and the royal family, and ing also used in regard to the detheir indefeasible rights.
claration of the queen, &c." That, in consequence, we shall We, after having repaired to continue, from the sole motive of the military committee, set off at not abandoning the interests of half an hour after six o'clock, for the person of the king and the royal the palace of the Thuilleries, family, to assist at the deliberations where having arrived, we were inof the national assembly; but be- troduced into the king's cabinet, ing neither able to avow their and being alone with him, the king principles, or recognize the lega- made the following declaration : lity of their decrees, we will hence I see, Gentlemen, by the object forth take no part in deliberations of the mission with which you are which have not for their object the charged, that there is no intention only interest which it now remains of making use of interrogatories ; for us to defend.
but I shall most willingly comply Paris, June 29, 1791.
with the wishes of the national
assembly, and I shall never be To the above are added the sig. afraid of making the public acnatures of two hundred and ninety quainted with the reasons of my members of the national assembly,
conduct. the first being that of the Abbé
The motives which occasioned Maury. Some of them insert ad- my departure, were the threats and ditions or restrictions before their the menaces which took place on names, as is sometimes done to a
the 18th of April against my family protest in the House of Lords, and and myself. Since that time, seall the noblesse insert their titles.
veral writings have been published with an intention to provoke the public fury against the royal family
and myself, and these insults still Procés Verbal of the Declara- remain unpunished ; from this circion of the King of the French, with cumstance, I perceived that it respect to the Motives of his Flight. would not be safe, nor even decent
for me to remain in Paris. ON this present Sunday, June In consequence of this I resolved 26th, 1791, We, Francis Denis to quit the metropolis.-Not being Tronchet, Andrian John Francis able to get from Paris in the dayDuport, and Anthony Balthazar time, I determined to depart during
the night, without any attendants; it was agreed between him and I it was not my intention, however, that we should not travel the same to leave the kingdom. I never did road, and he was to return to me concert a plan of this kind, either in France. I gave orders, a few with the neighbouring powers, or days before my departure, to the with my relations, nor with any three persons who accompanied me other Frenchmen in foreign coun- as couriers, to procure the clothes tries.
usually worn on these occasions, My plan was to retire to Mont- because they would be entrusted medi, and I accordingly ordered with dispatches. apartments to be prepared for me The passport was necessary
for there. As that town is well forti- facilitating my journey; the route fied, I thought it peculiarly con- of Frankfort was mentioned, merevenient for the safety of myself and ly because they never grant pass- , family; and being near the fron- ports at the office of the secretary tiers, I also imagined it well adap- for foreign affairs to any part withted to oppose every invasion that in the kingdom; and the route inmight be attempted by the ene- dicated was not even preserved by mies of France. Another powerful motive of my retreat was, to put
I have never made any pro-, an end to the assertion of my being testation whatever but in the mea prisoner.
morial left by me at my departure. If my intention had been to This protestation, as may be easihave retired into a foreign country, ly perceived, does not contain I should never have published a any objection to the principles of memorial previous to my depar- the constitution, but only with resture:-I should most assuredly in pect to the form of sanction, that that case have suppressed it till is to say, in regard to the little liI had passed the frontiers.
berty which I appeared to enjoy: I continued constant in the wish As the decrees were not presented of returning to Paris; for on look- in a body, I could not judge of the ing to this same memorial, it may whole design of the fabric of the be seen that I promise to the Pan constitution. The principal obrisians speedily to return to them: jection contained in this memorial “ Frenchmen, and you Parisians, regards the difficulties attendant what pleasure shall I not have in on administration and execution. again appearing among you !" I perceived in the course of my These are the very expressions I journey, that the public opinion made use of.
was decidedly in favour of the conI had in my carriage only 13,200 stitution. I was not before able, livres in gold, and 56,000 livres in during my stay in Paris, to make assignats, which were contained in myself acquainted with this cir. a port folio sent me by the depart. cumstance; but from the ideas I ment.
have been able to form personally in I never informed Monsieur of my myroute, I am convinced how much departure, till a very short time it is necessary to give the proper before it took place; he passed into energy to the powers established a foreign country, merely because for the maintenance of public order.
As soon as I knew the public to wait personally for their mawish, I did not hesitate, and I shall jesties at Pontsommeville, the first never hesitate to make the sacrifice post after passing Chalons, and of every thing that regards myself, three leagues beyond that town. to procure the good of the people, M. de Goguelas carried a written which has ever been the first object order from the king, for the comof my wishes.
mander of the detachment at ChaI shall willingly forget all the lons to obey M. de Ndisagreeable circumstances which 'who was to arrive there twelve have occurred, that I may thus en
hours before the royal family. M. sure the peace and tranquillity of de Nhimself was autho. the nation.
rised by his majesty to deliver the The king, after having read the orders of M. de Bouille to each present declaration, has observed officer commanding a detachment that he omitted to add, that the on this service, and at the same governante of his son, and the la- time to give them particular ordies in the queen's retinue, were ders conformable to any new cirnot informed of his intentions till a cumstance which might have ocsliort time before their departure; curred since that general had and the king has signed this decla- formed his plan. ration in company with us.
M. de N
or M. de (Signed)
LOUIS. Goguelas were to arrive at each post TRONCHET.
from Pontsommeville, at a proper ANDRIAN DUPORT. time previous to the royal family, DANDRE.
to give the commanding officers timely notice that the troops, and every thing else necessary for the speedy and safe passage of the car.
riages, should be in readiness all M. de Bouille's statement of the
the way; M. de Bouille, in the King's Journey from Chalons mean time, being in a central poto Varennes, when his Majesty
sition, that he might have it in his and the Royal Family left Paris power to protect the royal family, to go to Montmidi.
in case of necessity.
Agrecable to this plan, M. de IN consequence of the king and Goguelas had left Varennes to go
to Pontsonimeville on the 20th of queen's order, M. de Bouille in. formed M. de Goguelas, an officer Jupe, with forty hussars of the of rank, of their majesties'intention regiment of Lausun, on the pre
, to go to Montmidi, and the ar
text of escorting a large 'sum of rangements he had made to receive money expected for the
use of the them. That officer had been sent troops. These hussars were under to Paris a little before the king left the command of M. Boudet, a it, and brought his majesty's de of the 20th at St. Menehoult, and
lieutenant. They passed the night finitive orders to the general; in obedience to which he had ordered ville. Forty dragoons of the regio
arrived on the 21st at PontsommeM. de Goguelas to reconnoitre the different posts on their route, and
ment royal, commanded by N.