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severely punished-your chastise- in the insults which it contains, ment will be an example for all and 'I thank you accordingly. nations, and you will long have Perhaps you may recollect acone cause to repent the assassination versation which we had together of your country.

at Metz, during the epoch of the I ought to add, that I hold you,. revolution. I was then at the head and the people whom you have of the patriotic party, and you misled, in contempt, in indigna- were commandant of that place. tion, and in horror!-All Europe The citizens distrusted you; they is about to unite against your in- were afraid lest you should invite fernal constitution! I projected the king, and those courtiers whom every thing, and have ordered eve the revolution had condemned to ry thing.

the punishment of equality, within Against me alone should be din their walls. You were at that rected your sanguinary fury-for time the cause of a continual ferme should you sharpen your poig- mentation, but you were taught to nards, and drain your poisons! You know (how much have you since shall answer for the king, and the forgot ihis useful lesson !) that your royal family-you shall answer for cannon were of no avail against the their lives, not to me alone, but to eternal batteries of reason, which, all the potentates of Europe! If from the printing-house at Lauyou hurt only one hair of their doin, began to humble all the supheads, there shall shortly remain ports of tyranny and of tyrants, and notone stone upon another in Paris! which, be assured, will continue -I know the roads—I will lead to humble them, to whatever disagainst it foreign armies. This tance they may retreat, or within letter is but the forerunner of the whatever citadel they may entrench manifesto of the sovereigns of Eu- themselves. rope--they will give notice in a Penetrated with these truths, so more decided manner of the war humiliating to you, you then waitwhich you have to fear. Adieu. ed on me, and asked me this ques

tion—“Do you think that the pub(Signed)

lic welfare demands that I should

give up my command ? If you do LE MARQUIS DE Bouille. so, I am ready to give in my re

signation."-" If the fugitives," I replied, “intend to rally in this

country; if the king intends to Letter from M. Ræderer to M. take refuge here; if Metz is desBouille.

tined to become the cradle of a

civil war, I wish you were a thouI RECEIVED yesterday, Sir, a sand leagues distant. But on the packet with the post mark of Lux- contrary, if the king shall adhere embourg, and sealed with your to the constitution, if the fugitives arms, containing a printed copy of dispersed throughout the world are your letter to the national assembly. content to act the parts of knightsI fatter myself that in transmitting errant, I shall be very happy to see this letter to me, you wish to indie in the chief garrison of our froncate that I am personally interested tiers a general like you, who has

gained the attachment of the sol. diery, and is capable of enforcing Protest of Two Hundred and obedience at home, and respect Ninety Deputies, against the De. abroad.”

crees which suspend the exercise Your reply to me was a memo- of the Royal Authority, and rable one, and I am able to reca- which infringe the inviolability pitulate it exactly :-"I give you of the sacred person of the King. my word of honour to enforce the decrees of the national assembly THREE months have scarcely with my utmost power, whether I elapsed since we deputies underapprove them or not; I also pledge signed made known to our constiyou my word of honour, never to tuents our protest against a decree involve my country in a civil war.” which attacked the sacred princi

Perhaps this conversation has ple of the inviolability of the been recollected by you since your king's person.

The zeal with arrival at Luxembourg ; you may which many of us defended it on have been afraid lest one of the the 28th of March, the conviction words of honour which you have be- which we entertained that it was trayed should be forgotten, and impossible to violate with impunity you have undoubtedly addressed this principle essential to all monaryour letter to me, for fear that chy, are too well justified by the this claim to public infamy should events now passing under our eyes, lose its just reward.

and by the afflicting spectacle of If this is your motive, sir, I dou. which we have the misfortune to bly thank you for your correspon- be witnesses. dence.

The king and royal family conFor some time past, philosophy ducted as prisoners, by authority of has laboured to dishonour honour; the decrees of the national assemand to elevate virtue in its room. bly; the monarch guarded in his Louis XVI. and you have at one palace by. soldiers not subject to his and the same time rendered this command; the royal family enservice to the nation, and have ad- trusted to a guard, over whom the vanced the morals of mankind at king has no authority; the right least half a century nearer perfec. of directing the education of the tion.

presumptive heir of the throne taIn fine, I hope that public opi- ken from him, who, both as king nion and the laws will no longer and father, had the most undoubtconfine themselves to feats of chi- ed right, and the strongest obligavalry and words of honour, as ne- tion to direct it; in fine, the mocessary titles for public employ narch, whose inviolability was dements, but that they will also insist clared even by the new constituon proofs of virtue and acts of pa- tion, suspended by a decree from Iriotism.

the exercise of his authority; such (Signed)

is the afflicting spectacle which we ROEDERER, and all good Frenchmen lament, DEPUTY TO THE NATIONAL and such are the too obvious and too

fatal consequences of the first vio

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lation offered to this sacred and was annulled, monarchy was defundamental principle.

stroyed; the appearance of royalty And we ought to declare it, since no longer exists; a republican inwe are compelled to refer to the terim has succeeded. decree itself against which we have Far from all those who are acprotested, and against which we quainted with the rules of our constill protest, there is none of those duct (and, we believe, there are measures which was not before pro- very few Frenchmen who do not scribed to the constitution, in the rightly appreciate them), be the name of which they are taken, idea that we could concur in such The sacred person of the king was decrees. They are not less unpleadeclared inviolable: one only abuse sant to our feelings, than repugnant was provided for, in which, con to our principles. Never have we trary to all the principles essential more severely felt the rigour of our to monarchy, it was supposed that duty, never have we more lamentthat inviolability might ed the fatal consequences resulting This case has not yet occurred; ne from the mission with which we vertheless the king is dragged as a were charged, than when forced to criminal into his own capital, and remain witnesses of acts which we made a prisoner in his own palace, regarded as culpable attempts; and despoiled of his prerogative. while those who are most frequently Thus, after having infringed the our organ, became timid, for the inviolability of the king by decrees, first time condemned themselves to they annul them in order com- silence, that they might not involve pletely to destroy it.

the sacred cause in that unpopulaAmidst these outrages offered to rity which had so ingeniously been the monarch, to his august family, contrived to be thrown upon our and in their persons to the whole party. Without doubt, if we were nation, what has become of the guided by common rules; if we monarchy ? The decrees of the na- yielded to the horror with which tional assembly have centered in we are inspired by the idea of being themselves all the royal power; the thought to approve, by our preseal of the state has been deposited sence, decrees, to which we were on their table ; their decrees are 60 averse, we would fy without derendered executory without requi- lay, we would without hesitation ring sanction; they give direct or separate from an assembly, who ders to all the agents of the execu- have been able to break through tive power ; they inclose in their principles which they had been owo name oaths, in which French forced to preserve. But in circummen do not even find the name of stances so singular, we can neither their king; commissioners, who assume common rules nor our own have received their mission from sentiments as the basis of our own them alone, traverse the provinces, conduct. When our principles, in order to receive oaths which they our honour, may perhaps, in the exact, and give directions to the opinion of a great number, com-army: thus, at the moment at mand us to fly, motives more imwhich the inviolability of the king perious still exact of us a painful


sacrifice, that of remaining in à imposes, both with regard to them situation where we preserve the and to ourselves, duties which do kope of preventing greater evils. not go beyond ourselves alone.

Before the calamitous epoch at For us, honour lies no longer in wbich we are arrived, we could at the common track ; our sole object least grasp the shadow of mo- is the triumph of the sacred cause narchy; we fought upon the with which we are intrusted ; but wreck; the hope of preserving it let them be beforehand assured, justified our conduct. Now, the that whatever may happen, to last blow has been given to mo whatever extremities we may be narchy. But, in addition to that reduced, nothing will efface from great motive, we were bound by our hearts the unalterable oath other duties. The monarch exists; which irrevocably binds us to the he is captive; it is for the king's monarch and to monarchy. sake that we ought to rally our After these considerations, which strength; it is for him, it is for his appear to us founded upon the true family, it is for the precious blood interest of the nation, and the eterof the Bourbons, that we ought to Dal advantage of the people, essenremain at the post, where we can tially dependant on monarchy, we watch over a deposit so valuable. declare to all FrenchmenWe will discharge, then, this sa

That after having constantly opcred duty, which alone ought to posed all those decress, which in be our excuse, and we will prove, attacking royalty, either in its esthat in our hearts the monarch and sence, or in its privileges, have the monarchy can never be sepa- prepared the people to receive rated.

without indignation, as without But whilst we comply with this examination, the anti-monarchical urgent duty, let not our constitu- principles to which these days of ents expect to hear us come for- anarchy have given birth; ward upon any other subject. That after having defended till While one interest alone can force the last moment, monarchy underus to sit along with those who mined in its foundations ; have raised a mis-shapen republic That after having seen its ruin upon the ruins of monarchy, it is completed by the deliberations of to that interest alone that we are the national assembly; for to attack wholly devoted. From this mo the person of the monarch, is to ment the most profound silence, on annul monarchy; to suspend mowhatever shall not relate to this narchy is, in fine, to destroy it ; subject, shall express our deep Nothing can authorise us any regret, and at the same time our longer to take part in deliberations, invariable opposition to every de- which become in our eyes guilty cree that


of a crime which we do not wish In fine, let our constituents turn to participate ; their attention to the circumstances But that monarchy existing alin which we are placed; if, in the ways in the person of the monarch, present moment, we have not glo- from whom it is inseparable; that ried in marching foremost in the his misfortunes and those of his path of honour, our situation now august family, imposing upon us a



stronger obligation always to sur. Joseph Dandre, commissioners noround bis august person, and defend minated by the national assembly it from the application of prin- for the execution of its decree of ciples which we condeinn; we this day, the said decree providing, place our sole honour, our most “ That the national assembly shall sacred duty in defending, with all nominate three commissioners, taour might-with all our zeal for ken out of its own body, to receive the blood of the Bourbons--with in writing from the mouth of the all our attachment to the prin- king his declaration, which shall be ciples which our constituents have signed by the king and the comtransmitted to us, the interests of missioners; the same ceremony

be the king and the royal family, and ing also used in regard to the detheir indefeasible rights.

claration of the queen, &c.” That, in consequence, we shall We, after having repaired to continue, from the sole motive of the military committee, set off at not abandoning the interests of half an hour after six o'clock, for the person of the king and the royal the palace of the Thuilleries, family, to assist at the deliberations where having arrived, we were inof the national assembly; but be- troduced into the king's cabinet, ing neither able to avow their and being alone with him, the king principles, or recognize the lega- made the following declaration : lity of their decrees, we will hence- I see, Gentlemen, by the object forth take no part in deliberatioos of the mission with which you are which have not for their object the charged, that there is no intention only interest which it now remains of making use of interrogatories; for us to defend.

but I shall most willingly comply Paris, June 29, 1791.

with the wishes of the national

assembly, and I shall never be To the above are added the sig. afraid of making the public acnatures of two hundred and ninety

quainted with the reasons of my members of the national assembly,

conduct. the first being that of the Abbé

The motives which occasioned Maury. Some of them insert ad

my departure, were the threats and ditions or restrictions before their

the menaces which took place on names, as is sometimes done to a protest in the House of Lords, and and myself. Since that time, se

the 18th of April against my family all the noblesse insert their titles.

veral writings have been published with an intention to provoke the public fury against the royal family

and myself, and these insults still Procés Verbal of the Declara- remain unpunished; from this circion of the King of the French, with cumstance, I perceived that it respect to the Motives of his Flight. would not be safe, nor even decent

for me to remain in Paris. ON this present Sunday, June In consequence of this I resolved 26th, 1791, We, Francis Denis to quit the metropolis.-Not being Tronchet, Andrian John Francis able to get from Paris in the dayDuport, and Anthony Balthazar time, I determined to depart during


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