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the night, without any attendants; it was agreed between him and I it was not my intention, however, that we should not travel the same to leave the kingdom. I never did road, and he was to return to me concert a plan of this kind, either in France. I gave orders, a few with the neighbouring powers, or days before my departure, to the with my relations, nor with any three persons who accompanied me other Frenchmen in foreign coun as couriers, to procure the clothes tries.

usually worn on these occasions, My plan was to retire to Mont- because they would be entrusted medi, and I accordingly ordered with dispatches. apartments to be prepared for me The passport was necessary for there. As that town is well forti- facilitating my journey; the route fied, I thought it peculiarly con of Frankfort was mentioned, merevenient for the safety of myself and ly because they never grant passfamily, and being near the fron- ports at the office of the secretary tiers, I also imagined it well adap- for foreign affairs to any part withted to oppose every invasion that in the kingdom; and the route inmight be attempted by the ene dicated was not even preserved by mies of France. Another powerful motive of my retreat was, to put

I have never made any proan end to the assertion of my being testation whatever but in the mea prisoner.

morial left by me at my departure. If my intention had been to This protestation, as may be easihave retired into a foreign country, ly perceived, does not contain I should never have published a any objection to the principles of memorial previous to my depar- the constitution, but only with resture:-I should most assuredly in pect to the form of sanction, that that case have suppressed it till is to say, in regard to the little liI had passed the frontiers. berty which I appeared to enjoy.

I continued constant in the wish As the decrees were not presented of returning to Paris; for on look- in a body, I could not judge of the ing to this same memorial, it may whole design of the fabric of the be seen that I promise to the Pa- constitution. The principal obrisians speedily to return to them: jection contained in this memorial “ Frenchmen, and you Parisians, regards the difficulties attendant what pleasure shall I not have in on administration and execution. again appearing among you!" I perceived in the course of my These are the very expressions I journey, that the public opinion made use of.

was decidedly in favour of the conI had in my carriage only 13,200 stitution. I was not before able, livres in gold, and 56,000 livres in during my stay in Paris, to make assignats, which were contained in myself acquainted with this cir. a port folio sent me by the departe cumstance; but from the ideas I ment.

have been able to form personally in I never informed Monsieur of my myroute, I am convinced how much departure, till a very short time it is necessary to give the proper before it took place; he passed into energy to the powers established a foreign country, merely because for the maintenance of public order.


As soon as I knew the public to wait personally for their mawish, I did not hesitate, and I shall jesties at Pontsommeville, the first never hesitate to make the sacrifice post after passing Chalons, and of every thing that regards myself, three leagues beyond that town. to procure the good of the people, M. de Goguelas carried a written which has ever been the first object order from the king, for the comof my wishes.

mander of the detachment at ChaI shall willingly forget all the lons to obey M. de N disagreeable circumstances which who was to arrive there twelve have occurred, that I may thus en.

hours before the royal family. M. sure the peace and tranquillity of de Nhimself was authothe nation.

rised by his majesty to deliver the The king, after having read the orders of M. de Bouille to each present declaration, has observed officer commanding a detachment that he omitted to add, that the on this service, and at the same governante of his son, and the la- time to give them particular ordies in the queen's retinue, were

ders conformable to any new cirnot informed of his intentions till a cumstance which might have ocsliort time before their departure; curred since that general had and the king has signed this decla- formed his plan. ration in company with us. M. de N

or M. de (Signed) LOUIS, Goguelas were to arrive at each post TRONCHET.

from Pontsommeville, at a proper ANDRIAN DUPORT. time previous to the royal family, DANDRE.

to give the commanding officers timely notice that the troops, and every thing else necessary for the speedy and safe passage of the car.

riages, should be in readiness all M. de Bouille's statement of the the way; M. de Bouille, in the King's Journey from Chalons

mean time, being in a central poto Varennes, when his Majesty sition, that he might have it in his and the Royal Family left Paris power to protect the royal family, to go to Montmidi.

in case of necessity.

Agrecable to this plan, M. de IN consequence of the king and Goguelas had left Varennes to go queen's order, M. de Bouille in. to Pontsommeville on the 20th of formed M. de Goguelas, an officer Jupe, with forty hussars of the of rank, of their majesties' intention regiment of Lausun, on the preto go to Montmidi, and the ar

text of escorting a large 'sum of rangements he had made to receive money expected for the

use of the them. That officer had been sent troops. These hussars were under to Paris a little before the king left the command of M. Boudet, a it, and brought his majesty's de lieutenant. They passed the night obedience to which he had ordered ville. Forty dragoons of the regio finitive orders to the general;

in of the 20th at St. Menehoult, and

arrived on the 21st at PontsommeM. de Goguelas to reconnoitre the different posts on their route, and

ment royal, commanded by M. d'Andouin their captain, arrived every means in their power for on the same day at St. Menehoult. their protection. Those two genA detachment of a hundred dra- tlemen were to inform the king, goons of the regiment of monsieur, when he arrived at Pontsommeville, , and sixty of the regiment royal, of the disposition of the troops incame on the 20th to Clermont, on tended for his escort, and his mapretence of going into cantonments jesty was then to give them orders at Mouson on the Meuse, but with respecting the manner in which he orders to remain on the 21st at wished to continue his route. Clermont. They were under the In case the king thought proper command of M. de Damas. Sixty to let himself be known, each dehussars of the regiment of Lausun, tachment was to keep close to the commanded by M. Rodwel a lieu- - carriage all the way, till it was tenant, were posted at Varennes ; a relieved by the succeeding detachhundred of the same regiment, ment at the new post: but if the under the command of M. Deslong king preferred remaining incognito, at Dun ; fifty of the regiment of his carriage was to pass for that Royal Allemand, under M. Gunt- which carried the military chest. zer, were placed at Mouse, a village The detachments were to fall bebetween Dun and Stenai. This last bind at convenient distances, to were intended to have escorted the give the king's party time to change royal family all the way to Mont- horses without suspicion; at the midi, where his majesty would same time not to lose sight, or to have found several regiments ready be at too great a distance for giving to form an encampment, which assistance in case of need. In some others, already on their either of those suppositions, the march, were to join on the 21st officers who commanded the deand 22nd. Some of the command tachments were to be informed ing officers of those detachments by M. de Choiseuil or Goguelas, were privy to the plan; the others at the king's arrival at each post, were in hourly expectation of meet- that his majesty was in the carriage, ing with the military chest with but it was only in case he did not the money.. They had orders think it necessary to preserve the to hold their troops in constant incognito that the private men of readiness, to watch attentively the detachments were to be inover every occurrence that should formed. All the detachments were take place at their respective to proceed to Montmidi, after the posts. A courier, who preceded king's passage, with all possible exthe carriage of the royal family pedition, except that at Pontsomsome hours, was to give these com- meville, which was to stop at St. manding officers timely notice of Menehoult for eighteen or twenty the king's arrival.

d'Andouin cured

hours, on purpose to prevent any The orders signed by the king, person, of whatever description, and to be presented successively to from proceeding during that time. each detachment by M. de N- M. de Bouille was to take measures, and M. de Goguelas, enjoined the during the same period, for preventofficers and soldiers to escort the ing any intelligence from arriving at king and his family, and to use his camp; and by this means se

cured to the detachment at St. port M. de N-_'s camp equió Menehoult a safe retreat to Mont- page, neglected to give fresh ormidi,

ders to those who conducted them As the cross road from Varennes to Varennes, and of course they to Dun was bad, M. de Bouille had arrived at that town one day sooner the precaution to place a sufficient than was intended. The prolonganumber of horses at the former, tion of their stay created those susthat the king, on his arrival, might picions which afterwards proved so find no difficulty or retardment to fatal. Those horses were not pla. prevent his proceeding to Dun. ced where it had been agreed upon Those horses belonged to M. de they should; and when those who N-, and were sent on the pre were charged with the placing text of carrying his camp equipage them arrived at Varennes, the susto Mouson. When M. de N picions which had arisen on their went to Paris to receive the king's account had excited such a fermentorders, he had given directions to ation, that it would not have been an officer of his regiment respect- prudent to have attempted any aling those horses, which were to set teration. out on the 17th of June, that they

The Report of M. Boudet. might be at Varennes on the 20th, and there remain till farther orders. The detachment arrived in preThis arrangement had been settled, cise time at the place of their destion the supposition that the king nation. The hussars of the regiwould leave Paris on the 19th, as ment of Lausun came to St. Menewas at first intended : but a woman hoult on the 20th of June; the offiin the service of the dauphin, and cer quartered them at the inn, but known to be a violent democrat, he neglected to give the usual inbeing to finish her weekly attende formation to the magistrates of the ance on the 20th, it was thought place relative to their route and prudent to defer the departure of quarters. This occasioned a good the royal family till she should be deal of surprise and speculation in out of the palace; of course they the town, which were augmented did not set out till the 20th, at by the arrival of a detachment of midnight. M. de Bouille was in- the king's regiment of dragoons in formed of this alteration by a letter the morning of the 21st. The imfrom the king, which, however, he pression which the conduct of the did not receive before the 15th, in officer commanding the hussars left the evening, and immediately sent on the minds of the inhabitants, orders to the regiment royal and made them watch the dragoons that of Monsieur, both dragoons, with jealous eyes. They even atto begin their march a day later tempted to take their arms from than had been formerly directed, them. on purpose that they might be at The king left the Thuilleries on Clermont only one day previous to the 20th, at midnight. His carthe arrival of the royal family: riage broke down near Chalons. but unfortunately the officer, en- That accident detained him several trusted with the direction of the hours. The royal family were ex.. horses, which were said to trapspected at Sommeville about three


o'clock in the afternoon of the 21st ably accompanied the king, the Although M. de N—and M. de commanding officer of the detachGoguelas had calculated that they ment, not choosing to return to would arrive about that hour, it St. Menehoult, where he had been was certainly their duty to remain ill-received the day before, instead there all that day with the detach-; of keeping to the high road, by ment of hussars, the instructions which means he would have joined to whose commanding officers bore, the royal family, struck into a cross that the convoy they were to escort road, where he lost his way,'as also would pass in the course of that did the two persons entrusted with day: nevertheless, when those two the king's orders; so that none of gentlemen saw no appearance of them reached Varennes until an any courier, or of the arrival of the hour after their majesties had been royal family, they left Sommeville arrested. at five o'clock in the evening, car The royal family had come to rying the whole detachment from St. Minehoult without any precethat important post, from whence ding courier. When they stopped the directions to all the others to change horses at the post house were to originate. It is to be hoped the commanding officer of the dethat those two officers had very tachment of dragoons, supposing strong reasons for conducting them that those were the carriages which , selves in this manner, which, how it was his duty to escort, ordered ever, have never been fully made the soldiers to mount, that he known, It has been said, that might fulfil the object of his miswhat chiefly determined them was sion. He met with a decided op-. certain marks of inquietude and position from the inhabitants, and commotion which began to appear the stables were occupied and among the people in the country, guarded by the national guards of the consequences of which they the town. thought might prove dangerous to The King not seeing those he exthe King and royal family.

pected, looked out of the carriage Messrs. de N-and Goguelas with the utmost uneasiness, and withdrew the troops from Somme made many inquiries concerning ville at five o'clock in the evening, the road. 'He was recognised by and their majesties arrived there an a postillion, who immediately ran hour after, finding neither the and informed the post-master. The troops they expected, nor the two King's journey was not, however, persons who had been entrusted stopped; he went on to Clermont, with their instructions, who were while the post-master of St. Mene. to act as couriers, and to give or- hoult dispatched his son to Va. ders, signals, and directions to the rennes, to give notice of his matroops distributed at the different jesty's approach, that measures posts. Their majesties, however, might be taken to stop him. The proceeded without any retardment King changed horses again at Cler. to St. Menehoult, while the de mont, and

was suffered peaceably tachment which had left Somme. to take the road to Varennes. M. ville fell back to Varennes. By a de Damas, who commanded the fatality that seems to have invari- royal dragoons and those of monVol. XXXIII.



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