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sieur, expected the arrival of the ed to Varennes. He arrived becourier every moment, according twixt ten and cleven o'clock at to agreement, and he kept his night, and with as little noise as troops in readiness, but had not possible he awaked every person been able to make any other prepa- he thought necessary for his project, rations for the arrival of their ma and barricaded with carts and wagjesties. However, on being in gons the bridge of Varennes, which formed that two carriages, of separated the ville haute from the which they gave him the descrip- ville busse. tion, had changed horses at the In the midst of these preparapost-house, he had no doubt of tions their majesties arrived at the their being those of the king and ville haute and stopped at the first queen. He immediately gave or- house, in hopes of finding fresh ders to his dragoons to mount. horses ready for them : but in this The district and municipality of they were disappointed; the horses the place were alarmed, and he intended for them were still at was desired to give an account of an inn on the opposite side of the this unexpected order. M. de Da- bridge. M. de Bouille had sent mas, without returning an answer, his youngest son and M. de Raigeset spurs to his horse, ordering his court to Varennes on the morning dragoons to follow him: but they, of the 21st, with orders to make yielding to the threats and intrea- the necessary preparations for the ties of the national guards, basely king's arrival.' They had not sufdescrted their commanding officer. ficient confidence in the officer M. de Damas pursued alone the who commanded the detachment road to Varennes, and arrived a at Varennes to trust him with the few minutes after their majesties. secret, but they desired him to

The son of the post-master of St. hold his troops in readiness to es. Menehoult got the start of the King cort a convoy. They anxiously ex. by some hours. His departure from pected the arrival of the courier, as that town had been observed by their orders were to make no preone of the quarter-masters of the paration till he came. Besides, regiment royal, who was in the se- iheir very appearance in the town cret, and who, suspecting the had created suspicions, and the fear young man's intentions, found of increasing them prevented their means to escape the watchful ob- removing the horses from the ville servations of the populace, and of basse to the ville haute, until they his own companions, and pursued should receive notice of the king's the fellow, in order to prevent his arrival. The officer who command fatal design. He followed him for ed the detachment at Varennes had about a league: but being afraid tu orders to escort a convoy which push his horse, which had a great was of so much importance, that way to go, he did not overtake in case he perceived any disposition him; and the fellow perceiving in the people to obstruct it, he was himself pursued, suddenly quitted to order his troops to mount, make the high road, escaped into the himself master of all the passages woods, and through unbeaten and enforce the advancement of tracts, known to himself, proceed the convoy. But as none of these

measures

measures were executed, the post- armed crowds that opposed them, master had full time to make all and to go with all possible expedi. his criminal arrangements, with- tion to inform general de Bouille out encountering the least obsta- of what had happened. cle.

In less than an hour after the Their majesties were very uneasy king was stopped, Messrs.de N-on being informed, on their arri- and de Goguelas arrived at Vaval, that there were no horses in rennes with the detachment from readiness and saw no appearance Pontsommeville. At the gates of of the troops they expected for their the town they found some pieces protection. To add to their vex- of cannon and a party of the naation, their postillions threatened tional guards, who

at first disputed to leave them. The queen alight their entrance. They desired to ed, and called at several houses to be made known to the sixty hussars obtain information respecting the in the town, who belonged to their horses. Nobody knew her. She regiment. M. Rodwell, who comwalked for some time in the ville 'manded those hussars, came to haute with the king, in expectation meet them alone. M. Boudet, the that some person would appear commanding officer of the detachwho'would give them the informa. ment from Pontsommeville, intion they stood so much in need formed him that the company of, but all in vain. They were , which had been stopped was acobliged to return to their carriage tually the king and the royal family, without the expected satisfaction ; and ordered him to take every neand all they could do was to intreat cessary measure for the defence and the postillions to proceed with the surety of their majesties : but Rodsame horses. As they passed under well, in place of obeying his coman arch-way near the bridge, a manding officer, immediately left band of ruffians, who lay in wait, Varennes, on pretence that he must stopped the carriages, seized upon go and inform M. de Bouille of the king, and forced him and his what had happened; and he left family to alight, and they were con- the command of this important ducted prisoners to the house of the post to one of the quarter-masters, procureur de la commune. The king who was extremely ill-affected to expostulated against this violence the king, as appeared by his keepwith equal firmness and dignity, ing the hussars in total inaction. but to no purpose. In a moment The detachment of Pontsomme. the streets were barricaded, the ville being the only troops well stables of the hussars surrounded, disposed to the king in the town, the national guards drawn up un- reached the house where the royal der arms, and the tocsin sounded family were detained, which they to alarm the country. The young found surrounded by a number of de Bouille and M. Raigecourt, on national guards. M. de Goguelas, hearing the tumult, hastened to- instead of attempting to disperse wards the hotel of the commando them by any orders to the detachant, but found the streets barrica- ment, 'addressed himself to the ded. They had time only to mount procureur de la commune, who still on horseback, to push through the affected not to know who the peo

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ple ple he detained were, desiring to commanding officer had received be introduced to them. He was orders the preceding evening to introduced accordingly, and on his hold himself in readiness by day: return assured the people that it break, and although it was known was unquestionably the royal fa. in the regiment that the king was mily. This information rendered to pass during the night. M. de the multitude more obstinate for Bouille sent, at the same time, to detaining the royal family,

Montmidi, an order to M. de M. de Goguelas, wishing to as- Klinglin, marechal de camp, to send certain whether the minds of the one of the battalions of Nassau totroops had not been corrupted by wards Dun, and to expedite orders the town's people, during his ab- to the Swiss regiment of Castellas, sence, ordered them to prepare then on its march to Montmidi, to their arms", and then very incon detach one of its battalions to Stesiderately asked whether they were nai, and there to attend his further for the king or the nation. They orders. · M. de Bouille also sent answered, « Vive la nation ! Nous orders to the detachments of Mouse tenons et tiendrons toujours pour elle.and Dun to march with all dili

This answer, which the surround. gence to Varennes, giving them to ing crowd had inspired them with, know that he would soon follow plainly shewed no assistance could with the regiment Royal Allemand, be expected for his majesty in this and enjoining them, immediately seditious town. M. de Goguelas, upon their arrival, to use every therefore, seeming to adopt the means in their power for the deli-. prevailing sentiment, resolved qui- verance of the royal family. etly to wait. the arrival of a suffi- M. de Bouille waited till the recient force, to assist him in deliver- giment of Royal Allemand were ing their majesties.

quite ready, and then put himself at While these events were passing its head; after which, that he might at Varennes, M. de Bouille was ex- assure himself of its dispositions, tremely uneasy at receiving no in- he read the king's orders, informed telligence. He had passed the the men of the occasion of this night on horseback betwixt Dun march, and distributed money and Stenai. At last he rode to the amongst them. He found tliem highway which leads to Montmidi, extremely well disposed, and they that he might be at hand to give followed him with an alacrity assistance, if necessary. He was which promised success : but it at the gates of Stenai about four was five o'clock in the morning. in the morning, when M. de Raige- when they set out. court, the chevalier de Bouille, and M. de Rodwell brought him the unwelcome news of the king be. Extract of M. de Long's report. ing stopped. That instant, orders were given for the regiment Royal M. de Long, who commanded, Allemand to mount, but the horses at this time, the detaclıment of were not saddled, although their Dun, occupied, with his hussars,

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all the streets and avenues of that serve whether it would be possible town. On being informed, by M. to force the barricades sword in Rodwell, of the distressing situa- hand. He found them so strong, tion of the royal family, he march- particularly on the bridge, that he ed to Varennes with his troops, had no hopes of succeeding, un. without waiting the general's or less he was joined by the hussars ders, leaving twenty-four men and under the command of M. Boudet. an officer at Dun, in order to se. Having arrived at the house in cure a free passage through that which the royal family were contown. He was only an hour and a fined, he saw, to his astonishment, half in going five leagues betwixt thirty hussars before it, commanded Dun and Varennes. He arrived by one of the national guards; before this last town at five o'clock and this certitude of their de. in the morning. His project had fection deprived him of all hopes been to begin the attack immedi- of his detachment's being allowed ately, and to make his way by to enter the town. After waiting force to the king; but when he half an hour, he was introduced reached the town, he perceived the to the king. Seignemont, conbarricades, which forced him to trary to the word he had pledged, renounce his plan. The advanced entered with bim. When M. de post of the national guard required Long reproached him in the preof M. de Long to attend them to sence of his majesty, his only apo. the municipality, and explain the logy was, that the citizens would motives of his journey to Varennes. not allow that he should have any This he positively refused, and private conference with the king; demanded entrance with his de- yet he afterwards permitted M. de tachment, in order to join that Long to talk a little, in the corner which was in the town. They an of the room, with his majesty, who swered, that his demand was con was then informed of his real situa. trary to the king's orders. M. de tion, and of the insurmountable Long being assured, by this an obstacles which the barricades, swer, that the king was at Varen. and the defection of some of the nes, requested permission to pay troops, formed to the zeal of M, his respects to his majesty. This de Long. He was informed, at was agreed to by M. Seignemont, the same time, of the march of commander of the national guards, M. de Bouille, at the head of the and chevalier de St. Lewis, who regiment of Royal Allemand. promised him protection, and gave The king seemed in such a state his word of honour that he should of confusion, that M. de Long rebe allowed to speak to the king peated this information three times, without any witness. For the from an apprehension that his magreater surety that this promise jesty had not heard what he had would be adhered to, M. de Long said; at last he begged to have exacted that an hostage should be his majesty's orders for M. de delivered to his hussars. This was Bouille. done. His scheme was to inform • You may acquaint him,' said the king of the succours that were the king, that I am a prisoner ; arrived and expected, and to ob- that I doubt much whether he can

do

do any thing for me, but that I tually passed the first branch, but desire he may do what he can.' found the second too deep ; and

M. de Long spoke also to the seeing no possibility of succouriog queen: but as she stood very near the royal family, they determined to the commander of the national to join M. de Bouille, which they guards, he gave her the same in. did, about nine o'clock in the formation in German, that he had morning, near Varennes. Greatly given to the king. That upbappy shocked at the information they princess complained bitterly of her brought, he was still inclined to persecutors, and particularly that continue his march, and make a they would not permit ber to pro- last attempt, but no person among ceed to Verdun, where she and the - the troops knew of any ford by children could more commodiously which they could pass the river repose themselves.

which separated them from the The king desiring M. de Long king. The horses were nearly exnot to prolong the conversation in hausted with the long march they German, to prevent suspicions, he had already made, Stenai being took leave of their majesties, ask more than five leagues from Vaing their orders aloud. The king rennes; besides, the king having replied,

set out about an hour and a half I am a prisoner, and have no before, all pursuit seemed useless. orders to give.'

There was therefore an absolute M. de Long having arrived at impossibility of delivering the royal his detachment, sent a non-com- family; and M. de Bouille, overmissioned officer with an order to whelmed with grief, marched back M. de Boudet to attack those who with his troops to Stenai. confined the royal family, while Besides the above statement, M. he should force the barricades, and de Bouille drew up a particular advance with his troops to their account, explanatory of the failure assistance. After a considerable of this plan, for protecting the interval, the non-commissioned of. royal family in their journey from ficer returned, without having Paris to Montmidi, for the inforbeen able to speak to M. de Bou- mation of their majesties. det, who, with his detachment, was blocked up in the convent and garden of the Cordeliers.

Note from the King to the National In these circumstances, M. de

Assembly, July 9. Long had no other resource but to Gentlemen, wait for the arrival of the regi I AM informed that several ofment of Royal Allemand: but he ficers, gone into foreign countries, soon understood that the royal fa- have, by circular letters, invited mily, having been obliged to go the soldiers of the regiments 10 into their carriages, were on the which they belonged to quit the road to Paris, guarded by an armed kingdom to join them; and that multitude. He was joined by the as an inducement, they promise to chevalier de Rm, and they en- advance them, by virtue of full deavoured to cross the river, in the powers, directly or indirectly, intention of attacking the escort Howing from me. I think it my and delivering the king. They ac- duty to give a forinal contradiction

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