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ple he detained were, desiring to commanding officer had received be introduced to them, He was orders the preceding evening to introduced accordingly, and on his hold himself in readiness by dayreturn assured the people that it break, and although it was known was unquestionably the royal fa- in the regiment that the king was mily. This information rendered to pass during the night. M. de the multitude more obstinate for Bouille sent, at the same time, to detaining the royal fainily.

Montmidi, an order to M. de M. de Goguelas, wishing to as- Klinglin, marechal de camp, to send certain whether the minds of the one of the battalions of Nassau totroops had not been corrupted by wards Dun, and to expedite orders the town's people, during his ab- to the Swiss regiment of Castellas, sence, ordered them to prepare then on its march to Montmidi, to . their arms", and then very incon- detach one of its battalions to Stesiderately asked whether they were nai, and there to attend his further for the king or the nation. They orders. • M. de Bouille also sent answered, « Vive la nation ! Nous orders to the detachments of Mouse tenonset tiendrons toujours pour elle." and Dun to march with all dili

.This answer, which the surround. gence to Varennes, giving them to ing crowd had inspired them with, know that he would soon follow . plainly shewed no assistance could with the regiment Royal Allemand, be expected for his majesty in this and enjoining them, immediately seditivus town. M. de Goguelas, upon their arrival, to use every therefore, seeming to adopt the means in their power for the deliprevailing sentiment, resolved qui- verance of the royal family. etly to wait the arrival of a suffi- M. de Bouille waited till the recient force, to assist him in deliver- giment of Royal Allemand were ing their majesties.

quite ready, and then put himself at While these events were passing its head; after which, that he might at Varennes, M. de Bouille was ex- assure himself of its dispositions, tremely uneasy at receiving no in- he read the king's orders, informed telligence. He had passed the the men of the occasion of this night on horseback betwixt Dun march, and distributed money and Stenai. At last he rode to the amongst them. He found tliem highway which leads to Montmidi, extremely well disposed, and they that he might be at hand to give followed him with an alacrity assistance, if necessary. He was which promised success : but it at the gates of Stenai about four was five o'clock in the morning in the morning, when M. de Raige- when they set out. court, the chevalier de Bouille, and M. de Rodwell brought him the " unwelcome news of the king be." Extract of M. de Long's report. ing stopped. That instant, orders were given for the regiment Royal M. de Long, who commanded, Alleniand to mount, but the horses at !his time, the detachment of were pot saddled, although their Dun, occupied, with his hussars,

' all

Mettre haut les armes.

all the streets and avenues of that serve whether it would be possible town. On being informed, by M. to force the barricades sword in Rodwell, of the distressing situa- hand. He found them so strong, tion of the royal family, he march- particularly on the bridge, that he ed to Varennes with his troops, had no hopes of succeeding, un. without waiting the general's or less he was joined by the hussars ders, leaving twenty-four men and under the command of M. Boudet. an officer at Dun, in order to se. Having arrived at the house in cure a free passage through that which the royal family were contown. He was only an hour and a fined, he saw, to his astonishment, half in going five leagues betwixt thirty hussars before it, commanded Dun and Varennes. He arrived by one of the national guards; before this last town at five o'clock and this certitude of their de. in the morning. His project had fection deprived him of all hopes been to begin the attack immedi- of his detachment's being allowed ately, and to make his way by to enter the town. After waiting force to the king; but when he half an hour, he was introduced reached the town, he perceived the to the king. Seignemont, conbarricades, which forced him to trary to the word he had pledged, renounce his plan. The advanced entered with bim. When M. de post of the national guard required Long reproached him in the preof M. de Long to attend them to sence of his majesty, his only apo. the municipality, and explain the logy was, that the citizens would motives of his journey to Varennes. not allow that he should have any This he positively refused, and private conference with the king; demanded entrance with his de- yet he afterwards permitted M. de tachment, in order to join that Long to talk a little, in the corner which was in the town. They an of the room, with his majesty, who swered, that his demand was con was then informed of his real situa. trary to the king's orders. M. de tion, and of the insurmountable Long being assured, by this an obstacles which the barricades, swer, that the king was at Varen. and the defection of some of the nes, requested permission to pay troops, formed to the zeal of M, his respects to his majesty. This de Long. He was informed, at was agreed to by M. Seignemont, the same time, of the march of commander of the national guards, M. de Bouille, at the head of the and chevalier de St. Lewis, who regiment of Royal Allemand. promised him protection, and gave The king seemed in such a state his word of honour that he should of confusion, that M. de Long rebe allowed to speak to the king peated this information three times, without any witness. For the from an apprehension that his magreater surety that this promise jesty had not heard what he had would be adhered to, M. de Long said; at last he begged to have exacted that an hostage should be his majesty's orders for M. de delivered to his hussars. This was Bouille. done. His scheme was to inform • You may acquaint him,' said the king of the succours that were the king, that I am a prisoner ; arrived and expected, and to ob- that I doubt much whether he can


do any thing for me, but that I tually passed the first branch, but desire he may do what he can.' found the second too deep ; and

M. de Long spoke also to the seeing no possibility of succouriog queen: but as she stood very near the royal family, they determined to the commander of the national to join M. de Bouille, which they guards, he gave her the same in. did, about nine o'clock in the formation in German, that he had morning, near Varennes. Greatly given to the king. That upbappy shocked at the information they princess complained bitterly of her brought, he was still inclined to persecutors, and particularly that continue his march, and make a they would not permit ber to pro- last attempt, but no person among ceed to Verdun, where she and the - the troops knew of any ford by children could more commodiously which they could pass the river repose themselves.

which separated them from the The king desiring M. de Long king. The horses were nearly exnot to prolong the conversation in hausted with the long march they German, to prevent suspicions, he had already made, Stenai being took leave of their majesties, ask more than five leagues from Vaing their orders aloud. The king rennes; besides, the king having replied,

set out about an hour and a half I am a prisoner, and have no before, all pursuit seemed useless. orders to give.'

There was therefore an absolute M. de Long having arrived at impossibility of delivering the royal his detachment, sent a non-com- family; and M. de Bouille, overmissioned officer with an order to whelmed with grief, marched back M. de Boudet to attack those who with his troops to Stenai. confined the royal family, while Besides the above statement, M. he should force the barricades, and de Bouille drew up a particular advance with his troops to their account, explanatory of the failure assistance. After a considerable of this plan, for protecting the interval, the non-commissioned of. royal family in their journey from ficer returned, without having Paris to Montmidi, for the inforbeen able to speak to M. de Bou- mation of their majesties. det, who, with his detachment, was blocked up in the convent and garden of the Cordeliers.

Note from the King to the National In these circumstances, M. de

Assembly, July 9. Long had no other resource but to Gentlemen, wait for the arrival of the regi I AM informed that several ofment of Royal Allemand: but he ficers, gone into foreign countries, soon understood that the royal fa- have, by circular letters, invited mily, having been obliged to go the soldiers of the regiments 10 into their carriages, were on the which they belonged to quit the road to Paris, guarded by an armed kingdom to join them; and that multitude. He was joined by the as an inducement, they promise to chevalier de Rm, and they en- advance them, by virtue of full deavoured to cross the river, in the powers, directly or indirectly, intention of attacking the escort Howing from me. I think it my and delivering the king. They ac- duty to give a forinal contradiction

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to these assertions, and to repeat for you, are determined to employ my former declaration, that in their forces, and that the emperor leaving Paris, I had no intention and the king of Prussia have just but to go to Montmidi, and there contracted a mutual engagement to make to the National Assembly to do so. The sage Leopold, imsuch representations as I thought mediately after having confirmed necessary, on the difficulties ex

the tranquillity of his own states, perienced in the execution of the and restored that of Europe, signed laws, and of the administration of this engagement at Poelnitz on the the kingdom. I declare positively, 27th of last month, conjointly with that all persons who say that they the worthy successor of the Great have received such powers from Frederick. They have given the me, are guilty of a most culpable original into our hands, and for the imposition.

purpose of forwarding it to you, (Signed) Louis.

we cause it to be printed at the end of this letter, publication be

ing at present the only means of Letter from Monsieur and the Count communication of which your cruel D'Artoistothe Kingtheir Brother. oppressors have not been able to

deprive us. [The following. Letter was circu

The other courts have the same lated in Paris

, and we believe dispositions with those of Vienna through all France. Of its authenticity and importance every of the empire have already pro

and Berlin. The princes and states reader must judge for himself. It tested, in authentic acts, against may not be improper, however, to observe, that it is generally sup- which they have resolved to sup

the injuries done to their rights, posed to be the composition

of the port with vigour. You cannot celebrated M. de Calonne.]

doubt, sire, the lively interest Sire, our Brother and Lord,

which the Bourbon kings take in WHEN the Assembly, which your situation. Their Catholic owes its existence to you, and and Sicilian majesties have given which has used it only for the de. unequivocal testimonies of it. The struction of your power, believes generous sentiments of the King of itself to be upon the point of con- Sardinia, our father-in-law, cansummating, its guilty enterprize; not be uncertain. You may rely when, to the indignity of holding also upon those of the Swiss, the you a captive in the centre of your good and ancient friends of France. capital, they add the perfidy of wish. Even in the bosom of the north, a ing you to degrade your throne magnanimous king is ready to conby your own hand; when they tribute to the re-establishment of even dare to present to you the your authority; and the immortal option of subscribing the decrees Catherine, to whom glory of no which are to occasion the unhappi- sort is a stranger, will not miss ness of your people, or of ceasing that of defending the cause of all to be king; we hasten to inform sovereigns. your majesty, that the powers It is not to be feared that the whose assistance we have claimed British nation, too generous to oppose that which is just, and too en. what we may do to restore it to lightened not to desire that which you, with the measure of authointerests its own tranquillity, will rity which lawfully belongs to you, be inimical to the views of this cannot be suspected of any oppres. noble and irresistible confedera- sive wish. On the contrary, to tion.


repress licentiousness is to revenge Thus, in your misfortunes, sire, liberty ; to re-establish the public you have the consolation to see all force, without which no nation can the powers conspire to end them, be free, is to free the nation. . and your firmness in the present These principles, sire, are your's: critical moment will have the sup- the same spirit of moderation and port of all Europe.

benevolence which characterises Those who know that they can your actions will be always the only shake your resolution by touch- rule of our conduct; it is the soul ing your sensibility, will, no doubt, of all our measures at foreign represent the aid of foreign powers courts; and as the depositaries of as destructive to your subjects; those positive testimonies of views that which is only meant in an equally generous and equitable, we auxiliary view, they will invest can guaranty, that they have no with purposes of hostility, and de- other desire than that of putting scribe your kingdom to you as you in possession of the governoverflowed with blood, distracted ment of your states, that your in all quarters, and menaced with people may enjoy in peace the dismemberment. It is thus that, blessings which you have destined after having always employed the them. most false alarms to cause real If rebels oppose to this desire a evils, they will use the same means conceited and blind resistance, to perpetuate them. It is thus which may force foreign armies to that they hope to continue the enter your kingdom, they only will wounds of their odious tyranny, by have brought them there; to them making it be believed, that what. alone let the guilty blood' be imever opposes it would lead to a puted, which it may be necessary harder state of slavery.

to shed; the war will be their But, sire, the intentions of the work; the end of the confederated powers who will give you their as- powers is only to support the sound sistance are as direct and as pure part of the nation against the delias the zeal which has induced us rious, and to extinguish in the solicit it; they have nothing som of the kingdom that volcano dreadful either for the state or for of fanaticism, the propagated erupyour people. It is not to attack tions of which menace all them, it is to render them the most pires. signal of all services, that they Besides, sire, there is no reason would snatch them from the des- to believe that the French, whatpotism of demagogues and -ever pains may be taken to inflame lamities of anarchy. You are wil. their natural bravery, by exalting ling to confirm more than ever the and electrifying their heads with liberty of your subjects, when the notions of patriotism and liberty, şeditious have seized upon your’s: will long sacrifice their repose,

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