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of douceurs, requisite for gaining ter his dinner, which was generally and managing majorities, in which late, he latterly dozed for some mi. he and his friend, the duke of New- nutes, during which his lady kept castle, were signally dexterous, he up some degree of chearful converretained, till a new king, and en- sation. On recovering, and her reterprizing favourite, broke through tiring, a stiff and ceremonious talk the shackles in which the good old took place, in which, to involve his George II. had been so long held. son Heathcote, when he was of the Lord Hardwicke had no share in party, he would observe, that Rutthe merits or dishonour of the peace landshire being the least county in which soon followed the demise of England, his father, sir Gilbert, was the crown, and the dismission of supposed to be in possession of one Mr. Pitt. His political career closed half of it; and if he goes on to acwith a transaction quite in his own cumulate, as he has done, bids fair style of arranging a ministry; the to be the proprietor of a whole ridiculous event of which, and his county, a point at which no man disappointment in not obtaining the in England ever yet arrived. On post of

president of the council, on this, some sycophant would observe, which he had long set his heart, that his lordship might perhaps be chagrined him so much, as perhaps charged with a similar view, in reshortened his life, which he quitted gard to the county of Cambridge ; the year after.

for though Wimple as yet bore po

proportion to the whole, yet the P.S. On second thoughts the pre- title deeds of a full moiety of it ceding account will be defective, might already be found there :unless you give some account of his smile. The stately, and ceremonious person, and what the French call his receptionof his visitors, on a Sunday petits morales, of which, from your evening, was insipid and disgusting youth, you can know nothing but by in the highest degree. For the vainformation. He was one of the nity displayed in the painted winhandsomest men of the age, and be dows of the chapel at Wimple, his stowed great attention to his ap- family offer in excuse that the sevepearance and dress. By this he at- ral arms of the illustrious names, tracted the approbation of his lady, connected with the house of Yorke, the niece of sir Joseph Jekyl, whom were collected, blazoned, and prehe occasionally met with at the sented to him by Mr. Prouse, memRolls; to whom he proved most ber for the county of Somerset. properly and affectionately attach. Stranger as he was to the life and ed; nor was ever guilty of playing habits of country gentlemen, he the fool (which was always his term treated them with insulting inattenfor intriguing) with any other wo- tion and hauteur. Came they from

The reports, circulated in never so great a distant part of the those times, relative to lady B. county, either to visit his lordship, and Mrs. Wells, I consider as idle or to see his place, their horses were tales, without the least foundation sent for refreshment to the Tiger, a in truth. He was a perfect pattern vile inn, near half a mile distant, as of temperance and sobriety. His I have experienced more than once. meals were not even convivial. Af- He had no love for the country, or,



peculiar taste for improvement. fashionable man like you could be Wimple exhibited scenes magnifi- unacquainted. « On my taking cent and vast, without being plea- leave, and saying, I should be sing to the eye. He submitted, in glad to return his civilities at deed, like other lords, sometimes Wimple, what surprise and conto entertain the natives, but with fusion did he express on his disthat visible and contemptuous supe- covering he had been talking all riority as disgusted rather than this badinage to lord Hardobliged them. When in high good wicke.” humour he had two or three stock His great accomplishment was stories to make his company laugh, an evenness of temper and comwhich they were prepared, and ex. mand over his passions, which pected, to do. One was of his bai. scarce ever suffered him to be transliff

, Woodcock, who, having been ported into any indiscreet action, or ordered by his lady to procurea sow intemperate or indecent expression of the breed and size she particular. of resentment. This constant calmly described to him, came one day ness I never knew forsake him but into the dining-room, when full of in one or two instances, which fell great company, proclaiming with a under


observation. In the de. burst of joy, he could not suppress, bate on the marriage-act, in the "I have been at Royston fair, my house of lords, which was opposed lady, and got a sow exactly of your with warmth in the other house by ladyship's size.” He also used to Mr. Fox, his lordship's zeal for this relate an incident that occurred to his favourite measure betrayed him him in a morning ride from Wimple. into unbecoming and rather abusive Observing an elegant gentleman's expressions towards his antagonist, house, he conceived a wish to see calling him, in the warmth of inthe inside of it. It happened to be vective, that bad, black man. Simithat of Mr. Montague, brother to lar passion and intolerance of conlord Sandwich, who being at home, tradiction betrayed him into a mean very politely, without knowing his and unmanly threatening to some, lordship, conducted him about the who withstood his attempts to defeat apartments, which were perfectly his brother Cocks's will, that they elegant; and expatiated on the pic- should feelseverely the effects of his tures, some of which were capital. displeasure and resentment, that a Among these were two female lord chancellor had a long arm, figures, beautifully painted in all which should reach them in whattheir native naked charms, drawn ever station or situation of life they from the life. These ladies, says might be placed, and however safe the master of the house, you must they might think themselves, and certainly know, for they are most out of his reach. This threat too striking likenesses. On the guest's he executed with an implacable expressing his perfect ignorance, vengeance; one gentleman I know why, where the devil have you led suffered from his persecution, and your life, or what company have you the long arm of chancery, a loss of kept, says the captain, not to know many thousand pounds; and anoFanny Murray, and Kitty Fisher, ther, a very learned and ingenious with whose persons I thought no physician, well known and esteem.

ed Vol. XXXIII.



ed at Paris, and I believe still living Bub Doddington, published by Mr. there, was by it driven for many Windham, and the very honest and years from his country, degraded in sensible account of it by the editor. his character, and nearly ruined in Where you will see by what dextehis profession.

rous management of the marketDr. Johnson, in the life of Addi- able ware (borough interest) left son, vol. xi. p. 167, well and wisely him by a relation, George Bub, the observes, “that the necessity of son of an apothecary, in Dorsetcomplying with the times, and of shire, raised himself to some of the sparing persons, is the great impe- highest offices of the state, and the diment of biography." History may title of lord Melcombe. This pubbe formed from permanent monu- lication, such as was never before ments and records, but lives can only committed to paper, should always be written from personal know- accompany the memoirs of lord ledge, which is growing every day Hardwicke, as the proper comless, and in a short time is lost for mentary on the times and transac

What is known can seldom tions of that lord and his associates be immediately told ; and when it in administration.--Heaven send us might be told it is no longer known. better and less corrupt. The delicate features of the mind, With every good wish for yourthe nice discriminations of charac- success in this and all

your underter, and the minute peculiarities of takings, I am yours, &c. conduct are soon obliterated ; and better were it much should be silently forgotten, however it might de- A description of the village and inlight in description, than that by un- habitants of Cahnuaga, or Cockseasonable detection a pang should nawaga, who some years since sebe given to a descendant, a brother, parated from the Mohawks; from or a friend. Impressed by this con- Long's Voyages and travels among sideration, and feeling that we are the North American Indians. walking upon ashes, under which the fire is not extinguished, I forbear en. THE savages of this nation, who larging on every circumstance my are called the praying Indians, recollection suggests to me, where- from the circumstance of their by it might be made appear that it is chiefs wearing crucifixes, and going possible for a man even in this en- through the streets of Montreal with lightened age and nation, to raise their beads, begging alms, separated himself to the highest eminence of long since from the Mohawk and Riwealth and honours (as they are ver Indians, and for a considerable called) without possessing a single time after their separation carried spark or shadow of public virtue,

or on an illicit trade between Albany contributing the least atom to the and Montreal. The village contains happiness, improvement, or hos about two hundred houses, which, nour of his country or of man- though they are chiefly built of kind.

stone, have a mean and dirty ap-, Of this, if you have any doubt, pearance. The inhabitants amount young gentleman, I recommend to to about eight hundred, and what your perusal the Diary of George is contrary to the general observa

tion on the population of the In- and performs divine service in the dians) are continually increasing. Iroquois tongue. Their devotion It is considered as the most respec- impressed my mind too powerfully table of all the Indian villages, and

lo suffer it to pass unnoticed, and the people are in a great degree ci- induces me to observe that great vilized and industrious. They sow praise is due to their pastors, who, corn, and do not depend, like other by unwearicd assiduity, and their nations, solely upon hunting for own exemplary lives and conversupport; but, at the same time, they sation, have converted a savage are not fond of laborious work, con race of beings from heathenism to ceiving it only suited to those who Christianity, and by uniformity of are less free, and retaining so much conduct, continue to preserve both of their primeval valour and inde- their religion and themselves in pendance as to annex the idea of the esteem of their converts : an slavery to every domestic employ- example worthy of imitation, and ment. Their hunting grounds are amounting to an incontrovertible within the United States, at a con- proof that Nature, in her most desiderable distance from the viliage, generate state, may be reclaimed round Fort George, Ticonderago, by those who are sincere in their and Crown Point, where they kill endeavours, gentle in their man, beaver and deer, but not in such ners, and consistent in the general great abundance at present as they tenor of their behaviour. And it did formerly, the country being is to be expected, and certainly better inhabited, and the wild ani- most ardently to be wished, that mals, from the present state of po- the savage temper among them pulation, being obliged to seek a

may in time be more effectually submore distant and secure retreat. dued, their natural impetuosity sofThe skins they obtain are generally tened and restrained, and their brought down to Montreal, and ei minds weaned from their unhappy ther sold for money or bartered for attachment to the use of strong ligoods. It is not improbable, that in quors ; their indulgence in which is

years there will not be many frequently attended with the most good hunters among them, as they melancholy and fatal consequences. are extravagantly fond of dress, and that too of the most expensive kind. Their fondness for this luxury, which the profits arising from the Anecdotes of Mr. William Gibson, lands they let out to the Canadians the celebrated self-taught Maenables them to indulge, contri thematician ; from the Gentle. butes to make them more idle; and man's Magazine. in proportion creases, ease and indolence are the R. William Gibson was born more eagerly courted and gratified, in insomuch that hunting is in danger called Boulton, a few miles from of being totally abandoned. Their Appleby, in Westmoreland. At the religion is Catholic, and they have death of his father, being left young, a French priest, or, as the Chippe- without parents, guardians, or any way Indians term it,“ The Master immediate means of support, he put of Life's Man,” who instructs them himself under the care of a reputable

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a few

farmer in the neighbourhood, to figures: and it was equally astonishlearn the farming business where ing how he could answer, in the he remained several years. Having same manner, questions in division, obtained some knowledge therein, in decimal fractions, or in the exhe removed to the distance of traction of the square or cube roots, about thirty miles, to be superin- where such a multiplicity of figures tendant to a farm near Kendal. Af- is often required in the operation: ter being there some time, and ar- Yet at this time he did not know rived at the age of about 17 or 18, that any merit was due to himself, he was informed that his father had conceiving other people's capacity been possessed of a tolerable estate, like his own; but being a sociable in landed property; and that, in companion, and when in company the beginning of the last century, taking a particular pride in puzzling he had descended from the same his companions with proposing diffamily with Dr. Edmund Gibson, ferent questions to them, they gave then bishop of London. He spent him others in return, which, from the little money he had acquired by the certain and expeditious manhis industry to come at the truth ner he had in answering them, of the business ; when he found, to made him first noticed as an arith, his sorrow, that the estate was metician, and a man of most wonmortgaged to its full value and up- derful memory. Finding himself wards. He therefore continued his still labouring under further diffioccupation, and soon afterwards culties, for want of a knowledge in rented and managed a little farm writing, he taught himself to write of his own, at a place called Hola tolerable hand. As he did not lins, in Cartmell Fell, not far from know the meaning of the word maCartmell, where he applied himself thematics, he had no idea of any vigorously to study. A little time thing beyond what he had learned. . previous to this, he had admired He thought himself a masterpiece the operation of figures; but labou- in figures, and challenged all his red under every disadvantage, for companions, and the society he want of education. As he had not attended. Something, however, been taught either to read or write was proposed to him concerning he turned his thoughts to reading Euclid; but as he did not underEnglish and enabled himself to read stand the meaning of the word he and comprehend a plain author. He was silent, but afterwards found therefore purchased a treatise on it meant a book, containing the elearithmetic; and, though he could ments of geometry, which he purnot write, be soon went through chased, and applied himself very common arithmetic, vulgar and diligently to the study of, and decimal fractions, the extraction of against the next meeting, in this the square and cube roots, &c. by new science he was prepared with an his memory only, and became so

answer. He now found himself expert therein, that he could tell, launching out into a field of which, without setting down a figure, the before, he had no conception. He product of any two numbers mul- continued his geometrical studies ; tiplied together, although the mul- and as the demonstration of the dif. tiplier and multiplicand, each of ferent propositionsin Euclid depend them, consisted of nine places of entirely upon a recollection of some


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