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they walked up a broad causeway to The party left Coroora and arthe village, which was without or- rived at Arrakappasang at sun-set, der or regularity, the houses being and the next morning the two deplaced promiscuously among the tachments of sepoys, in number trees.
about forty, were reviewed on shore, The large plais or assembly houses whichhada most extraordinaryeffect belong to the king, and are very upon the natives ; and the old king astonishing fabrics, considering the was enraptured with their appear. tools and people who constructed ance: they began with the manual them. Since the loss of the Ante- exercise by word, then by tap of lope, they have built a new one the drum, from that to forming, near sixty feet in length, and by ac. marching quick and slowtime, firing cident they have nearly fallen in by platoons, and street-firing; and with the proportion of ship-building, although the men were chiefly rethe breadth of the house being about cruits, they gave the natives a very a third of the length; the floor of different idea of them to what they this is a perfect level from end to had before. The king ordered them end ; many of the planks are from a large tub of sweet drink, and asked three to four feet in breadth, and if they were Englees! He was told fitted so nicely, that a pin cannot No; that they were people of Bomgo between them; the windows bay, and taught the use of arms by exactly resemble the port-holesina the English, and that his people ship's side, six to eight opposite each could do as well as them in a little other, and one of the same size at time, which inspired the old man each end; the beams are laid about with such a fighting fit, that he seven feet from the floor, very close wanted to go directly against the and curiously carved; the joinings Artingalls ; but was dissuaded from of the beams upon the supporters it, on being told that he need not are so closely fitted, that it may be give himself the trouble, for that the taken for the same piece of wood; Artingalls will give any thing to be the roof is very high, and has a friends with him, now they find the great slope; the thatching is very English are come to be the friends ingeniously done with the cocoa-nut of Abba Thulle. leaf; the inside throughout is curi- By a signal from the shore, the ously carved in various figures and two vessels between them now fired flowers; and the gabel ends have aroyalsalute, whereupon the English the appearance of the Gentoo tem- Union was hoisted upon a point of ples, decorated with figures of men the island, and the foundation stone and women. Every Rupack orchief laid of Fort Abercrombie, so called hasa square piece of stone causeway in honour of the governor of Bombefore his house, and a small de bay; and, by Abba Thulle’s pertached place like a pigeon-house, mission, possession of it was taken in where they keep store of yams, &c. the name of the English. for present use. This little place The Island is about four miles in was at first taken for a place of wor- circumference, and well watered ship, but it was found they have no by springs and rivulets. The soil is notion of a Deity, though they have rich, and fit to produce any thing many superstitious prejudices. by cultivation. It was resolved by
captain M'Cluer to leave the En- from the island Medeg were introdeavour there (while he went in the duced to the captain, as friends of Panther to Canton), in order to Abba Thulle. He took them on show the natives the use of the tools board, and showed them the vessel, sent them by the company, and to which they examined with a good forward the cultivation of the deal of curiosity and attention; a grounds, which had been sowo with large looking-glass in the cabin perrice and garden-seeds by the En- fectly astonished them; they did, glish ;'and hopes were entertained, what monkeys have been seen todo, that by the vessel's making somestay put their hands to the back of the among the islands, the natives would glass and feel it, which gave those become more habituated to the who had been on board before an customs and manners of the Euro- opportunity of laughing at them. peans, which might hereafter be of They were presented with some service. The master of the Endea- beads and a few knives, which vour, who had a ship's company of made them so happy, that they inabout fifty men, was directed to se- stantly came upon deck to show to cure the provisions and stores left their companions in the boat what with him by a bamboo stockade they had got. Those natives bework, at Fort Abercrombie, but on longing to the place who saw the no account to join with the natives things given, told Abba Thulle of in their wars, and to do his utmost the circumstance, and he told the to reconcile each party, only taking captain, through the Malay intercare to be in a state to resent any preter, the character of the people insult offered to him by the enemies of Medeg, " that while he | Abba of Abba Thulle. He was also di- Thulle) was alone, and had not the rected to examine carefully the dif- English for his friends, they did not ferent channels, through the reefs, come near him,' nor give him any with the different soundings and assistance in his wars against the Peleading marks, for a complete survey lews; but now that the English of the island.
are come, they come and wish to be Before the Panther sailed, Abba friends with him, to get what they Thulle went out himself on a fishing can from him.” The captain comparty, chiefly for the benefit of the forted the old man by telling him, English; he was accompanied by that while the English were his Mr White, who was his favourite, friends, he had nobody to fear, and and always attended him in his ex- that even his greatest enemies (the peditions about the place, by which Artingalls) would come and beg his means Mr. White, from what he friendship; this pleased him so much, knew formerly of the language, is that he made for answer, “ that now very conversant in it. In the these islands no longer belonged to evening they returned with a good him, but to the English ; and if they cargo, having collected a few from would assist him to conquer the Ar every boat that went out with him, tingalls, they should have those and gave two-thirds of it to the islands also.” English, who immediately put it in Before the Panther sailed, two salt for sea store. :
canoes from Artingall arrived on an The next morning two chiefs embassy to Abba Thulle, to crave
his friendship, and brought him a sailed for Canton, intending to large bead, as a present of reconci- return to Arrakappasang in about liation, which the old man received three or four months, there to join very coldly, and would not allow the Endeavour,
the Endeavour, and proceed them to go on board the English together on further surveys and vessels.
discoveries, agreeable to their The Artingalls were apprehen- orders and instructions. Justice to sive of the vessels going against them Abba Thulle's character requires by their staying so long; and the us to add, that since captain Wil. king, wishing to frighten his foes, son's time another Malay proa had begged the captain to fire two guns been cast away upon the Pelew without shot, which he did, and no Islands, the crew of which, showing doubt it had its desired effect upon a spirit of resistance, were mostly his Artingall visitants.
cut off by the natives, excepting a The foregoing are the principal few who were saved by the people occurrences which took place dure of Coroora, and by them conducted ing captain M Cluer's stay in the to Abba Thulle, who treated them Pelew Islands, from whence he with great hospitality.
Method of preserving fruit-trees in seek to explain every thing. But
blossom from the effects of frost. the plain man, who demands facts (From the German.)
in preference, will be satisfied with
knowing, that the chevalier de BienTHE chevalier de Bienenberg, enberg has not published it till he of Prague, has discovered a found
it confirmed by repeated exmethod of effectually preserving perience. The proofs of its effitrees in blossom, from the fatal ef- cacy, which he had an opportunity fects of those frosts which some of observing in the spring of 1787, times, in the spring, destroy the were remarkably striking. Seven most promising hopes of a plentiful apricot espaliers in his garden began crop of fruit. His method is ex to blossom in the month of March; tremely simple. He surrounds the fearing that they would suffer from trunk of the tree, in blossom, with a the late frosts, he surrounded them wisp of straw, or hemp; the end with cords as above directed. In of this he sinks, by means of a stone effect, pretty sharp frosts took place tied to it, in a vessel of spring-water, six or eight nights: the apricotat a little distance from the tree. trees in the neighbouring gardens One vessel will conveniently serve were all frozen, and none of them two trees ; or the cord may be produced any fruit, whilst each of lengthened so as to surround several, the chevalier's produced fruit in before its end is plunged into the abundance, which came to the water. It is necessary that the greatest perfection. vessel be placed in an open situation, To satisfy himself of the effects of and by no means shaded by the . his preservative, the chevalier de branches of the neighbouring tree, Bienenberg placed vessels of wathat the frost may produce all its ter here and there, in the neigheffects on the water, by means of bourhood of those which commu. the cord communicating with it.- nicated with the cords surrounding This precaution is particularly ne the trees: the ice in the former cessary for those trees, the flowers was not thicker than a stran, of which appear nearly at the same whilst in the latter it was the thick time as the leaves; which trees are ness of a finger. Hence, he infers, peculiarly exposed to the ravages of that the cords conveyed the cold the frost.
from the trees to the water. Though This method is unquestionably this explanation may not be sasingular, and may exercise the sa- tisfactory to the philosopher, the gacity of those philosophers who fact is nevertheless incontestible.
Mr. Jeze, professor of philosophy mixed, then work them well togeand mathematics, in the academy ther with a spade, and afterwards at Liegnitz, has a high opinion of with a wooden beater, until the stuff the method of the chevalier de is very smooth, like fine plaster used Bienenberg; which, however, he for the ceilings of rooms. The does not consider as absolutely new; composition being thus made, care something of the same kind, but in must be taken to prepare the tree, a more clumsy manner, and mingled properly, for its application, by cutwith a species of superstition, being ting away all the dead, decayed, practised in Lower Saxony. On and injured part, till you come to Easter-eve the peasants make a par- the fresh sound wood, leaving thesurticular kind of cake, which they face of the wood very smooth, and set to cool on straw: when the rounding off the edges of the bark cakes are cold, they make cords of with a draw-knife or other instruthe straw, which they bind round ment, perfectly smooth, which must the trunks of their fruit-trees, taking be particularly attended to. Then care to let one end hang down to lay on the plaster, about one-eighth the ground. This end they cover of an inch thick, all over the part with the first snow that falls; and where the wood or bark has been so are firmly persuaded, that the vir. cut away, finishing off the edges aš tue which the straw has received thin as possible. Then take a quanfrom their Easter-eve cakes will tity of dry powder of wood-ashes, prove an effectual charm against the mixed with a sixth part of the same power of frost.
quantity of the ashes of burnt bones ; put it into a tin-box, with holes in
the top, and shake the powder on the In consequence of an address of the surface of the plaster, till the whole
house of commons to his majesty, is covered over with it, letting it reand of an examination made res main for half an hour, to absorb the specting the efficacy of a composi- moisture; then apply more powder, tion, discovered by Mr. William rubbing it on gently with the hand, Forsyth, for curing injuries and and repeating the application of the defects in trees, his majesty has powdertill the whole plaster becomes been pleased to grant a reward to a dry smooth surface. All trees cut Mr. Forsyth, for disclosing the down near the ground should have method of making and using that the surface made quite smooth, composition; and the following rounding it off in a small degree, as directions for that purpose are before-mentioned ; and the dry published accordingly.
powder directed to be used after
wards should have an equal quanNAKE one bushel of fresh cow. tity of powder of alabaster mixed rubbish of old buildings (that from resist the dripping of trees and the ceilings of rooms is preferable), heavy rains. If any of the comhalf a bushel of wood-ashes, and a position be left for a future occasixteenth part of a bushel of pit or sion, it should be kept in a tub, or river sand. The three last articles other vessel, and urine, of any kind, are to be sifted fine before they are poured on it, so as to cover the sur