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attended him without accepting of says Mr. Boswell, “ seemed to fees, made him resolve to return to grow warmer as he approached nearthe capital.

er to the time when he might hope The fine and firm feelings of to see them again,” This observafriendship which occupied so large tion is founded on a letter, dated a portion of Johnson's heart, are emi- 20 December, 1784, written to Mr. nently displayed in the many ten- Green at Litchfield, in which Johnder interviews which took place be- son enclosed the epitaph on his fatween him and his friends in the ther, mother, and brother, and orcountry, during his excursion into dered it to be engraved on a stone, the north: anexcursion which seems deep, massy, and hard, and laid on to have been undertaken rather from their grave, in the middle aisle in a sense of his approaching dissolu- St. Michael's church. Having pertion, and a warm wish to bid those he formed this pious office, he appears loved a last and long farewel, than to prepare himself for that doom from any rational hope that air and from which the most exalted exercise would restore him to his afford no exemption to man. Death former health and vigour. Soon af- had always been to him an object ter his return to the metropolis, both of terror; so that, though by no the asthma and dropsy became more means happy, he still clung to life violent and distressful. He had for with an eagerness at which many some time kept a journal, in Latin, have wondered. But let him speak of the state of his illoess, and the re- his own sentiments upon this submedies which he used, under the ject. title of Ægri Ephemeres, which he “ You know,” says he, in one of began on the 6th July, but continu- bis letters to Mrs. Thrale, “ I need it no longer than the 8th Novem. ver thought confidence, with reber, finding, perhaps, that it was a spect to futurity, any part of the mournful and unavailing register. character of a brave, a wise, or a But still his love of literature did good man. Bravery has no place not fail. He drew out, and gave where it can avail nothing ; wisdom to his friend Mr. John Nichols, impresses strongly the consciousness what, perhaps, he alone could have of those faults, of which it is perdone, a list of the authors of the haps itself an aggravation; and goodUniversal History, mentioning their ness, always wishing to be better, several shares in that work. It has, and imputing every deficiency to according to his direction, been criminal negligence, and every fault deposited in the British Museum, to voluntary corruption, never dares and is printed in the Gentleman's to suppose the condition of forgiveMagazine for December 1784. Du- ness fulfilled, nor what is wantring his sleepless nights, also, he ing in the crime, supplied by peniamused himself by translating into tence. Latin verse, from the Greek, many “ This is the state of the best ; of the epigrams of the Anthologia, but what must be the condition of which are printed in the collection him whose heart will not suffer him of his works. The sense of his to rank himself among the best, or situation predominated, and his among the good ? Such must be his affection for his departed relations," dread of the approaching trial, as will leave him little attention to Johnson expressed himself much the opinion of those whom he is satisfied with the application. leaving for ever; and the serenity On another day after this, when that is not felt, it can be no virtue talking on the subject of prayer, Dr. to feign."

Brocklesby repeated from Juvenal, During the whole course of his Orandum est ut sit mens sana in corillness, Dr. Heberden, Dr. Brockles

pore sano, by, Dr. Warren, and Dr. Butter, and so on to the end of the tentk physicians, generously attended him, without accepting of any fees, sa-tire ; but in running it quickly as did Mr. Cruikshank, surgeon; over, he happened, in the line and all that could be clone from pro- Qui spatium vitæ extremum inter fessional skill and abilities was tried, munera ponat, to prolong a life so truly valuable to pronounce supremum for extreHe himself, indeed, having, on ac

mum ; al which Johnson's critical count of his very bad constitution, ear instantly took offence, and disbeen perpetually applying himself to coursing vehemently on the unme. medical enquiries, united his own trical effect of such a lapse, he shewefforts with those of the gentlemen ed himself as full as ever of the spiwho attended him; and, imagining rit of the grammarian. that the dropsical collection of water which oppressed him, might be deeply interesting circumstances,

Amongst a number of curious and drawn off by making incisions in his which attended the last moments of body, he, with his usual resolute this great man, Mr. Boswell relates defiance of pain, desired them to the following; cut deep, when he thought that his

" Nobody was more attentive to surgeon had done it too tenderly.

him than Mr. Langton, to whom he About eight or ten days before tenderly said, Teteneam moriens dehis death, when Dr. Brocklesby ficiente manu. And I think it highly paid him his morning visit, he seem

to the honour of Mr. Windham, that ed very low and desponding, and his important occupations, as an acsaid, " I have been as a dying man tive statesman, did not prevent him all night.” He then emphatically from paying assiduous respect to the broke out in the words of Shake

dying sage, whom he revered. Mr. speare,

Langton informs me, that “ one Canst thou not minister to a mind diseas'd? day he found Mr. Burke, and four Pluck from the meniory a rooted sorrow ? or five more friends, sitting with Raze out the written troubles of the brain ? Johnson. Mr. Burke said to him, And, with some sweet oblivious antidote,

I am afraid, sir, such a number of Cleanse the full bosom of that perilous

us may be oppressive to you.' No, Which weighs upon the heart.

sir, said Johnson) it is not so; and

I must be in a wretched state inTo which Dr. Brocklesby readily an- deed, when your company would

? swered, from the same great poet; not be a delight to me. Mr. Burke, -therein the patient

in a tremulous voice, expressive of Must minister unto himself.

being very tenderly affected, re



plied, My dear sir, you have als shall receive no letters in the grave." ways been too good to me.' Im. “ He requested three things of mediately afterwards he went away. sir Joshua Reynolds:- To forgive This was the last circumstance in him thirty pounds which he had borthe acquaintance of these two emi- rowed of 'him to read the Bible nent men.

and never to use his pencil on a “ Amidst the melancholy clouds Sunday. Sir Joshua readily acquiwhich hung over the dying Johnson, esced. his characteristical manner shewed “ Indeed he shewed the greatest itself on different occasions.

unxiety for the religious improve“ When Dr. Warren, in the ment of his friends, to whom he disusual style, hoped that he was coursed of its infinite consequence. better, his answer was, “ No, sir. He begged of Mr. Hoole to think You cannot conceive with what ac- of what he had said, and to commit celeration I advance towards death. it to writing; and upon being after

A man whom he had never seen wards assured that this was done, before, was employed one night to pressed his hands, and in an earsit up with him. Being asked, next nest tone thanked him. Dr. Brockmorning, how he liked his attend- lesby having attended him with the ant, his answer was “ Not at all utmost assiduity and kindness, as his sir. The fellow's an idiot; he is as physician and friend, he was pecuaukward as a turnspit, when first put liarly desirous that this gentleman into the wheel, and as sleepy as a should not entertain any loose spedormouse."

culative notions, but be confirmed “ Mr. Windham having placed a in the truths of Christianity, and inpillow conveniently to support him, sisted on his writing down in his he thanked him for his kindness, and presence, and as nearly as he could said, “ That will do all that a pile collecı it, the import of what passed low can do."

on the subject; and Dr. Brocklesby “ He repeated, with great spirit, having complied with the request, a poem, consisting of about fifteen he made him sign the paper, and stanzas, in four lines, in alternate urged him to keep it in his own rhymes, which he said he had com- custody as long as he lived. posed some years before, on occa- “Johnson, with that native for. sion of a young gentleman's coming titude which amidst all his bodily

saying, he had never re- distress and mental sufferings never peated it but once since he compo. forsook bim, asked Dr. Brocklesby. sed it, and had given but one copy as a man in whom he had copdi. of it. From the specimen of it, dence, to tell him plainly whether which Mrs. Piozzi has given of it he could recover.

is Give me(said in her “ Anecdotes” it is much he) a direct answer.” The doctor, to be wished that we could see having first asked him if he could the whole.

bear the whole truth, which 'way “ As he opened a note which his soever it might lead, and being anservant had brought to him, he said, swered that he could, declared, that An odd thought strikes me,--We in his opinion he could not recover

of age,


* This poem shall be given in a future volume,



without a miracle.« Then said fection to his memory, acknowJohnson) I will take no more phy- ledging himself unable to express sic, not even my opiates ; for I have his feelings for the loss of such a prayed that I may render up my " guide, philosopher, and friend," soul to God unclouded.” In this proceeds to collect into one view resolution he persevered, and, at the capital and distinguishing feathe same time, used only the weak- tures in the character* of this extraest kinds of sustenance.

ordinary man, and with which he From the time that he was' cer- closes his highly excellent, instructain his death was near, he appear- tive, and entertaining work. ed to be perfectly resigned, was sel. dom or never fretful or out of tem

The Hedaya, or Guide ; a commenper, and often said to his faithful tary on the Mussulman Laws : servant who gave me this account,

translated by order of the goverAttend, Francis, to the salvation nor-general and council of Bengal. of your soul, which is the object of

By Charles Hamilton. 4to. 4 vols. greatest importance ; he also ex

51. 5s. 1791. plained to him passages in the Scrip E are here presented with a turè, and seemed to have pleasure work of great labour and apin talking upon religious subjects.

plication; and which, in the present On Monday, the 13th day of De- state of our country, must be concember, the day on which he died, ducive to public utility ; while it a Miss Morris, daughter to a parti- will always greatly contribute to cular friend of his, called, and said private information and entertainto Francis, that she begged to be ment.

ment. It is the translator's remark permitted to see the doctor, that she that, “ the permanency of any fomight earnestly request him to give reign dominion (and, indeed, the her his blessing. Francis went into justification of holding such a dothe room, followed by the young minion,) requires that a strict atlady, and delivered the message.

tention be paid to the ease and adThe doctor turned himself in the vantage, not only of the governor's, bed, and said, “ God bless you, my but of the governed..

While we dear !” These were the last words readily assent to this proposition, he spoke.- His difficulty of breath- we must remark that the ease and ing increased till about seven advantage of the governed is the o'clock in the evening, when Mr: first object which ought to be reBarber and Mrs. Desmoulins, who garded. Governorsshould, no doubt, were sitting in the room, observing receive their share of the benefit, that the noise he made in breathing and be also supported in a due dehad ceased, went to the bed, and gree of affluence, and even of splenfound he was dead.

dor: but all this has a principal reThe faithful biographer having ference to the protection and sertraced the life of his illustrious friend' vice of the people, for whose sake, from the cradle to the grave, and and whose alone, they bold a distindropped tears of tenderness and af- guished rank in society.


* We have before in our 27th volume extracted from the tour to the Hebrides Mr. Boswell's character of Dr. Johnson, and in our 28th volume another character of him by Mrs. Piozzi.

Mr. Hamilton proceeds very pro- on the ground of which they were to perly to observe, that in respect to decide. foreiga dominion, nothing is more “ A compilation was accordingly likely to contribute effectually to the formed, under the inspection of the satisfaction of the subjects, than most learned pundits, (Hindoo law“ preserving to them their ancient yers,) containing an abstract of the established practices, civil and reli- Hindoo laws, the translation of which gious, and protecting them in the into English was committed to Mr. exercise of their own institutes.” Halhed; and, shortly after this was This reflection is justly applied to accomplished, a number of the prin. those Bengal provinces, which have cipal Mahommedan professors in fallen into the hands of the English. Bengal were employed in translating

The British government, we are from the Arabic into the Persian told, determined to introduce as few tongue, a commentary on the Musinnovations as were consistent with sulman law, called the Hedaya, prudence. The Hindoos, who form work held in high estimation among so large a part of the inhabitants, the people of that persuasion. The and are the original natives of the English version of that commentary country, are said to have derived is now submitted to the public.” an important advantage from the It is well known to those who are change; for, whereas, they were be- even but slightly conversant with fore subjected to double taxes, and Mohammedan history, that laboured under particular inconve- “ The Koran is regarded by the niences in every judicial process; Mussulmans as the basis of their both the Mussulman and the Hindoo law ; it is therefore, when applied are now placed on an exact equa- to judicial matters, entitled, by way lity, both having their property se- of distinction, al Sharra, or the Law, cured to them under that system in the same manner as the Pentawhich each is taught to believe pos- teuch is distinguished by the Jews.sessed of paramount authority: but, The sonna (a word, which, among it is added, where their interests other senses, signifies custom, regulaclash in the same cause, the matter tion, or institute,) stands next to the is necessarily determined by the prin. Koran in point of authority, and is ciples of the Mussulman Law; to considered as a kind of supplement to which, long usage, supported by the that book. It forms the body of policy of the Mogul government, what is termed the oral law, because has given a sort of prescriptive su- it never was committed to writing periority,

by the Arabian legislator, being deTo promote this reasonable de duced solely from his traditionary sign, it must certainly be proper, precepts, oradjudications, preserved that English judges and magistrates, from hand to hand, by authorised if such be required, should have some persons, and which apply to many certain rule for their direction, which points of both a temporal and spiri. may enable them, without being ex. tual nature, not mentioned or but posed to the misconstruction of ig- slightly touched on in the Koran." norance and interest, “ to determine To these two principal sources, is for themselves, by a direct appeal to to be added, as Mr. Hamilton exthe Mussulman or Hindoo authority, presses it, "an immense number of


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