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STATE OF RELIGION IN CANADA.

From Mr. Bell's Hints to Emigrants.
[Continued from page 19*.]

9. Matilda is the next township above Williamsburg. It is thirty-three miles above. Cornwall, and fifteen below Prescott. A congregation was formed here some years ago, and a place of worship erected, but the want of a minister has greatly hindered its prosperity, and it is at present in a divided and scattered state.

10. Prescott, sometimes called Fort Wcltington, because it is in the neighbourhood of that fort, is forty-eight miles above Cornwall, and twelve below Brockville. It is rising into a place of some importance, being a port of entry, and a place at which a ferry-boat constantly plies between Canada and Ogdepsburg, in the State of New York. It was only during the last war that it began to be a village, and then Mr. Smart, of Brockville, preached sometimes, both to the country people and to t)ie soldiers of the garrison. At the time I landed there, and for some years both before and after, it was distinguished for scenes of profligacy and wickedness. The Sabbath was profaned in the most open manner, and swearing, drunkenness, and other vices, were quite common. From having resided there a few days, I had a Strang wish that the people should be provided with religious instruction. I preached to them once myself, and earnestly revested Mr. Smart to visit them as often as possible, and endeavour to promote reformation. He did so, and, in the' mean time, was lookingout for a more permanent supply. In 1820, Mr. Boyd, a young preacher from Ireland, arrived. He was engaged to teach the school in the village, and preach to the congregation on the Sabbath-day. He lodged for some time with Mrs. Jessup, a widow lady of considerable property and influence in the place. His labours were acceptable, both as a teacher and preacher. His congregation, as well as his school, greatly increased, and considerable exertions were made for his support. A call was prepared and laid before the presbytery, which Mr. Boyd having accepted, he was ordained by the presbvtery of Brockville on the 2nd of February, 1821. The prospect being encouraging, he determined, if possible, to get a church erected. Mrs. Jessup gave the ground gratis, and the fongregation contributed to the utmost of their power. Still, however, funds were wanting* to supply which, Mr. Boyd made a journey to Montreal and other places, aud collected a very considerable sum. In the course of the summer the church was

built, and in December following, I received a letter from Mr. Boyd, informing me, that on the 12th of January it was to be dedicated to the service of God, and requesting me to preach on the occasion, and assist at the administration of the Lord's Supper on the following day. To this call I attended with pleasure, and have seldom been more gratified than I was with the appearance of things when 1 reached Prescott. A handsome and commodious place of worship, capable of containing from 300 to 400 people, was not only erected, bat finished in a manner creditable to all concerned. I preached in the afternoon to a crowded congregation, and in the evening again addressed them on the nature and design of the Lord's Supper, and on the manner in which that ordinance should be observed. On the Sabbath-day, Mr. Johnstone, who was expected, not having arrived in time, I preached again to a crowded audience. After sermon the sacrament was administered to about forty communicants; and seldom have I witnessed a more solemn and interesting scene. Mr. Smart preached an excellent sermon in the evening. The day was one of the coldest I ever experienced; but the congregation had taken care to have the church furnished with a

food stove. In the course of the summer again assisted Mr. Boyd at the administration of the sacrament, when some additions were made to the church, and every thing seemed to indicate that Mr. Boyd's labours were attended with success. His plans and endeavours to promote improvement were, it is true, in certain quarters meeting with opposition. But this was to be expected. No reformation can be made without giving offence to some. Mr. Boyd has suffered some iuconvenience from the present embarrassed state of the country in a pecuniary point of view ; but he still continues his exertions with unremitting zeal; and in the last letter I received from him, he speaks of resigning his school at midsummer, and devoting himself wholly to the ministry.

11. Brockville is 144 miles above Montreal, and 56 below Kingston. Bc.-fcles its public buildings, which are the jail, courthouse, and Presbyterian chnrch, it contains a nnmber of handsome private houses, many belonging to lawyers and merchants. It is the capital of the county of Leeds, and the various courts for administering law and justice are held there. The Presbyterian congregation existed many years ago, but they never bad a regular supply of preaching, nor was the church organized till Mr. Smart, their present minister, came among them. Having been unsuccessful in their applications in other quarters, they, in 1808 or 1809. applied to the London Missionary Society for religious instruction. Mr. Smart was at the time studying in the Missionary Seminary at Gosport, with a view to his proceeding to the East Indies; "but the. counsel of the Lord shall stand, and he will do all his pleasure." India was not to be the scene of his future labours. This petition was the means of changing his destination, and he was soon after ordained in London to the work of the ministry in Elizabeth Town, in Upper Canada. On his arrival, he did not confine his labours to one particular place, but travelled and preached in all the settlements between Cornwall and Kingston,—an extent of more than 100 miles. The roads were bad, and the fanners' bouses at which he lodged were often uncomfortable. His health sensibly declined, and he was forced to travel less. During the war he preached frequently to the garrison at Fort Wellington; and it was on one of these occasions that a ball from one of the American guns, on the opposite side of the river, passed over his horse's neck, and struck the ground a little beyond him, covering him and two gentlemen who walked near him with dust. It was during this war that Brockville began to rise into a village. It took its name from General Brock, who nobly fell in the act of defending the country from the invasion of the enemy. There being no church hitherto erected, Mr. Smart determined to set abont one. His congregation contributed liberally, and he raised farther supplies in Quebec, Montreal, Kinston, and other places. The building was begun in 1816, and was completed the very same day I reached Brockville, in June, 1817, and was dedicated the following day, in presence of a large congregation. Mr. Easton, of Montreal, preached in the forenoon, and I in the afternoon. A Christian church was regularly organized some years ago, arid the sacrament of the Lord's supper is administered every three months. The place of worship cost about £1400. and is a substantial stone building, affording accommodation for a large congregation; but except on particular occasions it is never filled, and for some time past the congregation has been rather upon the decrease. No blame, however, can be attached to Mr. Smart, whose character is unblemished, and whose pious labours are unremitting.

Though Sir. Smart's residence is nearly fifty miles from mine, he was almost the only Presbyterian minister with whom I could have any intercourse for five years after I came to this country. This was regarded as a very providential circumstance by ns both. Though both born in Scotland, we became acquainted in London: we were both members of Dr. Waugh's church in Well's-street, and used to attend a prayer-meeting in the vestry every Thursday Evening, consisting of young men belonging to the congregation. Here, with emotions you can better conceive than I can describe, we first, in the

presence of others, presented our supplications at the throne of grace, and spoke on some passage of Scripture which had been proposed for the occasion. And though we had both before felt a desire to preach the Gospel, yet it was assuredly here that we finally resolved to devote ourselves to the work of the ministry. A short time after, Mr. Smart went to Gosport, and I went to Glasgow to pursue my studies. For several years after he went to Canada, we were separated by a vast ocean, and never expected to meet again in this world. But how wonderful are the ways of Providence! Here we are settled over neighbouring congregations, and are members of the same Presbytery.

BRITISH AND FOREIGN SCHOOL SOCIETY.

On Friday, April 2nd, a Public Examination took place at the Central Schools of the British and Foreign School Society, on which occasion Thomas Fowell Buxton, Esq. M.P. one of the Vice-Presidents, was in the Chair. Sir Patrick Ross—Mr. Orlands, one of the Greek Deputies—Win. Evans, Esq. M.P.—the Countess of Darnley, and a respectable number of Ladies and Gentlemen were present.

The examination commenced in the Girl's School, where the Ladies previously inspected the specimens of needlework, and purchased a number of articles, which were prepared for sale. The Girls were first examined in writing and arithmetic. After this they read a passage of Scripture, on which they were questioned by the Superintendant. The Rev. George Clayton.and the Rev. J. M. Cramp, then questioned them generally on the Holy Scriptures, and the answers given by the children afforded great satisfaction to the company.

The Chairman and Visitors then adjourned to the Boy's School.

The Boys after the customary evolutions, which were made with great accuracy and dispatch, wrote specimens on slates from dictation, these were handed round to the Company and inspected.

Twelve Boys, whose diligence in the School has been rewarded by giving them extra instruction, then produced maps, which they had delineated on slates, and were examined thereon. They also exhibited the progress they had made in the elements of Trigonometry, as adapted to mechanical purposes.

About forty of the eighth class were then examined in Arithmetic, as far as the Rule of Three and Practice; the Visitors were highly gratified by the rapidity and correctness of their execution. , . The same number were then directed to read a portion of Scripture, which they did in the most clear and intelligible manner. They were questioned thereon; and in order to prove that their knowledge was not confined to the particular passage that had been read, thp.v were, ouestioned by

CHAPEL OPENED—LITERARY NOTICES.

167

the Chairman and the Rev. J. M. Cramp tor upwards of half an hour, on the most important facts and duties of religion; their answers, contained in appropriate passages of Scripture, were such as could not fail to afford delight to every friend of Bible education.

Two Greek youths from the Island of Cyprus, who have been in England only eleven months, and who previously knew not a word of English, and could not write a letter of the alphabet, sustained a respectable part in the examination. They can read fluently, write well, and their replies to the questions proposed to them were prompt and suitable.

When the examination was closed, the Chairman was pleased to express his entire satisfaction with what he had heard and seen, and particularly his astonishment at the progress made by the children in scriptural knowledge. The Rev. Mr. Williams, of Edmonton, then addressed the Children and the Company, and was followed by Wm. Allen, Esq. the Treasurer, when the Meeting terminated. It is believed that all present were deeply impressed with a conviction of the excellence of the British System of instruction, and of the superior advantages of the mode adopted for communicating religious knowledge by the Holy Scriptures only. Why should so noble an Institution be crippled m its exertions by want of funds 1

Subscriptions and Donations will be received by Win. Allen, Esq. Treasurer, Plough Court, Lombard Street; Mr. Miljw, 45, Museum Street, Bloomsbury; Messrs. Hanbnry's, Taylor, and Lloyds, TM, Lombard Street; and at the Society's House, Borough Road.

Extract of a Letter from Dr. Henderson, of St. Petersburgh, to a Friend in Edinburgh, dated Feb. 2, 1824.

"It will give you pleasure to hear, that the Lord's cause continues to prosper m this extensive Empire. In the course ot the ten years that have elapsed since the wtablishment of the Russian Bible Society, not fewer than 704,831 copies of the Scriptures, or parts of the Scriptures, have been Srinted or purchased by the Society for istribution in forty-two different languages. Of these, twelve are now Translations. The total receipts during it are £135,585. sterling. Mr. Knill's preaching is much blest here. We had six additions to our church last week. For three weeks past I have been scarcely able to go on with my usual work, for the number of Jews wno have visited me. Two of them have applied for baptism, one of whom has made greatsacrificesfor Christ's sake. He can scarcely speak any thing but Hebrew, but is well acquainted with the Old Testament. By the time this reaches you, intelligence of two more Russian converts must have reached you from Astrachan. If the Lord will work, who can let it?"—

CHAPEL OPENED, &c.

On Tuesday, April 20, 1824, the New Baptist Chapel at Teignmouth, Devon, wasr opened for the Public Worship of God; and Mr. C. Rogers was, at the same time, ordained to the Pastoral office over the church assembling in that place. Mr. Brewer, of Sheldon; Mr. Clarke, of Taunton; Mr. Sharp, of Bradninch; Mr. House, of Dartmouth; Mr. Kilpin, of Exeter; Mr. Garrett, (Independant Minister); Mr. Neck, (Independent); Mr. Widlake, of Brixham; Mr. Nicholson, of Kingsbridge, were the Ministers engaged on tne occasion.

A considerable debt remains on the building, which the congregation have not the means of defraying; an appeal will therefore be made to the generosity of the religious public on behalf of this cause.

LITERARY NOTICES.

Ju.it Published.

The Value of Human Life.—A Sermon Preached at King Street Chapel, Maidstone, March 21,1824, the Evening before the Execution of James Clover, for the Murder of Mrs. Marsh. By William Groser.

We are glad to hear that the popular method of publishing in Single Sheets has been adopted, in order to furnish every Cottage in the Kingdom with a Family Bible, containing the authorized Text, a familiar Exposition, and Notes on all difficult passages. It is to be published in Weekly Numbers and Monthly Parts, and to be called the Cottage Bible and Family Expositor. The First Number was published on the 1st of April, and the First Part will be ready on the 1st of May.—A fine Edition is also publishing in Parts.

No. 4, Stationers' Hall Court,
Ludgate Street.

In the Pm*.

Speedily will be published, A Volume of Sermons, by the late Rev. J. R. Vernon, Assistant Preacher at St. Paul's, Covent Garden, and Evening Lecturer of St. Mary-le-Bow, Cheapside.

The Rev. Henry Moore has in the Press a Life of the Rev. John Wesley, including that of his Brother Charles; compiled from authentic Documents, many of which have never been published. It will be comprised in two large Octavo Volumes, the first of which is expected to be ready by the 1st of June. Mr. Moore was for many years the confidential Friend of Mr. Wesley, and is the only surviving Trustee of his private papers.

Speedily will be published, in one vol. 12mo. elegantly printed, Eleazar; an Interesting Narrative of one of the Jewish Converts on the day of Pentecost, supposed to be related by Himself. By Thomas Bingham, Author of " William Churchman," &c.

Mr. Editor,

A small Baptist Church in a country village desires to know the path of duty under the following circumstances :—

"The choice of a Deacon is necessary. One of their members, a poor, but a truly pious man, of good natural abilities, appears to be the only individual amongst them adapted to fill the office. But (as he was a married man before he knew the truth as it is in Jesus,) his wife, though a moral and peaceable woman, is not supposed to be the subject of genuine piety. Should his brethren call him to fill the office of Deacon, would they, in so doing, violate any law of the New Testament? Or, in other words, what is the meaning of the Apostle, 1 Tim. iii. 11." , . ,

. An answer to this question, through the medium of your valuable publication,

would be esteemed a favour.

ANSWER. This church deserves commendation, for the caution with which they proceed about the matter in question; and particularly for keeping their eye upon the rule which the Lord has given in his word, to regulate their conduct in all the affairs of his kingdom. What is it that has reduced the Baptist churches in England to the deplorably corrupt state in which they are now found, but a total disregard of that rule? Deacons are necessary to the scriptural Constitution and organization ot tlicctrorcli; but how is their appointment usually managed » Why, the Pastor takes upon himself to dictate who he wishes t8Jh*Je^n that office; just as the royal head of the National Chnrch issues his conge dehre to chuse a bishop; that is, in plain English, he issues his royal licence and authority, permitting them to chuse the very identical man that he has pointed out to them. 1ms is farcical enough certainly; and dissenters may well laugh at it; but wherein does their own conduct in the choice ot Deacons differ from it. The minister issues his priestly conge d'ehre, permitting the church to chuse and mvest with that office the man that he has selected; taking due care at the same time to direct them, not to the. individual who possesses the most scriptural qualifications, but to such a person as is most likely, from the respectability of his worldly circumstances, to confer honour upon himself! ■' Such a system must needs be ruinous to the churches; and alas! how many of them are now sroaning for deliverance from it.

With regard to our Correspondents question: taking for granted that the^circumstances of the case are as stated by him, we should say, without any hesitation, appoint the person referred to without delay We see nothing, in the text, 1 Tim. m. 11. which necessarily imports that a Deacon s wife must make a public profession, or be a believer. Their difficulty about the matter probably arises from its being said,

that she must be " faithful in all things; but if they look to Titus i. 6. they will find the very same expression used with regard to the Elder's children, and the Apostle sufficiently explains his meaning, when lie adds, that they must "not be accused ot riot, or unruly." And so with regard to the Deacon's wife, if she be a person oi

grave deportment, not addicted to slander, ut trust-worthy, (which we take to be the import of the word "faithful,") there, it should suffice. Editor.

To the Editor of the New Evan. Magazine.

Sir,

Attending a Lecture lately delivered by the Pastor of an Independent church, I was much surprised at hearing him expatiate on Acts viii. 38, 89. in which we have recorded the baptism of the Eunuch. He insisted that the Ureek particle, which is translated into and out of, might with equal propriety be translated down to and1 up from the water—and hence inferring that baptism by immersion could not he inferred from that passage; for that the eunuch was baptized not by immersion, but l»j pouring, which was the only expressive mode of administering that ordinance—it being emblematical ot the out-pouring of the Holy Spirit: andi to confirm these remarks he insisted «« there was not as much water in all tne desalt as would have immersed him. i confess, Sir, that this was new to roe, <">" I should be glad to hear your opinion unon it; being W. Your Com Stant Reader.

ANSWER.

We are sorry that our limits wiH not permit us to go into this subject at f»«em. as we could wish to do; but we may briefly remark that there are two ways ot accounting for what has excited our correspondent's surprize. The first is, that pro bably the preacher knew no better, ana w that case, his ignorance is a PTMPer.oDJ?' of pity and compassion: the other is tn» he did know better, but presumed *{*» Ike ignorance of his hearers, which is ■ uncommon case. We shall probablv'be called upon to enter more particular the subject next month.

Editor.

ADDITIONAL CONTRIBUTIONS KOB. MRS. COOK, OF WELLS.

Ruu.cdb, the Editor of Ms Journal, from

3 0 «

^■A - , 0'

Mr. IJdAtll, of Glasgow

ANNUAL MEETINGS IN MAY.

Mott. 3rd.—Morn, at Eleven.—Meeting of ' The Wesleyan Missionary Society,' at the
City Road Chapel, Joseph Butterworth, Esq. M.P. in the Chair.
Even, at Half-past Six.—Sermon for "The Church Missionary Society,' at St.
Bride's, Fleet Street, by the Rev. Fountain Elwin, M.A.
Tues. ith.—iVoon—Meeting of the same Society at Freemasons' Hall, Admiral Lord
Gambier in the Chair.
Even, at Seven.—Sermon for ' The Irish Society of London,' at St. Paul's, Covent
Garden, by the Rev. G. Mutter, M.A.
Wed. 5th.Noon—Meeting of' The British and Foreign Bible Society,' at Freemasons'
Hall, the Hon. Lord 1 eignmouth in the Chair.
Even, at Half-past Six.—Sermon for 'The Prayer-book and Homily Society,' at
Christ Church, Newgate-street, by the Rev. B. Woodd, M.A.
Thurs. 6th.Noon—Meeting of the same Society at Stationers' Hall, Ludgate-hill.
Even, at Half-past Six.—Sermon for 'The London Society for Promoting Chris-
Tian Ity among the Jews,' at St. Paul's, Coveut Garden, by the Rev. Legh Richmond.
Frid. 7th.Noon—Meeting of the same Society at Freemasons' Hall.
Same Hoar.—Meeting ot the Merchant Seamen's Aux. Bible Society,' at the City

of London Tavern, Admiral Lord Exmouth in the Chair.
Even, at Seven.—Sermon for 'The London Association in aid of the Moravian
Missions," at St, Clement Danes, by the Rev. W. Marsh, M.A.
Sat. 8th.—Noon—Meeting of'The London Hibernian Society,' H. R. H. the Duke of

Gloucester in the Chair.
Mm. 10th.Noon—Meeting of ' The British and Foreign School Society,' at the Free-
masons' Hall, H. R. H. the Duke of Sussex in the Chair.
Noon—Meeting of'The Port of London Society.'

Even, at Half-past Six.—Second Sermon in aid of ' The Moravian Missions,' at St.
Catherine Cree, Leadenhall-street, by the Rev. Hugh M'Neill, M.A.
Tues. 11th.—Morn, at Six.—Breakfast df 'The Sunday School Union,' at the City of
London Tavern.
Morn, at Eleven.—Sermon for 'The Port of London Society,' on board the Floating

Chapel, by the Rev. J. Clayton, sen.
Noon—Meeting of 'The Naval and Military Bible Society,' at the Argyll Rooms,

Regent-street. Afternoon, at Three.—Sermon for ' The Port of London Society,' on board the Floating

Chapel, by the Rev. J. Reynolds, of Roinsey. Even, at Six.—Meeting of'The Irish Evangelical Society,' will be held at the City

of London Tavern, T. Walker, Esq. in the Chair. Even, at Half-past Six.—Sermon for 'The Continental Society,' at St. Clement Danes, by the Rev. Hugh M'NeilL Wed. 12th.—Morn, at Half-past Ten.—Sermon far 'The London Missionary Society,' at Surrey Chapel, by Rev. Henry Townley. Even, at Six.—Sermon for the same Society, at the Tabernacle, by the Rev. Thomas Smith, A.M. of Rotherham. Thurs. 13.—Morn, at Ten.—Meeting of the same Society at Great Queen-street Chapel. Even, at Six.—Sermon for the same Society at Tottenham Court Road Chapel, by the Rev. Edward Irving, A.M. of London. Frid. 14.—Morn, at Half-past Ten.—Sermon for the same Society at Christ Church, Newgate-street, by the Rev. William Pxyce, Perpetual Curate of Loudwater, "High Wycombe, Bucks.' Even, at Six.—The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper will be administered at Sion

Chapel, Orange Street Chapel, Tonbridge Chapel, and Kennington Chapel. ■Same Hour.—The Rev. Dr. Collyer will preach to the Members of Juvenile Auxiliary Missionary Societies, at the Poultry Chapel. Fnd. lith.—Morn. at Six.—Breakfast of 'The Religious Tract Society,' at the City of

London Tavern, J. Reyner, Esq. in the Chair. Sat. 15th.Morn, at Eleven.—Meeting of "The Protestant Society for Protection of Religious Liberty,' at the City of London Tavern. A distinguished Friend of Civil and Religious Liberty m the Chair. Won. nth.—Even, at Six.—Sermon for' The Home Missionary Society,' at the Poultry

Chapel, by the Rev. H. F. Border. Tues. 18th.Morn, at Eleven.—Second Sermon for the same Society at Crown Court Chapel, by the Rev. J. Reynolds, of Romsey. Even, at Six.—Meeting of the same Society at Spa Fields Chapel, Aid. Key in the

Chair. Even, at Half-past Six.—Second Sermon for ' The Continental Society,' at Queenstreet Chapel, by Dr. Wardlaw. Wed. IQth.—Noon—Meeting of the same Society at the Crown and Anchor, Strand, Sir „r T. Baring, Bart. M.P. in the Chair.

Wed. 26th.—Even, at Half-past Six.—Meeting of'The Aged Pilgrims' Friend Society,' at Zoar Chapel, Alie-street, Dr. Collyer in the Chair.

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