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their stay here, a sweet, cool, elevated spot -was selected for the new Mission, commanding an extensive view, and having a spring of water within a quarter of a mile. Surrounded as you are, Sir, with all the ordinances of our God, you cannot conceive the hope and heartfelt interest with;which" we view the spot, that may hereafterjbe hallowed unto us, and be the means of bringing hundreds of our poor Negroes to a knowledge of their Saviour. Religion is spreading rapidly among the negroes: we are, in this district (it being a remote mountainous situation) more backward, I believe, than most parts of the island: but. even here the good work is heard with eagerness and gladness: they rejoice greatly when they hear we are expecting any of the Brethren's missionaries to visit us (which they do occasionally when going from one station to another) and will-sometimes assemble to the numcer of 150 after their day's labour, at our family prayers in the evening, to hear the Missionary preach, or expound the Scriptures."

Extract of Letters from the Rev. Lewis Stobwasser, dated Fairfi Eld and Irwin , in Jamaica, October and Decemberl&iZ, and February 1824.

"Prejudices against the spread of Christianity appear to be fast wearing away, and among the Negroes themselves, hunger and thirst after the word of God seem to increase. The advantages resulting to the planter from the Negroes being instructed in the Christian religion, and becoming truly converted to God, seem to be generally acknowledged; and Proprietors who formerly disliked, and-even opposed their slaves going to Church, now encourage them to go, insomuch that our Church at New Eden is often too small to hold the. number of hearers.—Other stations ought to be occupied, if we could fulfil the wishes of those Planters who desire to promote the instruction of their slaves.—Several very eligible proposals have been made, ana much encouragement is given to enlarge the borders of our tents.—I hope we shall yet see in this island many more doors opened, and the benefit of the Gospel among the Negroes spreading far and wide. Tliis will make them good faithful and obedient subjects, and satisfied with their state, as appointed by Providence.

"On the 20th of January we left Irwin, and proceeded to Hopeton on the following day. If a missionary were stationed here he would find every needful preparation made by the worthy family. We took a view of the premises proposed for a settlement, and could not but cordially wish and pray, that the Lord may, in His own good time, fulfil the wishes of our friends, and grant success to the preaching of the Gospel in this place also. From Hopeton I made a very pleasant excursion to Belmont, about seven miles distant from the former place. Here we staid two days, .and I had an opportunity of preaching to

Negroes, who probably had never before heard the Gospel. They listened with very great attention, and on the second evening I had a respectable auditory. The Negroes of their own accord, had dressed themselves in their best clothes. You see that much might be done here for the increase of our Lord's kingdom, if He were pleased to give His blessing to our labours.

On Tuesday we set out on a visit to Mile-Gulley, a district of Manchester parish, where the greater part of Brother Becker's congregation reside. The Negroes were delighted to see their teacher, Brother Becker. At Devon, fifteen miles from New Eden, (a Settlement of the brethren,) they surrounded his horse, so that for some minutes he could not proceed. On Wednesday evening, about a hundred of them assembled in Mr. Abe's hall, whom I addressed. The Proprietor himself and a neighbouring Proprietor were present. The former reads the church prayers every Sunday to his Negroes. On the following day we visited other places, and every where the Negroes expressed their great joy on seeing Brother Becker. Some even shouted for joy. We returned to New Eden, with grateful hearts for all that the Lord has done for these poor people.

The building of a new Church at St. John's in Antigua, is a most desirable and highly necessary undertaking. Sunday Schools should also be promoted, and the old Chapel may be turned into a Schoolhouse with greater advantage."

Extract of a Letter from the Rev. L. StoBr tcasser, lately a Missionary in Antigua, writlen on his passage to Jamaica, and dated in the Downs, Jane 3rd, 1823.

"It has always been the practice of the Missionaries of the Brethren's Church, whenever they could possibly do it, to establish Schools among the Negroes. It is evident what an influence may be obtained on the minds of children by means of schools, especially if the sole aim of them is to procure for them a more immediate access to the sacred books of scripture.

Among Negro slaves, a Sunday School seems the only one practicable. Our method is to give to every child a lesson pasted on a small board, which they put into a bag or pocket they have for" that purpose, and in which they exercise themselves in the evenings, also at noon, and in the field at their breakfast time. Wu take care to find on every estate, if possible, a Negro who is able and willing to instruct them; and when there are no such Negroes to be found, we encourage the most able we. can get to visit us once or twice a week in the evening, besides Sunday, in ordor to be qualified by us for the instruction of others: much has been done by the Brethren in this way, and in our Negro congregations in Antigua, teachers are not wanting to give Ctfect to the 301

WESTERN ASSOCIATION.

charity, which the generous friends of Missions, and Sunday Schools might feel disposed to exercise in this cause.

When I first came to the island of Antigua, Sunday Schools were generally reckoned to be impracticable, though frequent and not unfruitful attempts were made, especially by our truly indefatigable brother, James Light (now in Jamaica.) By degrees the prejudices of the planters against permitting the Negro children being taught to read, which in the beginning were very perceptible, wore away; and we see on those estates where the children are most generally instructed, the beneficial consequences ot it. Quite a different generation seems-there to rise, and gives the prospect of happier days for the Negroes.

The moral depravities of that class of people are so deeply rooted, that a mere cessation of slavery would not cure them in the least of their laziness, impertinence, lying, stealing, and lasciviousness. The education of the Negro children has been entirely in the hands of their parents, or of other Negroes, who, in most instances, were by no means able to do any thing for their moral or religions improvement. Such children were too often severely corrected by their parents for speaking the truth. They were taught that telling a be in one's own defence is no sin; that to f>ick up a thing which was not their own, is not stealing, especially if it belonged to their master; and they never learnt to discriminate between regular marriage and an illicit connection. The children of unconverted Negroes are hardly ever brought up in a better manner, unless they go to the Sunday School.

There, is now an amazing desire among the children, and even among adult Negroes, to learn to read; and many have declared that they wish to be able to read the sacred scriptures themselves, for their comfort and instruction. An opportunity to satisfy such a laudable desire is now afforded, which, if permitted to pass away, may, perhaps not soon return, but which, under the blessing of God, may lead to an entire reformation of the slave population of Antigua."

ASSOCIATION.

In consequence .of the division of the Western Association, the Midland District including twenty-four Churches,held their first Meeting, according to appointment, at Wellington, Somerset, on the 8th and 9th of June, 1824. The friends in that Town combining with it their Annual Meeting on behalf of the Baptist Mission. The Services commenced on Tuesday morning, when a Sermon was preached on behalf of the Mission, by Mr. Kilpiii, of Exeter, from Psalm lxvii. 1, 2. "God be merciful unto us," &C. The point which the Hreacher endeavoured to place before the hearer* in a striking light, and to press home upon their attention, was, that the

Christian Church in not at present in a Jit state to become the Missionary of the world. And by an exposition of the evils too generally prevailing in our Churches, in the late and listless attendance on Divine Worship almost universally apparent—the unwillingness manifested to make sacrifices for the cause of God—their inattention to purity and spirituality. Above all their infrequent and languid supplications for the ponring down of the Holy Spirit, the Preacher endeavoured to establish this position. While upon it he grounded the. necessity of fervent prayer for the removal of existing evils, and the speedy introduction of a better state of things realized in the enlarged enjoyment of the Divine Blessing; that thus the Church may be prepared for the high honour in reversion for her, of conveying the blessings of Divine Truth to every part of the heathen world ; that thus the knowledge and enjoyment of salvation may be diffused throughout the earth. And the happy time arrive, when we shall have no more occasion to say to our brother, " Know the Lord, but all shall know him, from the least unto the greatest." The Sermon evidently produced a deep impression on the hearers, and it is hoped the effect of it will not soon be lost. The devotional parts of the Service were conducted by Mr. Wayland, of Lyme, Mr. Thomas, of Prescott, and Mr. Blair, (Independent,) of Milverton.

In the afternoon, was held the first Meeting of the New Association, when Mr. Baynes, the Minister of the place was chosen Moderator. The letters from the Churches were read, giving on the whole, an encouraging account of the state of religion among the denomination in the district. The Service commenced, and closed with prayer by Messrs. Fry, of Hatch, and Humphrey, of Collumpton.

In the evening a Missionary Meeting was held. Mr. Gabriel, of Stogomer began the Service with prayer; W. Cadbury, Esq. of Rnmhill House, was called to the Chair. The Report of the past year was read, and various resolutions were moved and seconded by Messrs. R. Horsey, Sharp, Toms, Claypole, Crook, Cuff, Wayland, Gabriel, Humphrey, Brewer, Clarlt, Kilpin, Fry, and Elliot, Home Missionary. Mr. Viney, of Bridgwater, closed the Service with prayer.

On Wednesday, the 9th, the business of the Associationcommenced with a Meeting for prayer, from seven till eight, when the following Brethren engaged: viz.-Pulsford, of Torrington, Brewer, of Sheldon, Johns, of Barnstaple, Cocks, of Crediton, and Elliot, of Perriton.

Tiie Service in the forenoon commenced at half past ten, when Mr. Clark, of Taunton read and prayed. Mr. Toms, of Chard preached an appropriate discourse from Hab. iii. 2. "O Lord revive thy work," wherein the nature of the work referred to in the text was pointed out, and the purport and importance of the prayer for its prosperity insisted on with happy effect. After thcSermoii the Circular Letter to the Churches drawn up by Mr. Sharp, of Bradnincb, was read; and the Service was closed by Mr. Luke, of Taunton, (Independent) with prayer.

In the afternoon, at three o'clock, the Service was commenced by Mr. Winton, (Independent) with reading and prayer. Mr. Crook preached from Dan. ix. 9. and Mr. Johnson,(Independent)concluded the Meeting in prayer.

In the evening at half past six assembled again, when Mr. Gribbie, (Independent) read and prayed; after which, Mr. Sharp, preached from 2 Cor. iii. 18. To exhibit the object of the believers' contemplation —to unfold the happy influence of such contemplations on his spirit—and to set forth the agency by which they are rendered effectual to assimilate him to the Saviour, formed the design of this truly spiritual and excellent Sermon. Mr. R. Horsey concluded the public Services of the Association in prayer.

Thus closed the delightful Services of the first Association in this district; the most pleasing feature of which was their decided spirituality—their tendency to produce that impression, and strain of feeling most in unison with the Christian frame in the best moments of his experience, and which in their enjoyment form the nearest approach to heavenly blessedness—long will the savour of them remain on many minds, to be renewed by future Meetings of a similar description, or perhaps perfected in the world above. May such Meetings serve to revive the cause of Christ in all our-Churches, and prepare the souls of believers for joining the general assembly, and Church of the first born, whose names are written in heaven.

The next Meeting of the Association is appointed to be held at Yeovil, Somerset, the second AVednesday and Thursday in June, 1825. Brethren Humphrey, Baynes, and Singleton are appointed to preach, and Brother Wayland, in case of failure. Brother Thomas, of Prescott to draw up the Circular Letter.

CHAPEL OPENED.

The Baptist Chapel at Lockerly, Hants, having undergone a considerable enlargement, was opened for worship on the 22nd of September, 1824, when Brother Millard, of Lymington, preached in the morning from Isa. Ix. 7. " I will glorify the house of my glory." Brother Reynolds, (Independent,) of Romsey, in the afternoon, from Psalm lxxxix. 15. "Blessed is the people who know the joyful sound;" and Brother Turquond, of Milford. preached in the evening from Heb. ii. 3. " How shall we escape if we neglect so great salvation." Brethren Russel, Yarnold, George, and Ash engaged in reading the Scriptures and prayer.

The services of the day were truly pleasing, and we trust, to many were truly profitable.

A few months ago, we noticed the settlement of Mr. Burnett over this low and declining interest; we do trust that providence has evidently called him to labour in that part of the Lord's vineyard for good, the congregation has so considerably increased, as to render it absolutely needful to enlarge their place of worship. The extent of the enlargement is 34 feet by 21, including a Vestry; the expence upon the most economical plan is £300, towards which, the Church and Congregation have raised £70.

May the Lord Jehovah abundantly bless this old, but long neglected. Church, and cause divine influence to descend on pastor and people.

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OBITUARY.

Died at Leeds, in the county of York, on Tuesday, October 12th, in the seventieth year of his age, Mr. Thomas Langdon, pastor of the Baptist church in that large and populous town; an office which, he had creditably sustained for more than forty years.

Though Mr. Langdon was not distinguished in the denomination to which he belonged, by either his popularity as a preacher, or his productions from the press, yet he was by no means destitute of talents, and all who knew him, honoured him for his virtues. His disposition was naturally reserved, and his manners retiring and unobtrusive. In his deportment there was much of the Christian and the. gentleman, for the natural sweetness of his temper rendered him a pleasant companion. Probably the greatest defect in his public character was a want of independence of mind. He was too yielding and compliant to be " valiant for the truth upon the earth." In offering this remark, we do not merely refer to his mixt communion practice in the church, a thing which has nothing to recommend it, that we can perceive, but worldly policy; we advert to his general deportment as a minister. He does not seem to have duly considered*the full import of the apostle's words: "If I yet pleased men, I should not be the servant of Christ." There were nevertheless, excellent traits in his character, and those who possessed his friendship, cannot fail to lament the loss of him. VVe believe he was severely exercised with trials from causes which sprang up in his domestic circle, but he sustained them with becoming fortitude, and we trust they were overruled to the promotion of his best interests.

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LITERARY NOTICES.

Just Published.

The Question of Christian Missions, Stated and Defended: a Sermon with particular reference to the recent persecution in the West Indian Colonies. By Richard Winter Hamilton, Leeds.

The Christian Spirit which is essential to the triumph of the Kingdom of God; a Discourse delivered at the Annual General Meeting of the Baptist Missionary Society, June 23,1824, and published at their request. By Chris^anderson.

The Moral Government of God, vindicated in Observations on the System of Theology, taught by the Rev. Dr. Hawker, Vicar of Charles, Plymouth. By Isaiah Birt.

In Vie Press. Dunallan; or the Methodist Husband, in 3 vols. 12mo. By the author of " The Decision," " Father Clement," &c.

The Doctrine of Election, viewed in connection with the responsibility of man as a moral Agent. By the Rev. William Hamilton, D.D. of Strathblane. 12mo.

The Works of the Rev. John Newton, A.M. late Rector of St. Mary Woolnoth, &c With a Life and View of his Character and Writings. By the Rev. Richard Cecil, A.M. A New Edition, in six vols. 8vo.

A New Edition of Hervey's Theron and Aspasio, in 2 vols. 8vo.

Time's Telescope, for the year 1825, will be published, with the Almanacks, on the 22nd instant, comprehending a complete Guide to the Almanack, an explanation of Saint's days and Holidays, illustrations of British History and Antiquities, the Naturalist's Diary, with a description of the principal culinary Vegetables, their mode of culture, &c. Prefixed to which will be an Essay on English Sacred Poetry, and two introductory Poems, by Mr. J. H. Wiffen, and Mr. Alex. Balfour, Author of "Contemplation," and other Poems.

The Eternity of Divine Mercy Jestablished, and unconditional Reprobation discarded: in remarks upon Dr. Adam Clarke's Sermon published in the Methodist Magazine for September, 1824. By William Catton, pastor of the Baptist Church at Uley, in Gloucestershire.

QUERIES.

To the Editor of the New Evan. Magazine. As you reside in the great Bookmaking Metropolis, you will oblige me by stating, what is the reason that Dr. Rippon's Selection of Hymns is sold at such an exorbitant price, when the Psalms and Hymns of Watts may be had at about one-third of the price. There is some mystery in this, which I never yet have heard explained: but perhaps you are in the secret. The same enquiry I have had many times made to me; and your thoughts and information on the subject would, I have no doubt, be acceptable in more quarters than one.

Mr. Editor,

If the word/areicdjimports a wish that all joy and happiness may attend those to whom it is addressed, I beg leave to inquire of you, or some of your Correspondents, how far it is proper and consistent to bid "Farewell" to pain, to toil, to evil, &c.

This Query, which I hope will be answered, was occasioned by reading the last page of your Magazine for this month.

Dr. Watts uses the word in the same sense as adieu.

"My soul forsakes tier vain delight,
And bids the world fare well."
And again,

•* I bid farewell to every fear,
And wipe my weening eyes."

How far is this correct?

C. H. I.

London, Sep. 9, IS 11.

"Providence havingplacedan individual in a dependant station in life, that renders conformity to the wishes of his employer necessary; how far is he justified in decidedly refusing to attend to worldly business on the Sabbath day, though by suoh refusal, he might expose himself to the displeasure of his master, or the loss of his situation?'

On the 16th August, the Senatus Academicus of the University, and Kings' College, Aberdeen, unanimously conferred the Degree of Master of Arts, by Diploma, upon the Rev. John Mackenzie, of Deptfordj author of " Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Calvin."

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LINES WRITTEN TO AN AFFLICTED
FRIEND.

- In all their affliction he was afflicted."
Isa. Ixiii. 9.

Ah! who are the blessed? Of whom can w<5 say

That their pleasures are pleasures indeed!
Ah! where are the honours that never decay?

And the joys that shall never recede 1
We gaze on the men, who, supreme o'er the rest,

On their heads the bright diadems wear; O'eraw'd by their grandeur, we fancy them blest,

And strangers to sorrow and care. As the brooks that glide gently,o'ershadow'd with trees,

Whose verdure refreshes the sight; So honour and gaiety, riches and ease,

Are counted the streams of delight.

But hark! by that voice we acknowledge di vine,

A lesson of wisdom is taught; "True bliss to those shadows no longer assign,

"Prepost'rous and vain is the thought.

"The world and its fashions are hasting away,

"Its children pass on to the tomb; "Its honours, tho' brightly they shine for a day,

"Shall quickly be lost in the gloom.

"But bless'd are the souls that have learned to know

«* The sound of the message divine: "Thro' the chill vale of A clior^they feel as they go,

"The radiance of Deity shine.

"As the beams of the sun to enlighten and warm, «' So the beams of his favour descend;

"As a shield to protect the whole body from harm, "So the arm of his pow'r shall defend."

But whence, Great Instructor, (tho' righteous art

thou, ■ Permit us with revVenceto plead,) If saints are the objects of love while below, Ah! whence do their sorrows proceed?

With bread of affliction, how oft are they fed!

Its waters, how often they taste! Thro' floods, and thro' tempests how frequently led,

As wearied, they traverse the waste! The wicked, whr.e insults are daring the skies,

Seem healthy, and prospVous, and gay; Thy children's distresses, extort their deep sighs,

As they pass the dark shadows away!

•' I chasten," he answers, " the souls that I love,

"Induc'd hv affection alone; "Like the gold in the furnace, by trials I prove,

"And the strength of their graces make known.

"When the fire burns intensely, the dross is remov'd,

*' And the metal flows pure from the test; "'Tis thus I will try to the end my belov'd,

"Then shall they ascend to my rest."

But few are the days that we sojourn on earth,
Anil soon the dark cloud shall be past:

The souls that partake of a heav'nly birth,
In peace shall rest sweetly at last.

Their bodies shall slumber in Jesus awhile,
Till the trumpet resounds thro' the sky;

Then bursting the fetters of death with a smile,
Tbey enter the mansions on high.

Like them, their Redeemer temptations eudi.r d,

Their cup of affliction was his;
The pangs that he suffcr'd redemption procai d,

And open'd the way for their bliss.

Like him they shall rise, and triumphantly reign,

Enthron'd in the city of God;
Nor sickness, nor sorrow, temptation, nor pain,

Intrudes on that blissful abode.
The change how transporting, no language can tell,

When nothing remains to deplore'
When bodies lhatnnce were polluted and trail,

Are frail and polluted no mole!

But bright, and immortal, and perfectly pure,

The spirit forgets to complain; Their bliss as the throne of their God shall eiidul e,

Nor can they be wretched again. Withsuchabright prospect thecrosswemav bear,

And welcome the chastening rod:
These wearisome moments our spirits prepare,

For rest in the presence of God.

Accringtm. Pahticrk.

SENSIBILITY THE SOUL OF POETRY. "Which givetli songs in the niglit.n—)oa. * Poets may be said to realize, in some measure, the poetical idea of the nightingale's singing ■with a thorn at her breast: as their most exquisite songs have often originated in the acuteness of their personal sufferings.'"

Haylek's LitfB o» Cowpeb.

There is a ma^lc might in song

The pomp of words can never reach;

There is that bears the heart along,
Which rules and forms can never teach.

Tis Feeling gives that sweet controul,
Which chains the lisL'ner's raptur'd ear,

Smoolhlng'the current of the soul
When ruffled with the gales of care.

Go, child of fortune! 'lis not you,
'Mid sunny bliss, can soothe the heart;

'Tis midnight grief which brings to view
The stars that milder light impart.

Not to the gale in brightest honrs,
The rose its richest fragrance bears.

But when suffus'd with dews and showers;
So song is sweet embalm'd in tears.

"The herbs which scentless whilst entire,*
When bruised, emit a rich perfume;

So wounded hearts endear the lyre.
With notes which mirth can ne'er assume.

Oh! give me then those witching strai ns
That from the spirit's center spring;

Tho' nought of pomp or art obtains,
Thej'Il waken ev'ry bosom string.

"For precious pearl, In sorrow's stream,**
The bard dives deep, continues long.

But, tho' depriv'd of day's brig V beam,
A rich reward awaits his song.

B. Coomj

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