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sbom, for the protection of our own coasts and oar own harbors; I was for giving play to its gallant and burning spirit; for allowing it to go forth upon the seas, and encounter, on an open and an equal field, whatever the proudest or the bravest of the enemy could bring against it. I knew the character of its officers, and the spirit of its seamen; and 1 knew that, in their hands, though the flag of the country might go down to the bottom, while they went with it, yet that it could never be dishonored or disgraced.

"Since she was our enemy — and a most powerful enemy — I was for touching her, rf we could, in the very apple of her eye; for reaching the highest feather in her cap; for clutching at the very brightest jewel in her crown. There seemed to me to be a peculiar propriety in all this, as the war was undertaken for the redress of maritime injuries alone. It was a war declared for free trade and sailors' rights. The ocean, therefore, was the proper theatre for deciding this controversy with our enemy, and on that theatre my ardent wish was, that our own power should be concentrated to the utmost.

"So much, sir, for the war, and for my conduct and opinions as connected with it. And, as I do not mean to recur to this subject often, or ever, unless indispensably necessary, I repeat the demand for any charge, any accusation, any allegation whatever, that throws me behind the honorable gentleman, or behind any other man, in honor, in fidelity, in devoted love to that country in which I was born, which has honored me, and which 1 serve. I, who seldom deal in defiance, now, here, in my place, boldly defy the honorable member to pot his insinuation in the form of a charge, and to support that charge by any proof whatever."

CONTENTS

Remarks made to the Citizens of Bangor, Maine, August 25,1835 17

Speech on receiving a Vase from Citizens of Boston, October 12,1835.... 23

Speech in the Senate of the United States, January 14, 1836, on Mr.

Benton's Resolutions for appropriating the Surplus Revenue to

National Defence 38

Remakes in the Senate of the United States, March 16, 1836, on present-

ing sundry Abolition Petitions 59

Remakes in the Senate of the United States, on the Deposit Banks, March

17,1836 63

Remarks in the Senate of the United States, on a Resolution submitted by

Mr. Benton, on receiving Specie only, in Payment for Public Lands,

April 23,1836 65

Remarks in the Senate of the United States, on the Bill to authorize the

Purchase, on the Part of the United States, of the Private Stock in the

Louisville and Portland Canal, May 25, 1836 73

Speech in the Senate of the United States, on introducing the Proposition

for the Distribution of the Surplus Revenue, May 31, 1836 78

Speech in the Senate of the United States, on the Specie Circular, De-

cember 21, 1836 89

Remarks in the Senate of the United States, on the Protest against Ex-
punging, January 16,1837 Itt

Remarks in the Senate of the United States, on presenting a Petition of

Merchants of New York, for the Establishment of a National Bank,

February 8,1837 116

Remarks in the Senate of the United States, February 20,1837, in Relation

to the Manuscript Papers of Mr. Madison 119

Remarks in the Senate of the United States, in Relation to the Reduction

of the Duty on Coal, February 24,1837 122

Speech delivered in Niblo's Saloon, in New York, on the 15th of March,
1837 129

Speech delivered May 17, 1837, at the Dinner given by the Citizens of

Wheeling, Virgima 165

Speech delivered at Madison, Indiana, June 1,1837 174

Speech delivered in the Senate of the United States, September 14,1837,

on the Bill to postpone the Payment of the Fourth Instalment of the

Deposit to the States 185

Speech on the Currency, and on the New Plan for collecting and keeping

the Public Moneys, delivered in the Senate of the United States, Sep-

tember 28,1837 195

IS

Riaimi in the Senate of the United States, January 10,1633, respecting

Slarery in the District of Columbia 234

Riasait made in the Senate of the United States, January 17, 1838, in

Relation to the Commonwealth Bank, Boaton 339

Eiiiui an the Preemption Btl), made in the Senate of the United States,

January £), 1S38 250

Sriicn Ob the Sub-Treasury Bill, delirered in the 8enate of the United

States, January 31, lo3* 259

Sicosd Briici on the Sub-Treasury Bill, delirered in the Senate of the

United States, March 12, 1338 277

Sritcsj in the Senate of the United States, in Answer to Mr. Calhoun,

March 22,1«3B 340

Sriicai in Faneuil Hall, July 24, 1838 359

linui in the Senate of the United States, on the Bill to graduate the

Price of the Public Lands, January 14,1*39 373

Aaccairr in the Supreme Coort of the United States, February 9,1839,'

m the great Appeal Case from the Diatrict of Alabama 379

Abdbiss at the Triennial Celebration of the National Agricultural Society,

Oxford, England, July 18, 1*39 400

Iniui on the Agncultore of England, at a Meeting of Members of the

Legislature of Massachusetts, and Others interested in Agriculture,

held at the State House, in Boston, January 13, 1*40 404

Iniui in the Senate of the United States, March 3, 1*40, in Answer to

some Parts of Mr. Calhoun's Speech 416

Sriica in the Senate of the United States, March 30, 1*40, on the Treas-

ury Note BUI 426

Sriica in the Senate of the United States, May 18,1840, on the proposed

Amendment to the Bankrupt Bill 442

Sriica in the Senate of the United States, June 5, 1840, on Mr. Clay's

Motion to strike out the compulsory Part of the Bankrupt Bill 460

Btbecw delirered at the Great Mass-Meeting at Saratoga, New York,

August 19,1*40 472

Die is Ratiok of the Principles and Purposes adopted br a General Con-

rention of the Whigs of New England, at Bunker Hill, on the 10th of

September, 1*40. Prepared by Mr. Webster, and signed by him as

President of the Conrention 498

Sri Ecu at the Merchants' Meeting in Wall Street, New York, September

28, 1*40 , 508

Sriica delirered in the Capitol Square, during the Whig Conrention at

Richmond, Virginia, October 5, 1*40 529

klMit to the Ladies of Richmond, Virginia, October 5, 1840 547

Rtaiait upon that Part of the President's Message which relates to the

Revenue and finances, delirered in the Senate of the United States,

December 16 and 17, 1*40 551

REMARKS

MADE TO THE CITIZENS OF BANGOR, MAINE, AUGUST 25, 1835.

During a visit to Maine, in the summer of 1835, on business connected with his profession, Mr. Webster was at Bangor, where he partook of a collation with many of the citizens. There were so many more people, however, anxious to see and hear him than could be accommodated in the hall of the Hotel, that, after the cloth was removed, he was compelled to proceed to the balcony, where, after thanking the company for their hospitality, and their manifestation of regard, he addressed the assembly as follows: —

Having occasion to come into the State, on professional business, I have gladly availed myself of the opportunity to visit this city, the growing magnitude and importance of which have recently attracted so much general notice. I am happy to say, that I see around me ample proofs of the correctness of those favorable representations which have gone abroad. Your city, gentlemen, has undoubtedly experienced an extraordinary growth; and it is a growth, I think, which there is reason to hope is not unnatural, or greatly disproportionate to the eminent advantages of the place. It so happened, that, at an early period of my life, I came to this spot, attracted by that favorable position, which the slightest glance on the map must satisfy every one that it occupies. It is near the head of tide water, on a river which brings to it from the sea a volume of water equal to the demands of the largest vessels of war, and whose branches, uniting here, from great distances above, traverse, in their course, extensive tracts, now covered with valuable productions of the forest, and capable, most of them, of profitable agricultural cultivation. But at the period I speak of, the time had not come for the proper development and display of these advantages. Neither the place itself, nor the country, was then ready. A long course of commercial restrictions and embargo, and a foreign war, were yet to be gone through, before the local advantages of such a spot could be exhibited or enjoyed, or the country would be in a condition to create an active demand for its main products.

I believe some twelve or twenty houses were all that Bangor could enumerate, when I was in it before; and I remember to have crossed the stream, which now divides your fair city, on some floating logs,

VOL. III. 3 17 B*

for the purpose of visiting a former friend and neighbor, who had just then settled here, a gentleman always most respectable, and now venerable for his age and his character, whom I have great pleasure in seeing among you to-day, in the enjoyment of health and happiness.

It is quite obvious, Gentlemen, that while the local advantages of a noble river, and of a large surrounding country, may be justly considered as the original spring of the present prosperity of the city, the current of this prosperity has, nevertheless, been put in motion, enlarged and impelled, by the general progress of improvement, and growth of wealth throughout the whole country.

At the period of my former visit, there was, of course, neither Rail-road nor Steam-boat, nor Canal, to favor communication; nor do I recollect that any public or stage coach came within fifty miles of the town.

Internal Improvement has been the great agent of so favorable a change; and so blended are our interests, that the general activity, which exists elsewhere, supported and stimulated by Internal Improvement, pervades and benefits even those portions of the country which are locally remote from the immediate scene of the main operations of this Improvement. Whatever promotes communication— whatsoever extends general business — whatsoever encourages enterprise, or whatsoever advances the general wealth and prosperity of other States, must have a plain, direct, and powerful bearing on your own prosperity. In truth, there is no town in the Union, whose hopes can be more directly staked on the general prosperity of the country, than this rising city. If any thing should interrupt the general operations of business, — if commercial embarrassment, foreign war, pecuniary derangement, domestic dissension, or any other causes, were to arrest the general progress of the public welfare, all must see, with what a blasting and withering effect such a course must operate on Bangor.

Gentlemen, I have often taken occasion to say, what circumstances may render it proper now to repeat, that, at the close of the last war, a new era, in my judgment, had opened in the United States. A new career then lay before us. At peace ourselves with the nations of Europe, and those nations, too, at peace with one another, and the leading civilized States of the world no longer allowing that commerce which had been the rich harvest of our neutrality, in the midst of former wars, but all now coming forward to exercise their own rights, in sharing the commerce and trade of the world, it seemed to me to be very plain, that while our commerce was still to be fostered with the most zealous care, yet quite a new view of things was presented to us, in regard to our internal pursuits and concerns. The works of peace, as it seemed to me, had become our duties. A hostile exterior, a front of brass, and an arm of iron,

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