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Mr W. Perkins : I understood you to state that in your opinion a plate covering the whole surface of the palate was the best to secure a perfect articulation : do you not think that such a plate offers considerable obstruction when first placed in the mouth, to distinct articulation ?
Dr Blandy : It certainly offers some obstruction, but in my opinion, very much less than a plate which only partially covers the palate; as in that case the surface against which the tongue moves is to a greater or less extent broken, the amount of obstruction depending upon the degree of accuracy attained in the adjustment of the plate to the surface of the palate.
Mr Perkins: As the success of your system evidently depends on its superiority over other methods in obtaining an accurate fit: may I ask whether the metal employed by you is free from that quality which all metals are known to possess, I mean the quality of expansion by heat and consequent contraction in cooling, as, without it possesses the peculiarity of retaining at any temperature one absolute dimension or magnitude, it seems to me that the same error may occur with your system as with any other.
Dr Blandy: The metal I employ is not absolutely free from contraction and expansion, but it is well known that, by mixing one or more metals together, the expansive quality, &c., is very much diminished, which is the case with the cheoplastic metal, the expansive quality being reduced to the very lowest point, so low that a plate cast on one model will fit so accurately another model cast in the same impression from which the first was taken, that it is absolutely impossible to detect any variation.
Mr Fay, of Brussels, wished to know whether, in the case of a tooth being lost after the piece was made, another could be conveniently and neatly added in its place ?
Dr Blandy replied: Most unquestionably, in the most perfect manner; and proceeded to describe the process for so doing; explaining also, that an alteration might be effected in a cheoplastic piece more easily and expeditiously than in any other process.
Mr Matthews : Do I understand that I could have a piece fused on to the old piece ?
Dr Blandy: Yes ; I have attended many poor persons who were unable to pay. I must tell you, that in America it is the practice to ex. tract all stumps ; we will not now enter into the question of the propriety of that practice, but I will state that in one case, having extracted several stumps, I, two days after, placed a new piece in the mouth; I saw the same case eight months after, and was able to rectify the difference of fit, which was considerable, without remodelling the piece.
Mr Perkins inquired if the model was always destroyed in the process P
Dr Blandy explained that in most cases he took a plaster cast from the mouth, from which several models could be taken, and that the model was not necessarily destroyed in making the piece, except in undercut cases. .
Mr Fay inquired whether oiling the mouth was not necessary, preparatory to taking an impression with plaster, as he thought the mucous membrane might become injured by contact with the plaster.
Dr Blandy said oiling was not necessary, but some difficulty was occasionally experienced in detaching the impression.
Mr Matthews inquired whether Dr Blandy would use plaster for taking an impression of loose teeth P
Dr Blandy would not like to use plaster in such a case without first preparing the teeth with wax; the manner of doing which he explained.
Mr Rymer would wish to know the difference between the weight of the cheoplastic material and that of gold.
Dr Blandy explained that the specific gravity of fine gold was 19, while that of his metal was about 8.
Mr Matthews then said: A few years ago Dentists knew each other only by name or by hearsay, reading only of what our American brethren said or did ; but since we have become a College, not only do we know each other in our own country, so as to be able to converse on professional matters in the most amicable way, but even our American brethren have taken so much interest in us, as to induce them to visit us in our own country, to tell us how they have proceeded, and how they have succeeded. We must feel deeply indebted to them for their kindness towards us, and more particularly to Dr Blandy, who has so handsomely come forward this evening to enlighten us upon his new process, promising to go more fully into the subject on a future occasion. I think, gentlemen, that I anticipate your wishes when I propose the unanimous thanks of this meeting to him for the very interesting paper he has honoured us with, and for the very kind manner in which he has answered the several questions put to him by different gentlemen in this meeting.
A vote of thanks having been unanimously carried,
Dr Blandy said : Mr Chairman and Gentlemen : I beg to assure you that I did not come to this country, nor to this meeting, merely for the purpose of speaking of my own invention. I have come to England, not only to speak, but to listen and to learn, and to tell you that the feeling of the American Dentists to the Dentists of this country is one of sympathy, deep interest, and kindness, and particularly towards the Members of this College. The success of the College of Dentists of England they have always most ardently wished for, they desire to see it firmly and thoroughly established, and I can assure the gentlemen here, that if they would one or all visit their brethren in America, the Dentists there would give them so kind and so hearty a reception as they would never forget. I beg to thank you most sincerely for the pleasure I have experienced in this friendly meeting.
The meeting then separated.
SPECIAL GENERAL MEETING.—APRIL 20.
This Meeting was convened in accordance with the following
the facts relating to the present position of the College,
be called by the Council to consider such question. Mr PETER MATTHEWS occupied the chair.
The minutes of the previous mceting having been read, and the CHAIRMAN having explained the objects of the meeting,
On the motion of Mr WEISS, seconded by Mr KEMPTON, the Resolutions passed September 22nd, 1858, were rescinded. After which the constitution of the College was finally determined on, and the various modifications in the Laws as proposed by the Council were adopted. These may be best understood by publishing the Laws and Constitution of the College, as amended.
LAWS AND CONSTITUTION. I.-The title of this Association shall be the “ COLLEGE OF DENTISTS OF ENGLAND.”
II.-The objects for which the College is established, are to unite members of the Dental Profession into a recognised and independent body, and to provide means of professional examination.
III.—The College shall consist of Members and Associates. Honorary Members and Corresponding Members may be elected in accordance with Laws XIII and XIV.
IV.—The privileges of Members shall consist in the right of voting at all General Meetings, of attending other Meetings, and all Lectures and Demonstrations which may take place at the College. Each Member, whose subscription is not in arrear, shall also be entitled to a Copy of the Transactions of the College. Honorary Members and Associates shall have all the privileges of Members, but shall have no share in the direction of the affairs of the College.
V.-The affairs of the College shall be conducted by a President,
Vice-Presidents, a Treasurer, a Secretary or Secretaries, and by a Council of nine others,* to be elected annually by and from amongst the Members of the College. One-third of such Council shall retire at the end of the year, but shall be eligible for re-election. The President, Vice-Presidents, Treasurer, and Secretary or Secretaries shall be exc officio Members of the Council.
Any Member of the College shall be eligible as a Member of the Council, on being proposed by five other Members, such proposition to be sent to the Council one month previous to the Annual General Meeting, and the names of such candidates shall be printed with the House List.
The mode of election shall be as follows:-the Chairman and two Scrutineers having been appointed, the poll shall commence by each Member present personally delivering his balloting paper to the Chairman. Country Members who have the privilege of voting by proxy, shall, if they exercise their privilege, send their proxy-papers under cover addressed to the Chairman of the Meeting. The Chairman shall deposit all balloting papers in the balloting-box. The poll to remain open from half-past seven to nine o'clock in the evening, when the Chairman and Scrutineers, attended by one of the Secretaries, shall retire, cast the poll, and sign the return. In the event of an equality of votes, the Chairman shall have the casting vote.
VI.—The Subscriptions to the College shall be as follow : The payment of 211. in one sum to be considered as a life composition; otherwise an annual subscription of 21. 2s. shall be paid by each Member. The Annual Subscription of Associates shall be 11. ls. Members shall pay a fee of 11. 1s. on entering the College, and Associates a fee of 103. 6d.
All Subscriptions shall be due on the first day of January in each year, and shall be payable in advance. Members and Associates whose Subscriptions are not paid within three months of the date on which they are due, shall forfeit the privileges of membership until the subscription shall be paid. If not paid within six months after it is due the membership shall cease. The Council shall, however, possess the power to re-admit such defaulting member upon his paying his arrears, if they in their discretion think fit so to do, in which case the entrance fee will not be required.
VII.—The Treasurer shall demand and receive for the use of the College all moneys due or payable to the College, and shall keep full and particular accounts of all sums so received. An account in the
* This alteration not to come into operation until January, 1860.
e the casting as follo
name of the College shall be opened, and all moneys deposited at a Banker's, to be appointed by the Council.
Laws VIII and IX cancelled.
X.-The names of New Members shall be once advertised in the • Times' newspaper by the Council, at the expense of the College, within fourteen days after their election. Such New Members shall also be permitted to advertise that they have been elected Members, in the local newspapers of their respective places of abode, three times, at their own expense. The following to be the form of advertisement :
COLLEGE OF DENTISTS OF ENGLAND.
was duly elected a Member of the College of Dentists of England on
Secretary, or Secretaries. Laws XI and XII cancelled.
XIII.-Retired Members of the Profession may be elected Honorary Members of the College by the Council.
XIV.-Such Members of the Profession, residing out of the United Kingdom, as may be considered eligible by the Council, shall be nominated Corresponding Members of the College.
XV.-No person allowing his name to be associated with disreputable advertisements of any kind, circulating hand-bills, or exhibiting show-cases, boards, or placards, combining any other business with that of a Dentist, or acting for or assisting any person who combines any other business with that of a Dentist, shall be a Member or an Associate of this College. And any Member making a public exhibition of the Diploma, or of any other document granted him by authority of this College, shall have his name removed from the List of Members.
XVI.—The Council shall have the power to remove from the List of Members and others those who, in their judgment, may do any. thing to the discredit of the College, or the annoyance of its Members ; but Members so removed shall have the right of appeal at a General Meeting ; such appeal to be made within one calendar month of the date of official notice to the offending Member, otherwise the right of appeal will be lost.
XVII.-An Annual General Meeting shall be held in January (at such time and place as the Council shall appoint) to receive the Report