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have on that of a modern reader. But the ing, and is the langaishing, bopeless lover of the sublime image that I ain talking of, and wbich divine Hebe,* the emblem of youth and beauty. I really think as great as ever entered into the The excellent and learned sage you behold in thought of man, is in the poem called 'The that furniture is the strongest instance imaginCampaign ;* where the simile of a ministering able, that love is the most powerful of all things. angel sets forth the inost sedate and the most You are not so ignorant as to be a stranger active courage, engaged in an uproar of nature, to the character of Æsculapius, as the patron a confusion of elements, and a scene of divine and most successful of all who profess the art vengeance. Add to all, that these lines com- of medicine. But as most of his operations are pliment the general and his queen at the same owing to a nátúral sagacity or impulse, he bas time, and have all the natural horrors height- very little troubled himself with the doctrive of ened by the image that was still fresh in the drugs, but has always given nature more room mind of every reader:t
to help herself, than any of her learned assist. Twas then greál Marlbro's mighty soal was prov'd, ants; and, consequently, has done greater wonThat, in the shock of charging hosts unmov'd, ders than is in the power of art to perform : Amidst confusion, horror, and despair,
for wbich reason he is half deified by the people; Examin'd all the dreadful scenes of war; In peaceful thought the field of death survey'd, and has ever been justly courted by all the To fainting squadrons sent the timely airl,
world, as if he were a seventh son. Inspir'd repuls'd battalions to engage, And taught the doubtfal battle where to rage.
'It happened, that the charming Hebe was So when an angel, by divine command,
reduced, by a long and violent fever, to the Witb rising tempests shakes a gailty land,
most extreme danger of death; and when all Such as of late o'er pale Britannia past, Calm and serene hc drives the furious blast;
skill failed, they sent for Æsculapius. The reAnd, pleas'd th' Almighty's orders to perform, nowned artist was touched with the deepest
Rides in the whirlwind, and directs the storm.” I compassion to see the faded charms and faint * The whole poem is so exquisitely noble and bloom of Hebe; and had a generous concern poetic, thiåt i thiok it an honour to our nation in beholding a struggle, not between life, but and language.'
rather between youth and death. All his skill The gentleman concluded his critique on and his passion tended to the recovery of Hebe, this work, hy saying that'he esteemed it wholly beautiful even in sickness; but, alas! the unnew, and a wonderful attempt to keep up the happy physician knew not that in all bis care ordinary ideas of a march of an army, just as he was only sharpening darts for his own dethey happened, in so warm and great a style, struction. In a word, bis fortune was the same and yet be at once familiar and heroic. Snch with that of the statuary, who fell in love with ä performance is a chronicle as well as a poem, the image of bis own making; and the unfurand will preserve the memory of our hero, when tunate Æsculapius is become the patient of her all the edifices and statues erected to his honour whom he lately recovered. Long before this are blended with common dast.'
disaster, Æsculapius was far gone in the unnewoooooo
cessary and superfluous amusements of old age, No. 44.] Thursday, July 21, 1709.
in increasing unwieldy stores, and providing,
in the midst of an incapacity of enjoyment of Nallis amor est medicabilis herbis.
wbat he had, for a supply of more wants than No herb, alas! can cure the pangs of love.
he had calls for in youth itself. But these low White's Chocolate-house, July 19.
considerations are now no more, and love has This day passing through Covenit-garden, i taken place of avarice, or rather is become an was stopped in the piazza by Pacolei, to 6b-avarice of another kind, wbich still urges him serve what he called the triumph of love and
to pursue what he does not want. But, behold youth. I turned to the object he pointed at the metamorphosis; the anxious mean cares of and there I saw a gay gilt chariot, drawn by
a usurer are turned into the languishments fresh prancing horses; the coachman with a
and complaints of a lover. Behold,” says the new chickade and the lacqueys with insolence aged Æsculapius, “I submit ; ! own, great and plenty in their countenances. Í asked im- love, thy empire ; pity, Hebe, the fop which you mediately, “What young heir or lover owned
have made. What have I to do with gilding that glittering equipage?' But my companion but on pills? Yet, О fair! for thee I sit amidst interrupted : 'Do you not see there the mourn. a crowd of painted deities on my chariot, buting Æsculapius ?' The mourning?' said 1. toned in gold, clasped in gold, without having 'Yes, Isaac," said l'acolet,' he is in deep mourn any value for that beloved metal, but as it adorns
the person, and laces the hat of thy dying lover. * By Addison, pablished in 1704,
I ask not to live, O Hebe! give me but gentle + The anthor alloded here to the terrible tempests which death: Eibarkvic, Büdarbora, t that is all I imhappened in November, 1703, and made sal havoc in England, and in several other places of Europe.
plore.”' • Psalm cxlviii. 8.
$ This paper was written in ridicule of a love-affair which * The lady's real name was Miss Tempest. bérell Dr. Radcliffe, who was at this time about sixty; be HA Greek word that signifies 'casy death,' which was dier November 1, 1714, aged sixty-four.
the common wish of the Emperor Angustas.
When Æsculapius had finished his complaint, | title to the appellation of esquire. I think I Pacolet went on in deep morals on the incer- need not say much to convince all the world, tainty of riches, with this remarkable excla- that this Mr. Powel, for that is his name, is a mation : 'O wealth! how impotent art thou ! pragmatical and vain person, to pretend to and how little dost thou supply us with real argue with me on any subject. Mecum certasse bappiness, when the usurer himself can forget feretur ; that is to say, It will be an honour to thee for the love of what is as foreign to his him to have it said he contended with me : felicity as thou art!'
but I would have him to know, that I can look
beyond his wires, and know very well the whole Will's Coffee-house, July 19. trick of his art; and that it is only by these The company here, who have all a delicate wires that the eye of the spectator is cheated, taste for theatrical representations, had made a and bindered from seeing that there is a thread gathering to purchase the moveables of the on one of Punch's chops, which draws it up, neighbouring playhouse, for the encourage and lets it fall at the discretion of the said ment of one which is setting up in the Hay- Powel, who stands behind and plays him, and market. But the proceedings at the auction, makes him speak saucily of his betters. He ! by which method the goods have been sold this to pretend to make prologues against me!evening, have been so unfair, that this gene. But a man never behaves himself with decency rous design has been frustrated ; for the im- in bis own case ; therefore, I shall command perial mantle made for Cyrus was missing, as myself, and never trouble me further with this also the chariot and two dragons : but, upon little fellow, who is himself but a tall puppet, examination, it was found that a gentleman and has not brains enough to make even wood of Hampshire had clandestinely bought them speak as it ought to do: and I that have heard ·both, and is gone down to his country seat; the groaning board, can despise all that his and that on Saturday last be passed through puppets shall be able to speak as long as they Staines, attired in that rube, and drawn by the live. But, Ex quovis ligno non fit Mercurius. said dragons, assisted by two only of his own 'Every log of wood will not make a Mercury.' horses. This theatrical traveller bas also left He has pretended to write to me also from the orders with Mr. Hall* to send the faded rain. Bath, and says, he thought to have deferred how to the scourer's, and when it comes home, giving me an answer until he came to his books; to despatch it after him. At the same time, but that my writings might do well with the Christopher Rich, t esq. is invited to bring waters : which are pert expressions, that bedown his setting-sun himself, and be box- come a school-boy better than one that is to keeper to a theatre erected by this gentleman teach others; and when I have said a civil thing near Southampton. Thus, there has been no- to bim, he cries, 'Oh! I thank you for thatthing but artifice in the management of this I am your bumble servant for that.' Ab! affair; for which reason, I beg pardon of the Mr. Powel, these smart civilities will never run town, that I inserted the inventory in my down men of learning: I know well enough paper ; and solemnly protest, I knew nothing your design is to have all men automata, like of this artful design of vending these rarities : your puppets; but the world is grown too wise, but I meant only the good of the world, in that, and can look through these thin devices. I and all other things which I divulge.
know your design to make a reply to this; but And now I am upon this subject, I must do be sure you stick close to my words ; for if you myself justice in relation to an article in a bring me into discourses concerning the goformer paper, 1 wherein I made mention of a vernment of your puppets, I must tell you,
I person who keeps a puppet-show in the town neither am, nor bave been, nor will be, at of Bath; I was tender of naming names, and leisure to answer you.' It is really a burning only just hinted, that be makes larger promises shame this man should be tolerated in abusing when he invites people to his dramatic repre- the world with such representations of things : sentations, than he is able to perform : but I but his parts decay, and he is not much more am credibly informed, that he makes a profane, alive than Partridge. lewd jester, whom he calls Punch, speak to he dishonour of Isaac Bickerstaff with great From my own Apartment, July 14. familiarity; and, before all my learned freinds I must beg pardon of my readers, that for in that place, takes upon him to dispute my this time, I have, I fear, huddled up my dis.
course, having been very busy in helping au
old friend of mine out of town. He has a * A noted auctioneer of those times.
very good estate, and is a man of wit; but he + The patentee for Drury-lane play-house, which was shut
has been three years absent from town, and ap about this time by an order from the lord Chamberlain. 1 All the papers and passages about Powel, the puppct.
cannot bear a jest; for which reason, I have, show-man, relate to the controversy between Hoadly and with some pains, covinced him that he can do Offspring Blackall, bishop of Exeter, on which they were intended as a banter: it is needless to say, that the wit and
more live here than if he were a downright raillery is employed on the side of Hoadly.
bankrupt. He was so fond of dear London,
that be began to fret, oply inwardly; but be know the unhappy Teraminta?" I suon recoling unable to laugh and be laughed at, I took lected her whole person : ‘But,' said I, ‘madam, a place in the northern coach for him and his the simplicity of dress, in which I have ever family; and hope he is got to-night safe from seen you at your good father's house, and the all sneerers, in his own parlour.
cheerfulness of countenance with which you
always appeared, are so unlike the fashion and St. James's Coffee-house, July 20.
temper you are now in, that I did not easily This morning we received by express the recover the memory of you. Your habit was agreeable news of the surrender of the town of then decent and modest, your looks serene Tournay on the twenty-eighth instant, N. S. and beautiful: whence then this unaccountable The place was assaulted by the attacks of ge-change ? Nothing can speak so deep a sorrow neral Schuylemberg, and that of general Lot as your present aspect; yet your dress is made tum, at the same time. The action at both for jollity and revelling !—'It is,' said she,' an those parts of the town was very obstinate, and unspeakable pleasure to meet with one I know, the allies lost a considerable number in the be- and to bewail myself to any that is not an utter ginning of the dispute ; but the fight was con- stranger to humanity. tinued with so great bravery, that the enemy, When your friend my father died, he left observing our men to be masters of all the me to a wide world with no defence against posts which were necessary for a general at- the insults of fortune ; but rather, a thousand tack, beat the chamade, and hostages were re- snares to entrap me in the dangers to which ceived from the town, and others sent from the youth and innocence are exposed, in an age besiegers, in order to come to a formal capitu- wherein honour and virtue are become mere lation for the surrender of the place. We have words, and used only as they serve to betray also this day received advice, that sir John those who understand them in their native Leake, who lies off Dunkirk, bad intercepted sense, and obey them as the guides and moseveral ships laden with corn from the Baltic; tives of their being. The wickedest of all men aud that the Dutch privateers had fallen in living, the abandoned Decius, who has no with others, and carried them into Holland. knowledge of any good art or purpose of huThe French letters advise, that the young son
man life, but as it tends to the satisfaction of to the duke of Anjou lived but eight days.
bis appetites, had opportunities of frequently seeing and entertaining me at a house where mixed company boarded, and where he placed
himself for the base intention which he has No. 45.] Saturday, July 23, 1709.
since brought to pass. Decius saw enough in Credo pndicitiam Satorno rege moratam
me to raise his brutal desires, and my circumJur. Sat. vi. i.
stances gave him hopes of accomplishing them. la Saturn's reign, at nature's early birth,
But all the glittering expectations he could There was that thing called chastity, on earth.
lay before me, joined by my private terrors
of poverty itself, could not for some months White's Chocolate-house, July 22. prevail upon me; yet, however, I hated his The other day I took a walk a mile or two intention, I still bad a secret satisfaction in out of town, and strolling wherever chance led his courtship, and always exposed myself to me, I was insensibly carried into a by-road, his solicitations. See here the bane of our along which was a very agreeable quickset of sex! Let the fattery be never so apparent, au extraordinary height, which surrounded a the flatterer never so ill thought of, his praises very delicious seat and garden. From one angle are, still agreeable, and we contribute to our of the hedge, I heard a voice cry, 'Sir, sir!' own deceit. I was, therefore, ever fond of all This raised my curiosity, and I heard the same opportunities and pretences of being in his voice say, but in a gentle tone, 'Come forward, company. In a word, I was at last ruined by come forward !' I did so, and one through the him, and brought to this place, where I have bedge called me by my name, and bid me go been ever since immured; and from the fatal on to the left, and I should be admitted to visit day after my fall from innocence, my worshipper an old acquaintance in distress. The laws of became my master and my tyrant. knight-errantry made me obey the summons Thus, you see
me habited in the most without hesitation ; and I was let in at the gorgeous manner, not in honour of me as a back gate of a lovely bouse by a maid-servant, woman he loves, but as this attire charms his who carried me from room to room until I own eye, and urges him to repeat the gratificame into a gallery; at the end of which, I cation he takes in me, as the servant of bis saw a fine lady dressed in the most sumptuous brutish lusts and appetites. I know not where habit
, as if she were going to a ball, but with to fly for redress; but am bere pining away the most ahject and disconsolate sorrow in her life in the solitude and severity of a niin, but face that I ever bebeld. As I came near, she the conscience and guilt of a hárlot. I live in burst into tears, and cried, “Sir, do not you this lewd practice with a religious awe of my
minister of darkness, upbraided with the sup- leaves the company without calling son of a port I receive from him, for the inestimable whore, demanding satisfaction, and duelling, possession of youth, of innocence, of honour, he must be owned a Smart Fellow, too. Yet, and of conscience. I see, sir, my discourse by some indecencies towards the ladies, be grows painful to you; all I beg of you is, to seems to be of a third character, distinct from paint it in so strong colours, as to let Decius any you have yet touched upon. A young gensee I am discovered to be in his possession, tleman who sat next me (for I had the curiosity that I may be turned out of this detestable of seeing this entertainment) in a tufted gown, scene of regular iniquity, and either think no red stockings, and long wig (which ! pronounce more, or sin no more. If your writings have to be tantamount to red heels, and a dangling the good effect of gaining my enlargement, I cane) was enraged when Punchenello disturbed promise you I will atone for this unhappy step, a soft love-scene with his ribaldry. You would by preferring an innocent laborious poverty, oblige us mightily by laying down some rules to all the guilty afluence the world can offer for adjusting the extravagant behaviour of this
Almanzor of the play, and by writing a treaWill's Coffee-house, July 21. tise on this sort of dramatic poetry, so much To show that I do not bear an irreconcile favoured, and so little understood, by the able hatred to my mortal enemy, Mr. Powel, at learned world. Bath, I do his function* the honour to publish ‘From its being conveyed in a cart, after to the world, that plays represented by pup- the Thespian manner, all the parts being repets are permitted in ur universities, and that cited by one person, as the custom was before sort of drama is not wbolly thought unwortby Æschylus, and from the behaviour of Punch, the critique of learned heads; but, as I bave
as if he had won the goat, you may possibly been conversant rather with the greater ode, deduce its antiquity, and settle the chronology, as I think the critics call it, I must be so as well as some of our modern critics. In its humble as to make a request to Mr. Powel, natural transitions from mournful to merry ; and desire him to apply his thoughts to ap
as from the hanging of a lover to dancing upon swering the difficulties with which my kins- the rope; from the stalking of a ghost to a man, the author of the following letter, seems lady's presenting you with a jig, you may disto be embarrassed.
cover such a decorum, as is not to be found
elsewhere than in our tragi-comedies. But I 'To my honoured kinsman, Isaac Bickerstaff, forget myself; it is not for me to dictate: I Esquire.
thought fit, dear cousin, to give you these
bints, to show you that the Beadlestaffs do
not walk before men of letters to no purpose ; * Had the family of the Beadlestaffs, whereof and that though we do but hold up the train I, though unworthy, am one, known of your of arts and sciences, yet, like other pages, we being lately at Oxon, we had in our own name,
are now and then let into our ladies' secrets. and in the university's, as it is our office, made I am your affectionate kinsman,
BENJAMIN BEADLESTAFF.' you a compliment: but your short stay here robbed us of an opportunity of paying our due
From my own Apartment, July 22. respects, and you of receiving an ingenious entertainment, with which we at present di
I am got hither safe, but never spent time vert ourselves and strangers. A puppet-show with so little satisfaction as this evening ; for at this time supplies the want of an act. And you must know, I was five hours with three since the nymphs of this city are disappointed merry, and two bonest, fellows. The former of a lucious music-speech, and the country sang catches; and the latter even died with ladies of hearing their sons or brothers speak Jaughing at the noise they made. 'Well,' says verses; yet the vocal machines, like them, by Tom Bellfrey, 'you scholars, Mr. Bickerstaff
, the help of a prompter, say things as much to are the worst company in the world.'— Ay,' the benefit of the audience, and almost as pro- says his opposite, you are dull to-night; pr’y. perly their own. The licence of a Terre-Filius thee be merry.' With tbat I huzzaed, and is refined to the well-bred satire of Punche. took a jump cross the table, then came clever nello. Now, cousin Bickerstaff, though Punch upon my legs, and sell a-laughing. 'Let Mr. has veither a French nightcap, nor long pockets, Bickerstaff alone,' says one of the honest felyet you must own him to be a Pretty Fellow, lows ; ‘when he is in a good humour, he is as a Very Pretty Fellow: nay, since he seldom good company as any man in England. He
had no sooner spoke, but I snatched his hat off
his head, and clapped it upon my own, and * An allusion to Offspring Black all's being a bishop. The burst out a-laughing again ; upon which we university of Oxford declared publicly in favour of his lord- all fell a-laughing for half an hour. One of ship, and his doctrine of passive obedience. + A village near Oxford ; where Dr. King takes the scene
the honest fellows got behind me in the ipof his droll tragi-comedy, called Joan of lledjington.' terim, and hit me a sound slap on the back ;
near Oxon, June 16.
upon which be got the laugh out of my hands ; | years. He never converses but with followers and it was such a twang on my shoulders, that of nature and good sense, where all that is utI confess he was much merrier than I. I was tered is only the effect of a communicable tembalf angry; but resolved to keep up the good per, and not of emulation to excel their combumour of the company; and after bollowing panions; all desire of superiority being a conas loud as I could possibly, I drank off a bum-tradiction to that spirit which makes a just per of claret, that made me start again. 'Nay,' conversation, the very essence of which is says one of the honest fellows, 'Mr. Isaac is mutual good-will. Hence it is, that I take it in the right, there is no conversation in this; for a rule, that the natural, and not the acwhat signifies jumping, or hitting one another quired man, is the companion. Learning, wit, on the back ? let us drink about.' We did so gallantry, and good breeding, are all but subfrom seven of the clock until eleven; and now ordinate qualities in society, and are of no value, I am come hitber, apd, after the manner of but as they are subservient to benevolence, and the wise Pythagoras, begin to reflect upon the tend to a certain manner of being or appearing passages of the day. I remember nothing but equal to the rest of the company; for converthat I am bruised to death; and as it is my sation is composed of an assembly of men, as way to write down all the good things I bave they are men, and not as they are distinguished beard in the last conversation, to furnish my by fortune: therefore be who brings his quality paper, I can from this only tell you my suffer- with him into conversation, should always pay ings and my bangs.
the reckoning; for he came to receive homage, I named Pythagoras just now; and I protest and not to meet his friends. But the din about to you, as he believed med after death entered my ears from the clamour of the people I was into other species, I am now and then tempted with this evening, bas carried me beyond my to think other animals enter into men, and intended purpose, wbich was to explain upon could dame several on two legs, that never dis- the order of merry fellows; but I think I may cover any sentiments above what is cominon pronounce of them, as I heard good Senecio, with the species of a lower kind; as we see in with a spice of the wit of the last age, say, viz. these bodily wits with whom I was to night, That a merry fellow is the saddest fellow in whose parts consist in strength and activity; the world.' but their boisterous mirth gives me great impatience for the return of such happiness as I enjoyed in a conversation last week. Among No. 46.] Tuesday, July 26, 1709. others in tbat company we had Florio, who never interrupted any man living when he was Majestas et amor. speaking; or ever ceased to speak, but others
Love but ill agrees with kingly pride. lamented that he bad done. His discourse ever arises from the fulness of the matter be- White's Chocolate-house, July 25. fore bim, and not from ostentation or triumph
We see every day volumes written against of his understanding; for though he seldoin that tyrant of human life called Love; and yet delivers what he need fear being repeated, he there is no help found against bis cruelties, or speaks without having that end in view ; and barrier against the inroads he is pleased to bis forbearance of calumny or bitterness is make into the mind of man. After this preowing ratber to his good-nature than bis dis- face, you will expect I am going to give parcretion ; for which reason he is esteemed a gen-ticular instances of what I have asserted. That tleman perfectly qualified for conversation, in expectation cannot be raised too high for the whom a general good will to mankind takes novelty of the history aod manner of life of off the necessity of caution and circumspection. the emperor Aurengezebe, * who has resided
We had at the same time that evening the for some years in the cities of London and best sort of companion that can be, a good-Westminster, with the air and mien indeed of patured old man. This person, in the com- his imperial quality, but the equipage and appany of young men, meets with veneration for pointment only of a private gentleman. This his benevolence ; and is not only valued for the potentate, for a long series of time, appeared good qualities of which be is master, but reaps from the bour of twelve until that of two at a an acceptance from the pardon be gives to coffee house near the Exchange, and had a seat other men's faults: and the ingenious sort of (though without a canopy) sacred to himself, men with whom be converses, have so just a where he gave diurnal audiences concerning regard for him, that he rather is an example, commerce, politics, tare and tret, usury and than a check, to their behaviour. For this abatement, with all things necessary for helping reason, as Senecio never pretends to be a man the distressed, who are willing to give one limb of pleasure before youth, so young men never set up for wisdom before Senecio ; so that you
• This name has been applied to a very celebrated East. never neet, where he is, those monsters of
Indi: governor of that time. See more of Aurengezebe conversation, who are grave or gay above! ir l in T 'ler, No. 50
Non bene conveniant, nec in una sede morantur,
Ovid, Met, ii. 88.