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is not suitable to the illustrious faith and piety of a man, who was commended by God himself. A celebrated expositor has said well on this place : God is called Father, as Mal. 1. 6, a son honoureth his father, and a servant his master: if then I be a father, where is mine honour ? And Ifa. 64. 8, but now, O Lord, thou art our father. By this appellation he sets forth the affection of God in this respect, namely, his paternal care ; his own effection in requesting, his brotherly love; the end of the trial, and a filial reverence and confidences

XVI. All we have thus far raid of the grounds of this glorious state, is even applicable to the Old

Testament believers. They had likewise a new life by regeneration, and were created again after the image of God: they were, in like manner, betrothed to Chrift, Hof. 2. 19, 20: their maker was their busb. and, Ifa. 54. 5. And v. I, the church of the old Teftament is expressly faid to be married: nor were they without their cidoption'; who are Israelites; to wobom pertaineth the adoption, Rom. 9. 4. And to conclude, were heirs of all, Gel. 4. 1: heirs of the grace of God in this life, Pf. 16. 5 s and of the glory of God in the life eternal, Pf. 17. 15.

- XVII. Though the condition of believers under But in the Old Testament was very illustrious, if compared great difwith that of unbelievers, who continue children of degrees. wrath, and heirs of the treasures of divine indignation; yet all that splendor comparitively speaking was eclipfed to an almost incredible degree, before the august majesty of believers under the New Testament, as the light of the stars before that of the sun: as will appear, by comparing them together.

XVIII. Believers under the Old Testament were, The anindeed, sons; but fons who were subject to their fa- cients unther, and to the severity and discipline of tutors, who bound heavy burdens, and grievous to be born, and laid them on their shoulders; nevertheless, their facher said

der tutors.




ing him

with respect to these tutors ;' all whatsoever they
you observe, that observe and do, Mat. 23, 3. 4. Name:
ly, as long as they commanded nothing, that was con-
trary to, or inconsistent with the will of the father.
They were obliged to be subject to the weak and
beggarly elements of the world, and, like children,
to be engaged all the day in the triffling ceremonies
of the Mosaic institution, which were, in a nanner,
the play-things of the church. They were taught
like infants, without being left to their own choice,
not knowing how to conduct themselves, or what

was fit for them, touch not, taste not, Col. 2.21.? The father XIX. Belides, they were not admitted to that fanot fo ta: miliarity with their father, as to penetrate into the miliarly mysteries of his will. The mighty God did then bide discover.

bimself, Isa. 45. 15; their tutors indeed, at times, acă self,

quainted them with some things relating to God's purpose of

grace, but that only rarely, and in myfte, rious, expreilions, and under enigmatical or parabolical representations. And tho' many prophets and righteous men desired to see and hear many things,

yet they were not gratified, Mat. 13. 17. 1 Were ob XX. None of them was allowed to approach the ļiged to holy of holies, which was, as it were, the secreț place itand at a of their father: nay they had not access to the temple distance.

itself, which was the father's house, but by nieans of the altar, sacriấces and priests, without which, if they took upon them to approach to God, initead of a blesing, which they fought after, they incurred their father's displealure. Neither was it lawful for thern to omit the constant morning and evening fa

crifice, Exod. 26. 28, 42. In some

XXI. Their inheritance was the land of Canaan, a measure, pledge, indeed, of the heavenly inheritance, but subjected somewhat obscure, and such, as they were com to a typi- manded to be, in some measure, subjected to, çal inhe. ritance. and which the godly themselves, were sometimes ob.. liged to be destitute of, when forced into banish.

However they were to have such a tender regard to this land, that, when banished from their



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dear country, they were; in their prayers, to turn
their faces thitherward, nor were they to pay their
vows to heaven, without directing their eyes to that
country, 1 Kings 8. 48, Dan. 6. 11. In all this,
there was a notable subjection to this pledge.

XXII. The case of believers under the New Testa- N. Testament, is quite different. For, after our elder bro- ment bether, having taken upon him human nature, had lievers are viGited this lower world, and freely undergone a from tu

delivered itate of various servitude for us, he brought us into tors. true liberty, John 8. 36, removed the cators, blotted out the hand-writing of ordinances, which was con trary to us, declared us to be dead with himself, set free from the elements of the world, so as they never after should have any dominion over us. Col. 2. 16,20. He would no longer have us fubject to these minute observances, but called us to a reasonable fervice, Rom.12. 1 and having broken and removed that troublesome yoke, which was laid on the jaws of the ancients, Hof-70064, laid his own upon us, which is easy and light, Mat. 11. 30./:? XXIII. He introduced us into the father's secret


the secrets counfels, and, fucking the breasts of our mother, of the fataught us the things he so much desired the spouse ther. fhould be taught, Cant. 8. 2; declared to us what he had seen in the bofom of the father, nay and even the father himself, John 1. 18, and in himself prefented the father to our view, so that we have no longer iany occafion to fay, shew us the father, John 14. 9. He brought along with him those times, of which Jeremiab prophesied, chap. 31. 34. He abundantly poured out upon us the unktion from the boly one, which teacbeth all things, 1 John 2, 20, 27. In a word, he does not now account us as servants; for tbe jervant knoweth not what bis Lord doeth; but be bath called us friends : for all things that he hath heard of bis father, be hath made known unto us, John 15.15


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Heb. 7. 19;

And di

Have a XXIV. He has also obtained for us a free access free access

to the father, having consecrated for us a new and living to God.

way, in which we may walk in full assurance of faith, Heb. 10. 20, 22. By his death, the vail of the inmost sanctuary was rent, and all belivers are made a royal priesthood, 1 Pet. 2. 9; none is excluded the holy of holies; and tho’ the father still fits on a throne of majesty, yet it is at the fame time throne of grace, to which we are invited to approach with boldness, Heb. 4. 6, without facrifice, without priests, trusting only in the alone offering of Jesus our High Priest, whereby he hath for ever perfected them, that are fančtified, Heb. 10. 14: and this is that better hope, by the which we draw nigh unto God,

XXV. Nor hath he burdened us with any subjeczectly cal- tion to a typical inheritance; but hath called us diled to a rectly, to an inheritance of spiritual and heavenly piritual good things, and eppointed unto as a kingdom, as bis

father bath appointed unto him, Luke 22. 29. There is now no corner of the earth, which' we should desire, as more holy and more acceptable to God, than another; for, the earth is the Lords, and the fulness thereof, Pl. 24. 1. Nor does he disdain an altar in the midst of Egypt, If. 19. 19. And thus he hath made us partekers of a better covenant, which was established

upon beter promises, Heh. 8. 6. Therefore XXVI. On account of those excellent prerogatives, eniently believers under the New Testament are eminently called fons and emphatically called, the sons of God, 1 John 3.2,

beloved, now are we the sons of God, namely, by a much better right and title than before. To this the Apostle has undoubtedly an eye, Gal. 4. 4, 5, 6, 7, but when the fulness of the time was come ; namely, that appointed time, (till which the children were to be under tutors, v. 2,) God sent forth bis Jon, to redeem tlven, that were under the law, setting them free from the infantile use of ceremonies, and that we might receive the adoption, not only that adoption, whereby



we are distinguished from the children of the devil and of wrath, but also that, whereby we excel infants, not much differing from servants: wherefore thou art no more a servant, as formerly, but a son. That this is Paul's meaning, the whole connection of the difcourse and the scope of the writer evince. For the whole tends to Thew, that believers under the New Teitament, are set free from, nor ought they any longer to be oppressed with, the yoke of the old fervitude, which the false judaising teachers, with the utmost endeavours, struggled to lay on their necks. XXVII. Certainly the condition of the sons of the con.

the fons of on being called the lon in law of such a king as Saul,

God most i Sam. 18. 23: how highly should we esteem it, to be excellent. called the sons of the living God? it. How unparallelled is that royalty, by whịch we derive the origin of our pedigree, not from any earthly prince or monarch, but froin the king of heaven? 2. What can be more glorious than that divine nature, we obtain by

by a new generation ? 2 Pet. I. 4. God himself glories in his fons, as his peculiar property: nay, calls them the first fruits of his increase, Jer. 2. 3, who may be to him in praise, and in name, and in Bonour, Deut. 26. 19. Almost as parents who glory, before others in those of their children, who are remarkable for their beauty. 3. What even can be more desireable than that marriage-relation to the only begotten Son of God, than which thought itself can conceive nothing more honourable, more advantageous, and, in a word, more glorious ? He is white and ruddy, the chiefest (Itandard-bearer) among ten thousand, Cant. 5. 10. When David, tho' not yet come to the crown, fent his men to Abigail, to procure her in marriage, that prudenc widow bowed herself on her face to the earth, and said, behold, let thine hand-maid be a servant to walk. the feet of the fervants of my Lord, i San. 26. 41. our soul say, whenever it reflects, that, having broke



And what may

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