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Arjt, all that infinity of perfections, which are in God
himself, will appear glorious and admirable in the
children of God, and be enjoyed by them to com-
pleat their consummate happiness. And what can
the foul desire beyond that infinity? PS. 73. 25.
Secondly, What will not God give those, to whom
he gives himself? 1 Cor. 3. 22, 23:

XXXIV. There are no proper stIPULATIONs in The ftiputhis testament, if considered in its whole extent, to- lations of

the testa. gether with all its promises ; for, it consists of absolute and mere promises, which depend on no condition, to be performed in our own strength. Yet di- In genevine providence hath so disposed every particular in ral. it, as to have a certain and wile order among themfelves, and the + practice of the former benefits, which are promised, is to pave the way for the possession of further blessings. We have at large treated of this, chap. I. sect. 10 seq. of this book. To which I now add the words of Ames in his Coronis ad Collationem Hagicusem, Art. V. c. 2. The whole of the disposition bath the nature of a testament, as considered fimply, either in the whole, or its parts; but if the benefits bequeathed are compared together, then one bears to the other the relation, as it were, of a condition.

XXXV. In the same books therefore, in which More parthe testament is contained, God commanded, that ticularly. who ever would take comfort from the promised inheritance, Tould, ift, love, search into, meditate upon, and keep in his heart the writings exhibiting the teftament, as no contemptible part of his inheritance, Deut. 32. 4; nay, efterm them beyond bis necessary food, Job 23. 12. Deut. 6. 6. 2dly, Highly value, as it deserves, the promised inheritance. (1), That he hunger and thirst after it, and be satisfied with

+ Faith, repentance, and the like, are bleflings promised in
this testament, and the pra&tice or exercife of these makes way
for the poffiffion of the eternal kingdom.



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nothing short of it, Mat. 5. 6. (2), Reckon all other things, in comparison thereof, as loss and dung, Phil. 3. 8. Most readily part with every thirg, in order to procure this pearl of inestimable value, Mat. 13. 46. (3), Glorify God for the greatness of his love, Pf. 31. 19. (4) Diligently keep, what he has received, Rev. 2. 25. and 3. 11. 3dly, So walk, as, becometh his condition, and the expectation of so great an inheritance, Thell. 2. 12. 1 John 3. 3. 4thly, Be ready to impart to his brethren, what he has received from his father, both in temporals and spirituals, Rom. 12. 13. i Thef. 2. 8. And endeavour, that others also may be brought to enter on the fame inheritance with himselt, Acts 26. 29.

29. For, none fuffers

any loss for the numbers, that partake with him: that he has rather an additional pleasure, his joy being greatly heightened from the abundance of love.

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The Spi- I. HVING thus explained the nature of rit of A.

Adoption, as far as our design required, we doption

are now carefully to enquire, what the SPIRIT OF described.

ADOPTION is: and this is the Holy Spirit, operating those things in the Elel, which are suitable to, and becoming the Sons of God, who love God, and are beloved by bim.

II. This Spirit differs from the Spirit of bondage in Diftin. guilhed this, that the spirit of bondage represents God as an from the austere master, and a tremendous judge; hence it is, {pirit of that they, who are actuated by this fpirit, in so far bondage.

as they act thereby, perform the commands of their mafter from dread and terror. But the Spirit of Adoption discovers God to the believing soul, as a

all ages.

and indulgent father, and, by giving him assurance of the love of God; and sweetly cherishing the hope of the future inheritance, makes him, with alacrity and generous emotions of a filial reverence, willingly obey God, as an affe&tionate parent.

III. Moreover, seeing all believers were fons of common God in every period of time ; we may with propriety to be

lievers in affert, that the spirit of adoption was granted to thein all in their measure and degree. For, certainly what Paul says, Gal. 4. 6, because ye are fons, God hath sent forth the spirit of his son into your hearts, and Rom. 8. 9, if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his, is true of all periods. All who are regenerated, are born of the Spirit, John 3. 5, 6, 8. From the Spirit proceedeth faith, Gal. 5. 22, by which they obtained igrosav a right to become the sons of God. And if they had any degree of love, righeousness, peace, holiness and the like, without which true faith cannot subfift, they could have them from no other but the Spirit. And as the Spirit they had, was doubtless, such as became their state, and they themselves were the adopted fons of God; why then should we not call it the Spirit of Adoption.

IV. We more than once read in the Old Testament Often of that Spirit, as bestowed on believers at that time:'mentionsuch was that generous spirit in Caleb, which made ed under

the Old him follow God fully, Numb. 14. 24.'' Such that, con

Teftacerning whom Nebemiah said, c. 9. 20, thou gavest ment. also thy good fpirit to instruct them; which we are to understand of the elect among the Ifraelites, in that perverse generation. Such was that, which David prayed might be given him, Pf. 143. 10, thy spirit is good, lecd me into the land of uprightness. and PJ: 51. 10, ÍT, 12, renew a right spirit within me; take not thy Holy Spirit from me ; uphold me with thy free spirit. In short, as God said to Ifrael of old, surely, they are my people, children that will not lie: so also be put his boly Spirit within them, Isa. 63. 8, 11.

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V. More

Works (1) V. Moreover, the operations of this spirit may be a persuar, considered either absolutely in themselves, or in rela-, love of the tion to the distinct economies of the several periods. adopter. What the Spirit of Adoption operates indiscriminately,

in the sons of God, are principally these things. As God has,ever since the very first sin of our first parents, proposed his gracious covenant, the summary whereof was, in all ages, handed down by the instruction of the patriarchs; it was a part of the office of the Spirit of Adoption, to stir up, and lead, by the hand, the minds of believers to the knowledge, meditation and apprehending of that saving grace; to intimate to the soul the things externally handed down by the tradition of the oracles, vouchsafed to the Patriarchs and Prophets, and thus impart some relish of divine love, first more 1paringly, afterwards more abundantly. By this means, that horror or dread is banished, which the thunders of the law, a consciousness of guilt, and the just apprehension of divine vengeance

had begot in the soul. 2. The o VI. While the Spirit does this, he, by the same bedience work, enflames the hearts of the children of God, of love.

with returns of love; whereby they yield obedience to God, not any longer from a fear of punishment, but from a pure and sincere affection, and a gene. rous reverence for their most beloved father, and that with willingness, and alacrity, as becomes children of such an extraction ; with a denial of their own will, and a diligent care to do nothing, unworthy of

that glorious condition. 3. An ex

VII. Besides this, the Spirit likewise presents to, pectation their view the promised inheritance, and confirms of the in. them in the expectation of it, by the word and sacraheritance.

ments, whose moral efficacy, as it is called, he ac-, companies with a supernatural, internal and operative virtue ; and gives them the enjoyment of it in hope : nay, sometimes he raises them on high, so that, by removing the vail, and drawing up the cur

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5. 2.

tain, he in some measure, gives them a view of those good things, which are laid up for them in the heavenly country, whereby, with gladness and exultation, they rejoice in hope of the glory of God, Rom.

VIII. These three things are the natural confe- All which quences of Adoption. it, A persuasion of the follow upgreatest love of the adopter. 2dly, An obedience of on Adop

tion. love, agreeable to the laws of the family, into which he is received, and to the nature and will of the new parent. 3dly, An expectation of the inheritance. The Spirit therefore, who produces these things in the Elect, is justly called the Spirit of Adoption. IX. The ancient believers had all these things;

Were also thoo God, in his wisdom, appointed degrees and in the anlimits, as the times required. Their soul exulted in lievers. the Lord, PS. 4. 7: they delighted themselves in the faith, hope, sense and relish of divine love, PS: 31.7. Pf. 51. 14, PS. 36. 7, 8, 9. Pf. 63. 5. (Miss tid the familiar converse,) the secret of God was in, or upon their tabernacles

Job 29. 4. They also loved God as cheir father, Pf. 18.1. Ps. 116. 1; and, from love, yielded obedience to him, Pf. 119. 10, with readinefs and delight in his commandments, Pf. 119. 9, 11, 14, 16. They comforted themselves in adversity with the unfailing expectation of a bleffed inheritance. PS. 17.15. Which, though at a distance, yet God presented to their view, and gave them initial prelibations of, Pf. 31. 19.

As all these things, follow upon Adoption, and ought to be ascribed to the Spirit, they make it evident, that the Spirit of Adoption is, by no means, to be reckoned a peculiar benefit of the New Testament, as if the Old Testament believers were deftitute of it, Paul himself expressly afferts, that the same spirit of faith, by which we speak (which, certainly, is the Spirit of Adoption) was also in the fathers, 2 Cor. 4. 13.

X. However, it is not to be denied, that those yet more operations of this free and noble fpirit, were of old, sparingly,

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