Imagens das páginas
PDF
ePub
[ocr errors]

and the parent of him, in whom all the elect are
chosen.

XXXVII. This doctrine of salvation flourished Enoch's
both in the mouths and in the hearts of believers, prophecy.
who began 17117 DWI mops, that is, as Aquila tranf.
lates it, Καλείσθαι εν ονόματι Κυρία, to be called by the name of
the Lord, Gen 1:4. 26; and they were called the fons of
God, as distinguished from the fons of man. Above
all, the prophecy of Enoch is very remarkable, which
the Apostle Jude relates in his epistle, not from any
apocryphal book, nor from the mere authority of any
unwritten tradition, nor by a fagacious conjecture
from the history of Moses, but by the inspiration of
Ithat fame Spirit, who prompred Enoch to prophesy,
V 14, 15, in these words: and Enoch also, the leventh
from Adama prophesied of these, saying, bebold, the
Lord cometh with ten thousand of bis saints, to execute
judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungedly
among them, &6. That Lord, of whom Enoch speaks,
is the Meffiah, in unity of essence the same Jehovah
wich the Father and the Holy Spirit; to whom also all
power is given in heaven and in earth, and whose
peculiar property the elect are on a special account.
He forecels; his coming by a verb of the preterperfect

tense, to express the undoubted certainty of the
thing, and the full assurance of his own faith, he
prophesies, that the Messiah, at that coming, will be
attended with myriads of angels. Which happened,
when he came down upon mount Sinai to give the
law, Deut. 33. 2: and when he came in the flesh, to
visit his people : for, then a multitude of the heavenly
hoft, declaring his nativity, was seen and heard in
the country of Bethlabem, Luke 3. 13: but this will
be the cafe in a moft illustrious manner when be hall
come in the clouds of beaven, and all the holy angels with
bim, Mat. 26. 31. The end of this coming will be
to execute judgment upon all: for, the father hath com,
mitted all judgment to the fon, John 5. 22, and to
convince all that are ungodly, by inflicting the punish-

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

ments

ments due to their impiety. These things Enoch preached to the people in his days, who, giving a loose to their lusts, impiously denied the future coming of the Lord. And seeing that prophecy contains an universal truth, it is applicable to all, who walk according to their lusts. And these are the things, which the scripture testifies, were delivered concerning the doctrine of salvation, in the first age of the world

с нА Р.

11.

Of the Doctrine of Grace under Noab.

A

[ocr errors]

Noan, 1.

S Noah was the patriach of the new world,

we are now to explain, what was handed down to us in his time, concerning the doctrine of salvation; as soon as he was born, his father Lameck called him fij, Noach, saying, won' nt, this fame fball comfort us concerning our work and toil of our hands, because of the ground, which the Lord bath cursed, Gen.

5. 29. The figni. II. And here, in the first place, we are to take cation and notice of the name given to the child, both with etymolo- respect to its erymology, and the reafon assigned by gy of that the pious parent for that name. The name is ni,

Noab, which, if we follow the rules of grammar, is derived from the root 713, to rest or be quiet ; to which word, both as to letters and fignification, Am, be comforted, is near of kin, which, Lamech used in assigning the reason of the etymology. They who keep close to grammatical niceties, endevour to correct she words of the text, and, instead of upny would have us read 1301'}'; as the sepruagint; in order io come nearer to the etymology of the word, and to the name ), have also rendered it, &tos kvarage mulig this same shall refresh us. But seeing the Hebrew

copies,

Dame.

copies, the Chaldee paraphrast, Jerome, &c. con-
ftantly read 10), we dare not rely only on our own
judgement, or be willing to have any thing altered.
In proper names, derived from a verb, commonly
fome letter or other is either added, taken away, or
transposed, and the accuracy of grammaticaletymology
not constantly observed; which the celebrated Buxtorf
has shewn, by several examples, in his Vindiciis verita-
tis bebraicæ p. 267. Whence the Hebrew doctors
generally incline to derive në from Don, by cutting
away the last fetter. But Mercer's opinion appears
more probable, who, affirms, here only is a resem-
blance of words, but not a reason taken from ety-
mology ; because the verb cams, both in sound and
fignification, comes near to the noun 13, which signie
fies rest and comfort : and as Alen Ezra learnedly says,
comfort alfo is reft from grief of heart. And then the
Hebrews usually have a greater regard to the sense
than to the found of words. As therefore the reason
of the name is thus expressed, 1?, he sball com-
fort us, it is altogether the same, as if he had said
1377°1' 11, be shall make us to rest; because to the same
purpose; whoever comforts, causes reit from trouble.
But these are rather nicities, tho'not to be overlooked,
in order to preserve the integrity of the Hebrew
copies inviolable. This one thing is evident, that
Lamech, in the name of his son, intended a standing
monument of his own wishes and hopes.
III. Let us therefore see, what he intended by this What La-
This fame, says he, shell comfort us concerning

mech

proour work and tcil of our bands, because of the ground himself by which the Lord bath cursed. Three ti.ings are con- the birth tained in this sentence. ift. The evil, under which, of Noah. with other pious people, he groaned. 2dly. The good opposed to that evil, which he had the hopeful prospect of. zdly. The author of that good.

IV. He makes the evil, he complains of, to confift The evil in our work, in the toil of our hands, and in the ground complais

ed of. which God hath cursed. The carnal Jews generally 17. VOL. II. Bb

restrict

name.

mised to

[ocr errors]

restrict this to that fatigue of body, which men are forced to bear, in the culture of the earth, occasioned by the curse of God, and that these words only conta 'n a prophecy concerning an easier method of agriculture, which Noah would discover. But his pious parents were not so delicate, and so much taken up with the conveniencies of this life, as to place the greatest part of their misery in those fatigues of the body. These things have a higher view. By 19yo, our work, are principally to be understood those evil works, which bring grief and sorrow to the soul. For, these are our works, opposed to the work of God in us. These produce an unspeakable trouble and fatigue to the godly, as an beavy burden, they are too beavy for them, Pf. 38. 4. These were at that time visible every where, men being arrived at the utmost pitch of wickedness. Whence Peter, 2 Pet. 2. 5, calls the men of that generation, the world of the ungodly. But to those evil works was added the toil of their hands. To this I refer all the labour, misery and calamity of this life, which were to be undergone in the sweat of our brow. This is accompanied with dwelling on the earth which is cursed; so that while man lives there, he cannot posfibly enjoy a full state of holiness and tranquillity of soul, and see the light of God's face in glory. For, whilst we are at home in the body, we are absent from the Lord, 2 Cor. 5. 6.

V. The good, opposed to this evil, which he expected. desired, and was in expectation of, he calls consolation

or comfort. This consists in the applying some effectual remedy against, and in the very removal of, those evils. The comfort against our vicious works consists in the expiation and remission of them, in the intimation of that gracious fentence, by which they are pardoned on the account of the Mehah, and finally, in the purging them away by the spirit of fanctification. Comfort from the miseries of this life or from the toil of our hands, is partly a leffening of that afiiction, by granting a more prosperous and happy

ftate

The good

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

thor there

state of things, partly the delighting the foul with
an inward relis of divine goodness, whereby it is
enabled to bear all those toils, with which God is
pleased to exercise bis peop e, willingly and with
cheerfulness, from a fenfe of the love of God.
Comfort, as to the ground, which God hath cursed,
consists in the beginnings and preludes, of the
heavenly glory, which the elect are even here
favoured with ; but chiefly, in a freedom from the
body of death, and the translation of the soul into a
better state and mansion. Lamoch breathed after
these blessings, desired them and hoped for them:
and was willing to have a monument of this desire
and hope in the name of his fon.

VI. But whom did he point to, as the author of The authis great blessing, when he said to his son, when he

of,
was born, this Jame shall comfort us? Some think
that, being mistaken n the perfon, he flattered him-
self that Noah was the Meffiab. And indeed, as the
believers of that age, with the greatest and most
assured hope, presled earnestly, after the accomplish-
ment of the promise made in paradise, and prepof-
sessed it in their longings, but not having any certainty
about the time when it was to be fulfilled, it is not
so very improbable, that, in the warmth, of desire
they promised to themlelves the expected seed in the
perfons of the sons, which were born to them. But
what we lately observed concerning the expectation
of our mother Eve, are objections to this. It seems
therefore safer to believe, that, on occasion of this son,
'he comforted himself with the hope of the speedy
coming of the Messiah, and considered him as a
forerunner and type, and an extraordinary herald of
the Messiah. Finely speaks Martyr to this purpose :
I would rather imagine, they acknowledged their fons to
be shadows or types of Christ, and therefore disting uished
them by such names. But Noah was not only a shadow
of Christ Sc. Tho' a genuine and real confolation
proceeds alone from the Meliab and his Spirit, yet
B b 2

Lamecho

« AnteriorContinuar »