Imagens das páginas



1 The lunatic, the lover, and the poet

Are of imagination all compacı.*
One sees more devils than vast hell can hold :
That is the madman : the lover, all as frantic,

Sees Helen's beauty in a brow of Egypt: 2 The poet's eye, in a fine frenzy rolling,

Doth glance from heaven to earth, from earth to hvaven;
And, as imagination bodies forth

The forms of things unknown, the poet's pen
Turns them to shapes, and gives to airy nothing
A local habitation and a name.





1 And the same time there arose no small stir about that

way. For a certain man, named Demetrins, a silversmith, 2 who made silver shrines for Diana, brouglit no small gain

unto the craftsmen ; whom he called, together, with the workmen of like occupation, and said, Sirs, ye know that by this craft we have our wealth. Moreover, ye see and

hear, that not alone at Ephesus, but almost throughout all 3 Asia, this Paul hath persuaded, and turned away much

people : saying that they be no gods, which are made with hands; so that not only this our craft is in danger to be set at naught, but also that the temple of the great goddess Diana should be despised, and her magnificence should be destroyed, whom all Asia and the world worshippeth.

And when they heard these sayings, they were full of wrath, and cried out: saying, Great is Diana of the Ephe4 sians! and the whole city was filled with confusion; and

having caught Gaius and Aristarchus, men of Macedonia,

Paul's companions in travel, they rushed with one accord 5 into the theatre. And when Paul would have entered in unto the people, the disciples suffered him not.

And cer6 tain of the chief of Asia, who were his friends, sent unto

him: desiring him that he would not adventure himself

into the theatre. Some therefore cried one thing, and some 7 another; for the assembly was confused, and the more

part knew not wherefore they were come together. And they drew Alexander out of the multitude : the Jews put

* I. e. composed.

8 ting him forward; and Alexander beckoned with his hand,

and would have made his defence unto the people; but when they knew that he was a Jew, all with one voice, about the space of two hous, cried out, Great is Diana of the

Ephesians! And when the town clerk had appeased the 9 people, he said, Ye men of Ephesus, what man is there

that knoweth not, how that the city of the Ephesians is a

worshipper of the great goddess Diana, and of the image 10 which fell down from Jupiter ? Seeing, then, that these

things cannot be spoken against, ye ought to be quiet, and 11 to do nothing rashly. For ye have brought hither these

men, who are neither robbers of churches, nor yet blas

phemers o. your goddess. Wherefore, if Demetrius, and 12 the craftsmen who are with him, have a matter against any

man, the law is open, and there are deputies : let them im

plead one another. But if ye inquire any thing concerning 13 other matters, it shall be determined in a lawful assembly;

for we are in danger to be called in question for this day's

uproar : there being no cause whereby we may give ac14 count of this day's concourse. And when he had thus

spoken, he dismissed the assembly.

Sentence 7th.--A decl. perfect loose, in two parts: having a single compact, third form, in each part. “ As some, &c., so some ; for as the assembly was confused, so the more part knew not,” &c.

Sentence 10th." When seeing, then ye ought, &c.,” or because seeing, therefore ye ought,” &c.

Sentence 12th.-—Both the law is open, and there are deputies,” or, “not cnly is the law open, but there are deputies.”

SEC. LXXXIII. MEN, NOT ALWAYS WHAT THEY SEEM TO BE. 1 Oh how hast thou with jealousy infected 2 The sweetness of affiance! Show men dutiful ? 3 Why, so didst thou. 4 Or seem they grave and learned: 5 Why, so didst thou. 6 Come they of noble family ? 7 Why, so didst thou. 8 Seem they religious ? 9 Why, so didst thou.

Shakspeare. The last of these definite questions, be it recollected, should be delivered with the falling slide, modified of course by emphasis on religious. The answers should be treated as siinple indirect questions, and the last of the series delivered like a simple declarative; that is, end with perfect close.




1 Are they Hebrews ? 2 So am I. 3 Are they Israelites? 4 So am I. 5 Are they the seed of Abraham ? 6 So am I. 7 Are they ministers of Christ ? I am more: in labors more

8 abundant: in stripes above measure : in prisons more free quent : in deaths oft. Of the Jews five times received I forty stripes save one : thrice was I beaten with rods :

once was I stoned: thrice I suffered shipwreck : a night 9 and a day have I been in the deep: in journeyings often:

in perils of waters : in perils of robbers : in perils by mine own countrymen : in perils by the heathen: in perils in the city : in perils in the wilderness : in perils in the sea : in perils among false brethren: in weariness and painfulness : in watchings often: in hunger and thirst : in fast

ings often: in cold and nakedness. 10 Besides those things there are without, that which cometh

upon me daily : the care of all the churches.



Were your country, Mr. President, in a state of anarchy, were it distracted by the struggles of rival parties, drawn 1 out, every now and then, in array against one another, and were you, sir, to attempt a reformation of manners, what

qualifications would you require in the men whom you 2 would associate with you in such an undertaking? What 3 would content you ? Talent? 4 No! 5 Enterprise ? 6 No! 7 Courage ? 8 No! 9 Reputation ? 10 No! 11 Virtue ? 12 No! The men whom you would select,

should possess not one, but all of these; nor yet, should 13 that content you; they must be proved men: tested men:

men, that had, again and again, passed through the ordeal of human temptation without a scar; without a blemish;

without a speck. You would not select the public fire14 brand; you would not seek your seconds in the tavern

or in the brothel; you would not inquire out the man, who

was oppressed with debts, contracted by licentiousness, 15 debauchery, every species of profligacy Who, sir, I ask,

were Cæsar's seconds in his undertaking ? Crebonius Curio: one of the most vicious and debauched young men in Rome: a creatrire of Pompey's: bought off by the

illustrious Cæsar! Marcus Antonius : a creature of that 16 creature's : a young man, so addicted to every kind of dis

sipation, that he had been driven from the paternal roof: the friend and coadjutor of that Clodius, who violated the mysteries of the Bona Dea, and drove into exile the man that had been called the Father of his country! Paulus Æmilius : a patrician: a consul : a friend of Pompey's :

bought off by the great Cæsar with a bribe of fifteen 17 hundred talents! Such, sir, were the abettors of Cæsar. 18 What, then, what was Cæsar's object? Do we select ex19 tortioners to enforce the laws of equity ? do we make

choice of profligates to guard the morals of society ? do

we depute atheists to preside over the rites of religion ? 20 Wha I say, was Cæsar's object? I will not press the 21 answer; I need not press the answer; the premises of my

argument render it unnecessary. The achievement of great objects does not belong to the vile; or of virtuous

ones, to the vicious; or of religious ones, to the profane: 22 Cæsar did not associate such characters with him for the

good of his country; his object was, the gratification of his own ambition: the attainment of supreme pover: no matter by what means accomplished; no matter by what consequences attended.

He aspired to be the highest : above the people! above the authorities ! above the laws! above 23 his country! and in that seat of eminence he was content

to sit, though, from the centre to the far horizon of his power, his eyes could contemplate nothing but the ruin and desolation by which he had reached it! Knowles.

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Sentence 1st.-A semi-interrogative, with a compact construction of the third form. The interrogative portion is indefinite close. Sentence 3–10.—No is here, in every instance, the first part of a double compact. There are other double compacts in this piece which require particular attention.





To form a just estimate of Cæsar's aims, look to his 1 triumphs after the surrender of Utica: Utica, more honored

in being the grave of Cato, than Rome in having been the

cradle of Cæsar! You will read, that Cæsar triumphed 2 four times : first, for his victory over the Gauls; secondly,

over Egypt; thirdly, over Pharnaces; lastly, over Juba, 3 the friend of Cato His first, second, and third triumphs

were, we are told, nagnificent. Before him, marched the 4 princes and noble foreigners of the countries he had

conquered; his soldiers, crowned with laurels, followed 5 him; and the whole city attended with acclamations. This 6 was well! the conqueror should be honored. His fourth

triumph approaches: as magnificent as his former ones. It does not want its royal captives, its soldiers crowned

with laurels, or its flushed conqueror to grace it; nor is it 7 less honored by the multitude of its spectators ; but they

send up no shout of exultation ; they heave loud sighs :

their chveks are frequently wiped: their eyes are fixed upon one object that engrosses all their senses; their thoughts ; their affections : it is the statue of Cato! car

ried before the victor's chariot! It represents him rending 8 open his wound, and tearing out his bowels, as he did in

Utica, when Roman liberty was no more. Now ask, if 9 Cæsar's aim was the welfare of his country! now doubt, if he was a man governed by a selfish ambition! now question, whether he usurped, for the mere sake of usurping! He is not content to triumph over the Gauls, the Egyptians, and Pharnaces; he must triumph over his own countrymen! he is not content to cause the statue of

Scipio and Petrius to be carried before him ; he must be 10 graced by that of Cato! he is not content with the simple

effigy of Cato; he must exhibit that of his suicide! he is not satisfied to insult the Romans with triumphing over the death of liberty ; they must gaze upon the representation of her expiring agonies, and mark the writhings of her lastfatal struggle!


The double compacts in this, as in the preceding piece, should receive close attention. The beauty of the delivery depends much upon them.


1 And Abraham drew near and said, Wilt thou also de

stroy the righteous with the wicked ? Peradventure there 2 be fifty righteous within the city; wilt thou also destroy and not spare the place for the fifty righteous that are there

in ? That be far from thee to do after this manner: to slay 3 the righteous with the wicked; and that the righteous 4 should be as the wicked, that be far from thee. Shall not

the Judge of all the earth do right? And the Lord said, If 5 i find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will

spare all the place for their sakes. 6 And Abraham answered and said, Behold now: I have

taken upon me w speak unto the Lord, who am but dust and ashes. Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty 7 righteous; wilt thou destroy all the city for lack of five ? 8 And he said, If I find there forty and five, I will not de

stroy it. 9 And he spake unto him yet again and said, Peradventure 10 there shall be forty found there. And he said, I will not

do it for forty's sake. 11 And he said unto him, Oh let not the Lord be angry,

and I will speak: peradventure there shall thirty be

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