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upon him, to honour his holy Name and his Word, and to Ps.cxxxviii. serve him truly all the days of my life. Question. What is thy duty towards thy Neighbour ?

Answer. My duty towards my Neighbour, is to love him as Rom. xiii. 8. myself, and to do to all men, as I would they should do unto Matt. vii. 12. me : To love, honour, and succour my father and mother : Pet. ii. 13,

14. 17. To honour and obey the Queen, and all that are put in Gal. iv. 1.2. authority under her: To submit myself to all my governors, Heb. xiii. 17. teachers, spiritual pastors and masters : To order myself lowly and reverently to all my betters : To hurt no body by word Eph. iv. 26. or deed: To be true and just in all my dealing : To bear no 31, 32. malice nor hatred in my heart: To keep my hands from picking and stealing, and my tongue from evil-speaking, lying, Luke xvi. and slandering : To keep my body in temperance, soberness, 10.. and chastity : Not to covet nor desire other men's goods ; but 34. to learn and labour truly to get mine own living, and to do 2 Cor. vii. 1. my duty in that state of life, unto which it shall please God luke Xil. to call me.

1 Thess, iv. 11. Rom. xii, 11.

Luke xxi.

IV.

ix. 8.

Catechist. . My good Child, know this, that thou art not able to do 2 Cor. iii. 5. these things of thyself, nor to walk in the Cominandments of Philli 13 God, and to serve him, without his special grace ; which thou must learn at all times to call for by diligent prayer. Let me Col. iv. 2. hear, therefore, if thou canst say the Lord's Prayer.

Answer. Our Father, which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, As it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive them that trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation ; But deliver us from evil. Amen.

Question. What desirest thou of God in this Prayer ?

Answer. I desire my Lord God our heavenly Father, who is the giver of all goodness, to send his grace unto me, and to all people ; that we may worship him, serve him, and obey him, as we ought to do. And I pray unto God, that he will send us all things that be needful both for our souls and

bodies ; and that he will be merciful unto us, and forgive us our sins ; and that it will please him to save and defend us in all dangers ghostly and bodily ; and that he will keep us from all sin and wickedness, and from our ghostly enemy, and from everlasting death. And this I trust he will do of his mercy and goodness, through our Lord Jesus Christ. And therefore I say, Amen, So be it.

V.

Question.
How many Sacraments hath Christ ordained in his Church ?

Answer. Two only, as generally necessary to salvation,
that is to say, Baptism, and the Supper of the Lord.
Question. What meanest thou by this word Sacrament?

Answer. I mean an outward and visible sign of an inward

and spiritual grace given unto us, ordained by Christ himself, Matt. xxviii. as a means whereby we receive the same, and a pledge to 19, 20. assure us thereof. Matt. xxvi. 26-28.

Question. How many parts are there in a Sacrament ? Acts ii. 38, Answer. Two; the outward visible sign, and the inward 39. 1 Cor. x. 16. spiritual grace.

Question. What is the outward visible sign or form in Baptism?

Answer. Water ; wherein the person is baptized, In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.

Question. What is the inward and spiritual grace ? Rom. vi. 4. Answer. A death unto sin, and a new birth unto righteous

12 ness ; for being by nature born in sin, and the children of Titus iii. 7.* wrath, we are hereby made the children of grace.

Question. What is required of persons to be baptized ? Acts ii. 38. Answer. Repentance, whereby they forsake sin ; and Faith, Acts viii. 37. whereby they stedfastly believe the promises of God made

to them in that Sacrament. Mark x. 14. Question. Why then are Infants baptized, when by reason

of their tender age they cannot perform them?

Answer. Because they promise them both by their Sureties; which promise, when they come to age, themselves are bound to perform.

Question. Why was the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper ordained ?

11.

Answer. For the continual remembrance of the sacrifice of 1 Cor. xi. the death of Christ, and of the benefits which we receive 26. thereby.

Question. What is the outward part or sign of the Lord's Supper ?

Answer. Bread and Wine, which the Lord hath commanded to be received.

Question. What is the inward part or thing signified ?

Answer. The Body and Blood of Christ, which are verily John vi. 53. and indeed taken and received by the faithful in the Lord's Supper.

Question. What are the benefits whereof we are partakers thereby ?

Answer. The strengthening and refreshing of our souls by the Body and Blood of Christ, as our bodies are by the Bread John vi. 55, and Wine.

Question. What is required of them who come to the Lord's Supper ?

Answer. To examine themselves, whether they repent them 1 Cor. xi. 28. truly of their former sins, stedfastly purposing to lead a new life; have a lively faith in God's mercy through Christ, with a thankful remembrance of his death ; and be in charity with Matt. v. 23, all men.

24.

56.

I The Curate of every Parish shall diligently upon Sundays

and Holy-days, after the second Lesson at Evening Prayer, openly in the Church instruct and examine so many Children of his parish sent unto him, as he shall think convenient, in some

part of this Catechism.
1 And all Fathers, Mothers, Masters, and Dames, shall cause

their Children, Servants, and Apprentices, (which have not
learned their Catechism,) to come to the Church at the time
appointed, and obediently to hear, and be ordered by the
Curate, until such time as they have learned all that is here
appointed for them to learn.
So soon as children are come to a competent age, and can say,
in their Mother Tongue, the Creed, the Lord's Prayer, and
the Ten Commandments ; and also can answer to the other
Questions of this short Catechism; they shall be brought to the
Bishop. And every one shall have a Godfather, or a God-
mother, as a Witness of their Confirmation.

1 And whensoever the Bishop shall give knowledge for Children

to be brought unto him for their Confirmation, the Curate of every Parish shall either bring, or send in writing, with his hand subscribed thereunto, the names of all such persons within his Parish, as he shall think fit to be presented to the Bishop to be confirmed. And if the Bishop approve of them, he shall confirm them in manner following.

III.

THE ORDER OF CONFIRMATION,
OR LAYING ON OF HANDS UPON THOSE THAT ARE

BAPTIZED AND COME TO YEARS OF DISCRETION. Acts viii. 14 ( Upon the day appointed, all that are to be then confirmed, -17.

being placed, and standing in order, before the Bishop; he (or some other Minister appointed by him) shall read this PREFACE

following. To the end that Confirmation may be ministered to the more edifying of such as shall receive it, the Church hath thought good to order, That none hereafter shall be Confirmed, but such as can say the Creed, the Lord's Prayer, and the Ten Commandments; and can also answer to such other Questions, as in the short Catechism are contained : which order is very convenient to be observed ; to the end, that children, being now come to the years of discretion, and having learned what their Godfathers and Godmothers promised for them in Baptism, they may themselves, with their own mouth and consent, openly before the Church, ratify and confirm the same ; and also promise, that by the grace of God they will evermore endeavour themselves faithfully to observe such things, as they, by their own confession, have assented unto.

Question and answer.

1 Then shall the Bishop say, Do ye here, in the presence of God, and of this congregation, renew the solemn promise and vow that was made in your name at your Baptism ; ratifying and confirming the same in your own persons, and acknowledging yourselves bound to believe, and to do, all those things, which your Godfathers and Godmothers then undertook for you?

s And every one shall audibly answer,

I do.

The Bishop. Our help is in the Name of the Lord ;

Ps. cxxiv.8. Answer. Who hath made heaven and earth. Bishop. Blessed be the Name of the Lord ;

Ps. cxiii. 2. Answer. Henceforth, world without end. Bishop. Lord, hear our prayers.

Ps. cii. 1. Answer. And let our cry come unto thee.

First Collect.

The Bishop. Let us pray. ALMIGHTY and everliving God, who hast vouchsafed to regenerate these thy servants by Water and the Holy Ghost, and hast given unto them forgiveness of all their sins ; 1 John ii. 12. Strengthen them, we beseech thee, O Lord, with the Holy Ghost the Comforter, and daily increase in them thy manifold Isa. xi. 2, 3. gifts of grace ; the spirit of wisdom and understanding ; the spirit of counsel and ghostly strength ; the spirit of knowledge and true godliness; and fill them, O Lord, with the spirit of thy holy fear, now and for ever. Amen. 1 Then all of them in order kneeling before the Bishop, he shall

lay his hand upon the head of every one severally, saying, DEFEND, O Lord, this thy Child (or this thy Servant) with thy 1 Thess. v. heavenly grace, that he may continue thine for ever ; and 2 daily increase in thy Holy Spirit more and more, until he come unto thy everlasting kingdom. Amen.

Then shall the Bishop say,
The Lord be with you.
Ans. And with thy spirit.
s And (all kneeling down) the Bishop shall add,

Let us pray.
Our Father, which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name.

Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, As it is in
heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us
our trespasses, As we forgive them that trespass against us.
And lead us not into temptation ; But deliver us from evil.
Amen.

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