The Affinity of the Eye: Writing Nikkei in Peru
University of Arizona Press, 06/06/2013 - 262 páginas
In The Affinity of the Eye: Writing Nikkei in Peru, Ignacio L—pez-Calvo rises above the political emergence of the Fujimori phenomenon and uses politics and literature to provide one of the first comprehensive looks at how the Japanese assimilated and inserted themselves into Peruvian culture. Through contemporary writersÕ testimonies, essays, fiction, and poetry, L—pez-Calvo constructs an account of the cultural formation of Japanese migrant communities. With deftly sensitive interviews and comments, he portrays the difficulties of being a Japanese Peruvian. Despite a few notable examples, Asian Peruvians have been excluded from a sense of belonging or national identity in Peru, which provides L—pez-Calvo with the opportunity to record what the community says about their own cultural production. In so doing, L—pez-Calvo challenges fixed notions of Japanese Peruvian identity.
The Affinity of the Eye scrutinizes authors such as JosŽ Watanabe, Fernando Iwasaki, Augusto Higa, Doris Moromisato, and Carlos Yushimito, discussing their literature and their connections to the past, present, and future. Whether these authors push against or accept what it means to be Japanese Peruvians, they enrich the images and feelings of that experience. Through a close reading of literary and cultural productions, L—pez-CalvoÕs analysis challenges and reframes the parameters of being Nikkei in Peru.
Covering both Japanese issues in Peru and Peruvian issues in Japan, the book is more than a compendium of stories, characters, and titles. It proves the fluid, enriching, and ongoing relationship that exists between Peru and Japan.
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Alberto Alberto Fujimori Andean anti—Iapanese aparta Brazil Brazilian Bushido Callao Carlos Yushimito Chambala chapter characters Chinese collection community in Peru criollo cultural production death deﬁne dekasegi deportation Doris Moromisato ethnic father feel Fernando Iwasaki ﬁction ﬁgure ﬁlm ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁve Fujimori Ganaja haiku Higa’s Higashide Higashide’s Iapa Iapan Iapanese community Iapanese culture Iapanese immigrants Iapanese nationals Iapanese Peruvians identidad identiﬁcation Iesuits included inﬂuence internment camps interview Iosé Watanabe Issei Iuan japonés japonesa kimono Latin American Lima Mario Vargas Llosa Matayoshi Matsuo Basho Meiji mother Nakamatsu narrator national identity nese Nikkei community Nippo—Peruvian community Nisei novel ofﬁcial Okinawan okinawenses padre Perú peruano Peruvian government Peruvian national Peruvian Nikkei poem poet poetic voice poetry political Print protagonist reﬂect Sakuda samurai seppuku short story siglo Spain Spanish testimonial tion traditional Tsurumi Uchinanchu Vargas Llosa vian Watanabe Watanabe’s World War II worldview Yushimito