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The inestimable value of literature in supplying healthful recreation, in opening the mind to larger views of life, and in creating ideals that shall mold the spiritual nature, is conceded now by every one who has intelligently considered the problems of education. But the basis upon which literature shall be selected and arranged is still a matter of discussion.
Chronology, race-correspondence, correlation, and ethical training should all be recognized incidentally; but the main purpose
of the teacher of literature is to send children on into life with a genuine love for good reading. To accomplish this, three things should be true of the reading offered : first, it should be literature; second, it should be literature of some scope, not merely some small phase of literature, such as the fables or the poetry of one of the less eminent poets ; and third, it should appeal to children's natural interests. Children's interests, varied as they seem, center in the marvelous and the preternatural ; in the natural world ; and in human life, especially child life and the romantic and heroic aspects of mature life. In the selections made for each grade, we have recognized these different interests.
To grade poetry perfectly for different ages is an impossibility; much of the greatest verse is for all ages that is one reason why it is great. A child of five will lisp the numbers of Horatius with delight; and Scott's Lullaby of an Infant Chief, with its romantic color and its exquisite human tenderness, is dear to childhood, to manhood, and to old age. But the Land of Song is a great undiscovered country to the little child; by
some road or other he must find his way into it; and these vol. umes simply attempt to point out a path through which he may be led into its happy fields.
Our earnest thanks are due to the following publishers for permission to use copyrighted poems : to Houghton, Mifflin & Co. for poems by Longfellow, Whittier, Emerson, Holmes, Lowell, Aldrich, Bayard Taylor, James T. Fields, Phæbe Cary, Lucy Larcom, Celia Thaxter, and Sarah Orne Jewett; to D. Appleton & Co. for a large number of Bryant's poems; to Charles Scribner's Sons for two poems by Stevenson, from Underwoods, and A Child's Garden of Verse; to J. B. Lippin: cott & Co. for two poems by Thomas Buchanan Read; and to Henry T. Coates & Co. for a poem by Charles Fenno Hoff
The present volume is intended for the fourth, fifth, and sixth school years, or lower grammar grades. It is the second of three books prepared for use in the grades below the high school. As no collection of this size can supply as much poetry as may be used to advantage, and as many desirable poems by American writers have necessarily been omitted, we have noted at the end of this volume lists of poems which it would be well to add to the material given here, that our children may realize the scope and beauty of the poetry of their own land.
CALM ON THE LISTENING EAR FAREWELL, A
CHARGE OF THE LIGHT BRI-
FISHERMAN, THE .
CHORAL SONG OF ILLYRIAN
161 GRAVES OF A HOUSEHOLD, THE, 121