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ABATE. From the Fr. Abattre, has been re ABLE for: a Scotticism. cently introduced the s. Abattoir, a slaughter-house. His (Charles V.) soldiers worn out with fatigue, were
hardly able for such a mareh, even in a friendly country. A, prefixed, as in a hunting, &c. is corrupted from ABATIS. Trees felled and thrown in the way,
Robertson, Charles V. b. 6. An. 1541. in.
is an old word. Sence that tyme hath it bene in buyldinge, and yet is
ABNEGATE, v. not fynyshed.--Bib. 1549. 1 Esd. v. 16. ABBACY. ABBOT is a word of oriental extrac- incense to Jupiter, without adding any thing of a verbal
Let us suppose some tyrant command a Christian to burn ABACK. Fr. Abaque ; Lat. Abacus ; Gr. Aßa£,
tion, from the Syriac Abba, father; as that from the abnegation of Christ; if the Christian should do this, would
Hebrew Ab, of the same signification ; and, if we may it not be manifest to all, that by that very act he denied - not or without, Bagus, a base or basis.
A square, or square table or trencher,—not origi- ascend still higher, that word itself (as many others him. nally standing on feet, — but hung against a wall, Voice of Nature, being one of the most obvious which occur in that language) proceedeth from the
Woollaston. Rel. of Nature Delineated, sec. 1. prop. 3. and on which diagrams or arithmetical tables, &c. sounds to express one of the most obvious ideas. and Norma, a Rule.
ABNORMAL. adj. From Lat. prep. Ab- from, were traced or written. In the centre, or midst of the pegme, there was an aback Burn. Eccl. Law, in v. Abbot.
Irregular; or, not according to rule, order, sysor square, wherein this elogy was written.
tem (sc, in construction, or formation ;-number of B. Jonson. Part of the King's Entertainment. Take off their vizards, and underneath appears wicked
constituent parts). ABANDON, 1. Read-Fr. Abandonner, It. Aban- Jews, monks abdicant of their orders, &c.
A word of recent introduction, now common. donare, Sp. Abandonar. Etymologies various. See
Whitlock. Manners of the English, p. 93 (in Todd).
ABODE, o. See ABIDE. in Menage, Wachter, Du Cange, &c. And also Ban, ABDUCE. Bannum, in Spelman, who connects these words with The exquisite equilibration of all these opposite and an
ABODE, v. ABODANCE. the English Band, Bond, Bound. See also Ban, tagonistic muscles (is) effected partly by the equality of It had been an ill abodance, if the first of the five EgypBANISH, infra.-From A. S. Bann-an, Abannan, to
their strength, which is the case of the Adducent and Ab tian cities, which were to speak the language of Canaan, ducent Muscles (of the Eye).
should be called the City of Destruction. ban, to proclaim, denounce, curse. From à ban don
Derham. Physico. Theo. b. iv. c. 2.
Dr. Jackson's Works, ii. 635. ner, to give up to a (ban, or) proclamation. Dare
ABOLISH. seu ponere in abandonum, i.e. in bannum, vel bandum;
To practyse such abolete sciens. and any thing so placed—being a thing proscribed, These aberrant lines are much more common in the dra
Skelton. Why come ye, &c. v. 700. and consequently, derelict, to abandon, is derelin- matic blank verse of the 17th century,
Hallam. Lit. Hist. of Europe, i. 595.
ABORI'GINAL; Ab-origine ; Equivalent to, and quere, to leave, (sc.) for any one to seize or possess at his pleasure-to relinquish, to resign, &c. Or ABEYANCE. An inheritance hoped for or ex- perhaps intended to be more forceful than
Original, primitive. from the same A. S. Ban, in It. and Sp. Bando, Fr. pected; or rather expecting a new master. (Skin.
Their (the Biscayner's) language is accounted aboriginal, Bandon; an Edict or command; and, to abandon, ner.)
and unmixed with either Latin, French, or Spanish. to bring under command further, to confer the Probably from the Fr. Abbayer, to hold or keep
Swinburne. Travels in Spain, Let. 44. command, to give or yield up-and thus to resign, at bay, or in expectation. Law Lat. Abeyantia. See
ABORTIVE, adj. That can or may produce &c. (And this last is the view of Mr. Wedgewood. Spelman. See Proceedings of the Philological Society, vol. ii. Sometimes the fee may be in abeyance, that is (as the abortions, or immature births: bence (Milt.)
prop. 2.) But to this may be added -- the low Lat. plation in law.-Blackstone. Commentaries, b. ii. c. 7. word signifies), in expectation, remembrance and contem- ducing nothing: fruitless.
He is but abortüf.-Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 485. Abandum or Abandonum (says the Editor of Du Cange), was understood de bonis mobilibus vel im ABIDE.
Or as abortif (abortivus) hid I shulde not abide, or that
conceyued sezen not list. Wic. Job, iii. 16. mobilibus in pignus seu cautionem assignatis pro (He was) bold and abidynge
The void profound pecunia debita.-Gal. Garantie. And he concludes
Bismaies (evil speaking) to suffre.
Of unessential night
receives him next
Pers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13544. Wide gaping, and with loss of being that dare in abandonum, ponere in abandonum, are ex
He fleth as Shadewe, and never in the same state abit Threatens him, plung'd in that abortive gulf. pressions equivalent to oppignerare, obligare, i. e. to stille. (L. V. dwelleth.)— Wic. Job, xiv. 2.
Milton. Par. L. ii. 441. put in pawn, or pledge, or under Bond. Again,
(Troilus) hath abidden
In her womb (the mines of the earth) those deserted Abandonum is—Sponsio seu Obligatio. See Bandon
Til two or thre of his messangers yeden
mineral riches inust ever lie buried as lost abortments, unin v. BAND. And thus to Abandon is, &c.
For Pandarus.-Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, ii. 935. less those (criminals employed as labourers) be made the With worthie knightes enuironed
He is here and ther
active midwives to deliver them. The kynge hymself hath abandoned He is so variaunt he abit no wher.
Bacon. Speech touching drowned mineral works. To the temple in good entente.
Chaucer. Chan. Yem. Tale, v. 16643.
Before the execution of this judgment (the flood) and
Fairefar, Godfrey of Bulloigne, vi. 22. amidst those aboundings of sin and wickedness, yet God And yf ye wyll do this ye haue promised, in all courtesy prestolantis).- Wic. Prov. xvii. 8. Most kind iemme is the abiding of the abidere (expectatio left not himself without a witness in the hearts of men.
South. Ser. v. ii. p. 220. and honoure, I ( Queen Isabell") and my Sonne, shall be to you (“Syr John of Heynault") for eter bounde, and
And he shal be the abidynge of folke of kynde.-Wic. ABRAIDE, i. e. started out of sleep.
Now herken, as I have you saied,
What that I mette or (ere) I abraied.
Chaucer. House of Fame, b. i. 110. ABASH. See ABAW.
ABRASE. See ABRADE.
ABROAD. At large, away; from home, from
Sithen they blosmed abrood
In boure to here shriftes.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2751. Abasshe you not, but hardely be bold. (Be not ashamed.) | inbabitants of your realme of England.
Hacluyt, v. i. Prussian Ambas. to Ric. Il Our contentments stand upon the tops of pyramids, ready SUP. L.
302. w. 15
18, PL. 8, 31. of heart. It seems to have been a constant affliction (This) I mean to perform, thongh I dare not be acknoror
Raleigh to Sir R. Cecil, 10th March, 1591.
ACLUMSID. Wic. See CLUMSID.
And after al this excesse
A'CME. Gr. Axun, from arn, acies, cuspis.
A point, an extreme point; a summit.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3206.
In that its (France) acmé of human prosperity and great-
Now wol I speke of the sinne of accidie or slouth: ....
ness, in the high and palmy state of the monarchy of France,
it fell to the ground without a struggle.
ABSOLUTION is applied by B. J. to the freedom ve-cord-es, con-cord-es, dicuntur.-Tus. 1. 9. (Ju-
At the end of every station, an acolythe (an inferior kind
of officer) dips this pittiful patch into the oil of a burning
pope for a blessing, Jabe, domine, benedicere.
Brevint. Saul & Samuel, p. 321.
[It is his duty) to ordain the acolythist to keep the sacred
Acordaunce in kynde, in cas and in nombre
ABSTINENT. See ABSTAIN.
If eden song and morwe accord.—Chaucer. Prol. v. 832. Acumbred.--Wic. is & ver. r. of agen-frussheden-or-
weren starke. Ex. xv. 15. (obrigruerunt.)
and hence Accoustrer, to dress, from Accustodire, to
(They) be so far abused,
Aco'USTICs. Skoç, that can or may hear (from
Skelton. Ware the Hawk, v. 5. | The sone acresynge, Joseph the sone acresynge (accres That can or may hear; pertaining to hearing or
the sensation of sound.
Bp. Barlow, p. 397.
ACCUSE. Used by Chaucer as the Fr. Accuser | By the time that an author hath written out a bock, he
and his readers are become old acquirintants, and become
Right so the christall stone shining
very loth to part.-Swift. Tale of a Tub, Conclusion.
ACATALEPSY. Gr. Acara.npia. Incompre-
Your service right well shall I acquite.
cognizance of his cause had thereupon.-South. Serm.
He seith to his fadir, my hened 'I aake, my heued 'I
ACRO'NYCAL / Gr. Akpovve, the first part of
ACRO'NYCALLY. S the night; arpovvxos, even-
The Boke of Tulle of old Age. Carton, 1481, 1. 3. ing; arpos, beginning; vue, night.
Evening, time of sunset; (applied to stars, &c.
rising or setting at sunset.)
Why comes not Death,
Free from, without, colour. Dr. Brewster de Verses, in which the first letters of each line,
cides that telescopes not affected with the pris- | taken successively, form a word.
Leave writing plays, and choose for thy command,
Some peaceful province in acrostic land.
Dryden. Mac Flecnoe.
The acrostic was probably invented about the same time
with the anagram, though it is impossible to decide whether
the inventor of the one or the other were the greater block-
head. The simple acrostic is nothing but the name or title
A diet of fresh unsalted things, watery liquors, acidu of a person or thing, made out of the initial letters of several
verses, and by that means written after the manner of the
Arbuthnot on Aliments. Chinese, in a perpendicular line-Spectator, No. 60.
ADONIZE. Fr. Adonizer, to adonize, &c. See An advocate was also (consequentially) a patron,
and the Low Lat. adrocatio, patronage; whence Fr. Mod. Version, governors) tel to the tyme determyned of the fadir.- Wic. Gal. iv. 2.
I employed three good hours at least in adjusting and Advouaison, Eng. Advowson (Skinner); but CotThe Apostle declared at the latter end of the foregoing adonizing mysell.--Smollett. Gå Blas, vi, and ch. the last. grave interprets the Fr. an advowing or avouching chap. (10 Heb.) that faith is the great principle whereby
for; a taking into protection. men are acted.- Tillotson. Serm. XIV. v. ii.
ADORE. Fr. Ad-or-er; Sp. ar; It. and Lat.
As shameful deth as herte can divise
Come to thise juges and bir aduocas.
Chaucer. Par. Prol. v. 12225.
ecclesiastical benefice. Advowson, advocatio, signifies in ness, keenness. Harvey says, that certain djets in- worshipped God, besechinge his excelse, high, and adourant clientelam recipere, the taking into protection : and thereflame and acuate the blood. Ashmole speaks of maiestie, that he would witsafe to graunt this or that. fore is synonymous with patronage, patronatus: and he who acuate iron or steele; and Perkins of the acuity or
Grafton. Chron. R. E. An. 21. has the
right of advowson is called the patron of the church. bluntness of a pin.-Todd. The respectful salutation of carrying the hand to the
Blackstone. Commentary, b. ii. e. 3. mouth, ad os, is the root of the Latin word ad-ora, adorare
ÆSTHETIC, adj. Gr. αισθητικος, that can ADAGE. Festas, Ad-agio , ad agendum apta; (to adore).–Gibbon, c. liii. 1. 49.
ÆSTHETICAL. or may feel (αισθαν-εσθαι) and thus applicable to proverbs directing the actions ADORN. Adore is written by Spenser for Adorn. ÆSTHETICALLY. :—which is contradistinguishof men, the conduct of life.
On her head
AESTHETICS, s. ed byGreek philosophers from Aristotle goes further than the old Adagial saying, The A chapelet of sundry flowers she wore,
Nontikos, that can or may understand; as the ra beginning is half the work. His words are: The beginning From vnder which the deawy humour, shed,
vonta-things perceptible to the understandingis more than half the whole business.
Did trickle down her haire, like to the hore
are by Mathematicians from τα αισθητα-sensible
Spenser. F. Q. iv. 246. things. And thus the usage of this Neoteric by ADDICE. Dutch, Ackse, Axe, Aeckse; Ger. ADREAD.
Alex. Baumgarten, who gave the title of ÆstheAste; Sw. Yrte; Dan. Ore, from Ger. Hacken, to
Alle derke develes
tica to a work published by him at Frankfort in hack (qv. and Hatchet); or from Ecke, an edge, Arn a-drad to heren it.-Piers Plouhman, v. 13001. 1750-58, is, etymologically, of doubtful propriety; qv.; Fr. Hache (ant. aisceau); It. Acca, Acetta; Be not adrad, thou goode child maide (puella), to gon into yet it is established in this and other countries as Sp. Hacha. See Quot. from Defoe in v. Dub. infra. my Lorde. (L. V. aschamyd.)-Wic. Judith, xii. 12. well as in Germany. Its opposite An-ÆSTHETIC: ADDICT.
ADSIGNIFY, . }. See Sign. To add a signi- surgical operations)--is of very recent introduction.
that can or may destroy sensibility--(sc. during Neither should we at this day be so addict to superstition, ADSIGNIFICATION. Šfication or meaning, by prewere it not that we so much esteemed the filling of our bel- fix, affix, &c.
That can or may feel.—The word seems to be aplies.-Homilyes, ii. 97.
plied to If he be addict to vice
And if it were so (i. e. if the signification of the pre Those feelings or sentiments, which arise from the Quickly him they (flatterers) will entice.
sent time were conjoined with the Indicative mood, then Shakespeare. Passionate Pilgrim, $ 18. indeed, the word we are now considering the verb adjec-perception or contemplation of objects possessing the (His) holy mind so much addicted is
tive') besides the signification of the verb, must likewise quality of beauty; and affects a standard of taste
adsignify some manner and the Present time; for it would founded on nature and right reason, by which works On th' world to come, that he neglecteth this. Daniel. Civil Wars, vi. 5. tive mood adjective. then be the Present tense adjective, as well as the Indica
in all the arts are to be judged. ADDUCENT. See ABDUCENT.
Tooke. Diversions of Purley, Pt. ii. ch. 7. ÆTHER. See ETHER.
In this opinion (that there is no adsignification of manner
AFERE. See AFFEAR.
It (the cross) afereth the fende.
Piers Plouhman, v. 12956.
Men seruynge greetli ethir to afectioun (affectui), ethir and alargith (dilatat) reisith striues.
to kingus puttiden to stoonys and trees the name that mai Wherefore the woordes of trouth accorden, that my ser
Wic. Prov. xxviii. 25. not be comynyd (E. V. uncommunicable, gv.). nanntes shoulden forsake both father and mother, and bee
Wic. Wis. xiv. 21. adherand to his spouse, and they twaine in unitie of one
ADVENTURE. flesh shoulden accorde.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i.
AFFEER, v. Fr. Affeurer, Afforer ; (qv.) Lat.
Af-forari, from ad and forum. Sk. and Du Cange:
the latter says--Forum was used for the Price of Language has as much occasion to adjective the distinct When aventrous cometh to justes.-K. ib. 12103. things to be sold. And Lacombe and Roquefort, signification of the verb, and to adjective also the mood, as it has to adjective time. And it has therefore adjectived all
His sister stondynge afer and beholdyng the auenture
that old Fr. Fuer, had the same usage. three-the distinct signification of the simple verb, and the of the thing. (L. V. bifalling. Eventus.)
To set or fix a forum or market price, to rate, to verb with its moods, and the verb with its tenses.
Wic. Ex. ii. 4.
set or fix a rate, fine, or amerciament: gen. To fix, Tooke. Diversions of Purley, v. ii. e. vii. p. 468. ture.-Berners Froissart, ii. 177, and ii. 190. The Royalme of England is in peryll and grete adven
affix, affirm, or assure. See To AFFORD, infra. ADJUNCT. See ADJOIN.
He was in great adventure of his life.-Id. ib. ii. 306. AFFEIGN.
And certain of the chief of Asia, which were his (Paul's) Can they affain to the Son of God & body that is onper-
friends, sent unto him, desiring him that he would not ad fect.-Hat. Christ Mystical, 68. he herith and not shewith.- Wie. Prov. xxix. 24.
AFFI'LIATE, o. Fr. Affilier, affiliation, to And certis thou seest hon Raguel hath coniurid me, whos ADVISE, written Avise, qv.
AFFI'LIATION. S adopt a son (filius); generally, adiurement I mai not dispisen.- Wic. Tob. ix. 5 (adjuravit-adjuramentum).
And whanne Jacob hadde arise auysele (maturë) he toke a child. his twey wives, &c.- Wic. Gen. xxxii. 22.
The verb is of modern introduction, but in com
If any man shal of avisement (L. V. be forecasting-per mon use, as, To father, in bastardy.
industriam) slee his neizbour, and by aespies, fro myn
Affiliated, (generally,)-allied, associated.
Wic. Ex. xxi. 14. ment with, or opposing and enmity against.
And if you thinketh this is wel ysaid,
Rest this nygt, and morwetide doon, if he wole take thee
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1870. by rynt of affynytye, the thyng is wel doo. (L. V. nys kyn,
propinquitatis.)-Wic. Ruth, iii. 13.
And in hire hand
In that tyme Ezekiel brake the doris of the Temple of the
Chaucer's Dreme, v. 1884. Lord, and the platis of gold the whiche he hadde affitchede, ADMIT.
ADULTER, 0. AVOWTRESSE.
and he gaue hem to the Kynge of Assiries.
Wic. 4 Kings, xviii. 16. Take heed least Passion sway
But an other an other
bi enuye sleth, or quowtrende AFFLICT.
And if a wicke man, I shal be, wo is to me; and if
Id. Gen. xxxix. 10. (L. V. turment; afflictione) and wrecchidness.
Wic. Job x. 15.
The Life of Man upon earth is nothing else than " & warWith Reson. --Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 3037.
Id. Rom. vii. 3. fare" and continual " afflict" with his ghostly
enemies. ADOLESCENCE. When any particular class of artificers or traders thought
Becon. On Fasting. proper to act as a corporation without a charter, such were (Let us) re-assembling our afflicted Powers, Wantonnesse is not onely the vice of adolescente men, but called adulterine guilds.
Consult how we may henceforth most offend
Smith. Wealth of Nations, b. i. c. 10. Our enemy.-Milton. Par. L. i. 186.
ADVOCATE. After Advocation (line 6), insert AFFORD, v. Formed upon Affeered, the p. p. of
Affeer. (qv.) To fix or set a forum or market price;
ALL to appraise, to value. And hence Afford is, gene AGRISE.
ALDER. See ELDE. rally-To prize, to value, &c.
The heyest foormed of the erthe medycyne, and the pro ALEFT. On the left. (Piers) yaf hem mete as he myght aforthe
dent man shal not agrisen it. (L V. rclate, i. e. loatheAnd mesurable hyre.
abhorrebit. Mod. V. abhor.)
The mighty snake
Darting aright, aleft, his sinuons neck.
Southey. Mados, vii. 5, 245. AFFRAY. tremere).
AGULT. To be guilty of wrong; to sin against aleagar set at liberty:
They that have weak stomachs, shall have vinegar and Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 4397. And thanne wolde lordes and ladies
Cecil's Speech in Tytler's Raleigh, p. 213. Be looth to agulte, AFFRAYNE. See FRAYNE. And to taken of hír tenaunts
ALEGGE, u. Moore than trouthe wolde. - Piers Plouhman, v. 10230. The firste tyme is aleggid or maad lizt (alleviata est) the AFFRONT. See Quot. from Shaks. in v. Uplift.
And now am I sory that I so
lond of Zebulon, and the lond of Neptalym; and the last I walkd about, admired of all, and dreaded
The Seint Spirit agulte.-Ibid. . 11958.
tyme aggreggid (aggravata est) is the weie of the se beOn hostile ground, none daring my affront.
funde Jordan.- Wic. Isaiah, ix. 1. Milton. Sam. Agon. AIE. See EGG.
How be it that the Age past had be lenger, yet it may AFIRE.
neither comfort ne alegge, ne satisfye the foole olde Man. Mine hert for ire goeth afere.
AIGLET. Add, Fr. Aiguiller-- A case for The Boke of Tulle of Old Age, b. iii. Caxton, 1481. Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 4073. AIGUILER. needles.
ALEMBICK. See LIMBECK.
A silver needle forth I drew,
ALERES. See ALLEY.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 98.
ALGIF. See IF.
ALGORITHM, corrupted by Chaucer into AuAFT. After comers. (Wic. Gen, xxi. 23. poste
AILING, s. S him all my ailings. ris meis) After-coming. (Id. Ecclus. iii. 32, xi. 17, 1 And here since your departing.
This shall be to advertise you of the great qilingness that grim. An Arabian term for Numeration. Augrim
stones were the pebbles or counters used for that pursuccessus.) See Welsome, infra.
Henry VIII. to Anne Boleyne. Tytler, p. 205. pose. Tyrw.
His Augrim stones layen faire apart
On shelves couched at his beddes hed.
Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 3210.
Resceyue to the an alien wooman (alienigenam) and she clepe re-vocare ;-lede, re-ducere; shine, re-splen
And beheld the eyrish beests,
shal twine thee vp(80)doun in a whirlewynde, and alienen Clouds, mists, and tempests,
thee fro thi propre weies.- Wic. Ecclus. xi. 36. dere; telle, renuntiare; wynse, recalcitrare. See Snowes, &c. ---Chaucer. House of Fame, b. 2, v. 457. Whethir not perdicioun is to the wicke, and alienyng Glos. to Wic, Bible.
(L. V. alienacioun) to men werkende wickenesse,
Id. Job xxxi, 3. For Agenbyar. See Caxton in v. Illumine. AITIOʻLOGY. Fr. Aitiologie, a yielding or shew
(He) schal aliztne the hid thingis of dercknesse. (L. V. Whos azenbixgynge (redemptio) shal be after o montb. Boyle explains
Wic. Num. X. 16. The theory which explains the causes of things. A’LIQUOT. (Lat.) Applied to a quotient or O thou souerayn syre and prince of the hous of Ysrahel
Bp. Hall uses the word. See the quotation from divisor without a remainder. come and agenbye us with thy puyssauce.
him in v. Chronology. "The Golden Legend. Westm. 1483, fo. 1, c. iii.
ALKALI. Glasswort (a plant used in the maAGASP. To gar for agaspe. - Skelton.
AJUST. See ADJUST.
nufacture of glass) is called by the Arabs El Kali,
whence the name of the salt, Al Kali.-Volney. To cause to gaspe (sc. for breath, for life). AKELE.
Alcaly is enumerated by the Canones Yeoman as AGAST. But verray love is vertue, as I fele,
one of the articles used in alchemy, v. 16278.
For verray love may freile desire akele. Forthermore-he fol ont sounned, that he agaste hem,
Many subderivatives from this substantive are
Chaucer. Court of Love, v. 1076. (L. V. make aferd; terreret) and take the cite.
common in works of Science.
AKNEE. On the knee.
ALL. See to-Al to breke, &c.
Southey. Madoc, vii. 5. 250. In the phrases-al alone, al only, al hol, al holey, AGENCY, s.
AKNOW. See ACKNOW.
al newe, (see in Mr. Tyrwhitt's Glos.) the al is merely Aristotle never dreamed of any such a chimerical agent
emphatical. So is at all-or in the whole-in “None intelligence.--Oud. Mor. 147.
at all.” “ Over all;" All over. Al and somis AGGLOMERATE.
And he was ful fair in his greetness and in alargyng all and every, the common law phrase. Al in one, Taylor is eminently discursive, accumulative, and (to (E. V. spredyng-dilatatione) of hise trees.
Wic. Ez. xxxi. 7.
is all in one, or the same moment or time; and all use one of his own words) agglomerative.
ALAY. See ALLAY.
is sometimes used alone, as equivalent for all be itColeridge. Poetical Works, i. 286.
although. (qv.) AGGRAVATE. Lat. Ag-gravare. Wic. also uses,
ALB. The Alb and white surplice differed in Au or al is much used to give emphasis or angTo Engredge, ingravare.-Ex. viii. 15. 32.
make, and were used in distinct offices of the Church, ment the signification. In Wiclif it is so used, giving Whi agreggen (make heavy) ye youre hertis as Egipt e.g. the surplice at Matin, or Evensong; the Alb at the force of the Lat. pr. Cum-as al breke, confrinagreggide, and Pharao his herte. (M. V. harden.) the Communion : but the customs varied at different gere; al conere, contegere; al take, comprehendere
Wic. 1 Kings, vi. 6. periods. Camisiam induimus, quam Albam voca The Highe God, whan he had Adam maked,
And sawe him al'alone.
Chaucer. Marchantes Tale, v. 9200. AGRIEF, in grief. See AGGRIEVE. communion, the priest that shal execute the holy ministery,
For not al only thy lande precious I pray you that you take it not agrefe.
shall put upon hym the vesture appoincted for that minis Parfourmed is by men of dignitee. Chaucer. Nonnes Preestes Tale, v. 14899. tracion, that is to saye, & white Albe, plain, with a veste
Id. Prioresses Tale, v. 13385. ment or cope.-The Booke of the Common Praier, &c. Betwixen you ther mot somtime be pees: AGGRIEVE. Whitechurch, 1549.
All be ye not of o complexion.--Id. Knightes Tale, 2477. The herte of Pharao was inwardly agreued. (L. V.maad ALBATROSS. Called, by Dampier, Algatross.
all in one--for every wight greuous, ingravatum est.) - Wic. Ex. ix. 7.
Ther was sene conning with estat.
Chaucer's Dreame, v. 673. AGILE. pics, and more southerly.
This is all and som ; ther ne'r no more to sain. The chosen people shal be in the ayer for the agilite and They (English seamen) have several other signs,whereby
Chaucer. Frankeleine's Tale, v. 11910. lightnes of theyr bodyes.
to know when they are near it, as by the sea-fowl they What shulde I you reherse in special The Golden Legend, fo. 3, c. 1. Cazton, Westm. 1483. meet at sea, especially the algatrosses, a very large winged Hire high malice; she is a shrew at all. fowl.-- Dampier. Voyages, an. 1691.
Id. Marchantes Tale, v. 9098. AGLOW, i. e. in a glow. Mr. Foster shot an albatross, whose plumage was of a
He made that the river was so smal With sudden bound, beyond the boy,
colour between brown and dark grey, the head and upper That wimmen might it waden over al. See! See! that face of hope and joy, side of the wings rather inclining to black, and it had
Id. Sompnoures Tale, v. 7666. That regal front! Those cheeks aglow. white eye-brows.- Cook. Second Voyage, b. i. c. 3.
To whom she had, al hol hire herte yeve.
Id. Frankeleines Tale, v. 11762.
I have him told al holly min estat. mation under the nail of man or beast; as,-a felALCHYMY.
Id. Sompnoures Tale, v. 7678. lon. (Skinner.) See ANGER.
Experiments of alkemany
Whan it was day, this marchant gan embrace The peple to deceyue.
His wif al newe-Id. Shipmannes Tale, v. 13308. AGO.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 6037. ALLAY or ALLOY. A base coin.
As in lussheburwes is a luther alay,
And yet loketh he lik a sterlyng: (E. V. Hens. nudius tertius.) - Wic. Gen. xxxi. 2. Life of our Ladye, g. 4, c. 1.
Piers Plouhman, v. 10322.
He was oftentimes sad of his being in pryson, but he
coulde not amende it.-Berners' Froissart, li. 211. How darest thou, losel,
And al in one God-hed
The Frenshe kynge and his counsayle were soore disAgainst vs of the counsel. - Skelton. Colin Clout, v. 1164. Save love one (i. e. al one).-Id. Vision, v. 8288.
pleased, but they could not amende it (i. e. remedy).
Id. 16. ii. 246. ALLEGIANCE is the tie or ligamen which binds And Jhesus answeride to him, It is writun, For a man
AMERCE. the subject to the king, in return for that protection lyveth not in breed aloone, but in enery word of God.
Wic. Luke iv. 4. Millions of spirits for his fault amerc't which the king affords the subject. — Black. Com.
Of Heav'n.--Milton. Par. L. i. 609.
And he thougte these thingis, that whanne thei weren b. i. c. 10. slayn, he schulde sette tresoun to our aloonenesse. (E.V.
Amerciament in Latin is called misericordia, for that it ALLEY, n. onlihede, solitudini.)-Id. Esth. xvi. 14.
ought to be assessed mercifully. And here I gan my wo complaine
Sir Ed. Coke, b. i. c. X. s. xciv. p. 126. And Ocozie felde thoron the aleris of his soler, whiche he hadde in Samarie, and was sijk (per cancellos cænaculi, Wishing and wepyng all mine one.
AMEVE. See AMOVE.
Gower. Conf. Am. b. i. fo. 82. LV.).-Wic. 4 Kings, i. 2.
AMIABLE. And he bildide foure aleis betwixe the pilers of syluer
(He) stoode, as who saith, all hym one
Without wyfe.-Id. b. vii. fo. 176. (deambulacra). (E. V. aluris.)-11. 3 Kings, vii. 2.
A man amyable (L. V. freendli; amabilis) to felashipe Then let us not that honour him deny
mor a frend shal be than a brother.- Wic. Prov. xviii. 29. The sides of every street were covered with fresh alures
Which after death alonely doth remain. of marble, or cloisters, crowned with rich and lofty pinna
Fairefat. Godfrey of Bulloigne, xix. 117. AMICABLE. See AMLABLE. cles. (See Deambulation.) Warton. History of English Poetry, v. ii. p. 93.
God, by whose alone power and conversation we all live AMICE, and move and have our being.-Bentley (in Johnson).
Lo! the Lord shal make thee to ben born awei, and as ALLICIENT. See ALLECT.
ALOOTHING. See LOATHE.
an amyse (amictum) so be shal under reren thee. A’LLIGATOR. A large species of lizard: Sp. ALOW.
Wic. Is. xxii, 17. (E. V.) Lagarto ; Lat. Lacerta.
Alle schulen wexe olde as & cloth, and thou schalt Why some be a-lough, and some aloft. And in his needie shop a tortoys hung,
chaunge hem as an amyte (amictum) or girdynge about. Piers Plouhman, v. 7872.
Id. Heb. i. 12. An allegater stuft, and other skins Creep alow the ground.
Tindale to Frith Southey, B. of the Church, 112.
For the same mesures that ye mete
Amys outher ellis,
Ye shulle ben weyen therwith rivers, and lagunes in the bay of Campeachy. [The alli
Dryden. Cym. and Iph. gator) is shaped like a lizard.
Whan ye wenden hennes.-Piers Plouhman, v. 812. Dampier. Voyages, an. 1676. ALOWT, v. To alow, or lout, qv.
And a man foond hym (Joseph) goynge amys (var. readALLODIAL. Blackstone suggests All, whole,
But he (Statue of Romulus) alowted vpon the same nyghting of errynge, errantem) in the feeld. and Odh, property. Whan Cryst was bore of a pure virgyne.
Wic. Gen. xxxvii, 15. Lyfe of our Ladye, h 1. col. 2. W. Cazton. AMIT, 0. AMISSIBILITY. When any thing is said to be his, it is not said, that part of it only is his. *P. has therefore the all or all-hood (free- oblation to or at the Altar.
Notions of popular rights and the amissibility of soveALTAR. ALTARAGE. L. Lat. Altaragium. An
reign power for misconduct were alternately broached by hold) of it, and consequently all the use of it.
two great religious parties of Europe. Woollaston. Rel. of Nat. Delineated, sec. vi. $ 12. The fires which that on min auter brenne,
Hallam. Lit. of E. iii. 351.
Now Lelius, bothe wise and experte, spekith of amytee or
ALTO-RELIEVO. Highly relieved or raised from frendship.-Tul. de Am. Wurcestre, Earl of, a. 2. Mathew maketh mention of a man that lente the ground on which it is sculptured (half or more).
AMORETTE. AMOROUSLY. Hus silver to thre menne, and menynge that thei sholde ALVEARY, s. Lat. Alvear (from Alvus), ap He was of good and easy acquayatance with every man, Chaffare and cheve therwith in chele and in hete, And he that best laborede best was alowede. plied to a beehive; any hive or store; a cell in a and amorously would speke to them.
Berners' Froissart, ii. 72. Piers Plouhman's Vision, p. 141, 4to. ed. beehive. Abram louede to God, and it was alowid to hym for Thus within a yeere, or two, they (my pupils) had ga
AMORT. rigtwisnes. (L. V. arrettid. Lat. reputatum est.) thered together a great volume, which (for the apt simili
Thei amortisede to monke,
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10258. unpitouse in dom, is not good, that thou bowe awei fro the alvearie.-Baret. Alvearie. To the Reader.
AMOUNT, o. sothfastnesse of dom.-Id. Prov. xviii. 5.
ALURIS. See ALLEY.
Whose number was now amounted to 300. As gold in forneis he prouede hem, and as brent sacri
Swift. Contests in Athens, ch. iii, W. iii. 34. fyse of Ost he looucede v. s, alouwid, L. We took, accepit) sad, pensive, carefully to take thought.-Cot. See
AMAIE. Fr. Esmayer; Sp. Esmayer. To be
AMPHIBOLOGY. them, and in time shal ben the biholdyng of hem. Id. Wis. iii. 6. ESMAY and DISMAY,
An amphibolous sentence is one that is capable of two When this was said, he mustred all his crew,
This kynge with noble purueiance
meanings, not from the double sense of any of the words, Reprov'd the cowards, and allow'd the bould..
Hath for him selfe his chare araied,
but from its admitting of a double construction; e.g. "The Fairefar. Godfrey of Bulloigne, ix. 13. Wherin he wolde ride amaied
Duke yet lives that Henry will depose."
Whateley. Logic, c. iii. $ 10, n*. ALLOY. See ALLAY.
Out of the citee for to plaie.-Gower. Con. Am. b. i.
AMPHOR. See the Quotation.
And fourte sheep, and sixe mesuris of wyn, that ben ALLY.
Id. Ib. 1. 7, fo. 176, col. 2. clepid amfris (E. V. amphoris, amphore) weren spendid in AMAISTREN, i, e, master, qv.
it ech day. (Marg. n. An amfre, as Isidore in the 16 of EthyIs not thy mercy grete abone the henen, Thyn owne doughter cheef of thyn alye.
For thei may Mede amaistrye.
mologies, is a foure squarid vessel, and hath handlis at the Lyfe of our Lady, b. 8, c. l. W. Carton.
Piers Plouhman, v. 1178.
maner of eeris, and anentis Greekis it conteyneth a square
foot of wyn.- Wic. Dan. xiv. 1. Myn owne doughter, doughter next to myn alye.
Id. c. 1, col. 1. The Silures to amate the new general, ramor'd the AMPLIFY. See AMPLE.
Milton. History of England, b. ii. p. 72. AMPTE. See Ant and EMMET.
AMYT. See AMICE.
He is charged to have been long a notorious and common
A'NAGLYPH. Gr. Αναγλυφη, ανα, γλυ-
ANAGLY'PTIC, adj. pev, Sculpere. Thanne Jacob takynge green popel (poplar) yerdis, and
ANAGLY'PTIC, n. In anaglyptic sculpture,
AMBIENT. of aulmanders, &c.--Id. Gen. xxx. 37. (E. V.)
the figure is prominent. (Evelyn.)
Air being a perpetual ambient and ingredient, and the The blossoms weren alargid in leenys, and weren fourmed defects thereof incorrigible in single habitations, doth in the time of Belus and the beginning of Gentilisme) was not
The anaglyptic art (not produc'd in the world 'till about into aulmondis.-Id. Ex. xvii. 8. (L. V.)
these respects require the more exquisite caution. ALMS. Add-Almonry, &c. A place where Alms
'till long after the use of letters.-Evelyn. Sculptura. Reliquiæ Wottoniana, p. 7. AMBITION.
The present (treatise) does only touch the metals.- We are distributed; or stored for distribution; a store
might yet safely I think admit the Greek anaglyphics. I on the other side
ia. 16. closet, or cupboard for more choice articles; a purse, Us'd no ambition to commend my deeds.
The deeds themselves, though mute, spoke loud the doer. ANA-MORPHOSIS. A deformation of an obAvarice hath Almaries
Milton. Samson Agonistes, 247. Iject or objects, which viewed in a certain position And yron bound coffres.--Piers Plouhman, v. 9394. Pausanias ambitioning (affectans) the sovereignty of shall appear regular and well defined. See Locke
Why is Ponl seid the vessel of eleccoun? forsothe for the Greece, bargains with Xerxes for his daughter in marriage.
Turnbull. Tustin, b. ii. c. 15.
on the Understanding, b. ii. c. xxix. Ø 8, and MetaWic. Bib. Pref. Ep. p. 64, col. 1. AMEND, .
morphosis. These same thingis weren born in discriptions, and the With no wil to amende.-Piers Plouhman, v. 1082.
ANASA'RCOUS. Gr. Ava, and capt, the flesh. Almeries of Neemye. (L. V. Exposiciouns, Commentarii.) And whan meny wold have ben amene Wic. 2 Mac. ii. 13.
Above the flesh, and beneath the skin; i. e. beRightwysnes gan hit anon denye. Than of his aumener he drough
Lyfe of our Ladyé, b. vii. c. 1. W. Carton. tween the two. A little keie.-Chaucer. Romant of the Rose, v. 2087. And loketh now wher most sorwe is herein,
I found his body much extennated, his legs anasarcous, Blessed shall thyne Aulmery be and thy store. (Mod. Ther wot I firste amenden and begin.
and his back and hips excoriated with lying in bed. Vers. Basket.) - Bible, 1549. Deut. xxviii.
Chaucer. Knightes Tale, v. 3076.
Wiseman. Surgery, b. i. c. 23.