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• Celestial as thou drt, oh pardon, love, this wrong, Itoiling in a pitch; pitch, that defiles; defile! a “ That sings the heaven's praise with such an foul word. Well, Set thee down, sorrow! for so, " earthly tongue !"
libey say, the fool said, and so say I, and I the Hol. You find not the apostrophes, and so miss fooi. Well prov’d, wit! By the lord, this love is the accent: let me supervise the canzonet. Flere 5 las mad as Ajax: it kills sheep: it kills me, I a are only numbers, ratitied; but, for the elegancy, sheep: Well prov'd again on my side! I will not facility, and golden cadence of poesy, caret. Ovi- love: if I do, hang me; i' faith, I will not. 0, dius Naso was the man: and why, indeed, Naso; but her eye, -by this light, but for her eye, I but for smelling out the odoriferous flowers of would not love her; yes, for her two eyes. Well, fancy? the jerks of invention? Imitari, is no-101 do nothing in the world but lie, and lie in my thing; só doth the bound his master, the ape throat. By heaven, I do love: and it hath taught his keeper, the tired' horse his rider. But damo- me to rhime, and to be melancholy; and here is sella virgin, was this directed to you?
part of my rbime, and here my melancholy. Well, Jug. Ay, sir, from one Monsieur Biron, one she hath one o' my sonnets already; the clown of the strange queen's lords.
15 bore it, the fool sent it, and the lady hath it: Fol. I will overglance the superscript. “Tol sweet clown), sweeter fool, sweetest lady! --By the “the snow-white hand of the most beauteous world, I would not care a pin, if the other three :' lady Rosaline." I will look again on the in- were in: Here comes one with a paper; God tellect of the letter, for the nomination of the give him grace to groan! [He stunds aside. party writing to the person written unto: 120 “Your Ladyship's in all desired employment,
Enter the King.
« Biron." | King. Ay, me! Sir Nathaniel, this Biron is one of the votaries | Biron. i dide.] Shot, by heaven Proceed, with the king: and here he hath fram’d a letter sweet Cupid; thou hast thump'd him with thy to a sequent of the stranger queen's, which, acci-25 bird-bolt under the left pap:-1' faith, secrets. dentally, or by the way of progression, hath nis- | King. [Reads.].“ So sweet a kiss the golden carry'd.-Trip and go, my sweet; deliver this
sun gives not paper into the royal hand of the king; it may “Tothose fresh morning dropsupon the rose, concern much: Stay not thy compliment; I for “ As thy eve-beams, when their fresh rays give thy duty; adieu.
[flows: Jaq. Good Costard, go with me.-Sir, God « The night of dew that on my cheek's down save your life!
“ Nor shines the silver moon one half so bright Cost. Have with thee, my girl.
“Through the transparentbosomof the deep, [Ereunt Cost, and Jag “As doth thy face through tears of mine give Naih. Sir you have done this in the fear of God,|35|
“ light; very religiously: and, as a certain father saith
“ Thou shin'st in every tear that I do weep: Hol. Sir, tell not me of the father, I do fear “ No drop but as a coach doth carry thee, colourable colours'. But, to return to the verses ; “ So ridest thou triumphing in thy woe; Did they please you, Sir Nathaniel ?
“ Do but behold the tears that swell in me, Nathi Marvellous well for the pen.
“And they thy glory through my grief will Ilol, I do dine to-day at the father's of a cer
" shew: tain pupil of mine; where if (being repast) it shall " But do not love thyself; then thou wilt keep please you to gratify the table with a grace, 11 |“ My tears for glasses, and still make me weep. will, on my privilege I have with the parents of " O queen of queens, how far dost thou excel! the aforesaid child or pupil, undertake your ben 45" Nothought can think, nor tongue of inortaltell." Truto; where I will prove those verses to bel How shall she know my griefs? I'll drop the paper; very unlearned, ncither savouring of poetry, wit. Sweet leaves, shade folly. Who is he comes here? nor invention: I beseech your society.
[The king steps aside. Nath. And thank you ioo: for society (saithl the test) is the happiness of life.
1501 lich. And, certes, the text most infallibly con- What, Longaville! and reading! listen, ear. cludes it.-Sir, I do invite you too; [To Dull. ! Biron. [ Asidii] Now, in thy likeness, once you shall not say me, nav: pauca verba. Away; more fool appear! the gentles are at their game, and we will to our Long. Av me! I am forsworn. recreation.
[Excunt. 55 Biron. Aside. Why, he comes in like a perSCENE III.
jure, wearing papers. .
King. [Aside.] In love, I hope; Sweet fellowEnter Biron with a paper.
ship in shame! Biron. The king is hunting the deer; I am! Biron. [Aside.] One drunkard loves another coursing myself: they have pitclı'd a toil; I am 00
of the name,
i.e. The bound and the ape are taught to imitate the tricks of their inasters. ? Tired here means atlird, alluding to Banks's horse', mentioned in a former note, p.150. That is, specious appearances. * Convicted perjwers, when punished, wear on the breast a paper expressing the crime.
Long. [Aside.) Am I the first, that have been Long. And I had mine!
f Aside perjur'd so?
King. And I mine too, good Lord! [ Aside. Biron. [ Aside.] I could put thee in comfort; Biron. Amen, so I had mine : Is not that a not by two, that I know: [ety,
good word ?
[Aside, ' Thou mak'st the triumviry, the corner-capof soci-5 Dum. I would forget her; but a fever she The shapeof love'sTyburuthathangs upsimplicity. Reigns in my blood, and will rememb'red be.
Long. I fear, these stubborn lines Jack power to Biron. A fever in your blood! why then incision O sweet Maria, empress of my love! [move: Would let her out in sawcers ; Sweet misprision ! These numbers will I tear, and write in prose.
Aside. Biron. [ Aside.] (), rhimes are guards on wan-101 Dum. Once more I'll read the ode that I have
ton Cuid's hose: Disfigure not his slop'.
Biron. Once more l'll mark how love can Long. This same shall go.[He reads the sonnet.
[Aside. “ Did not the heavenly rhetorick of thine eye “ (Gainst whom the world cannot hold a1-15
Dumain reads his sounet. “gument)
« On a day, (alack the day!) “Persuade my heart to this false perjury?[ment. “ Love, whose mouth is ever May,
“ Vows, for thee broke, deserve not punish “ Spy'd a blossom, passing fair, “ A wonian I forswore: but, I will prove,
“ Playing in the wanton air : “Thou being a goddess, I forswore not thee: 20 “ Through the velvet leaves the wind, “ My vow was earthly, thou a heavenly love; “ All unseen, 'gan passage find; “ Thy grace being gain’d, cures all disgrace " That the lover, sick to death, " in me.
• Wish'd himself the heaven's breath. “ Vows are but breath, and breath a vapour is: “ Air, (quoth he) thy cheeks may blow; “ Then thou, fair sun, which on iny earth|25| “ Air, would I might triumph so ! “ dost shine,
“ But, alack, my hand is sworn, “Exhal'st this vapour vow: in thee it is:
“ Ne'er to pluck thee from thy thorn; “If broken then, it is no fault of mine; I “ Vow, alack, for youth unmeet; “ If by ine broke, What fool is not so wise, “ Youth so apt to pluck a sweet. “To lose an oath to win a paradise?”
“ Do not call it sin in me,
" That I am forsworn for thee: Biron. [Aside.] This is the liver vein", which
“ Thou, for whom even Jove would swear, makes flesh a deity;
« Juno but an Ethiope were ; A green goose, a goddess: pure, pure idolatry.
" And deny himself for Jove, God amend us, God amend! we are much outlet
“ Turning mortal for thy love.-_”
This will I send; and something else more plaing Long. By whom shall I send this? - Compa. That shall express my true love's fasting' pain. ny! stay.
[Stepping (side. O, would the king, Biron, and Longaville, Biron. Aside.] All hid, all hid, an old infant 40 Were lovers too! till, to example ill, Like a demy-god here sit I in the sky, [play: Would from my forehead write a perjur'd note; And wretched fools' secrets heedfully o'er-eye,' | For none offend, where all alike do dote. More sacks to the mill! O heavens, have my wish! Long. Dumain, thy love is far from charity, Dumain transform'd, four woodcocks in a dish! Thatinlove'sgræefdesir'stsociety: [coming forward. Dum. O inost divine Kate!
45/You may look pale, but I should blush, I now, Biron. O most prophane coxcomb! [Aside. To be o'er-heard, and taken napping so. Dum. By hcaven, the wonder of a mortal eye! King. Come, sir, you blush; as his, your case Biron. By carth, she is not corporal'; there
is such ;
[coming forward. you lie.
[ Aside. You chide at him, offending twice as much: Dum.Her amber hair for foul hathamber cuted. 50 You do not love Maria: Longaville Biron. An amber-colour'd raven was well! Did never sonnet for her sake compile? noted.
[Aside. Nor never lay'd his wreathed arms athwart Dum. As upright as the cedar,
His loving bosom, to keep down his heart? Biron. Stoop, I say;
I have been closely shrouded in this bush, Her shoulder is with child.
[ Aside. 55 And iark'd you both, and for you both did blush. Dum. As fair as day,
I heard your guilty rhimes, observ'd your fashion, Biron. Ay, as some days; but then no sun saw sighs reek from you, noted well your passion: must shine.
[Aside. Ay me! says one ; 0 Jove! the other cries; Dum. O that I had my wish!
Her hairs were gold, chrystal the other's eyes:
! Slops are large and wide-knee'd breeches, the garb in fashion in our author's days, as we may observe from old family pictures; but they are now worn only by boors and sea-faring men. ? The liver was supposed to be the seat of love.' Corporal here means corporeal, Tocote, is to outstrip, to overpass. Fasting here signifies longing, wanting. M
You would for paradise break faith and troth: 1 | King. If it mar nothing peither,
[To Long. The treason, and you, go in peace away together. And Jove, for your love, would infringe an oath. Jag. I beseech your grace, let this letter be read;
[To Dumuin. Our parson misdoubts it; it was treason, he said. What will Biron say, when that he shall hear 51 king. Biron, read it over. (He reads the letter. A faith infringed, which such zeal did swear? Where hadst thou it? How will he scorn? how will he spend his wit ? Jag. Of Costard. How will he triumph, leap', and laugh at it?
King. Where hadst thou it? For all the wealth that ever I uid see,
Cost. Of Dun Adramadio, Dun Adramadio. I would not have him know so much by me. 10 King. How now! what is in you? why dost Biron. Now step I forth to whip hypocrisy:
thou tear it? Ah, good my liege, I pray thee, pardon me: Biron. A toy, my liege, a toy; your grace [Coming forward.
needs not fear it. [fore let's hear it. Good heart, what grace hast thou, thus to reprove Long. It did move him to passion, and thereThese worms for loving, that art nost in love ? 15 Dum. It is Biron's writing, and here is his name. Your eyes do make no coaches; in your tears, Biron. Ah, you whoreson loggerhead, you were There is no certain princess that appears ;
born to do me shame.- [To Costard. You'll not be perjur'd, 'tis a hateful thing; | Guilty, my lord, guilty; I confess, I confess. Tush, none but minstrels like of sonneting.
King. What? But are you not asham'd? nay, are you not, 20 Biron. That you three fools lack'd me fool to All three of you, to be thus much o'er-shot?
make up the mess. You found his mote; the king your mote did see; He, he, and you, and you, my liege, and I, But I å beam do find in each of three.
Are pick-purses in love, and we deserve to die. O, what a scene of foolery I have seen,
10, dismiss this audience,and I shall tell you more. Of sighs, of groans, of sorrow, and of teen! 25 Dum. Now the number is even. O me, with what strict patience have I sat, | Biron. True, true; we are four :To see a king transformed to a knot?!
Will these turtles be gone? To see great Hercules whipping a gigg,
King. Hence, sirs, away. And profound Solomon tuping a jigg,
Cost. Walk aside the true folk, and let the traiAnd Nestor play at push-pin with the boys,
tors stay. (Exeunt Costard & Jaquenetta. And critic? Timon laugh at idle toys !
Biron. Sweet lords, sweet lovers, O let us emWhere lyes thy grief? ( tell me, good Dumain!
brace! And, gentle Longaville, where lyes thy pain?
As true we are, as flesh and blood can be: And where my liege's? all about the breast: | The sea will ebb & flow, heaven will shew his face; A caudle, ho!
135. Young blood doth not obey an old decree: King. Too bitter is thy jest.
We cannot cross the cause why we were born; Are we betray'd thus to thy over-view?
Therefore, of all hands must we be forsworn. Biron. Not you by me, but I betray'd to you: King. What, did these rent lines shew some I, that am honest; 1, that hold it sin
love of thine? To break the vow I am engaged in ;
140 Biron. Did they, quoth you? Who sees the I am betray'd, by keeping company
heavenly Rosaline, With men like men, of strange inconstancy. That, like a rude and savage man of Inde, When shall you see me write a thing in shime? 1 At the first opening of the gorgeous east, Or groan for Joan? or spend a minute's time Bows not his vassal head; and, strucken blind, In pruning me'? When shall you hear, that I 45 Kisses the base ground with obedient breast? Will praise a hand, a foot, a face, an eye,
What peremptory eagle-sighted eye A gait, a state, a brow, a breast, a waist, .
Dares look upon the heaven of her brow, A leg, a limbi
That is not blinded by her majesty? [now? King. Soft; Whither away so fast?
King. What zeal, what fury, hath inspir'd thee A true man, or a thief, that gallops so ? 50 My love, my mistress, is a gracious moon; Biron. I post from love; good lover, let me go. She, an attending star, scarce seen a light. Enter Jaquenetta (ind Costard.
Biron. My eyes are then no eyes, nor I Biron : Jag. God bless the king!
| O, but for my love, day would turn to night! King. What present hast thou there?
Of all complexions the culld sovereignty Cost. Some certain treason.
155 Do meet, as at a fair, in her fair cheek; k'ing. What makes treason here?
Where several worthies make one dignity; [seek. Cost. Nay, it makes nothing, sir..
Where nothing wants, that want itself doth
1 To leap means in this place to exult. ? Some critics have conjectured, that Shakspeare here alludes to the Knott, a Lincolnshire bird of the snipe kind, which, from the easiness with which it was ensnared, was deemed foolish even to a proverb. "Mr. Steevens, however, thinks that our author alludes to a true lover's knot; meaning, that the king reinained so long in the lover's posture, that he seemed actually transformed into a knot. ; Critic and critical are often used by Shakspeare in the same sense as cynic and cynical. • A bird is said to prune himself when he picks and sleeks his feathers.
Lend me the flourish of all gentle tongues | Dum. Ay, marry, there ;-some flattery for this · Fre, painted rhetorick? 0, she needs it not : | Long. 0, some authority how to proceed; sevil. To things of sale a seller's praise belongs; [blot. Sometricks, some quillets, how to cheat the devil.
She passes praise; then praise too short doth | Dum. Some salve for perjury.
Night shake off tifty, looking in her eye: Have at you then, affection's men at arms':' Beauty coth varnish age, as if new born,
Consider, what you first did swear unto;And gives the crutch the cradle's infancy. To fast, -to study,--and to see no woman;O, 'tis the sun that maketh all things shine! Flat treason 'gainst the kingly state of youth.
King. By heaven, thy love is black as ebony. 10 Say, can you fast? your stomachs are too young;
And where that you have vow'd to study, lords, 0, who can give an oath? where is a book, In that each of you hath forsworn his book:
That I may swear, Beauty doth beauty lack, Can you still dream, and pore, and thereon look? If that she learn not of her eye to look ? 115 For when would you, my lord, or you, or you,
No face is fair, that is not full so black. I Have found the ground of study's excellence, King. ( paradox! Black is the badge of hell, Without the beauty of a woman's face?
The hue of dungeons, and thescowl of night; From woman's eyes this doctrine I derive : And beauty's crest' becomes the heavens well. They are the ground, the book, the academes,
Biron. Devils soonest tempt, resembling spirits 20 From whence doth spring the true Promethean O, if in black my lady's brow be decht, of light. Why, universal plodding prisons up (tire.
. It mourus, that painting, and usurping hair, The nimble spirits in the arteries* ;
As motion, and long-during action, tires
For native blood is ci unted painting now: You have in that forsworn the use of eves; And therefore red, that would avoid dispraise, I And study too, the causer of your vow:
Paints itself black, to imitate her brow. For where is any author in the world, Dum. To look like her, are chimney-sweepers Teaches such beauty as a woman's eye? black.
[bright. 301 Learning is but an alljunct to ourself, Long. And, since her time, are colliers counted! And where we are, our learning likewise is. King. And Ethiops of their sweet complexion Then, when ourselves we see in ladies' eyes, crack.
flight. Do we not likewise see our learning there? Dum. Dark needs no candles now, for dark is 10, we have made a vow to study, lords; Biron. Your mistresses dare never come in rain, 35 And in that vow we have forsworn our books;
For fear their colours should be wash'd away. For when would you, my liege, or you, or you, King. 'Twere good, yours did; for, sir, to tell In leaden contemplation, have found out you plain,
Such pery muinbers', as the prompting eyes I'll tind a fairer face not wash'd to-dav.
Of beauteous tutors have enrich'd you with? Biron. I'll prove her fair, or talk till dooms-40 Other slow arts entirely keep the brain: day here.
Tas she. And therefore finding barren practisers, King. No devil will fright thee then so much Scarce shew a harvest of their heavy toil: Dum. I never knew man hold vile stuff so dear. But, love, first learned in a lady's eyes, Long. Look, here's thy love; my foot and her Lives not alone immured in the brain; face see.
[Shercing his shoc. 45 But with the motion of all elements, Biron.O, if the streets were paved with thine eyes, Courses as swift as thought in every power;
Her feet were too muchdainty for such tread! And gives to every power a double power, Dun. O vile! then as she goes, what upward lies! Above their functions and their oftices.
The street should see as she walk'd overhead. It alds a precious seeing to the eve, King. But what of this ? Are we not all in love? 50 A lover's eyes will gaze an eagle blind; Biron. Nothing so sure; and thereby all forsworn. A lover's ear will hear the lowest sound, King. Then leave this chat; and, good Biron, When the suspicious' head of theft is stopp'd: now prove
Love's feeling is more soft, and sensible, Our loving lawful, and our faith not torn. Man are the tender horns of cochled snails ; * In heraldry, a crest is a device placed above a coat of arms. Shakspeare therefore uses it here in a sense equivalent to top or utmost height. ? Dr. Warburton says, ibat quiller is the peculiar word applied to law-chicane, and imagines the original to be this: In the French pleadings, every several allegation in the plaintiff's charge, and every distinct plea in the defendant's answer, began with the words qu'il est;- from whence was formed the word quillet, to signity a false charge or an evasive answer. That is, ye soldiers of attection. In the old system of physic they gavetlie same office to the arteries as is now given to the nerves. 5 Alluding to the discoveries in modern astronomy, at that time greatly improving, iu which the ladies' eyes are compared, as usual, to stars. 6 That is, a lover in pursuit of his mistress has his sense of hearing quicker than a thief (who suspects every sound he hears) in pursuit of his prey. M 2
Love's tongue prores dainty Bacchus gross in! And who can sever love from charity?
[them, lords ; Subtle as spbiox; as sweet and musical,
| Biron. Advance your standards, and upon As bright Apolio's lute, strung with his hair'; 5 Pell-well, down with them! but be first advis'd, And, when love speaks, the voice of all the gods in contlict that you get the sun of them. [by: Makes heaven drowsy with the harmony?.
Long. Now to plain-dealing; lay trese glozes Never durst poet touch a pen to write,
Shall we resolve to woo these girls of France? Until his ink were temper'd with love's sighs; 1 king. And win them too: therefore let us devise (), then his lines wouid ravisli savage ears, 11oSome entertainment for them in their tents. And plant in tyrants mild humility.
Biron. First, from the park let us conduct From women's eves this cloctrine I derive:
them thither; They sparkle still the right Promethean tire; Then, home:vard, every man attach the hand They are the books, the arts, the academes, Of his fair mistress: in the afternoon That shew, contain, and nourish, all the world; 115 We will with some strange pastisne solace them. Else', none at all in aught proves excellent : Such as the shortuess of the time can shape; Then tools you were, these women to forswear; fior revels, dances, inasks, and merry hours. Or, keeping what is sworn, you will prove fools. Fore-run fair love, strewing her way with tloirers. For wisdom's sake, a word that all men love; king. Away, away! no time shåll be omitted, Or for love's sake, a word that loves all men; 20 That will be time, and may by us be fitted. Or for men's sake, the authors of these women; | Biron. Allons allons -Sov'd cockle reap'd Or women's sake, by whom we men are men;
no corn'; Let us once lose our oaths, to find ourselves,
And justice always whirls in equal measure: Or else we lose ourselves to keep our oaths: Light wenches mayprove plagues to men forsworn; It is religion, to be thus forsworn :
(23/ If so, our copper buys no better treasure. For charity itself fulfils the law ;
3.51 Nath. A most singular and choice epithet. The Street,
[Draws out his table-book.
| Hol. IIe draweth out the thread of his verbosity Enter Holofernes, Nathaniel, and Dull.
| finer than the staple of his argument. I abhor such Hol. QVITIS quod sufficit":
phanatical phantasms, suci insociable and point. A Nat.' I praise God for you, sir: your 40 devise companions; such rackers of orthography, reasons at dinner have been sharp and sententi- Jas to speak, dout, iine, when he should say, doubt; ous: pleasant without scurrility, witty without affec- det, when he should pronounce, debt; d, e, b, t; tion audacious' without impudency, learned with not d, e, t: he clepeth a calf, cauf; half, hauf; out opinion, and strange without heresy. I did neighbour, vocatur, nebour; neigh, abbreviated, converse this quondam day with a companion of 45 ne: This is abhominable, (which he would call the king's, who is intituled, nominated, or called, abominable) it insinuateth me of insanie: Ne inDon Adriano de Armado.
Itelligis, domine? to make frantick, lunatick? Hol. Nori hominem tanquam te: His humour | Nath. Laus deo, bone intelligo. is lofty, bis discourse peremptory, histongue tiled, | Hol. Bone?- bone, for bene: Priseian a his eve ambitious, his gait majestical, and his gene-50 little scratch’d; 'twill serve. ralbehaviour vain, ridiculous, and thrasonical, Hel Enter Armado, Moth, and Costurd. is too picked", too spruce, too affected, too odd, | Nuih. Vid sne quis venit? as it were; too peregrmate, as I may call it. II Hoi. Video di gaudeo.
i Apollo, as the sun, is represented with golden hair; so that a lute strung with his hair means no more ihan strung with gilded wire. 2 This passage has been very fully canvassed by all the various commentators upon our author: the following explanation, however, strikes us as the most simple and intelligible:“ H'hen love speaks, (says Birov) the assembled gods reduce the elements of the sky to a calm, by their harmonious upplauses of this faroured orator.” This proverbial expression intimates that, beginning with perjury, they can expect to reap nothing but falshood. “That is, enough's as good as a feast. 5 Reason here, as in other passages of our author's plays, signifies discourse. o That is, without affectation. ' Auducious is used for spirited, animated; and opinion imports the same with obstinacy or opiniatreté. Meaning, 100 nicely dressed ; aliuding probably to a bird pich. ing out or jraning its feathers; a metaphor which our author has before used in this play,