Imagens das páginas


have you provided me here half a dozen sufficient make as many holes in an enemy's battle, as thou

hast done in a woman's petticoat? Shal. Marry, have we, sir. Will you sit? | Feeble. I will do my good will, sir ; you can Fal. Let me see them, I beseech you.

Jhave no more. Shal. Where's the roll? Where's the roll : 51 Fal. Well said, good woman's tavlor! well said, where's the roll? Let me see, let me see, let me courageous Feeble! Thou wilt be as valiant as the see. So, so, so, so: Yea, marry, sir:-Ralph wrathful dove, or most magnanimous mouse. Mouldy :-let them appear as I call; let them do Prick the woman's taylor well, master Shallow: 50.— Let me see; Where is Mouldy?

|deep, master Shallow. Moul. Here, an't please you.

10 Feeble. I would, Wart might hare gone, sir. Shal. What think you, Sir John? a good-liml)'d | Fal. I would, thou wert a man's taylor; that fellow : young, strong, and of good friends. thiou might'st mend bim, and make him fit to go. Fal. Is thy name Mouldy?

I cannot put him to a private soldier, that is the Moul. Yea, an't please you.

leader of so many thousands: Let that suffice, most Fal. 'Tis the more time thou wert us'd. 15 forcible Feeble.

Shal. Ha, ha, ha! most excellent, i faith!! Feeble. It shall suffice, sir. things, that are mouldy, lack use: Very singular | Fal. I am bound to thee, reverend Feeble. good !-Well said, Sir John; very well said. Who is next? Ful. Prick him.

Shal. Peter Bull-calf of the green! Moul. I was prick'd well enough before, an 20 Fal. Yea, marry, let us see Bull-calf. you could have let me alone: my old dame willy Bull. Here, sir. be undone now, for one to do her husbandry, and | Ful. Trust me, a likely fellow !-Coine, prick her drudgery: you need not to have prick'd me; me Bull-calf, till he roar again. there are other men fitter to go out than 1. 1 Bull. Oh! good my bord captain,

Fai. Go to; peace, Mouldly, you shall go.23 Ful. What, cost thou roar before thouari prick's Mouldy, it is time you were spent.

Bull. O lord, sir! I am a viseas'd man. Moul. Spent!

Fal. What disease hast thou ? Shal. Peace, fellow, peace; stand aside; Knowl | Bull. A whoreson cold, sir; a cold, sir; which you where you are?- For the other, Sir John:- I caught with ringing in the king's affairs, upon let me see:-Simon Shadow!

30 lis coronation day, sir. Fal. Ay inarry, let me have him to sit under: Ful. Come, thou shalt go to the wars in a gown; he's like to be a cold soldier."

we will have away thy cold; and I will take such Shal. Where's Shadow?

order, that thy friends shall ring for thee.-Is here Shad. Here, sir. Fal. Shadow, whose son art thou?

35 Shal. There is two more call'd than your num. Shad. My mother's son, sir.

ber, you must have but four here, sir;-and so, I Fal. Thy mother's son! like enough; and thy pray you, go in with me to dinner. father's shadow: so the son of the female is the fal. Come, I will go drink with you, but I shadow of the male: It is often so, indeed; but cannot tarry dinner. I am glad to see you, in not much of the father's substance.

140 good troth, master Shallow. Shal. Do you like him, Sir John

Shal. O, Sir John, do you remember since we Fal. Shadow will serve for summer,-prick lav all night in the wind-mill in St. George's-fields? him ;-for we have a number of shadows to fill Fal. No more of that, goud muster Shallow, no up the muster-book'.

more of that. Shal. Thomas Wart!

451 Shal. Ha, it was a merry night. And is Jane Fal. Where's he?

Night-work alive? · Wart. Here, sir.

Ful. She lives, master Shallow. Fal. Is thy naine Wart?

Shal. She could never away: with me. W'art. Yea, sir.

Fal. Never, never: she would always say, she Fal. Thou art a very ragged wart.

150 could not abide master Shallow. Shal. Shall I prick him, Sir John?

| Shal. By the mass, I could anger her to the Fal. It were superfluous ; for bis apparel is heart. She was then a bona-roba. Doth she hold built upon his back, and the whole frame stands her own well? upon pins: prick him no more.

| Ful. Old, old, master Shallow. Shal. Ha, ha, ha!-You can do it, sir: you can 35 Shul. Nav, she must be old; she cannot chuse do it. I commend you well.-Francis Feeble! I but be old; certain, she's old; and had Robin Feeble. Here, sir.

Night-work by Old Night-work, before I came to Fal. What trade art thou, Feeble?

Clement's-inn. · Focble. A woman's taylor, sir.

| Sil. That fifty-five years ago. Shal. Shall I prick him, sir?

601 Shal. Ha, cousin Silence, that thou hadst seen Ful. You máy: but if he had been a man's that that this knight and I have seen!--Ha, Sir taylor, he would have prick'd you.--Wilt thou Bolu, said I well?

? That is, we have in the muster-book many names for which we receive pay, though we have not the men. This is an expression of dislike.


Fal. We have heard the chimes at midnight, And this same half-fac'd fellow Shadow,-give me master Shallow.

1 this man; he presents no mark to the enemy; the * Shal. That we have, that we have, that wel fore-man may with as great aim level at the edge have; in faith, Sir John, we have; our watch- of a pen-knife: And, for a retreat, -how swiftly word was, Hem, boys!-Come, let's to dinner ;| 5 will this Feeble, the womau's taylor, run off? 0, conne, let's to dinner :-0, the days that we have give me the spare men, and spare me the great seen! Come,come.[Exeunt Falstad; undJustices. ones.---Put me a caliver into Wart's hand,

Bull. Good master corporate Bardolph, stand! Bardolph. my friend; and here is four Harry ten shillings in 1 Bard. Hold, Wart, traverse; thus, thus, thus. French crowns for you. In very truth, sir, I had to Fal. Come, manage me your caliver. So: as lief be hang'd, sir, as go : and yet for mine own very well:--goto: -- very good:-exceeding good: part, sir, I do not care: but, rather, because I ain o , give me always a little, lean, old, chopp'd, unwilling, and, for mine own part, have a desirel bald shot'. Well said, Wart; thou’rt a good to stay with my friends; else, sir, I did not care, scab: hull, there's a tester for thee. for mine own part, so much.

115 Shal. ile is not his craft's master, he doth not Burd. Go to; stand aside.

do it right. I remember at Mile-end green, when Moul. And, good master corporal captain, for I lay at Clement's-inn, (I was then Sir Dagonet my old dame's sake, stand my triend: she has no. in Arthur's show) there was a little quiver fellow, body to do any thing about her, when I am gone;' and 'a would manage you his piece thus: and's and she is old, and cannot help herself: you sha!)/20 would about, and about, and come you in, and haye forty, sir.'

come you in: rah, tah, tah, would 'a say; bounce, Bard. Go to; stand aside.

would'a say; and away again would 'a go, and Feeble, I care not ;-a man can die but once again would 'a come;-I shall never see such a we owe God a death;-1'll ne'er bear a base follow. mind:-an't be my destiny, so: an't be not, so:25 Fal. These fellows will do well, master Shal. Noman's too good to serve his prince: and let ill flow.-God keep you, master Silence; I will not go which way it will, he that dies this year, is Juse many words with you:--Fare you well, quit for the next.

gentlemen both : I thank you: I must a dozen Burd. Well said ; thou’rt a good fellow. mile to-night. Bardolph, give the soldiers Feeble. 'Faith, I'll bear no base mind. 130 coats.

[Re-enter Talstats, and Justices. | Shal. Sir John, beaven bless you, and prosper Fal. Come, sir, which men shall I have? your aifairs, and send us peace! As you return, Shal. Four of which you please.

visit my house; let our old acquaintance be reBard. Sir, a word with you :--I have three new'd: peradventure I will with you to the court. pound to free Mouldy and Bull-calf.

35 Ful. I would you would, master Shallow. Fal. Go to; well.

Shal. Go to; I have spoke, at a word. Fare Shal. Come, Sir John which four will you have you well. (Ereunt Shallow and Silence. Fal. Do you chuse for me.

Fal. Fare you well, gentle gentlemen. On, Shal. Marry then,-Mouldy, Bull-calf, Feeble, Bardolph;leadthemen away. Exeunt Bardolph, and Shadow.

40 Recruits, dic.)-As I return, I will fetch off these Ful. Mouldy, and Bull-calf: For you, Mouldy, ljustices; I do see the bottom of justice Shallow. stay at home iill you are past service:--and, for Lord, lord, how subject we old men are to this vice your part, Bull-calf, grow 'till you come unto it;) of lying! This same starved justice hath done noI will none of you.

I thing but prate to me of the wildness of his youth, Shal. Sir John, Sir John, do not yourself wrong: 45 and the feats he hath done about Turnbull-street": they are your likeliest men, and I would have you and every third word a lie, cluer paid to the hearer serv'd with the best.

than the Turk's tribute. I do remember him at Fal. Will you tell me, master Shallow, how to Clement's-inn, like a man made after supper of a chiuse a man? Care ( for the limb, the thewes', cheese-paring; when he was naked, he was, for the statuře, bulk, and big assemblance of a man? 50 all the world, like a fork'd radish, with a liead fangive me the spirit, master Shallow.--Here's Wart; tastically carved upon it with a knife: he was so -you see what a ragged appearance it is: he shail forlorn, that his dunensions to any thick sight were charge you, and discharge you, with the motion of invisible; he was the very Genius of fani ne; yet a pewlerer's hammer; come off, and on, swifter lecherous as a monkey, and the whores cali'd him than he that gibbets on the brewer's bucket?. 55-mandrake: he came ever in the rear-ward of

'i. e. the muscular strength or appearance of manhood. ? That is, swifter than he who carries beer from the vat to the barrel, in buckets hung upon a gibbet or beain crossing his shoulders. A hand-gun. Shot is used for shooter, one who is to fight by shooting. Dr. Johnson observes, that the story of Sir Dagonet is to be found in La Mort d'Arthure, av old romance inuch celebrated in our anthor's time, or a little before it. In this romance Sir Dagonet is king Arthur's fool (Dr. Warburton says, his squire). Sbakspeare would not have shewn his Justice capable of representing any higher character. Turnbull or Türnmill-street is near Cow-Cross, West Smithfield, which was formerly called Ruffian's Hall, where turbulent fellows met to try their skill at sword and buckler, and was notorious for the number of its houses of ill-fame.

the the fashion; and sung those times to the over- might have truss'd him, and all his apparel, into scutcht! huswives, that he heard the carmen an eel-skin : the case of a treble hautboy was a whistle, and sware-they were his fancies, or his mansion for him, a court: and now he hath land good-nights?. And now is this vice's? dagger be- and beeves. Well; I will be acquainted with him, come a squire; and talks as familiarly of John of 5 if I return: and it shali go hard, but I will make Gaunt, as if he had been sworn brother to bim:and him a philosopher's two stones to me: Ifthe young I'll be sworn he never saw him but once in the dace be a bait for the old pike, I see no reason, Tilt-yard; and then he burst* his head, for croud- in the law of nature, but I may spap at him”. ing among the marshal's men. I saw it; and told Let time shape, and there an end. [Ereuni. John of Gaunt, he beat his own name': for you 101

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1201 Mess. West of this forest, scarcely off a mile, A Forest in Yorkshire.

In goodly forin coires on the enemy:

And, by the ground they hide, I judge their number Enter the Archbishop of York, Mowbray, Hus

ork, Mowbray, Hast Upon, or near, the rate of thirty thousand. [out. tings, and others.

1 Mowh. The just proportion that we gave then York. W HAT is this forest callid? 125] Let us sway® on, and face them in the field. Hast. 'Tis Gualtree iv.est, an't

Enter Westmoreland. shall please your grace. [forth, York. Whatwell-appointed leader frontsus here? York. Ilerestand, my lords and send discoverers | Mowb, I think, it is ney lord of Westmoreland. To know the numbers of our enemies.

West. Ilealth and fair greeting from ourgeneral, Flast. We have sent forth already.

130 The prince, lord John, and duke of Lancaster. York. 'Tis well done.

| York. Say on, my lordof Westmoreland, in peace; My friends and brethren in these great affairs, What doth concern your coming ? I must acquaint you, that I have receiv'd

West. Then, my lord, New-dated letters from Northumberland; Unto your grace do I in chief address Their cold intent, tenour, and substance, thus:-35 The substance of my speech. If that rebellion Here doth he wish his person, with such powers Came like itself, in base and abject routs, As might hold sortance with his quality,

Led on by bloody youth'°, guarded with rage, The which he could not levy; whereupon

And countenanc'd by boys, and beggary; He is retir'd, to ripe his growing fortunes," I say, if damn'd commotion so appear'd, To Scotland: and concludes in hearty prayers, 10 In his true, native, and most proper shape, That your attempts may over-live the hazard, You, reverend father, and these noble lords, And fearful meeting of their opposite. (ground, Had not been here, to dress the ugly form

Mowb. Thus do the hopes we had in him touch JOf base and bloody insurrection And dash themselves to pieces.

With your fair honours. You, lord archbishop, Enter u Messenger.

45 Whose see is by a civil peace maintain’d; Hast. Now, what news?

I Whose beard the silver hand of peace hath touch'd;

'i. e. according to Mr. Pope, whipt, carted; though Dr. Johnson rather thinks that the word means dirty or grimed; and that the word huswire's agrees better with this sense. Rav, however, among his north-country words, confirms Pope's meaning, by saying that an orerswitch'd huswife is a struinpet. ? Fancies and Goodnights were the titles of little poems. l'ice was the name given to a droll figure, heretofore much shewn upon our stage, and brought in to play the fool and make sport for the populace. His dress was always a long jerkin, a fool's cap with asses' ears, and a thin wooden dagger, such as is still retained in the modern figures of Harlequin and Scaramouch. The word is an abbrevation of derice; for in our old dramatic shows, where he was first exhibited, he was nothing more than an artificial figure, a puppet moved by machinery, and then originally called device or rice. The smith's machine called a rice, is an abbreviation of the same sort. It was very satirical in Falstailto compare Shallow's activity and impertinence to such a machine as a wooden dägger in the hands and management of a buffoon. •To break and to burst were, in our poet's time, synonimously used. To brast had the sanie meaning. That is, beat gaunt, a fellow so slender, that his name might have been Gaunt. One of which was an universal medicine, and the other a transmuter of base metals into gold. That is, if it be the law of nature that the stronger may seize upon the weaker, Falstaff may, with great propriety, devour Shallow, Dr. Johnson thinks this word, which is used in Holinshed, was intended to express the uniform and forcible motion of a compact body. Well-uppointed is completely accoutred. Bloody youth means only sanguine youth, or youth full of blood, and of those passions which blood is supposed to incite or noārish. Guarded is an expression taken froin dress and means the same as faced, turned up,

Whose learning and good letters peacehathtutor’d;) | 'est. When ever yet was your appeal deny'u?
Whose white investments' tigure innocence, Wherein have you been galled by the king?
The dove and very blessed spirit of peace, What peer hattı been suborn'd to grate on you?
Wherefore do you so ill translate yourself

That you should seal this lawless bloody book
Out of the speech of peace, that bears such grace, 5 Oi forg'd rebellion with a seal divine,
Into the harsh and buist'rous tongue of war? And consecrate commotion's civil edge'?
Turning your books to graves“, your ink to blood, York. My brother-general, thecommon-wealth,
Your pens to lances; and your tongue divine To brother born an household cruelty,
To a loud trumpet, and a point of war?

I make my quarrel in particular*. York. Wherefore do I thisi---so the question 10 Hist. There is no need of any such redress; stands.

Or, if there were, it not belong; to you. Briefly, to this end :-We are all diseas'd;

Nowb. Why not to him, in part; and to us all, And, with our surleiting, and wanton hours,

That feel the bruise, of the days before;
llave brought ourselves into a burning fever, land suiter the condition of these times
And we must bleed for it: of which disease 15 To lay a heavy and unequal hand
Oir late king, Richard, being infected, dy'd. l'pon our honours?
But, my most noble lord of Westmoreland,

West. O my good lord Mowbray,
I take not on me here as a physician:

Construe the times to their necessities, Nor do I, as an enemy to peace,

And you shall say indeed,-it is the time, Troop in the throngs of military men :

20 And not the king, that doth you injuries. But, rather, shew a while like fearful war,

Yet, for your part, it not appears to me, To dirt rank ininds, sick of happiness;

Either from the king, or in the present time, Aud purge the obstructions, which begin to stop That you shall have an inch of any ground Our very veins of life. licar me more plainly. To build a grief on: Were you not restor'd I have in equal balance justly weigh'd

5 To all the duke of Norfolk's seigniories, What wrongs our arms may do, what wrongs wel Your noble and right-well-remember'd father's ? suiter,

Mowb. What thing, in honour, had my father And find our griefs heavier than our offences.

lost, We see which way the stream of time doth run, That need to be reviv'd, and breath'din me? And are enforc'd from our most quiet sphere 30 The king, that lov'd him as the state stood then. By the rough torrent of occasion;

(Was, force perforce, compeli'd to banish him: And have the summary of all our griefs,

And then, when Harry Bolingbroke, and he, When time shall serve, to shew in articles; Being mounted, and both roused in their seats, Which, long ere this, we otier'd to the king, Their neighing coursers daring of the spur, And might by no suit gain our audience: 35 Their armed staves in charge their beavers down. When we are wrong'd, and would unfold our griefs, Their eyes of tire sparkling through sights of We are deny'd access unto his person

steel, Even by those men that most have done us wrong. And the loud trumpet blowing them together; The dinger of the days but newly gone,

Then, then, when there was nothing could have (Whose memory is written on the earth

staid With yet appearing blood), and the examples My father from the breast of Bolingbroke, Of every minute's instance, (present now) 10, when the king did throw his warder down, Have put us in these ill-beseeming arms;

His own life hung upon the statt he threw : Not to break peace, or any branch of it;

Then threw he down himself, and all their lives, But to establish here a peace indeed,

45 That, by indictment, and by dint of sword, Concurring both in name and quality.

I Have since miscarried under Bolingbroke.

'Forinerly, all bishops wore white even when they travelled. The shite investment meant the episcopal rochet. For grutes Dr. Warburton very plausibly reads gluiry's, and is followed by Sir Thomas Hanmer. Mr. Steevens says, “ We might perhaps as plausibly readgreutes, which is spelled gruresin Warner's Albion's Englunit," i. e. armour for the legs, a kind of boots: and adds, that the metamorphosis of ca 10ml Comer's Oj hoo's into greutes, i.e. boots, seems tobe more appositethan the conversion of them into instruments of war. Glate is the Erse word for a broad-sword, and gluif is Welsh for a book. 3 It was an old custom, continued from the time of the first croisades, for the pope to cousecrate the general's sword, which was employed in the service of the church. To this custom the line in question alluces. 4 Dr. Warburton explains this passage thus: “ My brother general the commonwealth, which ought to distribute its benefits equally, is become an enemy to those of his own house, to brothers born, by giving some all, and others none; and this (says he), I make my quarrel or grievance, that honours are unequaily distributed;" the constant birth of male-contents, and source of civil commotions. Dr. Johnson, however, believes there is an error in the first line, which perhaps may be rectified thus: “M1 quarrel general, the common-icealth, &c. That is, my general cause of discontent is public mismanagement; iny particular cause a domestic injury clone to my natural brother, who had been beheaded by ihe king's order;" a circunstance mentioned in the First Part of the Play. 5 An armed stuij is a lance. To be in charge, is to be fixed in the rest for the encounter. Or, the oisiers. i e. the perforated part of their helmets, through which they could see to direct their aim

West. West. You speak, lord Mowbray, now you knowl That no conditions of our peace can stand. not what :

Hast. Fear you not that: if we can make our peace The earl of Hereford was reputed then

Upon such large terms, and so absolute, In England the most valiant gentleman :

Is our conditions shall insist upon, Who knows, on whom fortune would then have 5 Our peace shall stand as firm as rocky mountains. smild?

Mowb. Ay, but our valuation shall be such, But, if your father had been victor there,

That every slight and false-derived cause, He ne'er had borne it out of Coventry:

Yea, every idle, nice, and wanton reason, For all the country, in a general voice,

Shall, to the king, taste of this action: Cry’dhate upon him; andulltheir pravers and love, 10 That, were our loval faiths martyrs in love, Were set on Hereford, whom they deated on, We shall be winnow'd with so rough a wind, And bless'd, and grac'dindied, more than the king. i hat even our corn shall seem as light as chart, But this is mere ugression trour' my purposes

And good from bad find no partition. Here come 1 from our princels general,

York. No, no, my lord; Note this,-the king To know your griets; to tell you from his grace, 15|| is weary That he will give you audience: and wherein Of dainty and sui h picking grievances: It shall appear, that your demands are just, For he hath found, -to end one doubt by death, You shall enjoy thein; every thing set off,

|Revives two greater in the heirs of life, That might so much as think you enemies.

And therefore will he wipe his tables clean“; Moub. But he hath torcitusto compel this offer; 20 And keep no tell-tale to his memory, And it proceeds froın policy, not love,

That may repeat and history his lov3 West. Mowbray, you over-ween, to take it so; To new remembrance: For full well he knows, This offer comes from merry, not from lear: fle cannot so precisely weed this land, For, lo! within a kev, our armr lies;

As his misdoubts present occasion : Upon mine honour, all too coniident

125 Hlis foes are so enrooted with his friends, To give adinittance to a thought of fear.

That, plucking to indix an enemy,
Our battle is more full of names than yours, He doth unfasten so, and shake a friend:
Our men more perfect in the use of arins,

So that this land, like an offensive wite,
Our armour all as strong, our cause the best; That hath enrag‘d him on to offer strokes;
Then reason wills, our hearts should be as good : 30 As he is striking, holds his infant up,
Say you not then, our offer is compellid.

And hangs resolv'd correction in the arm
Mowb. Well, by my will, we shall admit nol That was upreard to execution.

U Hast. Besides, the king hath wasted all his rods West. That argues but the shame of your offence: On late otlenders, that he now doth lack A rotten case abides no bandling.

135fThe very instruments of chastisement: Hast. Hath the prince John a full commission, so that his power, like to a fangless lion, In very ample virtue of his father,

| May offer, but not hold. To hear, and absolutely to determine

York. 'Tis very true;Of what conditions we shall stand upon?

And therefore be assured, my good lord marshal, West. That is intended' in the general's name: 40 If we do now make our atonement well, I muse, you make so slight a question.

Our peace will, like a broken lib united, York. Then take, my lord of Westmoreland, Grow stronger for the breaking. this schedule;

Mowb. Be it so. For this contains our general grievances:

Jilere is return'd iny lord of Westmoreland. Each several article herein redress'd;

Re-enter Westmoreland. All members of our cause, both here and hence, West. The privce is here at band: Pleaseth your That are insinew'd to this action,

lordship, Acquitted by a true substantial form?;

Tomeet his grace just distance'tween our armies! And present execution of our wills

I Mowb. Your grace of York, in heaven's name To us, and to our purposes, confin'd'; .

then set forward. We come within our awful banks again,

York. Before, avd greet his grace :~my lord, And knit our powers to the arm of peace.

we conie. West. This will I shew the general. Please

(Exeunt. you, lords,

In sight of both our battles we may meet; 55)
And either end in peace, which heaven so frame!

Another part of the forest.
Or to the place of difference call the swords Enteron one side Morchray,tle Archbishop, Hast-
Which must decide it.

ings, und others: from the other side, Prince York. My lord, we will do so. [Exit West. John nf Lancaster, l'estmoreland, Officers, c. Mowb. There is a thing within my bosom 60 Lan. You are well encounter'd here my cousin tells me,

Mowbray :

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· Meaning, included in the office of a general. ? That is, by a pardon of due form and legal validity. 'For confined, Mr. Steevens proposes to read confirmd. * Azujul bunks are the proper liniits of reverence. Perhaps we might read-laceful. Si. e. piddling, insignificant grievances. Alluding to a table-book of slate, ivory, &c.


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