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colony was left under the direction of George
Percy, who had been appointed successor to al captain Smith in the presidency.
On the 10th of May 1611, arrived sir T. Dale with three ships, and a good supply of provisions for the colony. Hitherto little attention had been given to the improvement of Jamestown, which continued in a state of infancy without exhibiting marks of enterprise,
and scarcely of ordinary industry. Captain hul Smith had indeed turned his attention to the
improvement of the little metropolis of Virginia, but his roving disposition would not
allow him leisure to carry his plans into exehil cution. As the improvement of Jamestown was
so much neglected, it can scarcely be thought that the establishment of new towns would be an object of attention.
The first undertaking of Dale, however, was the establishment of a town, the ruins of which are still visible at Tuckahoe in Henrico county. It contained three streets of framed houses, with a good church, besides storehouses, watch
houses, &c., and was defended by a palisade and several forts.
Dale afterwards took the town of the Appamattox Indians, and annexing to it as a corporation the plantations of Rocksdale hundred, Shirley hundred, and Upper and Lower hundred, he gave to them the name of New Ber. mudas, and conferred on them some valuable privileges.
Dale was succeeded in the government by sir T. Gates, who arrived in Virginia in the. month of August 1611. During this year captain Argall made an expedition to the Potowmack Indians, where, by the treachery of Japauzas, king of that nation, he got the princess Pocahontas into his hands. This rich prize was carried in triumph to Jamestown, where she soon after won the heart of a Mr. Rolfe, whose tender addresses awoke a reciprocal attachment. The consent of Powhatan to the marriage of his daughter with an alien and an enemy was not easily obtained. His difficulties however were at length overcome, and the
marriage betwixt Mr. Rolfe and the princess was celebrated in presence of her two brothers,
In the year 1613 sir T. Gates returned to Europe, and the government, on his departure, devolved once more on Dale. During the ad. ministration of this gentleman, an expedition was set on foot against the French and Dutch settlements on the bay of Fundy and the Hud. son. The forts being unprepared for defence, surrendered without resistance.
In the year 1616 sir T. Dale returned to England, accompanied by Pocahontas and her husband Rolfe, with several Indians of both sexes. On the departure of Dale the govern. ment devolved on captain George Yeardly. Soon after his accession, he marched against the Chickahomonies, whom he defeated in battle, and compelled to yield at least a temporary submission to the English.
The arrival of Pocahontas excited much curiosity in England, while the wonders of the metropolis were no less calculated to awake her own. Having at length satisfied her eyes with beholding the works of men in a civilized, state of society, she retired with her husband to Brentford. Here she was unexpectedly visited by her old acquaintance captain Smith. It appears, however, that the attention and gratitude of this hero to his benefactress was not as great as she seemed to wish, and was entitled to expect. She died soon after at Gravesend, while she was preparing to return to her native shores. She left behind her an only son, who on the departure of his father for Virginia was intrusted to the care of his uncle Henry Rolfe of London. This youth afterwards became a respectable citizen of Virginia, and his pos. terity are not unworthy, of their royal ancestry. He left at his death a daughter, who was mar. ried to colonel Robert Bolling, from whom are descended many reputable families. Thus while the government of Powhatan has crumbled into dust under the arms of European invaders, the imperial blood has flowed into new channels, and infused its virtues into the veins of those who tread on the ruins of his empire.
The character of this monarch, while ennobled by all the virtues which seem to characterize the savage life, is also marked with some of its vices. Courage in battle and fortitude in adversity, mingled with treachery and cunning in their domestic intercourse, form the grand lineaments of the Indian character. We must not however exclude from the list of their vir. tues the warm fidelity of the friend, and the tender sympathies of the parent. These are not the effects of civilization nor the production of en. lightened reason alone. The sentiments of the heart, like the features of the face or the members of the body may be distorted by the tram. mels of education as well as marred by the ferocity of passion, but they are engraven too deep to be erased by either. Civilization seems in some instances to have refined the manners of mankind at the expense of their virtues and their happiness. War, in its present form, in the garb of honour and regulated by the law of nations, is accompanied by a destruction of the human race greater than that which marks the progress of savage arms. The right of exter.