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143 “The prosperity of a country depends not upon the abundance of its revenues, nor upon the strength of its fortifications, nor upon the beauty of its public buildings, but upon the number of its cultivated citizens, its men and women of education, enlightenment, and character. Here are found the true interest, the chief strength, and the real power of a nation.”

Luther. “ Education is a companion that no misfortune can depress, no clime destroy, no enemy alienate, no despotism enslave; at home a friend, abroad an introduction, in solitude a solace, and in society an ornament.” Phillips.

144

WORD BUILDING

Ap'tus (att, ept) = fit. Fa'ri [fa' tus]= to speak.

Qui es'ce re [qui e'tus]= to rest, to repose. a dept! faltal ist dis qui'et in ef' fa ble at'ti tude qui es'cent

fa tal'i ty apt'ness

a dapt'a ble ad ap ta'tion fa' tal ism afl fa ble ac' qui esce

apt'i tude

qui'e tude

in ept

REVIEW

plead legion unkempt lorgnette attorney quiver scepter plebeian polonaise symphony villain exhaust scavenger congenial harangue shoeing naphtha audacious tourmaline hypnotize

TEST WORDS

owe

any pity body very lief plumb great drawn awe goal hail wiry hour earth heart mourn adz gnat comb main iron mirth raise boast buy wrap soap they lamb worth weave niece air

debt bass does pear where steak braid ewe bomb deaf soul wear cloak eagle pleat guy pawn hawk e'er slew

would steal plaid two numb herd coal could climb cheap scent aye whey loan bowl chain knife peace yield

tour pour axle gaunt board train plait fir limb prey lyre laugh thumb cream gnash dye knee zeal fowl halve meant neigh agile lye lawn suit flea guide touch brain reign ere palm pier herb about heavy shawl rhyme off what flue lead niche wound frail plead hymn odor ewer cite knoll fruit sweat bleak bade ague bail bier their piece sieve islet heir acre sigh roan chief apron waive shear beau lily gape daub eight ocean caret lynch hear busy pair dyed aisle beach route often wren duet easy calm dough dream saber peach ache heal wail alms chord hinge vault woman lynx sour goes vein sugar avoid weary which raid dear soak lien sperm beast brawn quart gout soup view ream wrath waist éclat siege gnaw meal sown riot wrest me who

each know which shear teeth sheath ache cheer knot howl chair comma tooth trial bead zero salt tail

pretty happen trail carat

group chalk

core

bureau

spawn

leopard deceive precious rough canyon

chemise rupture

rupture laundry ghost beneath caution shellac poultry ankle turmoil cushion applaud tobacco sirup breadth either draught weather burial giraffe camphor martial

cemetery fiery knuckle wrestle nebula rhubarb quire leisure conceit solstice syllable thief drought myriad victuals hiccough juice stomach croquet proverb mustache sluice science believe

massage cayenne martyr sirloin naughty cruiser souvenir thieve

surgeon feather design mosquito course plateau curtain

mosque cupboard knight lettuce enough beseech persuade pierce warrior instead capstan poultice sneeze maltese heaven

cyclone

colonel scythe castile breathe cannery aqueous asylum cholera thought imbue

sycamore deceit caprice quench fresco coercion crisis uncouth neither cornice luxuriant filial currier peacock sewage allegiance quota swoon quarrel traitor calisthenics axiom caisson machine descend neighbor début yeoman

anxious hyena auspicious solace biscuit explain ascend sacrilege gambol spinach retreat serious iniquitous receive

opera gentian loyalty schooner period theater

pepper tropical masculine paper opening beginning charter feminine women plumb mighty criticise typical

sea

SOW

soar

once

gleam chisel

plow firkin esophagus elm seize thread heifer muscle geography egg cease slight opaque plaque hoarseness pause chorus sluice

health sovereign maul skein tyrant priest sought privilege

guard urchin trough shriek acknowledge knit wield heaves steady height cocoanut whet choir fillet dreary crease paralyze dawn knead woeful source afraid opportunity kiln sight spread grieve chrome prophecy fawn depot bruise quorum sprawl tyrannical wean bough pauper ravine shrewd physique

toast porous debris square whimsical duly croup hawser wreath sphere liquidate veil cough cudgel fierce friend lineament toad daisy cougar slight

double syndicate warp truly twinge belief stream turquoise omit dryly league ermine beaver librarian axil sword swathe writhe bought traceable yolk basin cereal

preach atmosphere idyl least phlegm malign breath financier nigh realm mirage medium tongue etiquette high solid chaise squeal pigeon antiquity isle auger liquor facial

serial university cell creak futile legion listen parachute soil flour loathe feudal

dyeing singular echo groan visual nephew meddle grammar dose grate history palatial hearth commence hue

thing copious tempest college command awry awe

time moment plural awkward out triumph etiquette pure

arithmetic

coarse

cure

RULES FOR SPELLING

PLURALS OF NOUNS

The plurals of nouns are generally made by adding s to the singular.

Nouns ending in s, X, 2, sh, or soft ch, and nouns that end in i, o, u, or y, .preceded each by a consonant, are made plural by adding es to the singular. (Y is changed to i when adding es.)

In our language, as written in England, the plural of story, or storey, meaning floor, is storeys. We write stories. When reading books printed in England, we notice these interesting differences.

A few nouns in o are exceptions to the above rule, and add : only. See opposite page.

Nouns ending in o or y, preceded by a vowel, add s to the singular to form the plural.

Nouns ending in silent e, preceded by the sound of 8, X, z, j, sh, or soft ch, add s to the singular.

Some nouns ending in f and fe change f to v and add es, and others add only 8 to form the plural.

The plurals of letters, figures, and other characters are formed by adding the apostrophe () and 8, that is ('s), to the singular.

EXCEPTION.- Wharf has both forms, wharfs and wharves. Staff becomes staves in the plural, but its compounds are regular; as, flagstaff, flagstaffs.

The plural of many nouns is irregular, as man,

men.

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