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grit

“ The man of grit carries in his very pres'ence presence a power that controls and con trol' commands." in ten'tion It is my intention to appoint my friend ap point' umpire of the game. um'pire “While I sought Happiness, she fled sought

Before me constantly; con'stant ly Weary I turned to Duty's path, wearry

And Happiness sought me.” stam'mer Do not stammer when talking.

42 so'lo The lady sang a solo. mois'tened “Our bread was such as captive's tears cap'tive Have moistened many a thousand years." de vour' “The big spiders devour the smaller in quire ones.” dis'tance Inquire the distance to the city. vol ca'no The volcano rumbles and sends forth rum'ble fire, smoke, and lava. la'va

“My ears with tingling echoes ring, tin'gle And life itself is on the wing.” tin'gling

REVIEW debt er'rand trail

sought er'ror fertile lei'sure sau'sage cro quet mea'sles pres'ence ner' vous ap point

dis'tance fur'nace callen dar

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DEFINITIONS

Spelling is the placing of the right letters of a word in their proper order.

A syllable is either a word or part of a word spoken with one effort of the voice.

A monosyllable is a word of one syllable.
A dissyllable is a word of two syllables.
A trisyllable is a word of three syllables.
A polysyllable is a word of four or more syllables.

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Syllabication is the dividing of words into syllables. Syllabication does not always conform to the pronunciation of words. Yet in every word there are as many syllables as there are efforts of the voice; as, dif'fer ent.

Accent is added force of voice on certain syllables. Some words have two accents; a primary (1) accent, and a secondary (") accent.

A vowel is a letter that stands for a pure (free) tone of the voice ; as, a, e, i, o, U, sometimes w and y.

A consonant is a letter that stands for an impure (obstructed) tone of the voice; as, b, d, f, g, m, x, etc.

A diphthong is the union of two vowels in a syllable; as, ea in bead; oy in boy; oa in loaf.

A proper diphthong is that in which both vowels are sounded; as, oi in toil ; ou in loud.

An improper diphthong is that in which only one of the vowels is sounded ; as, oa in boat.

A triphthong is the union of three, vowels in a syl. lable; as, eau in beau ; iew in view.

A proper triphthong is that in which more than one vowel is sounded; as, uoy in buoy.

An improper triphthong is that in which only one vowel is sounded; as, eau in beauty.

Words are classified as simple or compound, primitive or derivative.

A simple word is not composed of other words; as, police, man, never, the, less.

A compound word is composed of two or more simple words; as, policeman, nevertheless.

A primitive word is not formed from any other word; as, hard, great, fly, watch.

A derivative word is formed from some similar word; as, harder, greatness, watchful.

A prefix is a syllable, a number of syllables, or a word added to the beginning of another word to modify its meaning; as, use, abuse, misuse ; fine, superfine.

A suffix is a syllable, a number of syllables, or a word added to the ending of another word to modify its meaning; as, cost, costly.

Derivative words are formed from primitive words by means of prefixes and suffixes; as, move, remove; close, inclose; skate, skating.

49 WORD BUILDING (Prefixes) a= on; ad, af = to; arch = chief; ante, pre, fore =

before; anti = against. a head' a far' pre'fix fore close af fix' ad here! fore see arch en'e my ad join' pre pay fore tell an'te room a shore a flame fore'sight arch dea'con a ground fore'arm an'te date an'te cham ber

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“ Heap high the farmer's wintry hoard,

Heap high the golden corn,
No richer gift has Autumn poured

From out her lavish horn."
“ Reason should direct, appetite obey."

“The wise and strong should seek the welfare of the weak.”

The corpse was placed in the hearse and taken to the place of burial.

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au tum'nal “ And now the autumnal dews are seen shorn To cobweb every green; row'en And by the low-shorn rowen doth de cline

appear de clin'ing The fast declining year.” rat tan' The rattan chair is well made. doc'ile The scholar has a docile mind.

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