Opening Scripture: Bible Reading and Interpretive Authority in Puritan New England
University of Chicago Press, 15/01/2003 - 309 páginas
"Opening Scripture provides a thorough and original account of ministerial and lay strategies for interpreting Scripture in the Massachusetts Bay. Demonstrating an impressive command of the vast literature and history of the period, Lisa Gordis moves deftly through discussions of major figures and events. This is a significant intervention in the study of Puritan New England."—Sandra M. Gustafson, University of Notre Dame
What role did the Bible really play in Puritan New England? Many have treated it as a blunt instrument used to cudgel dissenters into submission, but Lisa M. Gordis reveals instead that Puritan readings of the Bible showed great complexity and literary sophistication—so much complexity, in fact, that controversies over biblical interpretation threatened to tear Puritan society apart.
Drawing on Puritan preaching manuals and sermons as well as the texts of early religious controversies, Gordis argues that Puritan ministers did not expect to impose their views on their congregations. Instead they believed that interpretive consensus would emerge from the process of reading the Bible, with the Holy Spirit assisting readers to understand God's will. Treating the conflict over Roger Williams, the Antinomian Controversy, and the reluctant compromises of the Halfway Covenant as symptoms of a crisis that was as much literary as it was social or spiritual, Opening Scripture explores the profound consequences of Puritan negotiations over biblical interpretation for New England's literature and history.
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Chapter 1 Humane Skill and The Arte of Prophecying
Reading Preaching and the Rhetoric of Inevitability
Gods Word and Gods Words
Thomas Hookers Affective Reading and Preaching
Lay Responses to the Preached Text
Roger Williams and the Problem of Interpretation
Consensus Reading and Revelation in the Antinomian Controversy
Interpretive Expertise and Questions of Baptism
The Problem of the Texts
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afﬁrmed Anne Hutchinson Antinomian Controversy argued argument Arte of Prophecying asserted authority baptism believed Bible biblical language biblical text Boston church Cambridge chapter Chauncy Christ Christian cited claim collation colony colony’s conﬂict congregants consensus Cotton Mather court Covenant debate difﬁculties discussion dissent divine doctrine efﬁcacious elders emphasized England English example exegesis exegetes exhorted faith Faithfvll ﬁgures ﬁnd ﬁrst Geneva Bible God’s word grace Halfway Covenant Harvard University Harvard University Press hath hear Holy Spirit human interpreters Ibid identiﬁcation insisted Jesus John Cotton John Winthrop Journal justiﬁcation laity learned London Lord magistrates Massachusetts Bay Mather ministerial ministers Moreover New-England notes passage Perkins and Bernard Perkins’s preaching prophet Puritan quotation reader reading reﬂected revelations Roger Williams saints sanctiﬁcation scriptural sense sermons Seventeenth-Century Short Story signiﬁcant sinner soteriology soul Sovles Preparation speciﬁc suggested synod tares things Thomas Hooker Thomas Shepard thou tion truth unto verse Wheelwright William Perkins Williams’s York
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