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thing to w on mora langhlo naturos and as I tho Roman pool, ito a man, a. I would be incluced possesses some intrinsic merit as a story, and rests, to think, with the writer.

On Shakspeare and his As to its principal facts, on the authority of Wood, Times, " that these familiar and servent addresses who was a native of Oxford and a veracious man, were made to the proud and the lofty Southampton. we shall not hesitate, after the example of most of Neither can I persuade myself, with Malone, that the recent biographers of our Poet, lo relate it, and the friend and the mistress are the mere creatures in the very words of Oldyr. “Ir tradition may be of our Poet's imagination, raised for the sport of trusted, Shakspeare often baited at the Crown Inn his muse, and without “a local habitation or a or Tavern in Oxford, on his journey to and from name.

;” They were, unquestionably, realities : but London. The landlady was a beautiful woman and who they were must for ever remain buried in in of a sprightly wit ; and her husband, Mr. John scrutable mystery. That those addressed to his Davenant, (afterwards mayor of that city,) a grave, male friend are not open to the infamous interpromelancholy man, who, as well as his wife, used tation, affixed to them by the monthly critic, may much to delight in Shakspeare's pleasant company. bo proved, as I persuade myself, to demonstration. Their son, young Will Davenant (afterwards Sir The odious vice to which we allude, was always in William Davenant) was then a little schoolboy, in England held in merited detestation; and would the town, of about seren or eight years old, and so our Poet consent to be the publisher of his own fond also of Shakspeare that, whenever he heard of shame ? to become a sort of outcast from socioty ? his arrival, he would fly from school to see him to be made One day, an old townsman, observing the boy running homeward almost out of breath, asked him "A fixed figure for the hand of time whíther he was posting in that heat and hurry. He To point his slow, unmoring finger at?" answered, to see his god-father, Shakspeare. There is the sonnets in question were not actually publishis a good boy, said the other ; but have a care ed by him, he refrained to guard them from manuthat you don't take God's name in vain! This story Mr. Pope told me at the Earl of Oxford's table, script distribution; and they soon, as might be exupon occasion of some discourse which arose about pecied, found their way to the

whence Shakspeare's monument, then newly erected in

perte rapidly circulated, to the honour of his poetry Westminster Abbey."

and not to the discredit of his morals. So puro influence of the tender passion, one of them sup alludes to it only once (if my recollection be at all On these two instances of his frailty, under the was he from the

disgusting vice, imputed to him,

for the first time, in the nineteenth century, that he ported by his own evidence, and one resting on au- accurate) in all his voluminous works, and that is thority which seems to be not justly questionable, where the foul-mouthed Thersites, in Troilus and depend all the charges which can be brought

against the strict personal morality of Shakspeare. In these Cressida, * calls Patroclus “ Achilles's

masculino days of peculiarly sensitive virtue, he would not whore.” Under all the circumstances of the case, possibly be admitted into the party of the saints: therefore, that these sonnets should be the effusions but, in the age in which he lived, these errors of his of sexual love is incredible, inconceivable, impossihuman weakness did not diminish the respect, com- ble; and we must turn away from the injurious manded by the probity of his heart; of the love, suggestion with honest abhorrence and disdain. conciliated by the benignity of his manners; or the

The Will of Shakspeare, giving to his youngest admiration exacted by ihe triumph of his genius. i daughter, Judith, not more than three hundred blush with indignation when

I relate that an offence, pounds, and a piece of plate, which probably was of a much more foul and atrocious nature, has been valuable, as it is called by the testator, “My broad suggested against him by a critic* of the present silver and gilt bowl,"assigns almost the whole of his day, on the pretended testimony of a large number property to his eldest daughter, Susanna Hall, and of his sonneis. But his own proud character, which her husband; whom he appoints to be his executors. raised him high in the estimation of his contempo- The cause of this evident partiality in the father raries, sufficiently vindicates him from this abomi- appears to be discoverable in the higher mental acnable imputation. It is admitted that one hundred complishments of the elder daughter ; who is reand twenty of these little poems are addressed to a ported to have resembled him in her intellectual male, and that in the language of many of them endowments, and to have been

eminently distinlove is too strongly and warmly identified with guished by the piety and the Christian benerolenco friendship. But in the days of Shakspeare love and which actuated 'her conduct. Having survived her friendship were almost synonymous terms. In the estimable husband fourteen years, she died on the Merchant of Venice, Lorenzo speaking of Antonio 11th of July, 1649; and the inscription

on her

tomb, to Portia, says,

preserved by Dugdale, commemorates her intellec

tual superiority, and the influence of religion upon " But if you knew to whom you show this honour, her heart. This inscription, which we shall tranHow true a gentleman you send relief to;

scribe, hears witness also, as we must observe, to How dear a lover of my lord, your husband," &c. the piety of her illustrious father, and Portia, in her reply calls Antonio“ the bosom lover Witty above her sex; but that's not all : of her lord.” Drayton, in a letter to his friend, Wise to salvation was good Mistress Hall. Drummond of Hawihornden, tells him that Mr. Joó Something of Shakspeare was in that ; but this seph Davies is in love with him; and Ben Jonson

Wholly of him, with whom she's now in bliss. concludes a letter to Dr. Donne by professing him

Then, passenger, hast ne'er a tear self as ever his true lover, Many more instances of the

To weep with her, that wept with all ?

That wepi, yet set herself to cheer same perverted language might be educed from the Them up with comforts cordial. writings of that gross and indelicate age ; and I Her love shall live, her mercy spread, have not a doubt that Shakspeare, without exposing

When thou hast no'er a tear to shed. himself to the hazard of suspicion, employed this authorized dialect of his time to give the greater As Shakspeare's last will and testament will be glow to these addresses to his young friend. But printed at the end of this biography, we may refer who was this young friend ? The question has fre- our readers to that document for all the minor legaquently been asked; and never once been even cies which it bequeaths; and may pass immediately speciously answered. I would as readily believe, to an account of our great Poet's family, as far as it with the late Mr. G. Chalmers, that this object of can be given from records which are authentic. our author's poetic ardour, was Queen Elizabeth, Judith, his younger daughter, bore to her husband, changed for the particular purpose, like the Iphis of Thomas. Quiney, three sons; Shakspeare, who

died in his infancy, Richard and Thomas, who deSee Monthly Review for Dec. 1824: article, Skot- ceased, the first in his 21st year, the last in his 19th, lowe's Life of Shakspeare. 1 Ace it. 666

• Ad v sc. 1.

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11 unmarried and before their mother; who, having Whatever is in any degree associated with the reached her 77th year, expired in February, 1661-2 personal history of Shakspeare is weighty with gen-being buried on the 9th of that month. She ap- eral interest. The circumstance of his birth can pears either not to have received any education, or impart consequence even to a provincial town; and not to have profited by the lessons of her teachers, we are not unconcerned in the past or the present for to a deed, still in existence, she affixes her fortunes of the place, over which hovers the glory mark.

of his name. But the house, in which he passed We have already mentioned the dates of the the last three or four years of his life, and in which birth, marriage, and death of Susanna Hall. She he terminated his mortal labours, is still more enleft only one daughter, Elizabeth, who was baptized gaging to our imaginations, as it is more closely and on the 21st of February, 1607-8, eight years before personally connected with him. Its history, thereher grandfather's decease, and was married on the fore, must not be omitted by us; and if in some re. 22d of April, 1626, to Mr. Thomas Nash, a country spects, we should differ in it from the narrative or gentleman, as it appears, of independent fortune. Malone, we shall not be without reasons sufficient Two years after the death of Mr. Nash, who was to justify the deviations in which we indulge. New buried on the 5th of April, 1647, she married on the Place, then, which was not thus first named by 5th of June, 1649, at Billesley in Warwickshire, Sir Shakspeare, was built in the reign of Henry VII., John Barnard, Knight, of Abington, a small village by Sir Hugh Clopton, Kt., the younger son of an in the vicinity of Northampton. She died, and was old family resident near Stratford, who had filled buried at Abington, on the 17th of February, 1669-70; in succession the offices of Sheriff and of Lord and, as she left no issue by either of her husbands, Mayor of London. In 1563 it was sold by one of ner death terminated the lineal descendants of the Clopton family to William Bott; and by him Shakspeare. His collateral kindred have been in- it was again sold in 1570 to William Underhill, (the dulged with a much longer period of duration ; the purchaser and the seller being both of the rank of descendants of his sister, Joan, having continued in esquires) from whom it was bought by our Poet in a regular succession of generations even to our 1597. By him it was bequeathed to his daughter, days; whilst none of them, with a single exception, Susanna Hall; from whom it descended to her only have broken from that rank in the community in child, Lady Barnard. In the June of 1643, this which their ancestors, William Hart and Joan Lady, with her first husband Mr. Nash, entertained, Shakspeare united their unostentatious fortunes in for nearly three weeks, at New Place, Henrietta the year 1599. The single exception to which we Maria, the queen of Charles I., when, escorted by allude is that of Charles Hart, believed, for good Prince Rupert and a large body of troops, she was reasons, to be the son of William the eldest son of on her progress to meet her royal consort, and to William and Joan Hart, and, consequently, the proceed with him to Oxford. On the death of Lady grand-nephew of our Poet. At the early age of Barnard without children, New Place was sold, in seventeen, Charles Hart, as lieutenant in Prince 1675,1 to Sir Edward Walker, Kt., Garter King at Rupert's regiment, fought at the battle of Edgehill: Arms; by whom it was left to his only child, Barbara, and, subsequently betaking himself to the stage, he married to Sir John Clopton, Kt., of Clopton in the became the most renowned tragic actor of his time. parish of Stratford. On his demise, it became the “What Mr. Hart delivers," says Rymer, (I adopt property of a younger son of his, Sir Hugh Clopton, the citation from the page of Malone,)“ every one Kt., (this family of the Cloptons seems to have been takes upon content: their eyes are prepossessed peculiarly prolific in the breed of knights,)

by whom and charmed by his action before aught of the poet's it was repaired and decorated at a very large excan approach their ears; and to the most wretched pense. Malone affirms that it was pulled down by of characters he gives a lustre and brilliancy, which him, and its place supplied by a more sumptuous dazzles the sight ihat the deformities in the poetry edifíce. If this statement were correct, the crime of cannot be perceived.” “Were I a poet,” says its subsequent destroyer would be greatly extenuanother contemporary writer,)“nay a Fletcher or ated; and the hand which had wielded the axo a Shakspeare, I would quit my own title to immor- against the hallowed mulberry tree, would be abtality so that one actor might never die. This Isolved from the second act, imputed to it, of sacrimay modestly say of him (nor is it my particular legious violence. But Malone's acccount is, unopinion, but the sense of all mankind) that the best questionably, erroneous. In the May of 1742, Sir tragedies on the English stage have received their Hugh entertained Garrick, Macklin, and Delany lustre from Mr. Hart's performance: that he has under the shade of the Shakspearian mulberry. On left such an impression behind him, that no less than the demise of Sir Hught in the December of 1751, the interval of an age can make them appear again New Place was sold by his son-in-law and executor, with half their majesty from any second hand." This Henry Talbot, the Lord Chancellor Talbot's brother, was a brilliant eruption from the family of Shak- to the Rev. Francis Gastrell, Vicar of Frodsham in speare ; but as it was the first so it appears to have Cheshire ; by whom, on some quarrel with the been the last; and the Harts have ever since, as magistrates on the subject of the parochial assessfar at least as it is known to us, pursued the noise- ments, it was razed to the ground, and its site abanless tenor of their way," within the precincts of doned to vacancy. On this completion of his outtheir native town on the banks of the soft-flowing ragesg against the memory of Skákspeare, which Avon.*

his unlucky possession of wealth enabled him to * By intelligence, on the accuracy of which I can rely, said, with any of the vitality of genius. For this infor. and which has only just reached me, from the birth- mation I am indebted to Mr. Charles Fellows, of Notplace of Shakspeare, I learn that the family of the Harts, tingham; who with the characteristic kindness of his after a course of lineal descents during the revolu- most estimable family, sought for the intelligence which tion of two hundred and twenty-six years,

is now on the was required by me, and obtained it. verge of extinction; an aged woman, who retains in | Malone gives a different account of some of the single blessedness her maiden name of Hart, being at transfers of New Place. According to him, it passed by this time (Nov. 1825) its sole surviving representative. sale, on the death of Lady Barnard, to Edward Nash, For some years she occupied the house of her ancestors, the cousin-german of that Lady's first husband; and, in which Shakspeare is reported to have first seen the by him,

was bequeathed to his daughter Mary, the wife light; and here she obtained a comfortable subsistence of Sir Reginald Foster; from whom it was bought by by showing the antiquities of the venerated mansion to Sir John Clopton, who gave it by deed to his youngest the numerous strangers who were attracted to it. Being son, Sir Hugh. But the deed, which conveyed New dispossessed of this residence by the rapaciousness of its Place to Sir Edward Walker, is still in existence; and proprietor, she settled herself in a dwelling nearly oppo- has been published by R. B. Wheeler, the historian of site to it. Here she still lives; and continues to exhibit Stratford. gome relics, not reputed to be genuine, of the mighty | Sir Hugh Clopton was knighted by George I. He bard, with whom her maternal ancestor was nourished was a barrister ai law; and died in the December of in the same womb. She regards herself also as a dra- 1751, at the advanced age of eighty.--Malone. matic poet; and, in support of her pretensions, she pro- Our daye, also, have witnessed a similar profana duces the rude sketch of a play, uninformed, as it is Ition of the relics of genius; not, Indeed, of genius

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ON THE EAST END OF THE TOMB.

comnit, Francis Gastrell departed from Stratford, | ing epitaph, attributed, certainly not on its intertita hooted out of the town, and pursued by the execra- evidence, to our Poet. Its subject was, probably tions of its inhabitants. The fate of New Place the member of a family with the surname of James. has been rather remarkable. After the demolition which once existed in Stratford. of the house by Gastrell, the ground, which it had occupied, was thrown into the contiguous garder,

When God was pleased, the world unwilling yet,

Elias James to nature paul his debt, and was sold by the widow of the clerical barbarian.

And here remiseth; as he lived he died; Having remained during a certain period, as a por. The saying in hin strongly verifieil, tion of a garden, a house was again erected on it;

Such life, such ricatı: then, the known truth to tell, and, in consequence also of some d 'spute about

He lived a gudly life and died as well. the parish assessments, that house, liko nis predeces.

WM. SHAXSPEARE. sor, was pulled down; and its site was finally abandoned to Nature, for the production of her fruits Among the monuments in Tonge Church, in the and her flowers : and thither may we iniagine the county of Salop, is one raised to the memory of Sir litule Elves and Fairies frequently to resort, to trace | Thomas Stanley, Knt., who is thought by Malone the footsteps of their beloved poet, now obliterated to have died about the year 1600. With the prose from the vision of man; to throw a finer perfume inscription on this tomb, transcribed by Sir W. on the violet; to unfold ihe first rose of the year, Dugdale, are the verses which I am about to copy, and to tinge its cheek with a richer blush ; and, in said by Dugdale to have been made by William their dances beneath the full-orbed moon, to chant Shakspeare, the late famous tragedian. their harmonies, too subtle for the gross ear of mortality, to the fondly cherished memory of their darLing, THE SWEET SWAN OF AVON.

Ask who lies here, but do net weep: Of the personal history of Willam Shakspeare, He is not deall, he doth leit sleep. as far as it can be drawn, even in shadowy exist- This stony register is for his bones: ence, from the obscurity which invests il, and of His fame is inore perpetual than these stones : whatever stands in immediate connection with it, we

And his own yooners with himeelt being gone, have now exhibited all that we can collect; and we

Shall live when earthly monument is none are not conscious of having omitted a single circum

ON THE WEST END. stance of any moment, or worthy of the attention of our readers. We might, indeed, with old Fuller,

Not monumental stone preserves our fame : speak of our Poet's wit-combuts, as Fuller calls

Nor sky-apiring pyramids our name.

The memory of him for whom this stands, them, at the Mermaid, with Ben Jonson: but then

Shall outlive marble and defacer's hande. we have not one anecdote on record of either of

When all 10 time's consumption shall be given, these intellectual gladiators to produce, for not a Stanley, for whom this stands, shall stand in heaven sparkle of our Shakspeare's convivial wit has travelled down to our eyes; and it would be neither instructive nor pleasant to see him represented as a

As the great works of Shakspeare have engaged light skiff, skirmishing with a huge galleon, and the attention of an active and a learned century either evading or pressing attack as prudence sug- since they were edited by Rowe, little that is new gested, or the alertness of his movements embold- on the subject of them can be expected from a pen ened him to attempt. The lover of heraldry may,

of the present day. It is necessary, however, that perhaps, censure us for neglecting to give the blazon we should notice them, lest our readers should be of Shakspeare's arms, for which, as it appears, two compelled to seek in another page than ours for the patents were issued from the herald's office, one in common information which they might conceive 1569 or 1570, and one in 1599 ; and by him, who themselves to be entitled to expect from us. will insist on the transcription of every word which

Fourteen of his plays were published separately, has been imputed on any authority io the pen of in quarto copies, during our Poet's life; and, seven Shakspeare, we may be blamed for passing over in years after his death, a complete edition of them silence two very indifferent epitaphs, which have was given to the public in folio by his theatric felbeen charged on him. We will now, therefore, give lows, Heminge and Condell, of those productions the arms which were accorded to him; and we will, of his, which were circulated by the press while he also, copy the two epitaphs in question. We may

was yet living, and were all surreptitious, our great then, without any further impediment, proceed to author seems to have been as utterly regardless as the more agreeable portion of our labours,-tho he necessarily was of those which appeared when notice of our author's works.

he was mouldering in his grave.* We have already The armorial bearings of the Shakspeare family are, or rather were,-Or, on a bend sable, a tilting

* In his essay on the chronological order of Shak spear of the first, point upwards, headed argent. The title-page of the earliest edition of Hamlet, which he

speare's plays, Malone conclules very properly from Crest, A falcon displayed, argent, supporting a believed then to be extant, that this edition (published in spear in pule, or.

1604) had been preceded by another of a less correct and In a MS. volume of poems, by William Herrick less perfect character. A copy of the elder edition, in and others, preserved in the Bodleian, is the follow-question, has lately been discovered ; and is, indeed,

far more remote from perfection than its sucessor, which equally hallowed with that of which we have been was collated by Malone. It obviously appears to have speaking, for Nature has not yet produced a secoud been printed from the rude draught of the drama, as it Shakspeare; but ot' genius, which had conversed with was sketched by the Poca from the örst suggestions of the immortal Muses, which had once been the delight of his mind. But how this rude and imperfect draught the good and the terror of the bad. Tallule to the vio- could fall into the hands of its publisher, is a question lation of Pope's charming retreat, on the banks of the not easily to be answered. Such, however, is the au. Thames, by a capricious and tasteless woman, who thority to be atached to all the early quartos. They has endeavoured to blot out every inemorial of the great were obtained by every indirect mean; and the first inand moral poet from that spot, which liis occupation correct MS., blotted again and again by the pens of ig. had made classic, and dear to the heart of his country. norant transcribers, and multiplied by the press, was In the mutability of all human things, and the inevitable suffered, by the apatıy of its illustrious author, to be shiftings of property, “From you to me, from me to circuland, without check, anong the multitude Hence l'eter Walter," these lamentable desecrations, which the grossest anomalies of grammar have been considermorinly our pride and would our sensibilities, will of ed, by his far-famed restorers, as belonging to the dia. necessity sometimes occur. The site of the Tusculan lect of Shakspeare; and the most egregious infractions of Cicero may become the haunt of banii, or be dis- of rhythm, as the tones of his honey-longued muse. The

graced with the walls of a monastery. The residences variations of the copy of Hamlet immediately before us, ** of a Shakspeare and a Pope may be devastated and do which was published in 1603, from the perfect drama,

bled by a Parson Gastrell and a Baroness Howe. Wc as it subsequently issued from the press, are far too nu. can only sigh over the ruin when its deformity strikes merous to be noticed in this place, is indeed this place. opon our eyes; and execrat the hands by which it has could properly be assigned in such a purpose. I may, boen savagoly aceomplishert.

howevor, just mention that Corambis and Montano ars

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observed on the extraordinary,-nay wonderful in-view cured and perfect of their limbs; and all the
difference of this illustrious man toward the offspring rest absolute in their numbers as he conceived
of his fancy; and we make it again the subject of them.". But notwithstanding these professions,
our remark solely for the purpose of illustrating the and their honest resentment against impostors and
cause of those numerous and pernicious errors surreptitious copies, the labours of these sole pos-
which deform all the early editions of his plays. sessors of Shakspeare's MSS. did not obtain tho
He must have known that many of these, his intel credit which they arrogated ; and they are charged
lectual children, were walking through the commu- with printing from those very quartos, on which
nity in a state of gross disease, with their limbs they had heaped so much well-merited abuse. They
spotted, as it were, with the leprosy or the plague. printed, as there cannot be a doubt, from their
But he looked on them without one parental feeling, prompter's book, (for by what temptation could they
and stretched not out his hand for their relief. They be enticed beyond it?) but then, from the same
had broken from the confinement of the players, to book, were transcribed many, perhaps, of the sur-
whose keeping he had consigned them; and it was reptitious quartos ; and it is not wonderful that
their business and not his to reclaim them. As for transcripts of the same page should be precisely
the rest of his intellectual progeny, they were where alike. These editors, however, of the first folio,
he had placed them; and he was uiterly uncon- have incurred the heavy displeasure of some of our
cerned about their future fate. How fraught and modern critics, who are zealous on all occasions to
glowing with the principle of life must have been depreciate their work. Wherever they differ from
their nature to enable them to subsist, and to force the first quartos, which, for the reason that I have
themselves into immortality under so many circum- assigned, they must in general very closely resem-
stances of evil!

ble, Malone is ready to decide against them, and
The copies of the plays, published antecedently to defer to the earlier edition. But it is against the
to his death, were transcribed either by memory, editor of the second folio, published in 1632, that
from their recitation on the stage ; or froin the sepa-he points the full storm of his indignation. He
rate parts, written out for the study of the particu- charges this luckless wight, whoever he may be,
lar actors, and to be pieced together by the skill of with utter ignorance of the language of Shakspeare's
the editor; or, lastly, if stolen or bribed access time, and of the fabric of Shakspeare's verse; and
could be obtained to it, from the prompter's book he considers him and Pope as the grand corrupters
itself. From any of these sources of acquisition of Shakspeare's text. Without reflecting that to
the copy would necessarily be polluted with very be ignorant of the language of Shakspeare's time
flagrant errors; and from every edition, through was, in the case of this hapless editor, to be igno-
which it ran, it would naturally contract more pol- rant of his own, for he who published in 1632 could
lution and a deeper stain. Such of the first copies hardly speak with a tongue different from his who
as were fortunately transcribed from the prompter's died only sixteen years before, Malone indulges in
book, would probably be in a state of greater

rela- an elaborate display of the unhappy man's ignotive correctness: but they are all, in different de-rance, and of his presumptuous alterations. He grees, deformed with inaccuracies ; and not one of the editor of the second folio) did not know that the them can claim the right to be followed as an au- double negative was the customary and authorized thority. What Steevens and Malone call the re- dialect of the age of Queen Elizabeth ; (God help storing of Shakspeare's text, by reducing it to the him, poor man! for if he were forty years old when he reading of these early quartos, is frequently the re- edited Shakspeare, he must have received the first storing of it to error and to nonsense, from which it rudiments of his education in the reign of the maidhad luckily been reclaimed by the felicity of conjec-en queen;) and thus egregiously ignorant (ignotural criticism. One instance immediately occurs rant, by the bye, where shakspeare himself was to me, to support what I have affirmed; and it may ignorant, for his Twelfth Night,* the clown says, be adduced instead of a score, which might be easi- If your four negatives make your two affirmalives ly found, of these vaunted restorations.

--why then the worse for my friends and the better
In that fine scene between John and Hubert, for my foes,” &c.) but thus egregiously ignorant,
where the monarch endeavours to work up his instead of
agent to the royal purposes of murder, the former

“Nor to her bed no homage do I owe.”
-If thou couldst
Hear me without thine ears, and make reply

this editor has stupidly printed,
Without a tongue, using conceit alone, &e. &c.

“Nor to her bed a homage do I owe.” Then in despite of brooded, watchful day, I would into thy bosom pour my thoughts, &c. &c. further," this blockhead of an editor has substituted

Again, in " As you Like It,” for "I cannot go no The passage thus stood in one of these old copies Nothing," for

"I can go no further.” In "Much Ado about of authority: but Pope, not able to discover any meaning in the epithet, brooded, most happily sub- “There will she hide her stituted broad-eyed” in its stead. As the com- To listen our purpose." pound was poetic and Shakspearian (for Shakspeare has dull-eyed and fire-eyed,) and was also most pe- this corrupting editor has presumed to reliove the culiarly suited to the place which it was to fill, the halting metre by printing, --substitution for a while was permitted to remain ; till Steevens, discovering the reading of the old copy, “ There will she hide her restored brooded to the station whence it had been

To listen to our purpose.” felicitously expelled, and abandoned the line once In these instances, I feel convinced that the editor is more to the nonsense of the first editor.

In 1623, the first complete edition of our author's right, and consequently that the critic is the blockdramatic works was published in folio by his com- head who is wrong. In what follows also, I am rades of the theatre, Heminge and Condell; and in decidedly of opinion that the scale inclines in favour this we might expect a texi tolerably incorrupt, if of the former of these deadly opposites.

The double not perfectly pure. The editors denounced the comparative is common in the plays of Shakspeare, copies which had preceded their edition as "stolen says Malone :-true, as I am willing to allow; but and surreptitious copies, mained and deformed by always, as I am persuaded, in consequence of the the frauds and stealths of injurious

impostors, that illiteracy or the carelessness of the first transcriber : exposed them; even those are now offered to your English than Spenser, Daniel, Hooker, and i acon?

for why should Shakspeare write more an omalous the names given in this copy to the Polonius and Rey. or why in his plays should naldo of the more perfect editions; and the young lord,

be guilty o barba Osrick, is called in it only a braggart gentleman.

Act v. sc. I

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tom rith which shose poems of his,* that were plement is as beneficial to the sensa, as in the ne printed under his own immediate eye, are altoge- cessary to the rhythm. Malone's line is, ther unstained ? But, establishing the double com- “And with the brands fire the traitors' houses: parative as one of the peculiar anomalies of Shakspeare's grammar, Malone proceeds to arraign the the editor's unfortunate editor as a criminal, for substituting, in “And with the brands fire all the traitors' houses.” thier ; in Othello--for, opinion, a sovereign mis- I be still more easily repelled. In a noted passago a passage of Coriolanus, more worthy for more wor. The next charge, brought against the editor, may tress, throws a more safer voice on you,”." opinion, of Macbeth &c. throws a more safe voice on you ;” and, in Hamlet, instead of “ Your wisdom should show itself "I would while it was smiling in my face more richer to signify this to the doctor," “ Your Have pluck'd my nipple from its boneless gums,

And dash'd the brains out, had I so sworn wisdom should show itself more rich to signify this to

As you have done to this, the doctor.” Need I express my conviction that in these passages the editor has corrected the text into “ Not perceiving,” says Malone, " that sworn what actually fell from Shakspeare's pen? Can it was used as a dissyllable," (the devil it was ?) be doubted also that the editor is accurate in his “He (the editor) reads "had'I but so sworn, printing of the following passage in “ A Midsum- much as we think, to the advantage of the sense mer Night's Dream?” As adopted by Malone it as well as of the metre ; and supplying, as we constands.

ceive, the very word which Shakspeare had writ“So will I grow, so live, so die, my lord,

ten, and the carelessness of the transcriber omit

ted. Charms' our Poet sometimes uses, accordEre I will yield my virgin patent up. Unto his lordship, whose unwished yoke

ing to Malone, as a word of two syllables.”—No! My soul consents not to give sovereignty."

impossible! Our Poet might, occasionally, be guilty

of an imperfect verse, or the omission of his trani. e., says the critic, to give sovereignty to, &c.—To scriber might furnish him with one : but never be sure—and, without the insertion, in this instance, could he use "charms” as a word of two syllables. of the preposition, the sentence would be nonsense. We feel, therefore, obliged by the editor's supply As it is published by the editor, it is,

ing an imperfect line in "The Tempest,” with the

very personal pronoun which, it is our persuasion, " So will I grow, so live, so die, my lord, Ere I will yield my virgin patent up

was at first inserted by Shakspeare. In the most Unto his lordship, to whose unwish'd yoke

modern editions, the line in question stands My soul consents not to give sovereignty."

“Cursed be I that did so ! all the charms,” &c.

but the second folio reads with unquestionable pto Having now sufficiently demonstrated the editor's priety, "Cursed be I that I did so ! all the charms, ignorance of Shakspeare's language, let us proceed &c. As 'hour' has the same prolonged sound with his critic to ascertain his ignorance of Shak- with fire, sire, &c. and as it is possible, though, speare's metre and rhythm. In “The Winter's with reference to the fine ear of Shakspeare, i Tale,” | says Malone, we find,

think most improbable, that it might sometimes be

made to occupy the place of two syllables, I shall “What wheels, racks, fires; what playing, boiling pass over the instance from “Richard II.” in which In leads and oils!"

Malone triumphs, though without cause, over his Not knowing that' fires' was used as a dissyllable, “All's Well that End's Well,” in which a defec

adversary; as I shall also pass over that from the editor added the word burning, at the end of tive line has been happily supplied by our editor, the lino (I wish that he had inserted it before ‘boil- in consequence of his not knowing

that 'sire' was ing')

employed as a dissyllable. In the first part of "What wheele, racks, fires ; what flaying, boiling, lish,” is prolonged by the editor with a syllable

Henry VI.” “Rescued is Orleans from the Eng. burning."

which he deemed necessary because he was ignoIt is possible that fires may be used by Shakspeare rant that the word, 'English,' was used as a trias a dissyllable, though I cannot easily persuade syllable. According to him the line is—"Rescued myself that, otherwise than as a monosyllable, it is Orleans from the English wolves." We rejoico would satisfy an ear, attuned as was his, to the at this result of the editor's ignorance ; and wo finest harmonies of verse ; yet it may be employed wish to know who is there who can believe that as a dissyllable by the rapid and careless bard; 'English' was pronounced, by Shakspeare or his and I am ready to allow that the defective verse contemporaries, as Engerlish, or even as Engleish, was not happily supplied, in that place at least, with three syllables ? Again, not knowing that with the word, burning, yet I certainly believe that Charles' was used as a word of two syllables, (and Shakspeare did not leave the line in question as he was sufficiently near to the time of Shakspearo Malone has adopted it, and that some word has to know his pronunciation of such a common word: been omitted by the carelessness of the first tran- but the blockhead could not be taught the most acribor. In the next instance, from Julius Cæsar, common things,) this provoking editor instead of I feel assured that the editor is right, as his sup- "Orleans the bastard, Charles, Burgundy."

has printed, * In his “Venus and Adonis," and his “Rape of Lu.

" Orleans the bastard, Charles, and Burgundy." crece," printed under his immediate inspections and in his 154 Sonnets, printed from correct MSS., and no doubt In the next instance, I must confess myself to bo with his knowledge, are not to be found any of these ignorant of Malone's meaning. “Astræa being barbarous anomalies. "The Passionate Pilgrim," and "The Lover's Complaint," are, also, free from them. conclude that he intended to say, as a word of four

used,” he says as a word of three syllables,". (I Worser and lesser may sometimes occur in these poems: but the last of these improprieties will occasionally syllables, the diphthong being dialytically separated And a place in the page of modern composition. In the into its component parts, and the word written and “Rape of Lucrece," the only anomaly of the double pronounced Astraea,) for “ Divinest creature, Asnegative, which I have been able to discover, is the fol. træa's daughter," the editor has given “Divinest lowing :

creature, bright Astræa's daughter."-Shameless " She touch'd no unknown baits, nor feard no hooks." interpolation ! Not aware that sure' is used as a and the same Impropriety may be found in three or four dissyllable, this grand corrupter of Shakspeare's Instances in the Sonnets. And substituted for nor would text has substituted, “Gloster, we'll moot to thy romere those fow passages to perfect grammar.

dear cost,

be
sure,

,” for “Gloster, we'll meet to thy

cost, be sure."--Ongo more, and to conclude an † Ace 14. se.

examination which I could extend to a much greator

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