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tenth of November, 1793, the Goddess of Reason was enthroned in Notre Dame
Cathedral. 418. 66. From bleak Helvetia's icy caverns.
The ode was occasioned by the French invasion of Switzerland in 1798.
419. Coleridge writes, in his preface to the
poem: In consequence of a slight indis-
and the dream” have gone;
“ whither is fled the visionary gleam? 413. 5. The child brings with him into this
world recollections of Heaven; the older we become the farther we journey from the celestial vision of childhood, till at length
" the Man perceives it die away, And fade into the light of common day.” 6. The Earth, man's foster-mother, does all she can to make the child
Forget the glories he hath known, And that imperial palace whence he came.” 7. The child in his play imitates all the businesses of life. 8. Why should he do this, and hurry himself into the yoke of manhood? 9. Let us give thanks for the “ shadowy recollections which persist from childhood into maturity to uphold and cherish us. 10. Even though the celestial radiance has now departed from the world, I can still be joyful, finding strength in human sympathy, and “In the faith that looks through death, In years that bring the philosophic mind.” 11. And Nature still is beautiful, for the love I feel for her is strengthened and enriched by years of experience with the world, and by sympathetic association with men.
ON THE EXTINCTION OF THE VENETIAN
416. Napoleon entered Venice on the 16th of
May, 1797, and proclaimed the end of the republic.
ON THE SEA-SHORE NEAR CALAIS
416. 9. Dear Child! dear Girl!
TO TOUSSAINT L'OUVERTURE 417. Wordsworth celebrates in this sonnet the
achievement and character of the African liberator of San Domingo, who, after leading a successful rebellion against the French, and ridding the island of slavery, was captured in 1801 and taken a prisoner to Paris.
FRANCE: AN ODE
The ode is perhaps the most notable ex-
and Spain, February 1, 1793. 418. 43. Blasphemy's loud scream. On the
THE RIME OF THE ANCIENT MARINER In Wordsworth's note on his own poem, We Are Seven, the following passage explains the origin of the Ancient Mariner: ** In the spring of the year 1798 (Coleridge), my sister, and myself, started to visit Linton. In the course of this walk was planned the poem of the
worth's marriage-in the Morning Post. Although Wordsworth's name did not appear in this version, it was in fact addressed to him. Later, after an estrangement between the two poets, Coleridge revised and enlarged the ode. The first form is printed in the Globe edition of
Coleridge's works, p. 522.. 433. 25. O Lady! In the earlier version, here
and throughout the poem, O Edmund!
What can these beauties of nature avail? 436. 120. As Otway's self. Originally
O simple spirit, guided from above,
WORK WITHOUT HOPE 436. The poem was composed in February,
1827, long after Coleridge's best work
Ancient Mariner, founded on a dream, as Mr. Coleridge said, of his friend, Mr. Cruikshank. Much the greatest part of the story was Mr. Coleridge's invention; but certain parts I myself suggested:for example, some crime was to be committed which should bring upon the old Navigator, as Coleridge afterwards delighted to call him, the spectral persecution, as a consequence of that crime, and his own wanderings. I had been reading in Shelvocke's Voyages a day or two before that while doubling Cape Horn they frequently saw albatrosses.
Suppose,' said I, 'you represent him as having killed one of these birds on entering the South Sea, and that the tutelary Spirits of those regions take upon them to avenge the crime!' The incident was thought fit for the purpose, and adopted accordingly. I also suggested the navigation of the ship by the dead men, but do not recollect that I had anything more to do with the scheme of the poem.
We began the composition together on that, to me, memorable evening. I furnished two or three lines at the beginning of the poem, in particular:. And listened like a three years' child; The Mariner had his will.'”
The poem was first printed in the 1798 edition of the Lyrical Ballads. Many archaisms, intended to make it resemble the popular ballads, and a few stanzas, were afterwards removed. The marginal gloss was added when the poem appeared in the Sybilline Leaves, 1817.
FROST AT MIDNIGHT 430. The poem was written in February, 1798,
while Coleridge was living in his cottage at Nether-Stowey.
7. My cradled infant. His son Hartley. 431. 25. At school. Coleridge entered Christ's
Hospital when he was ten years old, and
DEJECTION: AN ODE 433. The poem was first printed on the fourth
BIOGRAPHIA LITERARIA 37. The Lyrical Ballads. The title given to the 1798 volume to which both Wordsworth and Coleridge contributed. It contained, among other poems, Tintern
Abbey, and The Ancient Mariner. 437. 85. A preface. See the selections from
this Preface, pp. 389 ff. 439. 297. Præcipitandus, etc. The free spirit
must be urged forward.
BOAT SONG 442. 10. Roderigh Vich Alpine dhu. “ Black
Roderick, the descendant of Alpine."
CORONACH 443. “ The Coronach of the Highlanders was
of October, 1802,--the day of Words
a wild expression of lamentation, poured
HARP OF THE NORTH
443. This is a sort of epilogue to The Lady of
JOCK OF HAZELDEAN 444. The first stanza is traditional; see F. J. Child's English and Scottish
Popular Ballads, v. 159, for the older John of Hazelgreen on which Scott modelled his song.
446. From Quentin Durward.
From The Doom of Devor goil. 1. Claver'se. John Graham of Claverhouse (1649?-1689), an ardent and successful partisan of Charles II, won the title “ bloody Claver'se” by his persecution of the Scottish Dissenters during the last years of Charles's reign. In 1688 he was created first Viscount Dundee by James II. After James's flight, Claverhouse maintained a royal army in Scotland, and won the battle of Killiecrankie in July, 1689, but died of a wound the night of the victory. The incident referred to in the poem took place March 18, 1688, when Claverhouse rode out of Edinburgh at the head of some fifty dragoons, having bolted the Convention that was to determine Scotland's attitude towards James II. 13. The Bow. Bow Street, Edinburgh. 14. Ilk carline was flyting and shaking her pow. Every old woman was scolding and wagging her head. 15. The young plants of grace they looked couthie and slee. The young men looked kindly and sly. 17. The Grassmarket. An open square in the center of the city, formerly used for public executions. See The Heart of Midlothian, Chapter ii. 21. Cowls of Kilmarnock. The Presbyterian Whigs, who were all anti-Stuart. 22. Lang hafted gullies. Long handled knives. 23. Close-head. The entrance to a blind alley. (Engl. Dialect Dictionary.)
rock. Edinburgh Castle stands on a high rock above the city. 27. Mons Meg and her marrows. Mons
446. 35. Duniewassals. Highland gentlemen
of somewhat inferior rank.
KNOW YE THE LAND
3. The turtle. The turtle dove.
THE DESTRUCTION OF SENNACHERIB 447. See 2 Kings, xix: 35.
MY BOAT IS ON THE SHORE 448. Tom Moore and Byron were for many
years intimate friends.
SONNET ON CHILLON; THE PRISONER OF
François de Bonnivard (1493–1570), a patriotic citizen of Geneva, undertook to defend the city against the Duke of Savoy. In this he was unsuccessful, and after various adventures, was imprisoned in the castle of Chillon from 1530 to 1536. The castle stands on the shore of the Lake
of Geneva. 449. 107. Lake Leman. The Lake of Geneva.
was a famous cannon of unusual size. 30. Montrose. James Graham (16121650), fifth Earl and first Marquis of Montrose, was Charles I's most successful lieutenant during the Civil War. He was captured and executed by the Earl of Argyle in 1650.
CHILDE HAROLD'S PILGRIMAGE: CANTO III 452. 182. Belgium's capital. Brussels. See
Thackeray's description of Brussels dur-
killed at Jena, in 1806.
broch, or martial rallying song, played on the bagpipe. The clan Cameron had been
out under Prince Charles Stuart in 1745, but was enthusiastically loyal in 1815. 227. Albyn's. Scotland's. 235. Ardennes.
Byron notes: “The wood of Soignies is supposed to be a remnant of the ‘forest of Ardennes,' famous in Boiardo's Orlando, and immortal in Shakespeare's As You Like
11." 466. 848. Cytherea's zone. Venus's girdle,
which inspired the beholder with love for the wearer.
bridge leading from the Doge's Palace to
466. 703. The Niobe of nations. Niobe, all of
whose children were slain by Apollo and Diana because of her pride, stands as a
symbol of grief and suffering. 467. 732. When Brutus, etc. The reference
is to the murder of Julius Cæsar by
combats. 469. 1648. I have loved thee, Ocean. Byron
was a swimmer of extraordinary ability.
DON JUAN: DEDICATION 460. 1. Bob Southey! You're a Poet. The
satiric dedication to Robert Southey was
461. 730. Thermopylæ. The most famous
battle at the pass of Thermopylæ was
ing the southern extremity of Attica. 462. 813. Troy owes to Homer what whist
owes to Hoyle. Edmund Hoyle (1672–
CANTO III 690. Sappho. The only woman among the world's great poets. She lived approximately 600 B. C. 692. Delos.
A Greek island, the birthplace of Phæbus Apollo. 695. The Scian and the Teian muse. Homer and Anacreon, so called from their birthplaces, real or supposed, Scio and Teos, respectively. 701. Marathon. The battle of Marathon, fought in 490 B. C. between the Persians and the Greeks, resulted in an overwhelming victory for the latter. It took place on the plains of Marathon, overlooking the sea. 708. Salamis. In 480 B. C. the Greek fleet under Themistocles defeated the Persian fleet. The battle was fought in the strait between the island of Salamis and the mainland of Attica.
hand of the sculptor and the heart of the king.
ODE TO THE WEST WIND
473. 21. Mænad. A priestess of Bacchus.
32. Baiæ's bay. Baiæ, near Naples,
THE INDIAN SERENADE
474. 11. Champak. An Indian tree, somewhat
like a magnolia.
476. 81. Cenotaph. A monument built in
honor of a person who is buried in some other place.
PROMETHEUS UNBOUND: ACT IV
479. 1. This is the day, etc. Demogorgon's
speech gives Shelley's idea of the reconstructed universe for which he was always longing.
ADONAIS Shelley's elegy, reminiscent of Milton's Lycidas, was written in memory of John Keats, who died at Rome, February 22, 1821. 12. Urania. The heavenly Muse, prop
erly the patroness of Astronomy: 480. 30. The Sire of an immortal strain. John
in the Protestant cemetery at Rome. 481. 133. She pined away;
Narcissus disdained the love of the nymph Echo;
Echo died of grief. 482. 140. To Phæbus was not Hyacinth so
dear. The youth Hyacinth, greatly be-
killed Keats with his brutal reviews. 483. 238. The unpastured dragon. The world. 244 ff. The herded wolves, ravens,
vultures. Critics “ to the conqueror's banner true," i. e., subservient to the political party in power. Keats's friendship with Leigh Hunt, a very advanced Liberal, brought many attacks
462. 838. The Morning Post. Coleridge first
became a regular contributor to the Post
871. The épopée. The epic.poem.
worth's poem The Waggoner, written in
This canto, of which the greater part is here reprinted, recounts the culmination of the romance between Juan, hero of the epic, and Haidée, daughter of a wealthy pirate and slavedealer on the shores of whose island the sea had cast Juan, sole survivor of a shipwreck. Haidée finds him, loves him, and nurses him back to health. The episode of Haidée and Juan
occupies cantos ii, iii, and iv. 464. 43. Pulci was sire. Luigi Pulci (1432
1487), Italian poet, author of a burlesque
epic entitled Il Morgante Maggiore.
472. 8. The hand that mocked them and the
heart that fed. The passions survive the
250. The Pythian of the age one arrow