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tician, who held chairs at Johns Hopkins
and Oxford Universities.
matics has long been an important part
a summing up of the whole book.
religious sect founded in Scotland by
Robert Sandeman, about 1725. 718. 952. A school report. Arnold was for
many years a government inspector of
sentence Arnold sums up his entire argu-
London, January 7, 1866, and is included
ley's collected works.
Archbishop of Canterbury. He was the
in the time of Charles II.
1727) published the Philosophia Naturalis
was writ in water."
309. Boyle, ... Evelyn. Robert Boyle
Evelyn (1620-1706), the diarist.
son (1753-1814), a scientist of interna-
731. 361. “ The world is all before it.” An
adaptation of Paradise Lost, xii: 646–7:
guide.” 375. The judgment-stricken king. Pentheus, in Euripides's Bacche, in his
madness sees two suns. 732. 446. St. Thomas. · Thomas Aquinas
(1227?-1274), canonized in 1323; one of
the greatest of the scholastic philosophers. 733. 524. Pompey's Pillar. A column erected
at Alexandria in honor of Diocletian. 734. 627 ff. τετράγωνος.
Nil admirari. To wonder at nothing. Felix qui, etc. Happy is he who has come to know the relationships of things, and has placed beneath his feet all fear, and inexorable fate, and the roar of
greedy Acheron. Virgil's Georgics, ii. 736. 704. The learning of a Salmasius or a
Burman. Claude Saumaise (1588-1653)
reward for betraying Rome.
Like It, II. i. 16.
APOLOGIA PRO VITA SUA Early editions of the A pologia contained the correspondence between Newman and Charles Kingsley, author of Westward Ho! The correspondence as a whole, and Newman's summary which is here reprinted, had been given to the public by Newman before the Apologia was published; they were omitted from later editions of the Apologia.
THE BLESSED DAMOZEL
THE IDEA OF A UNIVERSITY
740. The pictorial quality of this poem is char
courses on University Subjects were delivered in 1852 before the Catholics of Dublin.
acteristic of the work of Rossetti, famous as painter as well as poet; his painting of “ the fat weed That roots itself in ease on Lethe wharf,”
the same name corresponds exactly to
dream passed through a gate of horn; if false, through one of ivory.
746. 7. Below bridge. Navigation stopped at
London Bridge. 747. 15. Bills of lading. Chaucer was for a
time a clerk of the customs.
741. Founded on the old superstition that a
woman deserted by her lover, could obtain the power of life and death over his body by making a waxen image of him, and laying it in the heat of the fire; as the wax melted the man's life ebbed away. There are three speakers,—the wronged woman, her small brother, who does not understand what is going on, and a spectator, whose comments, slightly varied from verse to verse, keep pace with the progress of the story.
THE HOUSE OF LIFE
746. The name given by Rossetti to a sequence
of one hundred and one sonnets; this and Mrs. Browning's Sonnets from the Portuguese are generally conceded to be the finest collections of sonnets since Shakespeare's.
ATALANTA'S RACE 748. 63. Fleet-foot One. Ordinarily the epi
thet would indicate Hermes; in this con
nection it may mean Artemis. 760. 177. Saffron gown. Saffron was the
color used at marriages by the Greeks and Romans; cf. L'Allegro:
“ There let Hymen oft appear
In saffron robe, with taper clear.” 184. Sea-born one. Venus. 761. 208. Adonis' bane. The wild boar. 762. 275. Three-formed goddess. Artemis,
or Diana, so called because she was wor-
282. Sea-born framer. See note on l. 184. 766. 516. Damascus. Astarte, the Phænician
goddess of love, was identified with Venus. 756. 535. Saturn's clime. Saturn ruled the
world before his place was usurped by Zeus, or Jupiter; Saturn's reign was identified with the golden age, a time of peace,
plenty, and happiness. 768. 663. Mighty Lord. Zeus.
664. Her. Venus.
Similar sonnets on the sonnet-form are
760. 22. Efforts to limit art a priori. By argu
ment from hypotheses concerning ma-
Hamlet, I. v. 32–33. 14. Charon's palm. Charon ferried the souls of the dead over the river Styx to Hades; a piece of money was buried with the body to serve as fee for the passage.
twenty-four tales in verse, commonly
Romans, was a historian.
Saintsbury, in his Specimens of English Prose, from Malory to Macaulay, has succeeded in tracing, through successive English prose-writers, the tradition of that severer beauty in them, of which this admirable scholar of our literature is known to be a lover. English Prose, from Mandeville to Thackeray more rethe University because of its Romanism. 768. 952. Blake's rapturous design. One of
cently chosen and edited' by a younger scholar, Mr. Arthur Galton, of New College, Oxford, a lover of our literature at once enthusiastic and discreet, aims
more various illustration of the eloquent powers of English prose, and is
a delightful companion.' 763. 338. Le cuistre. The academic pedant.
Pater is fond of this interjectional use of well. It suggests the French eh bien! 364. Dictionary other than Johnson's. Johnson's Dictionary, though comparatively slight in extent, contains few words to which exception may be taken on the score of utility, and is equipped with illustrative quotations which make it still
valuable. 764. 417. “ Its " which ought to have been in
Shakespeare. Shakespeare uses “his,” in conformity with regular Elizabethan usage, for the neuter possessive.
The Greek word from which the English ascetic and asceticism
are derived. 766. 540. Michelangelo. For a discussion of
one phase of the work of this great Italian artist, see Pater's essay in The Renais609. Dean Mansel.
Henry L. Mansel (1820-1871), Dean of St. Paul's from 1868
to his death. 767. 769. Swedenborg. Emanuel Swedenborg
(1688-1772), founder of the New Church, or Swedenborgians. The Tracts for the
Times were written and published by John Henry Newman and his associates in the so-called Oxford Movement," during the years 1833-1841. The last of the tracts, No. 90, was condemned by
briand (1768-1848) and Victor Hugo (1802-1885) were both significant in the
development of French romanticism. 773. 173. Reynolds or Gainsborough. The
two greatest English portrait painters:
Lamb. 776. 411. A selection of language really used
by men. See the Preface to the Lyrical
Ballads, p. 389. 776. 452. George Sand. Her most famous
novel, La Petite Fadette, is known in
Johannes Meinhold (1797-1851) was a little-known novelist whom Pater considered significant in the
the illustrations made by Blake for Blair's Grave represents
“ Soul and Body Reunited.” 769. 1057. Buffon. Le Comte de Buffon
(1707-1788), a famous French naturalist.
history of German romanticism. 777. 588. Ánima mundi. Soul of the universe. 778. 703. The Ode . . . had its anticipator.
See Henry Vaughan's The Retreat, p. 123. 779. 747. Grandet, Javert. Characters in
Balzac's Eugenie Grandet and Victor
780. 24. Dule tree. A tree used as a gallows.
ing that a ship was about to sail.
The third emperor of
position of a sail is controlled. If it be
Omar Khayyam was a Persian poet who died c. 1123.
Walt Whitman, an American poet famous for his wholesale violations of the conventions of poetry, died in 1892. 214. The same stuff with dreams. See Shakespeare's Tempest, IV. i. 156:
* We are such stuff As dreams are made on, and our little life
Is rounded with a sleep.” 783. 303. As the French say. A cul-de-sac.
772. 36. Most serious critical efforts. See the
selections from the Preface to the Lyrical
tion of the Reign of Terror.
learning, of the mystery.
to the better known story of Philomela, ravished by her brother-in-law, Tereus, who cut out her tongue that she might not bear witness against him; she was afterward changed a nightingale.
Cf. Arnold's poem Philomela, p. 687. 786. 10. Maiden . lady. Artemis, the
moon-goddess, patroness of chastity. 786. 38. The oat. The shepherd's pipe of
oaten straw, contrasted with the lyre,
Names equivalent to Bacchanal (1. 49), one of the Bacchantes, female followers of Bacchus, who engaged in wild orgies in the god's honor.
TO WALT WHITMAN IN AMERICA
787. Whitman seemed to Swinburne, as to
many others, to be the prophet and poet of the new democracy which America was to offer to the Old World.
783. 312. A Bath-chair. An invalid's chair,
much used at Bath, the health resort.
“Æs Triplex,” meaning triple brass,” is from Horace, Odes, I. iii. 394. Nelson. Before the battle of the Nile, Nelson made the remark to his officers. See Southey's Life of Nelson, chap
“ Before this time tomorrow, I shall have gained a peerage, or West
minster Abbey.” 784. 416. The last paragraph might almost
have been written by Stevenson as prophetic of the close of his own life.
ATALANTA IN CALYDON 786. The poem is a drama in the Greek form.
5-8. There is reference here to two stories of the nightingale, both accounting for the melancholy in its song. According to one, Ædon killed her son Itylus by error, and was changed by Zeus into a nightingale. The tongueless vigil refers
CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE 790. 9. If all the pens, etc. A quotation from
Marlowe's Tamburlaine, Part I, V. i.
INDEX OF AUTHORS
. 77, 97
90 Macaulay, Thomas Babington, Lord...... 675
.69, 76, 100
· 72, 80