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Tanjore to its former sovereign. He subjoins fome general remarks on the impropriety and injustice of making conquests for the Mahometan princes in India : and concludes with a wish, in which all true friends to the rights of humanity, without deciding to which party the guilt of oppression belongs, may concur : . It is hoped that the active partizans of oppression, by officiously bringing these matters into discussion, will rouse the humanity and juitice of his Majesty, this nation, and the Company, in favour of the unhappy nations, princes, and people, who are under our protection, and from whom we de. rive infinite benefits.'


ART. VII. Poems, by a young Nobleman, of diftinguished Abilities,

lately deceased; particularly the State of England, and the once flourishing City of London. In a Letter from an American Tra. veller, dated from the ruinous Porcico of St. Paul's, in the Year 2199, to a Friend settled in Boston, the Metropolis of the Western Empire. Also, fundry fugitive Pieces, principally wrote whilft upon his Travels on the Continent. 410. 25. 6d. Kearlly. 1780. THE Nobleman, who is supposed to have been the Au

thor of these Poems, was sufficiently notorious. Nature had bestowed upon him considerable talents : these talents, under the care of a most excellent father, had met with the highest cultivation. Such were the advantages with which he entered into life. Unfortunately both for himself and for the world, there was something still wanting to give a proper direction to those abilities for which he was soon distinguished. Devoted, unhappily, to the pursuit of pleasure, he seems to have been one of those who emancipate themselves from every principle which opposes the gratification of their ruling appetite. A mind enslaved by vice, and enfeebled by a constant attention to low and sordid enjoyments, seems incapable of that dignity and elevation which are so essential to true poetry. Hence it may be that we meet with so few marks of those distinguilhed abilities which are announced in the title-page of these poems. Though we indeed expected not the “ dignity of verse," we yet looked for brilliancy and wit. In this respect, however, we are also disappointed. The first poem, the State of England in the year 2199, is heavy and unanimated. Neither force of genius nor grace of fancy are displayed in it. A Bostonian is supposed to vifit the ruins of London ; a poor emaciated Briton, who officiates as Ciceroni, is his attendant. After expatiating on the different objects that had engaged their attention, they

proceed into a field
O'ergrown with rank and noisome weeds, and here
The nonelt Briton wiping from his eye
The Itarting tear, in broken fobs of grief,


And mingled indignation thus exclaim'd. -
“ In this unwholefome fen, by the foul toad,
“ And eyelets newt inhabited, once stood
.". The Bank and Treasury of England, fill'd
“ With shining heaps of beaten gotd ; a sum
That would have beggar'd all the petty siates
“ Of Europe to have rais'd, here half the wealth
" Of Mexique and Peru was pour'd, and hence
“ Diffus’d in many a copious stream, was spread
" To distant towns, and cities, and enrich'd
Indutrious commerce through the polished land.
“ But now, alas! not e'en a trace remains,
“ Not e'en a ruin of the spacious pile,
“ Raz'd even with the duit, by the joint hand
Of the avenging multitude; what time
“ The fall of public credit, that had long
Tottered upon her airy base, involv'd
“ In fudden and promiscuous ruin all
The great commercial world –Then fell,
“ Struck to the heart by dark Corruption's arms,
“ The British Lion-then the Flower de Lis
" Wav'd high on London's tower, and then sunk
" Beneath the tyrant's blondy hand, the last
“ Remaining spark of LIBERTY.-A dire
« And dreadful revolution ! O my poor,
"My ruin'd country! long thou wast the pride
And dread of nations ; far above the rest

Happy and great, nor would the envious foe
“ Subdue thy warlike fons, but 'twas thyself
“ That killa thyself.-O memory, that wounds
My agonizing breaft!-O grief of heart
" That overtorns all parience !”—Thus much
His plaintive voice was heard; the rest was choak'd
By fighs and groans, that would have mov'd the heart
of favage rage to pity, much I griev'd

At Britain's downfall.. The only attempt at any thing like poetical description, is in the passage that immediately follows:

thought revolv'd on thought,
And my rapt mind was held in fix'd suspence,
And melancholy musing, but soon rouz'd
By an unusual sound;-the whittling wind
Mutter'd a hollow groan, the thicken'd sky,
Like a dark vault portentous food !-a blaze
of reddeft lightning fhot across the gloom,
The thunder rais'd his dreadful roar, and close
Before my astonish'd eyes a phaniom food,
In Nhape and gesture like a warrior old,
Of aspect gaunt and grim; his grizzly beard
And swarthy face was all besmear'd with duit,

And clotied gore, bis fable arirour pierc'd
Rev. Feb. 1780.



With many a shaft, upon his bruis'd limbs
And aged body seem'd a useless load!
In his right hand he held a broken spear,
And in his left a moulder'd scroll, whereon
The words of MAGNA CHARTĄ were engrav'd

In bloody characters. The poem afterwards concludes with some rhymes, which, we are of opinion, must have been added by a very inferior hand, as they are such as would confer no honour on the belman.

The second piece in the collection is addressed to Lady Catharine A-n-y, on her departure for Ireland. This, as well as the poem that immediately follows it, addressed to a friend from Venice, contains some tolerable lines. The verses we are most pleased with are

An Invitation to Miss WARB-RT-N.

Already wasted from th' empurpled meads
Of blest Arcadia, with soft vernal airs,
Zephyr had op'd the tender buds, that fear'd
Th’inclement ky, and now the genial sun
His vivid beams o'er herb, tree, fruit, and flow's
Effuses, and calls forth the wanton spring
In all her charms—and shall the spread around
Her honey'd treasures, and delicious bloom,
Whilft in dark cities pent, 'midst noxious fumes,
My Am’ret waftes the rosy hours, nor heeds
Their nectar'd sweets, unmindful how expand
The new-born leaves, or how th' enlivening ray
Paints ev'ry flow'r with green, and native gold ? .
O! come, thou faireft Aow'r, by Nature's hand
Made not to bloom unseen, where ardent love
Invites; and 'mid the love-inspiring gloom
Of Harley shades, deign tread the rural haunts
Of universal Pan; for there he dwells,
And those his lov'd retreats, where Madowy woods
Weave leafy arches 'cross the gushing rills,
That ever and anon from airy heights
Descend, and gurgling through the op'ning vale,
Glide smoothly onward, whilst the Naiads mark
Their calm soft course.-Such was the blissful scene
By fine poetic fancy view'd of old,
In Tempe's vale ; where the delighted gods
With wood- nymphs danc'd in chorus, to the tune
Of pipes and voices sweet, whose charming sound
The mute herds mov'd, and held their savage hearts
In rapture:--but not the who on those plaids
With graceful ftep led on th' eternal spring,
Fair Flora, nor the nymph whom gloomy Dis
Beheld in Enna's grove, and instant lov'd,
With Thee could be compar'd, nor could their charms
So touch the beart, or raise so pure a flame.

We almost imagine we perceive in the above little poem fome marks of the style and sentiment of a former Lord Lyttelton. What, in some measure, favours our conjecture, is, that we find nothing in the present collection that bears any resemblance to it.

Beside the pieces already taken notice of, there is a tolerable imitation of the first Elegy of Tibullus. The remaining part of the poems we pass over as, in general, poor, contemptible, and vulgar.

Prefixed to this collection, is an apology for its noble Au. thor, by a Gentleman who had been his intimate companion many years. From this intimate companion we learn, that no man ever experienced more illiberality; few men deserved it less.' And speaking of the obloquy and reproaches which his Lord. fhip met with for his licentious and unprincipled conduct with respect to women, this Apologist adds, there is no situation in life which will admit of an avowed contempt of vulgar prejudices.' We think this friend had acted more judiciouliy had he paffed over his Lordship's vices in silence, than thus by a feeble an ineffectual effort to excuse them, be the means of keeping up the memory of what, it might be hoped, would soon have been lost in oblivion.


ART. VIII. Letters on Patriotism. Translated from the French Original printed at Berlin. Small 8vo. 2 s. sewed. Conant. 1780. WHIS work is introduced to the Englith reader by the fol.

lowing extract of a letter from Berlin: “ The letters which accompany this, are at present read with the greatest avidity throughout Germany; they were lately published at this place in French, and are the production of our great northern hero.

You will give the translation of them to the Public in whatever form you please. At this period, every incitement to patriotism is Jaudable; chough the general conduct of your nation, which has juftly excited the admiration of the world (I mean the general proofs of patriotism). fufficiently thew how little such incitemenis are wanted.

In the translation, I am apprehensive, some traces may be disa covered of a pen disused in its native language ; but however it may fall fort of the beautiful fimplicity and spirit of the original, I believe it will be found no unfaithful copy of the illustrious Author's meaning.”

The above extract affords, in general, a pretty just account of the work before us.

As to the authenticity of the Letters, we are disposed to believe them genuine, when we view them in connexion with the other productions of the royal Author ; but if we compare the generous, humane, and patriotic sentiments contained in the



present work, with the life and actions of his

PnM—y, we shall find as little reason, perhaps, to ascribe it to him as to any other person in his dominions.

The Letters are supposed to pass between Anapistæmon* and Philopatros; the former of whom is instructed by the latter, in the duties which he owes to his country. These duties are enforced by every consideration (excepting those of RELIGION and LIBERTY) that can influence the minds of men. It is not in republics only that the virtues of the citizen ought to prevail.

• Gooi monarchies, founded on principles of prudence and phi. lanthropy, conititute in our times a species of government approach. ing much more to aristocracy ihan to despotism; in fact, it is che Laws only that reign in such a government.

• Let us consider this matter a little :--If we reckon up the pere sons who have a share in the several councils, in the adminiftration of justice, in the finances, in foreign missions, in commerce, in the army, in the interior police of the nation ; add moreover all those who have votes in the provinces; all these in some degree partake of the sovereign authority. The Prince, in such a fate, is far from a despotic and arbitrary governor, acting only from his caprice; he is only the central point in which all the radii of the circle concur. In this form of government only, it is posible for deliberations to be managed with a secrecy unattainable in republics, and for the different branches of administration to proceed, like the quadrige of the Romans, marching abreast, and concurring equally to the general welfare. If the Prince is endued with firmness, there will be much less room for faction than in republics, which are fo'often ruined and subverted by the iniquitous intrigues and confederacies of the citizens against each other.'

The Author, personating the Mother Country, sums up, in a few words, the principal arguments employed in the course of the work :

Ah! ye degenerate and ungrateful children, indebted to me for your existence, will ye for ever remain insensible of the favours which I heap upon you ? Whence are your ancestors ? It is I who gave them birth.- Whence did ye both receive your nourishment? From my inexhaustible fecundity ; they were indebted to me for their edua cation ; their estates and possessions are my ground, my soil. Ye yourselves were created in my womb; in short, ye, your parents, your friends, and whatever is deareft to you in this world, it is i who gave them being. My tribunals of justice protect you against iniquity; they defend and vindicate your rights; they guard your poffeffions; the policy which I etablithed, watches for your safety; when ye walk the town, or ramble the fields, ye are equally secure againit the surprise of thieves, and against the dagger of affafins ;

* We leave it to our learned Readers to determine whether it is from ignorance of the Greek that the second and fourth fyllables of the word alluded to, arc erroneously written throughout.


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