Imagens das páginas

2 S.

ficient to say, that as a vessel of copper, tin, or lead, would probably be used in this operation, his mineral hypothefis is still safe. If, after all, you urge, that these noxious impregnations mighe poslibly occasion a colic or pally, but that the gout is a different affair-no, says he, they are the same thing in effect, though a little different in appearance. To such reasoning do people sometimes descend in fupport of a favourite hypothefis ! Art. 18. An Esay on the Cure of Abscesses, Wounds, and Ulcers.

Also, a New Method of curing the Lues Venerea, with D: Hunter's and Mr. Cruickshanks's Opinion on this Method, and also on the Absorption in Human Bodies; with Experiments on insensible Perspiration. By Peter Clare, Surgeon. The Second Edition, illustrated by Cases and Anatomical Engravings. 8vo.

4 S. Boards. Cadell, 1779. In our Review for June laft, we gave some account of the firft edition of this work. Considerable additions are now made to it, particularly in the observations furnished by Mr Cruickshanks. Art. 19. Thoughts on Amputation. Being a Supplement to the

Letters on Compound Fractures, and a Comment on Dr. Bilguer's Book on this Operation. To which is added, A short Essay on the Use of Opium in Mortifications. By Thomas Kirkland, M. D. Member of the Medical Society at Edinburgh. 8vo. Dawson. 9780.

Mr. Port, in a late publication *, pointing out the necessity of ampuration in certain cases, and the advantage of performing this operation speedily, was led to make some severe ftri&tures on Dr. Bilguer's celebrated work, in which a contrary practice was maintained. On the other hand, Dr. Kirkland, of Alby, takes up the pen in favour of Bilguer, and attempts to few, that his general doctrine is neither fo ablurd nor mischievous as Mr. Pott has reprefented it; and that his own experience, particulary in compound fractures, confirms the supposition that ar putation is much less frequently necessary than is usually imagined. As degree of injury is almoft che sole thing which mult determine this point, it is very dif. ficult to lay down any precife rules in these cafes ; but we think it fufficiently appears, that Dr. Kirkland and his friends, as well as pra&itioners in various other parts of the country, have saved many a limb, which would have been doomed, without hesitation, to the knise, in a London hospital. It is very poflible, however, that the attempt to save the limb in one case, and its speedy removal in the other, may be both equally right; since the difference between the air of a crowded city hospital, and that of a private chamber in the country, will give room to expect a very different event in fimilar aceidents : and we are rather surprised, that this important circum. fiance in the debate has been so little dwelt on by either party.

Dr. Kirkland's remarks on the use of opium, in mortifications, tend chiefly to Thew, that the propriety of employing this remedy will entirely depend on the particular nature and symptoms of the cafe: that wherever there is much pain and irritability, opiates will greatly affift in the cure ; but that where the vis vitæ are very languid,

* See Review for March 1779.

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the part affected indolent, and nervous energy destroyed, cordial and dimulating medicines are proper, and opium is prejudicial.

N O V E L. Art. 20. The Relapse. A Novel. In Two Volumes. 12mo.

58. Lowndes. 1779. There has, of late, been such an uncommon dearth of this kind of food, that, at this time, no doubt, many thousand eager appe. tites are craving for fomething new, to whom a dith prepared by the author of Indiana Danby will be a delicious morsel.

AFFAIRS OF THE EAST-INDIA COMPANY. Art. 21. Thoughts on the Treaty now agitating between Govern

ment and the East India Company, Thewing the conceived Defects of the Propofitions drawn up by the Court of Directors; and containing a new Set of Propofitions, perhaps more advantageous to the Public, to the Company, and the oppressed Inhabitants of Hindoftan. By Archibald Mitchell, late Major of Engineers, be. longing to the Establishment of Fort St. George. 400.

I s. 6 d. Donaldion. 1580.

Mr. Mitchell appears to have studied his subject with due atten. tion, and to have discussed it with ability and perspicuity. The points under his consideration are enumerated in the title. He puts the following query,-'Would it not be proper that the Government or the Company should give 1000l. or such other sum as they shall think adequate, to be paid to the person who gives in the best and shortest draughts of a charter, or articles of partnership, betwixt Government and the Company :'--Should this

lint be taken, we think Mr. Mitchell well qualified to put in for the prize ; of which his Propofitions *, above mentioned, may be taken as a specimen, being laid down as the basis of an agreement between Government and the Company. Art. 22. Heads of an Agreement between Parliament and the East

India Company. 8vo. 13 Pages. These propositions seem to be laid down on the part of the Company, but we know not on what authority. They are dated Feb. 18, 1780: those prepared by the Court of Directors were given at the East India House, on the 28th of January. Art. 23. State of the Eaft India Company, with an Examination

of the Propositions now before the Proprietors, considered as Matter of Account; and Sketch of equitable Terms of an Accommodation between the Public and the Proprietors. 8vo. 1 s. Sewell. 1780.

The calculations, estimates, and observations contained in this compendium of the Company's great and most effential cor.cerns, appear to come from a person well informed, and deeply experienced, in regard to a fubject which muft, in the highest degree, affe& the commercial and eventually the political interests of this country. The Writer signs himself " An old and faithful Servant of the Com.

• The Company's Propofitions are added, by way of Appendix to this pamphlet.


pany ;" and we are ready to conclude, from the contents of his publication, that he has not assumed an imaginary character.

L A w. Art. 24. Abstract of the Smugglers, Arrest, Militia, Convicts,

House Tax, and other interesting Acts of Parliament passei in the Seflions of 1779. 8vo. 1 s. 6 d. Fielding and Walker.

An useful and juiciods abridgment. The great buik to which the volume of our acts of parliament is annually Iwoln, renders some publication of this kind almost necessary. We really believe that the most prolific authors in this country are (with due reverence be ic spoken) Messrs. the King, Lords, and Commons; and that the fruits of their joint labours, for ten years patt, far exceed, in number and size, all that the two universities have produced in the course of half a century. Is it not chen time to abrogate the ancient maxim that “ignorantia legis excusat peminem? What a talk does the legislature impofe on the good subjects of this realm in expecting that their understanding and memory should keep pace with the enormous growth of the statute book ! * For who can read so fast, as they can write?”

DRAMA TI C. Art. 25. The Times; a Comedy. As it is now performing at

the Theatre-Royal in Drury Lane, By Mrs. Griffith. 8vo, I s. 6 d. Fielding and Walker. 1780. To this comedy is prefixed an advertisement beginning thus:

The favourable reception which the following comedy has met with from a candid and generous Public, calls for my warmest acknowledgments; and though it may be of little consequence to them to know the source of so flight an amusement, I think myself bound by truth and gracitude to own, that the first idea of this piece was hinted to me by my ever-respected and lamented friend Mr. GarRICK, who mentioned GOLDONI's Bourru Bienfaisant, as a ketch that, if adapied to our times and manners, might be rendered pleafing to an English audience. Those who have read the French piece muft judge how far I have profited by GOLDONI's work; but of this l' am certain, that had Mr. GARRICK lived to afford me that friendly alifance which he has done on former occasions, my co. medy would have been more worthy of the recepcion with which it has been honoured. I will, however, hope that, “ with all its im• perfections on its bead,” the same indulgence which attended its representation, will follow it into the closet; and that the Reader will allow me the only merit I presume 10 claim, that of meaning well.'

Sir William Woodley, the Bourru Bienfaisant, has, we think, been rather more ably delineated by Garrick's owo hand, in his little comedy of Bon Ton. His Sir John Trotley and Mrs. Griffith's Sir William Woodley are, in their leading features, extremely similar to each other. The additional touches, given to Sir William, rather aggravate than heighten the character: for surely his intention to join his niece to a man thirty years older than herself, relishes of absurdity rather than benevolence. His peevishness, and harmless love of backgammon, are more pleasant qualities.

As to the Times, they are but faintly coloured in this draught of them. Mrs Griffith views with too much delicacy the foibles of her cwn sex, and is too little acquainted with the irregularities of the other, to mark them with sufficient force and accuracy. We think, however, that the scene of the rout is rather too coarse a pi&ture of the assembly of a woman of fashion; and that the characters of Mr. and Mrs. Bromley are too openly profligate, even to carry on their frauds ard impositions. Lady Mary and Lothia are amiable and tender; and indeed the genius of the Writer seems to delight in touches of sentiment rather than strokes of humour.

PoeTICA L. Art. 26. The Spanis Invasion; or, Defeat of the Invincible Are

mada; a Poem. With critical Notes, explaining every princi, pal Circumstance of that singular Enterprize, and the Methods then taken to defend this Nation. To which is prefixed, a new Sketch of the Life of Queen Elizabeth, and an Introduction proper to be read at this important Crisis, which resembles, more ihan any other Period, the Danger we were in during the Reign of Queen Elizabeth ; and the Mode of our Deliverance under the Auspices of Providence and that glorious Queen. 4to.

I s. 6 d. Macgowan.

This tedious chronicle in rhyme has tried our patience to its ut. moft extent. Il Patience, like Charity, covered the multitude of kins, we certainly mould have few to answer for. Art. 27. Ode to Britannia (for the Year 1780), occafioned by

our late Successes. By Robert Alves, A. M. 4to. 6d. Edin, burgh, Creech.

Of this Ode we are sorry not to speak in the terms we could wish. Poor Brirannia has been so be-versed and be-oded, that it is no wonder a writer finds it difficult to risc above mediocrity on such a threadbare* lubject. Art. 28. Poems fit for a Bishop, which Two Bishops will read.

An American Prayer. Address to Religion. Saul at Endor, an Ode. Inicriprion in Memory of the Earl of Chacham. 4to. Almon. 1780.

Upon what grounds this Writer flatters himself that two Bishops will read his poems, does not, from the poems themselves, appear. If the two Bishops, indeed, were Reviewers, they would then be compelled to do what must, otherwise, in all probability, be a matter of choice. So far, however, we may venture to say, that whoever reads either the American Prayer, or she Address to Religion, will not find much to censure. Art. 29. The Death of Eumenio ; a Poem. By John Fawcett, 12mo. 6 d. Leeus printed. Sold by Keith, &c. in London.

I! Mr. Fawcett's poetical talents bore any proportion to his ap. parens piery, he's rivals would be few. He might extort from Eovy herfelf that praise, which, at prelent, the most candid indulgence dares not venture to allow him. Il, as we have learnt, this is the

I S.

By ihread' bare, we do not mea to infinuate (what some poli, ticians would have us believe) that Britannia is in rags.


worthy Author's first attempt, in this species of writing, great allowapçe is to be made; and on this principle the severity of criticism is, on the present occalion, with-held. Art. 30. The Sea-Fight; an Elegiac Poem, from Henry to

Laura. Founded on an original Correspondence between the Parties, in the Year

1759. Written at Sea by Charles Shillito. 410. I s. 6d. Doulley:

However laudable it may be to devote, as Mr. Shillito has done, the leisure hours which a sea life will somsimes afford, co literary amusements; yet, with respect to the present poem, we are forry to say it is much too unfinished for publication. Art. 31. A Ride and Ialk through Stourbead; a Poem. 460,

I S. Rivington. 1780. This Writer's attempt upon the Muse of blank verse will be best explained by one of his own fimiles :

So has one seen cur-dog eight inches high
Attempt the lately, arduous greyhound's love.

Art. 32. Authentic Minutes of the Debate in the Irish House of

Commons, Dec. 20, 1779, on receiving the Resolutions of the British House of Commons for granting to Ireland a free Trade. To which are added, the Speeches of fome noble Lords, spoken on the fame Occation, the Day following. 8vo. 1 s. 6 d. H. Payne, &c. 1780.

It will give pleasure to the Englih reader, to observe how gratefully and handsomely the gentlemen of the Irish fenate exprefied themselves, on the conciliatory disposition manifested toward them by the British parliament.--Although these specimens of Hibernian oratory are handed to us on unknown authority, we have no sufpicion of their authenticity; and we hope they contain the true and general sense of that nation, in regard to the subject of Britan. Nia's late filterly tokens of affection.-Some of our brethren on the other side the channel may, however, have their own peculiar method of expressing their satisfaction :-like Mr. Parnell (for initance), one of the members of their House of Commons, who began his speech, on the occasion here alluded to, in the following blune and honeft terms :-" The highest compliment I can pay to the English government, is to say, that their present conduct is the reverie of their former.”

MISCELLANEOU S. Art. 33. A State of the Expedition from Canada, as laid before

the House of Commons, by Lieutenant-General Burgoyne, and verified by Evidence; with a Collection of authentic Documents, and an Addition of many Circumstances which were prevented from appearing before the House by the Prorogation of Parlia. ment. Written and collected by Himself; and dedicated to the Officers of the Army he commanded. 4to, 12 s. Boards, Al. mon, 1780.

This is a publication of very confiderable importance, abounding, as the title truiy affirms, with authentic documents,' and affording a çlear and comprehentive view of whatever relates to the General's



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