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fequent information, have guessed that he had acquired the accumulated medical wisdom of a man turned of fixty.' We congratulate him on his avowed corporeal vigour ; though we muft confess that the cause to which he seems to ascribe it, is a very singular one ;-nothing less than the frequently' partaking of the breath of young virgins *' But let us hear the Author himself:
• I am myself, says he, turned of fixty, and in general, though I have lived in various climates, and suffered severely both in body and minú; yet having always partaken of the breath of young women, whenever they lay in my way, I feel none of these infirmities which so often strike my eyes and ear's in this great city [Bath] of fickness, by men many years younger.'
Among all the cases of air rendered noxious by the breath, we do not recollect that Dr. Priestley has been sagacious or gallant enough to make any exception in favour of that of young women. In the heyday of our blood, indeed, we remember we were wont to find it very balmy and delectable: but, as our pulses beat at present, we own we should now dread the partaking of it; especially in the Author's manner,— from young women lying in our way'-as much as that of roses and honeyfuckles; which, as Dr. Ingenhousz has lately told us t, with all their fragrance, are very treacherous and dangerous companions to those who snuff their breath too largely.
Nevertheless, a man may attain a great age, our Medical Adviser observes, ' if he can hit upon the right method.' And, that the breath of youthful women may be one means of obtaining this end, is by no means improbable.'-He acknowledges, however, that Attila, King of the Huns, lived to an hundred and twenty-four, and then died of excess, the first night of his second nuptials, with a beautiful Princess.'-Stified with roses, we suppose.
The Author nevertheless persists in his opinion; and afterwards obferves, that the brisk and lively motion in the blood of young people is the cause of their health, vigour, and growth;' and he can see no reason to doubt “but that the re-respiring their breath may rouze the sluggish circulation of men advanced
This pleasing prescriprion' which, the Author tells us, can no where be • so easily made up, or be so repeatedly had,' as at Bath; or so conveniently conve; ed by the most lovely of the sex,' is to be found, it seems, in an ancient inscription, given in Reinefius's Sapplement to Gruter's works. It records the death of L. CLAUDIUS HERMIPPUS-[now, perhaps, Redivivus, in the person of the Author] ' who lived 115 years and five days, by partaking of the breath of young virgins'--" PUELLARUM ANHELITU."
+ See the foregoing Article. Rev, May 1780.
in years.--We greybeards however should be loth to venture upon the Author's nostrum, on his fingle example, or authority : though we have a much better opinion of his other recipe for old age-of giving occasionally a kind of filip to nature,' of a very different kind from the preceding, in now and then exceeding in the use of good wine, of a proper age.'
The reader who has been amused by these specimens of the character of his present Bath Guide, or by his recommendations of young girls, and old wine, will probably receive further amusement from him on the various other subjects on which he has chosen to instruct as well as entertain him. These subjects, which are discusfed without any rigid adherence to method, are -the Bath Waters and their analysers, Apothecaries, Physicians, Bathing, Surgeons, Bilious Disorders, Music, Dr. Bacher's Cure of the Dropsy, hot Rolls and burnt Butter, Gall-ftones, &c. together with so many stories, and gosliping anecdotes interspersed, as induced us to infer—whatever the young maidens may think that he surely must be considerably turned of fixty.
ART. V. A Treatise on the Culture of the Pine Apple, and the Ma.
nagement of the Hot-boufe ; together with a Description of every Species of Iosed that infests Hot-houses ; with effectual Methods of destroying them. By William Speechley, Gardener to the Duke of Portland. 8vo. il. Is. Almon. 1779. F the various arts by which human life is embellished and
adorned, or which administer to its comfort and conve. niency, there are few that furnish it with more elegant and blameless luxury than horticulture. This luxury is by no means confined to the palate ; it extends itself to the gratification of the mind. In cultivating the various productions of nature, and in attending to the progress of vegetable life, the fancy meets with continued recreation and amusement, and every season brings to us a new source of pleasure.
Perhaps there is no part of the gardener's art more capable of gratifying the contemplative mind than that refined branch of it which gives, to the natives of a warmer region, an acmosphere congenial to their own. By means of the modern invention of stoves, there are few plants, remarkable for use or beauty, but have been naturalized, and are become objects of attention to the curious, in this useful and entertaining Itudy. There is perhaps no tropical plant that has been cultivated with more affiduity, and, we may add, success, than that which is the subject of the present treatise.
One of the principal difficulties that have attended the ma. nagement of this valuable exotic, has been, to deftroy the infečts which infest it. Of these Mr. Speechley enumerates three species – The brown turtle insect, the Coucus Hefperidum of Lin
næus ; the white scaly insect; and the white mealy crimsontinged infect: the two last have been hitherto unnoticed by all former entomologists. For which reason, as well as because they are the most pernicious, the present Writer has been particularly accurate in the description of them. The methods that have been formerly in use for extirpating these noxious vermin, have been, to shift the plants into fresh pots, at the same time cleansing their leaves and roots, which is usually stiled a dressing.
« Decoctions, continues he, made from tobacco, wormwood, walnut-leaves, henbane, and other herbs of a bitter or poisonous quality, are generally used on this occafion; and, by some, snuff, sulphur, and pepper are added : but none of these prove to be of a nature fufficiently penetrating. There are insects always between the leaves in the centres of the plants, fixed fo low as to escape unhurt; and as they increase, the pine plants are foon reduced to the very situation I have just described, which perplexes and gives the gardener everlasting vexation. Befides, it is evident that this unreasonable bufiness of shifting and dressing the plants, will considerably retard their growth, and bring upon them a sickly appearance, especially in their laft ftage, viz. their fruiting season.'
After relating what suggested to him the method of cure which he now recommends, he then gives the receipt : but for that, as well as for several curious particulars relative to the experiments that have been made with it, we must refer to the book itself. To those who have hot-houses, the receipt will not be thought dearly purchased at the price of the book, which indeed is valuable on other accounts also. With respect to the general management of pine-apple plants, Mr. Speechley has thrown out many useful and ingenious hints. Of this class perhaps is the following:
< Whenever the pine plants are removed after they are grown large, it will be of service, before they are taken out of the tan-bed, to mark the side of the pots which ftands next the sun; for it is observable, that the centres of the plants generally tend that way: fo that the plants when replaced, may ftand as they did before they were removed. I do not mean that it is at all necessary for the plants to be put into the very identical places in which they stood before, but in point of pofition it will be proper, and the plants will be benefited by being so placed. This may as easily be done as placing them in a random manner, which is the common method.'
This rule, however, though ingenious, is by no means original. With respect to the position of transplanted trees, it is of very ancient date. Theophrastus says expressly, "Hvtep 1X EV ένια των δενδρων τα προς βορραν, και τα προς έως και τα προς per nje Epiar. Columella is equally circumitantial : Cum de seminario eximuntur, rubrica notetur una pars, quæ nos admoReat, ne aliter arbores constituamus, quam quemadmodum in seminario fteterint. Plurimum enim refert, ut eam partem cæli Spectent, cui ab tenero confueverunt. We meet with the same precept also in Virgil, who, in directing the removal of vines from the nursery into the vineyard, observes, with his usual accuracy and precision, that the curious in this branch of agricul, ture not only attend to similarity of soil,
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Quin etiam cæli regionem in cortice signant:
Reftituant: adeo in teneris confuefcere multum eft. Fanciful as this notion has, in general, been deemed by those who superficially examined it, Mr. Speechly, we apprehend, is convinced, from actual experiment, that it is founded in truth.
In our account of Memoires concernant l'Histoire, &c. des Chinois, vol. lix. p. 523, we took notice of a method in use among that ingenious people, of raising an artificial dew in their hothouses, by means of boiling water. Mr. Speechley's method we should apprehend to be superior, both in fimplicity and effect.
• Besides the watering of the pine plants in the manner recommended, it will be of great use to them during the summer, if the walks and Alues of the hot-house are frequently watered: this should constantly be done in warm weather, and always late in the evening; the glasses should be immediately closed. The great heat of the hot-house will exhale the moiture, and raise a kind of artificial dew, which will soon stand in drops on the glasses ; the leaves of the pine being succulent, they will imbibe the watery particles, to the great benefit of the plants. It will also be of great use to give the top of the tanbed frequent waterings during the summer, in order to keep it in a moist state; for when the tan becomes dry and husky, the pine plants never make any great progress. The water may, with great ease, be put upon the tan between the pine pots, by the help of the watering pipe. When the tan is in a moilt ftate, it not only affords a more generous warmth to the plants, but (the pots being porous) their roots also imbibe a constant moisture, which is far preferable to any waterings that can be given them.
Though it might injure Mr. Speechley in the emoluments of his publication even to hint at the nature of his secret for destroying the insects which infeft pine-apple plants, yet we think neither he nor our readers will be offended at our inserting the following note, which, besides the useful information it contains, will serve also as a specimen of the skill and abilities of this in. genious and philosophical artist:
• Soap-suds effe&tually destroy the different species of insects that infest fruit-trees growing against walls ; of these insects the aphis is the most common as well as the most destructive. It generally attacks, with great violence, the peach, cherry, and plum : the aphides are universally known by the appellation of lice.
· The acarus, though not so fatal to plants growing in the open air as when under glass, is also very prejudicial to the above trees when planted against walls.
· The thrips are sometimes very numerous on peach and nec. tarine trees, but they are less hurtful than either of the former species : besides the above, there are two or three sorts of Cocci that are very common upon fruit-trees; but as they adhere very close to the branches, they are not so conspicuous, and consequently less known. However, trees that are much infested with Cocci are, in the summer, very distinguishable, as wasps constantly attend there insects to feed on the sweet matter that issues from them. When the muscle-shaped Coccus has been very numerous, I have known hive-bees frequent the trees in
• In the spring, the Aphis, the Acarus, and Thrips are few in number, in comparison to what they are in the summer : however, I have constantly observed the two former species on the buds of the trees, before they break into leaf, especially on such trees as have been much infested with them the preceding fummer.
It is most probable that the insects that survive the winter, in whatever ftate, are concealed during that period either under the branches of the trees, or in the fhreds that faften them to the wall; else in the nail-holes or crevices of the wall; in all these situations the soap-fuds have fully answered my most fanguine expectations. The operation is far from being either troublerome or expensive; and the method is practicable at any seafon, but more especially between the fall of the leaf and the time the blossom-buds are near ready to open. Proceed thus :
• Take any quantity of foap-fuds after a common washing ; but when they are thick and strong, they should be lowered with water. A person on a ladder Thould pour them from a watering-pot over both trees and walls, beginning at the top of the wall, and bringing it on in courses from top to bottom; the suds when used should be many degrees warmer than new milk, especially in the winter; and when plentifully and properly applied, every part of the wall will appear of a pale red colour, not in the least disagreeable.
“ Most large families, in the course of a few months, make a quantity of the above liquid fufficient to wash a great extent of wall.
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