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Art. 48. A Synodal Charge, delivered to the Clergy of the

Diocese of Abo, in the year 1774, by the Moft Reverend Father in God, Charles Frederick Mennander, D. D. Lord Archbishop of Upsal, at that time Lord Bishop of Abo. Translated from the original Swedish by the Rev. L. T. Nyberg, Rector of Flo, Sweden. 4to. Is. 6 d. York, printed; London, fold by Robinson, &c.

1779 Every infance in which the principles of piety and virtue are diffused, and recommended with sincerity and candour, will give pleafure to a devout and benevolent mind. To such persons, the production before us will be acceptable, not merely as a kind of curiosity from a foreign country, but as a proof that advocates for the cause of religion are still to be found in different parts of the world. Mr. Nyberg modestly aiks for that allowance, to a translation by a foreigner, which we are persuaded every English reader will find it no difficulty to grant. He sends it forth to the world, we are told, argumentative, it convinces me of no false quotation, or false reafos. ing. It in no degree disproves, what my Candid Refidions have fo fully pointed out, That those who are called orthodox, differ among themselve', more than some of them differ from the reputed betersdox. Nor does it produce any solid reason, why there should not be that moderation and indulgence, which I recommend, among persoos of different sentiments.' Art. 50. A Remonstrance addressed to the Protestant Association ;

with a humble desire of doing good to the hearts of mankind, especially of those who are intrusted with the sacred office of the minillry. It is added, that 'the near affinity of the Swedish church co that which is established by law in this island, inclined the editor to think, that a translation of this excellent charge might not be unacceptable to the English reader.' As a farther motive for his publication, Mr. Nyberg mentions the benefits which many of his acquaintance, as well as himself, have received from the perusal. We think with him, that it is calculated to advance the noblest porpose, and we wilh that clergymen, of every denomination, may atiend to, and act on, the conliderations which are suggested in it. Art. 49. An Appendix to the Second Edition of Candid Reflections

on the different Manner in which many of the learned and pious have expressed their Conceptions concerning the Doctrine of the Trinity; Addressed to the Rev. Ministers and Gentlemen, Managers of the Independent Fund in London ; occafioned by an anonymous Letter to the Author, Benjamin Fawcett. M. A. 8vo. ' 6d. Buckland. 1780. . It is to be wished that the public were less frequently troubled with disputations of this kind, which are not only too private, but too personal, for general inspection. While we rather lament this, we muft observe, that the intention of Mr. Fawcett's Candid Re. flections appeared to us to be excellent, and we thought their tendency equal to their good design. By some other persons the subject has been viewed in a different light: But Mr. Fawcett and his connections have not, we apprehend, been treated with all that fairness and candour which truth, reason, and christian piety may require. We shall, however, add nothing farther to the account of the pamphlet before us, than the following quotation from one part of it ; ' I have now, says the Author, been led to illuftrate the sentiments of my Candid Reflections, more than I ever expected to have done, by a direct application of them to particular cases. This advantage I owe to che Letter * addressed to me. Indeed I am indebted to it on many accounts. So far as it has the appearance of

• See Review for Nov, last, p. 394. .

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containing Observations on their Conduct, and on their Appeal to the People of Great Britain. By Williain Jesse, Vicar of Hutton. Cranswick, Yorkshire. 8vo. 13. Rivington. 1780.

This is a desultory performance-light and frisky-we mean, Spiritually so:-for spiritual gaiety, with a countenance bedimpled with the smiles of grace, is quite a different thing from carnal hilarity, which is attended with wit, and humour, and good fenfe.

The Author, after amafing himself with the imagined speculations of the affociators concerning him, and informing them, that they are all in the wrong in their conjecture; both of his principles, and the design of his Remonstrance, proceeds to inform them what he is, and what his opinions and motives are. He enters on this delectable subject of HIMSELF with an lo triumphe! and alligos one of the most fingular reasons for his exultation that vanity or folly could give. < Permit me (says he) to boast of myself a little, in hope of gaining a more candid, at least, a more patient attention to this addrels.' A man's boatting of himself is doubtless an original method of conciJiating the favour of an enemy! Ms. Jeffe, we find, hath many

things to boast of. He boasts of his having been' nursed under the Alma Mater of one of the two Univerfities.' He boafts, that he is ra clergyman too, and the fon of a clergyman, of the Church of England. He boafts too, that he is no bigot.He may boast, that he is an author too. But, as friends, we advise him to moderaic his triumphs.

Mr. Jene sets a high value on perfecution, and attributes the prefent languishing ftate of religion to the want of that sovereiga remedy for lukewarmness. I am persuaded (fays he) that the ftate of the church would be far better, were the cutting north wind to blow; than it is under the enervating, Soft influence of the foutb wird of worldly ease, liberty, and honour. I have four children (another boast ! ) whom I love with such affection as the pencil of a Rubens would fail to express; but were I apprehensive chat my children, or children's children, would shed their blood in the true spirit of martyrs in consequence of the late act, I would not apply to Parliament to restore the penal Atatutes against the Papiils: I would rather look up to my great Masier, and pray that he would make their lives and deaths the means of glorifying his name, and edifying his church.'

This doubtless is unparalleled generofity!-a generosity to which we honestly profess ourselves strangers. Were we apprehensive, that the late indulgence granted to the Papifts, would be the means of “ deluging England again with the blood of the martyrs" (as the Afociators express their fears) we should not look forward to fach an frent with the calm complacency of good Mr. Jeffe. "We should not


be so ready to facrifice oor children, and our children's children, to the flames, for the edification of the church; nor should we content ourselves with offering up a prayer to our Great Matter, without 'exerting ourselves in the use of other means to avere so great an evil. We are advocates for the late bill in favour of the Roman Catholics, because, next to its reasonableness in a christian view, ic is, we think, sale in a political light. We are no friends to martyrdom, We would not persecute; nor would we be persecuted. Did it appear probable that the lenient measures of government would end in popish despotism and cruelty, instead of a tame submission, we would heartily join in a vigorous resistance. But such an event is quite out of sight: and it is an argument of a contracted and flavish fpirit, to be conjuring up the spectre of fear, and letting the imagination range without restraint in the regions of possibility to search out (as Rabelais says) some great MAY BE!

Mr. Jeffe seems to have adopted some of the notions of Mr. Soame jenyns, respecting a christian's engaging in war. He is not perfectly a Quaker; and yet, confiilently with some of his maxims, he ough to be so. • Our relation to this world (rays he) is washed off in the laver of regeneration : we are not of this world, even as Christ was not of this world : therefore his servants may not fight'eo preserve themselves from persecu.ion and bondage.' And yet this meek man of God tells us in the fame page, that if he was drawn for the militia, and could not pay for a subititute. • he would then not only for wrash, but for conscience sake, carry his musket, and use his bayonet with all the vigour of a Briton.' What a hero! • But

- this is a qualifying clause to keep the balance even ben tween the obedient subject, and the humble and tender hearted Chrifian-but (says Mr. Jefie) I would take the first opportunity to retire from those scenes which are a disgrace to human nature.'

We shall present our readers with a farther specimen of the dullility of chis gentleman's conscience: and it is the more curious, because religion accompanies every form into which the state may think proper to beat it out. Religion is its ornament and its defence! Hear him.

• If this kingdom should be unhappily divided against itself: if -king and parliament, as in the last century, should wage civil war against each other, I should think I owe allegiance to both parties. I would not connect myself with either, if it should depend upon my own choice. If I should be compelled by either party, I would obey the force so far, and so long only as I should feel its poever ;. and whether peace ensue, or one party be entirely subdued, I should think myself under obligation, as a Christian, to obey " the *powers that be" of whatever kind.' And yet, notwithstanding this iime-serving declaration, Mr. Jeffe adds another boast to his former .catalogue, viz.--that he is a man of God who loves peace, and not the Vicar of Bray, Sir.' - Art. 51.

A Vindication of the Opposition to the late intended Bill for the Relief of the Roman Catholics in Scotland : in which an Ade dress to the People on that Subject, by the Rev. Dr. Campbell, Principal of Marischal College, Aberdeen, is particularly confidered. 8vo. 6d. Edinburgh printed, and sold by Cadell in London. 1780.

The Author of this pamphlet expresses a' surprise, as well as an anxiety, at the reflections which have been thrown upon those who food forth in opposition to the late intended Bill for the relief of the Roman Catholics in Scotland, by a repeal of the laws which had hitherto been a restraint on them in that country."

The design of this performance is to vindicate the zeal of the Scotch protestants in their opposition to popery, and to thew che impolicy of freeing the Papifts from those restraints which the wil. dom, as well as the piety, of our forefathers had laid on them.

The author reasons threwdly on the political part of the question : but when he pretends to foretel, from the Revelations, how, and by what terrible means, the whole fystem of popery, and its great inftruments, will be demolished, he loses himself in a labyrinth of theological hypothesis, and hows more what he wishes, than what he can demonstrate.

We cocally disapproved of the opposition which was made in Scotland to the Bill in favour of the Roman Catholics. It was begun ia malice, and ended in outrage. What a disgrace will the remem• brances of some late events in Scotland and England lamp on the annals of Protettantism! The pretence of religion only aggravated the guilt of sedition : and the sacred name of Liberty was insulted and blafphemed, when rudely mixed with the outcries of licentiousness.

There is more of the crafty politician in this pamphlet than the meek chriltian, and more of the bigotted sectarian ihan either.

PAMPHLETS relative to the late Riots, &c. 1. A Plain and Succine Narrative of the late Difurbances, &c. By

William Vincent, of Gray's Inn. Svo. IS. Fielding and Co.

To this narrative, which appears to be sufficiently circumftantial and exact, is prefixed, an abitract of the act lately passed in favour of the Roman Catholics; as also, an account of the Bill, as moved for in Parliament by Sir George Saville; with the observations of Sir George and Mr. Dunning on the Papift penal laws. The author has likewise added some anecdotes of the life of Lord George Gordon: with whose commitment to the Tower ibis narrative concludes. II. A Narrative of the Proceedings of Lord George Gordon, and

the Persons assembled under the Denomination of the Protestant Association, &c. to the Time of his Lord thip’s Commitment to the Tower, &c. 8vo. I $. Wallis.

This narrative likewise contains an abstract of the late act, on which the disturbances were founded; also, the address presented to his Majesty, on this occasion, by the Roman Catholic peers, &c. I!I. Considerations on the late Disturbances. By a Conbfeat Whig.

8vo. I S. Almon. The Confiderer warmly arraigns, and totally condemns the principle of the petition, frained by the Proteitant Association,-vindicates, both on religious and political ground, the late act in favour of the Roman Catholic:, commonly fyled Sir George Saville's Bill,


juhly execrates the horrid proceedings of the mob,- and then deduces the following general conclusions :

* 1. That the Protestant religion had nothing to do in the late disturbances.

2. That the prayer of the petition by no means meets with general approbation; and that neither from the numbers or character of the subscribers, the object of their petition, or the manner of their proceedings is it to be raised to a level with those petitions that have been presented in a conficutional manner, by the representatives of several of the counties from their constituents, praying for a redress of their grievances.

3. That the late As, in favour of the Papists, has not been properly represented to the people ; that nothing can be further from the truth than, that it amounts to an absolute repeal of the penal laws, or the establishment of the Popish religion ; that fo far from their numbers having encreased in consequence of the mitigation of the penal laws, they have decreased considerably, both in this kingdom and Ireland. And,

• Laftly-That neither justice nor found policy can jutify the repeal.' IV. Fanaticism and Treason : or a Dispassionate History of the Rise,

Progress, and Suppression of the Rebellious Insurrections in June, 1780.

By a Real Friend to Religion and to Britain. 8vo. Kearsly.

This warm investigator of fanaticism, treason, and rebellion, who thus cries aloud and spares not, has given a very elaborate and succinct account of what has happened; but he is as much at a loss to aflign the cause which has produced such lamentable effects, as any of his brother authors, who have obliged the public with their narratives, &c. on this unhappy occasion. Yet our hiftoriar seems eager to fix the charge fomewhere ; and we heartily with he were able to do it with certainty, that the secret, the real authors of so much diaboli. cal mischief (whoever they are may be brought to exemplary punishment. But this gentleman is not sufficiently dispasionate * in his inquiries ; abounding more in declamation than argument. He writes, however, in a train superior to our common scribblers to the times, and his manner is frequently entertaining, even on this horrid subject. His view is, obviously, to vindicate the proceedings of govern. ment, in every stage of this ugly business; and he poinis with cagesness at many gentlemen in opposition, of whom he more than

-heficates dislike, Willing to wound, but yet afraid to strike! On the whole, though intemperately written, and containing, perhaps, some unfair suggestions, -and though it has much the appearance of a ministerial produzion, yet this pamphlet deserves to be distinguihed from the mob of catchpenny things, that will natorally spring from this new raised hor-bed of sedition.

2 S.

It would have been as well if the Aushor bad omitted this word in his title-page,


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