Imagens das páginas

The mention of one or two of the names in the foregoing enume ration, may possibly raise a smile on the countenances of some of our Readers ; but let them peruse the pages before u!, in which we find these several names fo respectfully arranged ; let them attend with candour (o what the Authors have said in support of the men and the measures they so ftrenuously recommend, and then we will answer for their agreement with us, at lealt, in this opinion, that the book ooght not to be over-looked, and confounded, in the general mass of party-rabbith, which we fee daily cast out of every pamphlet fop:- Though antiministerial, it is a very loyal performance. We fay loyal, because, however the Writers may have indulged themselves in the hai fheit modes of censuring his majesty's servants, they every where mention bis MAJESTY himself in the highest and warmest terms of affection and dutiful respect. In horr, on the subject of REGAL AUTHORITY, we think they manifest a spirit so point blank opposed to the licentiousness of the times, that. perhaps, they would rather and chargeable with the extremes of Torzism, than be thought to favoor the present growing partiality for republican principles, fo visible among some of our political fe&taries. Art. 18. Occasional Letters on Taxation; on the Means of raising

the Supplies within the Year, to answer the Expences of a necelsary War;'and on such Means as would probably tend to secure Great Britain and its natural Dependencies the Blessings of Peace, on a durable System. By an independent Mao. 8vo. 6 d. Dodfey. 1785.

There Letters are reprinted from an evening paper; they are 28 in number, and they contain some judicious obfervations on the exigencies of the times, and the subject of finance. Much is also urged on the expediency and neceflity of a speedy and cordial reunion with America, for which the Writer argues with zeal, but on moderate and liberal principles. He observes, in his prefatory advertisement, that his early years being spent in America, where he was mady years employed as an officer in the navy, of course gives him fome advantages over the generality of his fellow subjects and that if what he has presumed to say on the modes of conciliation with that country, and opon naval subjects *, only furnish one angle bint which may be wrought to public benefit, he will have a futhaiche equivalent for all that pain be experiences io obrruuing his indigeted thoughts in so homely a dress.' Art. 19. Observations on the Answer of the King of Great Britain

to tbe Manifefto, &c. of the Court of Verlailles. By an independent Whig. 4to.

15. Fielding, &c. 1779 Declamation against declamation. Our Independent Whig is a vebement advocate for ihe caule of the revolied colonies; whose independency he treats as a matter of establishment, as just as it is cer.' laix.- The JUSTIFYING MEMORIAL here controveried, was publihed in the Morning Poit, and other prints; and this observer, conadering it as a document of some authority, though no: bearing the ulual form of a fate-paper, has judged it worthy of critical animadversion. He

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• He has several important remarks, tending to the benefit of our Davy, for which we must reser to his pamphlet. G 2


is very

severe on the British government. The king himself is not spared; and yet the Author censures ! our coure' for the “illiberal calumny' with which, as he fays, it has been pleased to indulge it. self against that of Versailles !'--Surely courts may be indulged in taking as much liberty with each other as a private observer prefumes to take with them! Art. 20. The Detail and Conduct of the American War, under

Generals Gage, Howe, Burgoyne, and Vice Admiral Lord Howe: With a very full and correct state of the Whole of the Evidence, as given before a Committee of the House of Commons; and the celebrated Fugitive Pieces, which are said to have given rise to that important Enquiry. The whole exhibiting a circumftantial, connected, and complete History of the real Causes, Rise, Progress, and present State of the American Rebellion. The Third Edition. 8vo. Richardson and Co. 1780.

This is a new and much enlarged and improved edition of a tract mentioned in our Review for July laft, entitled A View of the Evidence relative to the Conduct of the American War, &c. In the prefatory advertisement to the present edition, reasons are given for the alteration of the title ; with an account of the ' great additions, and new arrangement' of the work. The whole now forms a regular series of the transacījons and progrefs of the American war. The Au. thor is rather violent in exprefling his resentment again the revolted Americans, the minority party at home, and some of our commanders, mentioned in the title-page, particularly the H-w.s; but we cannot fay that his zeal is without knowledge; for he appears to be a very well informed Writer, as well as a judicious compiler. Art. 21. Subfiance of the Speeches made in the House of Commons,

on the 15th of December 1779, on Mr. Burke's giving Notice of his Intention to bring in a Bill after the Christmas Recess, for the Retrenchment of Public Expences, and for the better securing the Independence of Parliament. 8vo. 6d. Almon. 1779.

An excellent Preface to a work laudably intended' to corred the present prodigal constitution of the civil executive government of this kingdom. The speakers who followed Mr. Burke, in support of his truly patriotic design, were lord John Cavendish, Ms. Dempiter, Mr. Fox, and Mr. Gilbert. Art. 22. A Letter to the Right Honourable the Earl of Sandwich,

on the present Situation of Affairs. By a Sailor. 8vo. Wilkie. 1779.

If it be asked, who is this correspondent of lord Sandwich's?' let the answer be given in the Letter-writer's own words: • I am a plain, open-hearted failor, zealous for the glory of my king and country, and ambitious of sheltering my sentiments under your lord. thip's name; whom I revere as che most industrious and able friend to both.'

As a specimen of the jolly Tar's way of thinking about the prefent situation of affairs,' our Readers will accept the following pas. fage: • Well meaning men are often deluded by a bold affertion, and confident declamation. To win their good opinion of the measures generally taken by adminiftration, and to persuade them that the En. glish are not an entirely ruined people, is my present ambition. To Thew them, also, that I write the words of truth and soberness, and mat the present opposition to the necessary fteps taken by his majesty's servants, in the state, for the safety and honour of their country, proceeds from the moff nefarious profligacy of sentiment, is the plan on which I direct my discourse to you !!

Honest Binacle may, no doubt, be a good seaman, and may be usefully employed, with his friend Sir H. P. when knorting and splicing, to repair the damages received in a brush with the French; but what has he to do with pers and int, except in keeping the ship's journal, or log-book? Art. 23. On Government. Addressed to the Public. By Tho

mas Wycliffe, of Liverpool, 8vo. 45. Warrington printed, 1779.

This is a new edition of a tract first published, without the Author's name, and mentioned in the 55th vol. of our Review, p. 317. The Writer has now much enlarged his work throughout; and has added two entire new chapters, one on the Supreme Power of a State (which he lodges with the people), and another on the internal Gowernment of Great Britain. In ahis last division of his work, he propoles a new plan of parliamentary deputation, by which the people would be more equally represented than they are at present; an object, no doubt, of the utmost importance to the political welfare of this country. Mr. W.'s plan is illustrated by an out-line map of England, according to his new division of the kingdom, viz. into 69 counties, to be represented in parliament by 292 county members, and 197 members for parifes.-On this novel proposal, the Author comments in the following terms:

• Should such an alteration as this be made, then the representatives chosen by each place would bear some degree of proportion to its consequence, and the weight that each place ought to have in government; and all the representatives being dependent on their conftituents, under such a constitution of government as this, the voice of parliament would be the voice of the people, and would be, in the Arietest sense of the word, SELF-GOVERNMENT.'

But Mr. W. does not confine the confideration of this supposed divifion of counties entirely to the object of an equal parliamentary representation. He thinks it may be rendered useful to the face in other important refpe&ts; but for these particulars we muf refer to his treatise at large, -in which the reader will meet with many obser. vations worthy the attention of those who have a curn for speculation on plans of national improvement. Many, however, will confider his proje& of an universal empire, of which Great Britain is to be the centre, and seat of government, as a moft curious piece of Ucopian castle-building; especially as the proposal happens to be made at a time when, in the opinion of many, the empire of Great Britain, instead of being extended on Mr. W.'s vatt and comprchenfive scale, seems rather to be verging apace towards a mortifying redaction, if not a total subversion,

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Wilkie. 1779.

Art. 24. Thoughts on the Extension of Penal Laws. With some

Remarks on a Memorial delivered to the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners of his Majesty's Treasury by a Committee of Tea Dealers, Feb. 2, 1779. 8vo.

The cxcise laws, it is well known, received a considerable accerfion both of bulk and ftrength from a statute which passed in the lait Sessions of parliament, and which probably took its rise from the mee morial aliuded to in the citle-page. It is natural for those who suffer, to complain ; and it is not unwise in those who complain, to point out such means as they think likely to prevent, or remedy, the ills 'they suffer. The framers and presenters of that memorial were considerable traders ; and in order to check the growth of smugo gling (the practice of which they conceived to be so injurious to the sevenue, and which they felt to be so detrimenial to :rade) they sube joined to their memorial a proposal for some future regulations and restrictions, that seemed to them most efficacious for this purpose. This proposal excites the indignation of our Pamphlcreer. Mark his apostrophè to these recreant rea dealers. • Bluh, if ignorance will permit you! Be seen and heard co more! Or if you will, be concitent, and let oppreslion be the theme! Nursed with the milk of monopoly, follow the practice long since adopted ; combine and crush the little dealers round you, and give over your attempts to undermine the grand and noble fabric of our liberries, which has al. ready cost us so many millions of treasure, and an inundation of blood to rear and support.' This is certainly magnificent language! Voilà le vrai sublime !

Whoever is fond of tracing the coincidences of expresion between great writers, will be amused to find how nearly in some passages this Writer approximates to Jucius's Letter to the K-. The following sentences are selected from each, and compared. Our Author thus speaks of Mr. Alderman Bull, whose name, he observes' with some concern,' subscribed to this offensive memorial :

• I am still inclined to make an indulgent allowance for the per nicious lesions” he received from there arch-projectors.'

Junius to bis M- “ We are still inclined to make an indul. gent allowance for the pernicious lessons you received in your youth."

This Author to Mr. Alderman Bull. “I am unwilling to think him capable of a direct deliberate purpose to invade the original rights of subjects, on which all their civil and political liberties depend.

Junius to his M-We are far from thinking you capable of a direct deliberate purpose to invade the original rights of your sub. jects, on which all their civil and pulitical liberties depend.”

This Author to Mr. Bull. Banish from your mind the onworthy opinions with which those interested persons have laboured to possess you.'

Junius. “ Banish from your mind those unworthy opinions with which some interested persons have laboured to possess you.”

Whether so unusual a similarity of phrase be the result of accident or artifice, we caonot determine. We would not, without trong evidence, pronounce this Writer guilty of plagiarism, because * W.


are unwilling to think him capable of a direit deliberate purpose to in vade the original rights" of another author. Art. 25. Thoughts on Martial Law, and on the Proceedings of

General Courts Martial. 4to. 2 s. 6d. Becket. 1779. That celerity o decision, which the exigencies of war require, is in a great measure ic.comparible with the scrupulous invefligation, and cautious formalities, which ought to be adhered to in the adminitration of civil juílice. Hence every ' to asimilare the martial to the common law will be found extremely difficult ; if not altogether impracticable. · Martial law (we are sold by the best writers) is built upon no fettled principles, but is entirely arbitrary in its decifions, and is in reality no law, but something indulged, rather than allowed as law.' Yet it is surely to be wished, that those gallant men, whom enthusiasm impels, or public neceflity calls forth, to the public service, should not be left unguarded by the laws of that country which their valour is employed to defend. When we confider how many of our fellow subjects are, in time of war, ame. nable to a military tribural, we cannot but regret that they should forfeit as foldiers, the rights they poließlid as citizens; and that their lives and liberties Thould be less anxiously watched over and protected by the barriers of law. than those of any other order of men. The design of this sensible and well-cimed tract is to reduce into form and precison, the proceedings or courts martial; and in the course of it the Author hash fuggelted many valuable hints for the improvement of this mode of trial. He has certainly a claim to the attention and gratitude of all military men; to their attention, from the information he communicates ; to their gratituae, for the benevolence he expresses : -for he acquaints them, that if his efforts tend to secure the well. being or safety of even the lowelt veteran of the camp,' his purpose will be fully answered.

MILITARY AFFAIRS. Art. 26. The Military Instructor for non-commiffioned Officers

and private Men of the Infantry. By Thonias Simes, Esq; late of the Queen's Royal Regiment of Foot; and Author of the Military Guide, &c. Second Edition. 12mo. 25. 60. Almon, &c.

In this publication, which we do not recolleet seeing before, though it is called the second edition, the Author has supplied the deficiency we remarked in the account of his Military Guide; and by the ioftraélions and precedents it contains, it promises to be a very useful manual for all in:elligent subalterns and private men in military service.

POETICA L. Art. 27. The Vision: A Poem, on the Death of Lord Lyttelton.

Inscribed to ine Right Hon. the Earl of Abingdon. 460. I S. Millidge. The story of Lord Lyttelton's apparition-lady, thrown into verse; with a handful of good, honeit opposition politics, toss'd in for a make-weight. This inexorable poet, and patriot, condemns all the

# See Rev. vol. Iviii. p. 303.



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