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ministerial rogues † to an ignominious death in this world, and eternal damnation in the next :
• Nor shall their puoilment on earth atone,
Oh! oh! oh!!!.
becker. 1779 This little Miscellany, conhiting of Odes, Elegies, &c. carries with it many marks of a cultivated mind. The Odes, which form the principal part of the collection, are easy and harmonious; and if they abound not in any great Itrokes of original genius, they are, at lealt, not deftitute of those graces which spring from a true and elegant talte.
At the end of the volume are added Poemata Latina. Of these, none are wholly without merit; but the last, in our opinion, is the best.
AMERICAN AFFAIRS. Art. 23. Cool Thoughts on the Consequences to Great Britain of
American Independence; on the Expence of Great Britain in the Serilement and Defence of the American Colonies; and on the Valuc and Importance of the American Colonies and the West Indies to the British Empire. 8vo. Is. Wilkie, 1780.
The Author fets out with observing, that the independence of America has been long since recommended, by a learned and ingenious author *, as beneficial to Great Britain; that the plausibility of his arguments has made some profelytes ; and that it has even produced a motion in the House of Commons, to that end.' • Whether," says this writer, the boldness or novelty of the sentiment has been mistaken for truth, I thall not determine; this, bowever, is certain, that at the first view of a proposition to dismember from a fate 3,00, coc of its fubje&s, and ibe far greater part of its territory, reason takes the alarm, and creates in the mind strong suspicions that it cannot be well founded.'-To prove that it is ill founded, is the main business of this temperate and judicious performance. By a candid ftate of facts, and a series of jutt and pertinent remarks, be shews the ruinous consequences [to ibis country] of a plan, by which Great Britain must give up not only the greatest part of its territory, and more than one fourth of its people, but likewise near one half of its commerce, (the trade to Ireland and the East Indies excepted), foreigo as well as Colonial. The consequences he deduces are the decay, if not the ruin of the best sources of wealth and strength in the empire : more especially, as a great part of what we shall give up, mult fall into the hands of our natural and determined enemies.'
This pamphlet is justly entitled Cool Thoughts. The Author dircuffes his subjects in a decent and dispasionate, though very earnest and serious strain : in which the Americans are not abused as ree bels, nor is government traduced with accusations of despotism. The
+ This is a mistake, Mafter Reviewer! the Author does not fay rogues: he only calls the gentlementitled traitors,' and hellish crew,'
PRINTER'S Devil, • Dean Tucker.
question, goesion, indeed, as to the grounds of our quarrel with the Colonies, is rocally avoided : the writer having wholly confined himself to the discussion of the single point which he had in view, viz. The facal consequence [to Great Britain) of American independence, should that scheme be firmly established. Art. 3o. Observations on American Independency. 8vo. 6 d.
Edinburgh. This Nortb. British publication appears (and to some it seems a phe. nomenon) in favour of American Independency; which the writer supposes, on commercial principles, to be the moit advantageous ground on which we can settle our differences with the revolted Colo. nies. The Author reasons like a man of sense, moderation, and bu-, manity; and he appears to have formed just notions of the value of that commercial intercourse which hath subfifted, or that may, hereafter, fubfitt between Great Britain and North America,- thould the latter become Independent.-We perfeétly agree with him in his conclusive redection, that if there be any truth in the arguments now offered (to prove that the Independency of America, initead of being a loss to the trade, manufactures, and marine of Britain, will rather colarge and increase them,-what pity is is that this plan os reconciliation had not been agreed to sooner ! He takes leave of his Readers in the following terms, after mentioning the neceflicy of our taking care to prevent America's falling under the influence or dependence of other nations : • If these observations,' says he, 'hall have any effect to promote that purpose' [of prevention), the Author will deserve the name of a True BRITON; rather than those who, through miltaken principles, have lost the natural feelings of humanity, and can hear of burning and desolation without regret, and without properly considering the consequences of such un political barbarity.' Art. 31. Letters of Papinian; in which the Conduct, present
State and Prospects of the American Congress are examined 8vo. is 6C, New York printed: London reprinted, for Wilkie, 1779.
According to the account of this writer, the • Conduct of the Congress has been altogether Machiavelian, tyrannical, and wickedtheir Present State' is desperate--and their Prospects' present them only with scenes of wretchedness and irretrievable ruin. He calcuJates the lofs already sustained by the Americans, including their public debt to France, at above 80 millions ferling; and concludes with warmly and pathetically exhorting the people to abandon the miserable and hopeless cause in which they have been so unhappily engaged ; to retorn to the prote&tion of Great Britain, and thereby procure to themselves the restoration of peace, freedom, and security :' blerhings which (he is very certain) they can never hope to enjoy, while they remain under the destructive power and misgovernment of their present despots. Such are the ideas of a very plausible writer ; but we must make allowances for the zeal and prejudices of party. And we must remember, too, that misrepresentation is sometimes deemed good policy : though HONESTY is said so be the best,
MEDICAL. Art. 32. Animadversiones de Natura Hydropis, ejusque Curatione.
Auctore Francisco Milman, M. D. Coll. Reg. Med. Lond. & Reg. Societ. Lond. Socio. 8vo. 35. fewed. Dodfley. 1779.
The principal view of this Writer appears to be, the answering a query proposed by Sir George Baker, in the second volume of the Medical Transactions, whether more cures of the dropsy might not be effe fted, if a greater indulgence, in respect to drink, were allowed to the patients? Dr. Milman was first led to incline towards the afo. firmative of this quettion, by the opportunity he had, while abroad, of observing the success which attended the use of Bacher's conic pills in France, and the practice of Dr. Collin at Vienna, in both which no retriction in diluent drinks was enjoined. He likewise observed, that the directions given by Hippocrates, in the cure of this disease, corresponded in general with this idea; and he employs a considerable part of his work in conmenting on what the venerable father of physic bas said on this subject, and endeavouring to reconcile some apparent contradictions in his doctrine. Finally, our Author refers to his own practice, in the Middlesex Hospital, for additional confirmation of the utility of diluting liquors in droplical cases, which he allows, with the Hippocratic intention of preparing the body for the operation of medicines; and particularly of promoting the efficacy of diuretics, on which he chiefly depends for the cure of the droply. The general method of treatment he lays down, is, to begin with some fmart hydragogue purgatives, and then to employ diuretics, such as the saline mixture, squills, and decoction of seneka root, together with the following drink : in a quart of barley water, half an ounce of Creme of Tarcar is dissolved,' and a little sugar and proof spirit is added. Of this the patient is permitted to drink at pleasure. By this method, a copious discharge of urine was usually procured in a short time : and where the case was tolerably favourable, a cure was generally effected. The histories of some cases, treated in this manner, are subjoined ; and the appearances (on diffection) of those which terminated fatally, are added. On the whole, we cannot but think, that the learned author has done a great deal towards establishing his point, and has suggested a confiderable improvement in the treatment of a very obltinate and dangerous disorder.
An Appendix to the work contains an account of the manner of preparing and composing Bacher's pills. The principal remedy is an extract of black hellebore, prepared in a more troublesome and elaborate manner than is probably necessary. It is formed into pills by the addition of Myrrh, and powder of Carduus Benedi&tus.
MISCELLANEO U s. Art. 33. Nestor glæ, five Tragediarum Gracarum Delectus :
Cum Adnotatione Johannis Burton. Editio altera, cui Observasiones, Indicemque Græcum longe auctiorem et emendatiorem, adjecit Thomas Burgess, A. B. e C.C.C. 8vo. 2 Vols. 10$. 6 d. Oxford, at the Clarendon Press.
The established reputation and known character of Dr. Burton's Pentalogia make any comment that can now be passed upon it unne.
cessary. Nothing can bear greater testimony to its merit than the atrention which has been bestowed upon the present edition. Mr. Burgess seems to have spared no pains in rendering it, in every respęd, as complete as posible. The erudition, fidelity, and diligence which are conspicuous in his Observationes, entiile him to a conliderable share of praise. Though he expresses himself, on every occasion, with diffidence and modesty, yet, when he thinks it neces. füry to combat the opinions of others, he delivers his sentiments with that manly kind of confidence, which is, at once, both liberal and becoming.
... To accommoda:e the purchasers of the first edition, that part of the work which more properly belongs to Mr. B. namely, the Obfervationes, &c. may be had separately. Art.
34. 1 Marine Proposal for the Advancement of private Intereft upon ibe hunorary Bafis of public Utility; or, Plan for the Equipmeoc and Employment of a powertul Fleet of private Ships of War, on a more patrio:ic, extensive, secure, and profitable Scale, than ever bicherto atcemped: in the Benefit of which, every opulent ladividual is invited to participate. 8vo. Millan. 1779.
To change the spirit of adventure, which so strongly characterises the present age, from a private vice to a public benefit, is a good thought; but whether the application of it to the scheme here proposed, be practicable or not, Time, which reveals molt things, will perhaps thew.
Our Projector's general idea, is to raise, by subscription, among the great and the opulent, an associated fees, confiiting of fifty privateers, to cruise in concert, in ten divisions, of five thips each, in various parts of Europe and America. He fecules the disposition, or tations, of the several diviĝons of this feet, in such a manner, that he pronounces it hardly possible for the trade of our enemies to escape, as such of their thips as missed one diviĝon, would, almoit at a certainty, be intercepted by some or other of them.'
We have not room for the particulars of this plan, nor for the Author's reasoning on any of them. We shall, therefore, only add, that something of the kind here projected, inight pollibly be accomplished, were a few active people, of consequence and in Aueace, carneilly to set about carrying the proposal into execution. We may see, as this Writer juilly observes, a triking instance of the efficacy of well-appoinsed small squadrons, in che success of that commanded by our inveterate enemy Paul Jones:' and he adds, the capture and loss of at least half the privateers that have hitherto been fitted out, and thereby of some thousands of our ableft seamen, is a fatal demonstration of the gross error of the ordinary fyftem of privateer. ing, that is, by fingle Thips, without any restriction in point of force. Art. 35. Memoirs of the Life and Death of the Right Honourable
the Lord Deputy Wandesforde. Collected from authentic Records and M>S. By his great great Grandson Thomas Comber, LL.D. Rector of Buckworth and Morborne, Huntingdon shire, and:Chaplain to the Countess Dowager of Balcarras. Vol. II. 12mo, 2 s. 6 d. Cambridge printed. London, sold by Becket, &c. 1778,
This book is to be considered as the second volume of a work, the forft of which was published in 1777. The title of that volume is,
• A Book
• A Book of Instructions, written by Sir Christopher Wandes forde, &c. to his Son, &c.' For some account of whicb, we refer our seaders to the Monthly Catalogue of our Review for June (in the year above mentioned), p. 483. Dr. Comber bas here added to the Book of Instructions, several particulars concerning the life of the Author, which are chiefly compiled from memorandums, written by Mrs. Thornton, his daughcer, a woman of excellent understanding, and exemplary piecy. We apprehend, we cannot give a better view of the nature of the performance, than by extracting the following passage from the dedication of the work to the Marquis of Caermarthen.
• In these memoirs, your Lordship and the public have the faithful portrait of a great man, a great statesman, and (which is far the greatest and Boblest characer) a great chriftian. Your Lordship sees bim delincated through all the stages of life and fortune.
• You see him from a private school repairing to the university, early leaving that seminary of learning, not to fink among dogs and horses, por the scarce less brutal pack of drunkards and electioneers, but commencing country gentleman, improver of his lands and of his mind, commencing patriot and orator in the scene, which you, my Lord, adorn, the House of Commons; becoming patriot in opposition to a moft flagitious favourite, and obtaining by dint of natural cloquence the public bleflings of the Petition of Right; you fee him, my Lord, becoming a courtier at a memorable period, when to have continued in opposition, must have been little better than to have commenced rebel.
• Then your Lordship will survey him discharging the part of a minifter, fuccefávely the offices of Mafter of the Rolls, of Lord Justice, and finally, of Lord Deputy in Ireland, and going thence happily to heaven; not like Lord Strafford, from a scaffold, bat from his bed, whose pillows are stuffed with refolution and patience, the down of content, and the blessings and congratulations of all who wished the prosperity of their country, and apparently like a saint afflicted with the foretaste of his Britain's sufferings, from the un. natural union of popery and puritanism. In Ihort, my good Lord, as deservedly happy, as any true Englishman in those critically rad times could be !
The union of puritanism and papery does indeed seem very un. natural ; it is probable, the Author, lately deceased, would have - found himself reduced to a perplexing dilemma, if he had been re
quired to prove his assertion concerning it, though it is pollible, that parties, in very different sentiments, may fairly and honourably concur in promoting a particular purpose: But on this subject we Mall not contend.
The Lord Deputy Wandesforde appears to have been a man of piery and integrity; and properly recommended as an example, worthy of regard. One instance of his probity deserves particular notice: He was engaged in the management of a chancery suit, for Some near relations, in which an estate of above 2000 l. per annum, was depending : from the account here given, there could be no doubt of his gaining the cause before any impartial judges. Da the day of trial, he was told by an intimate friend,“ know cer. uainly, that a coach with a bribe of locol. is gone this very morning