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to the Lord Chancellor's. The weight of this will certainly bear down the equity of your cause, if you do not chrow an heavier purse into the other scale." Mr. Wandesforde answered, “ I will omit no Jawful means of recovering my own and my relation's rights. But fince God has declared to the judge, Thou falt net take a gift, I think it unlawful to give one ; and therefore, it this great eitate could be redeemed with a bribe of <d. I would not give it. If I cannot recover our rights by fair means, I thall conclude, that God sees it not good that we should recover them. If we lose this estate, God can give much greater. Therefore the Lord's will be done !"

Mr. Wandesforde was constantly connected with Sir Thomas Wentworth, afterwards Lord Strafford, and acted in conjunction with him in Ireland, before he was Lord Deputy himself. Some persons will think it difficult to reconcile this with other parts of his character and conduct.

The materials of this work are not put together in the most orderly and agreeable manner'; but the piety and virtue which are so laudably exhibited in it, call for attention and imitation. Art. 36. Itineraria Symonis Simeonis, et Willelmi de Worcestre.

Quibus accedit, Tratatus de Metro, in quo traduntur regule a Scriptoribus medii avi in Verfsbus Leoninis observatæ, &c. The Irineraries of Symon, Son of Simeon, and William of Worcester. To which is added, A Tract, exhibiting the Rules observed by the Writers of the middle Age, in their Leonine Verses. Now first poblished from the Manuscripts in the Library of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. By James Nafmith, A.M. S. A, S. and lately Fellow of the same College. 8vo. 10 s. 6 d. fewed. Cam. bridge, printed. Sold by T. Payne, &c. in London.

These journals are curious, as ancient monumebis, though not very inftructive or entertaining. That of Symon was written A. D. 1322. It gives an account of his journey to the Holy Land, in company with his brother Hugo. Some few places in England are taken notice of, as well as foreign parts. He speaks much of the Mahometans, and of the treatment he met with among them; of Egypt, and of many places in Canaan, which they visited in a devotional view. The thread of the narration is interrupted for a time, while Symon laments, which he does very pathetically indeed, the death of his brother Hugo, which happened at Cairo in Egypt.

This Latin manuscript is imperfe&t ; but it is not without some pleasure that we read this old, though short, account of the state of places, &c. in those days. Symon was a Doctor in divinity, and feems to have been a pasive of Ireland,

William of Worcester appears to less advantage, in his itinerary, than Symon; wbo writes 'much better, and more to the purpose. He was the author of many writings. This, which is the greatest part of the volume before us, might rather have been called, as the Editor observes, Colle&lanca, or Adverfaria, as things are not placed in any proper order, and some are altogether foreign from his immediate purpose. It was written in 1478; and consists of observations made in a journey from Bristol to St. Michael's, Cornwall. He was a native of Bristol; a man of great industry; and several matters are related by him, especially regarding the English topography and antiquities, which may be searched for in other works in vain; but,

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says the Editor judly, moft we not lament that his style is so ruda and barbarous, that he heaps together a number of trifles, and palies by in Glence things, an account of which posterity would have received with avidity? that whole pages are consumed in the measurement of churches and streets, while no description is given of the buildings themselves ? We mult then regard William of Worcester as a man moderately learned, of no bright genius, more remarkable for application than for judgment and acumen. The work before us, however, certainly has its use in respect to history, as well as topography; and mult, accordingly, be valued by the antiquary.

The little tract concerning Metre, is said to have been written in the 15th century; Dr. Matthew Parker, Archbilhop of Canterbury, bas remarked, on a plain leaf of this manuscript, that no book is so contemptible but it may prove of some use, and that the method here pointed out for composing a particular (and fanciful) kind of verse, may not easily be found elsewhere.

COMMERCIAL Art. 37. Epiftolæ Commerciales; or, Commercial Letters, in

Five Languages, viz, Italian, English, French, Spanish, and Por: tuguese, with their respective Idioms distinctly pointed out, written on various interesting Subjects, in the Modern mercantile Style, as now practifed ; all which are carefully selected from original Letters, as they fand in the Copy Books of the most eminent Merchants in Europe, and are here exbibited under fi&titious Names, &c. The whole so methodically digested as to serve as Models for a regular Correspondence, &c. To which are added, Mercantile and Maritime Vocabularies, of each Tongue, &c. &c. By Charles Wiseman, Notary Pablic, and Translator of all the above Languages. Printed for the Author, and Sold by B. Law, in Ave-Mary Lane. 6s. boards. 1779.

There is no doubt but many occasions may occur, in which a book of this kind will be found useful in the accompting-house of a merchant.

матн E м А тiсѕ. Art. 38. The Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris for

the Year 1783. Published by Order of the Commitioners of Longitude. 8vo. 35. 6d. Nourse. 1979.

It is with great satisfaction that we see this useful and laborious work continued, and conducted in the same careful and accurate manner as at first. Jos superiority in this respect, as well as in the extent and usefulness of the articles contained in it, over every similar publication in Europe, is obvious to, and confessed by every judicious astronomer, both of our own and other nations; insomuch that in the most ancient publications of this kind *, the Editors now content themselves with copying profeffedly the calculations from this work, allowing only the difference between the meridian of Greenwich, and that of the place to which theirs is adapted.

To this Almanac, there is added a Collection of Allronomic Problems, useful at sea. By the Rev. John Edwards, B. A. And also,

Connoissance de Temps, published by order of the Royal Academy of Science at Paris.

an addition to the logarithmic solar tables, annexed to the Nautical Almanac of 1771. By the same.

RELIGIOU S. Art. 39. An Enquiry into the Design of the Christian Sabbath, and

the Manner in which it should be observed, to answer its im. portant End.

12mo. is. Dilly. 1779. A plain and serious address to the public, on a subject of acknow. ledged importance, recommending, not only a constant attendance on the institutions of religion, but a careful improvement of the leisure which the Sunday affords, in acquiring religious knowledge, and cultivating the principles of virtue and piety, by reading and meditation. Though there is nothing sufficiently original in the Aus chor's ideas to command the attention of the learned, or striking in bis manner of writing, to engage the notice of those who are indifa ferent to the subject of which he treats, his reflexions, however, are such as may afford pleasure and improvement to the pious Chriftian.

S E R M O N S. I. Preached at St. Mary's, Oxford, July. I, 1779. On the Anni.

versary Meeting of the Governors of the Radcliffe Infirmary, By Lewis Bagot, LL. D. Dean of Christ Church. Published at the Request of the Governors, for the Benefit of the Charity, 410. is. Rivington.

A fenfible and elegant discourse, judiciously adapted to the occafon on which it was delivered. 11. Preached in the Parish Church of Whitby, before the Friendly

Society, at their Boniversary Meeting on Whit-Monday, 1779, and published at their Request. By the Rev. Jofeph Robertfon,

Curate of the said Church. 410. York, printed; London, Sold : by Baldwia, &c.

• Every member of the Friendly Society,' we are told in a note, • by contributing eight-pence per month, is allowed five thillings a week out of the joint ftock, when rendered incapable of working by fickness, lameness, or blindness. On the decease of any member, his widow receives five pounds for defraying his funeral expences : and when any member's wife dies, he is allowed forty Millings for the same purpose.' We conclude also, though we are not direaly informed, that a collection is made at the time of the sermon for fupporting this design. Mr. Robertson, in this discourse, urges the exercise of charity by convincing arguments, and pathetic representations. III. Preached before the President and Governors of the Marine

Society, at St. George's, Hanover-Square, on their Anniversary Meeting, April 13, 1779. By Robert Markham, D. D. Rector of St. Mary's, Whitechapel.

In this discourse, the preacher insists at large on the utility of the Marine Society, and recommends the support of the institution, with much strength of argument, and animation of language. An ac. count of the receipts and disbursements of the Society is subjoined. IV. Preached in Lambeth Chapel, at the Contecration of the Righs

Rev. John Warren, D. D. Lord Bilhop of St. David's ; September 19, 1779. By Benjamin Newton, M. A. Vicar of Sandhurst,

in the County and Diocese of Gloucester. Published by Command of his Grace the Archbishop. 410. 15. Bathurit.

In this fermon, the Writer discovers two qualities, which may feen in some degree to oppose each ocher, excelive modesty, and excessive zeal. In his great modifiy, he ranks himself with babes and fucklings, in the presence of him who has called him to the honourable em. ployment,' of preaching this discourse. In his great zeal againit, what he repeatedly styles (we suppose by the figure of speech call. ed redundancy) the false counterfeit of contempt an infernal spirit,' which, he says, exalteth itself above all order, government, and authority, whatsoever, and threatens to subvert every principle of duty.' -He exhorts his reverend hearers to imitate the example of David, who not only fed the flock committed to his charge with a faithful and true heart, but also ruled them prudently with all his power; and calls upon them, by a firm and vigorous exertion of the same means, to reftrain the overflowings of ungodliness.'

Mr. Newton has not explained the nature of the crime which gives him so much offence, nor informed us what means he wilhes the church to exert for its punishment. But, fince he calls upon her to use all her power, there seems to be some ground to suspect, that he means to roule the moniter, which, though formerly so terrible, has of late, to the satisfaction of all good men, quietly Nepe in his den:

atque immania serga resolvit Fufus humi. Why, ye mipilters of peace, should ye wish to disturb his repose? Or how can ye answer it to the PRINCE OF PEACE, whom ye profess to serve, if, having once seen his footsteps marked with blood, ye again unbind his chains, and send him through the world, seeking whom he may devour? V. The Obligation and Importance of searching the Scriptures, as a

Preservative from Popery. Preached at Salter's-Hall, Nov. 5, 1779. To the Society that support the Lord's Day Evening. Lec. ture, at that Place; and published at the Request of the Society. By Abraham Kees. 8vo. 6d. Longman, &c. 1779.

Dr. Rees proves, by clear and convincing arguments, the certain and unalienable right which all persons have to possess the scriptures in their own language, and also the obligation incumbent on Chrif. tians to improve, with diligence, this benefit which Divine Provi. dence puts into their hands. The reasoning he employs, shakes the very foundation of the papai fabric, as it does also of all merely buman impofitions, in matters of conscience and religion. Search the Scriptures!

C. D.'s favour is received, and will be more particularly acknowleged in our next. Mr. Barker's Letter will find a place at the end of our next number.

• The Plan for Recruiting the Britise Army, by the Hon. and Rev. James Cochrane, was noticed in the Review for O&ober.

Philo-Scriblerus's Letter is received.

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MONTHLY REVIEW,

For FEBRUARY, 1780.

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Art. 1. Leitures on the universal Principles and Duties of Religion and

Morality, 8c. By the Rev. David Williams, CONCLUDED. See our last.

E have already given an account of the nature and de

sign of the institution in Margaret-Street, and spoken our sentiments of its merits and utility, with impartiality and freedom :-at the same time we have attempted to do justice to the ingenuity of Mr. Williams, and have selected some passages from his Lectures, to justify the compliment which we have paid to his abilities.

The fourth Lecture, on “ the Knowledge of the Deity," contains some spirited and sensible reflections on the conduct of those " zealous Christians, whose thoughts, and passions, and tongues are earnestly employed in controversies on uneffential principles,'-whom our Author compares to “ soldiers who are fighting for insignificant outworks, when the very citadel is every moment in danger of being taken."-" The absurdities (continues Mr. Williams) alleged concerning God, have been so numerous and gross, both in Heathen and Christian writers, that those persons who now lead the opinions of a great part of Europe, controvert the first principle itself, and doubt, if not dispute, whether there be a God at all. Surely then there is some appearance of merit in stepping on this only ground of danger; and a man can hardly be justly represented as an enemy to the peace of society, and aiming at the subversion of religion, when he thews an alacrity and zeal in the defence of those principles without which there could be no religion at all: -those principles which men of all nations and all opinions agree to be the foundation of all virtue and all happiness. Perfons whore information and knowledge reach only to the neighbourhood in which they live, are wholly occupied by the transVOL. LXII.

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