Syrian Identity in the Greco-Roman World
Cambridge University Press, 25/07/2013 - 412 páginas
By engaging with recent developments in the study of empires, this book examines how inhabitants of Roman imperial Syria reinvented expressions and experiences of Greek, Roman and Syrian identification. It demonstrates how the organization of Greek communities and a peer polity network extending citizenship to ethnic Syrians generated new semiotic frameworks for the performance of Greekness and Syrianness. Within these, Syria's inhabitants reoriented and interwove idioms of diverse cultural origins, including those from the Near East, to express Greek, Roman and Syrian identifications in innovative and complex ways. While exploring a vast array of written and material sources, the book thus posits that Greekness and Syrianness were constantly shifting and transforming categories, and it critiques many assumptions that govern how scholars of antiquity often conceive of Roman imperial Greek identity, ethnicity and culture in the Roman Near East, and processes of 'hybridity' or similar concepts.
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Antiochus IV and the limits of Greekness under
local performance Roman
Syrian Greeks of the Roman Near East
Cities of imperial frontiers first to third centuries ce
contrasting visions of Greekness
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amid Antiochenes Antiochus Apamea Arab Aramaic As)Syrian Atargatis barbarian boul¯e caravan century Cicero Cilicia cities citizenship city’s civic council civic Greekness classical Greek client kings Coele Syria colonnade Commagene constituted context councilors cult cultivated described Despite diverse divine doxa Dura-Europos dynasts East Eastern ethnics Eastern idioms elites emperor empire empire’s epigraphic ethnic Greeks ethnic Syrians Europaioi expressions of Greekness Facella forms of Greekness framework Gerasa Greek and Roman Greek citizens Greek city-states Greek communities Greek culture Greek idioms Greek polities Greeks and Syrians Hadrian Herod Hierapolis honor hybridity identifications idioms inhabitants inscriptions integrated Jewish Jews Josephus Judea Kaizer kings kinship Likewise Lucian names narrator Odaenathus Palmyra Palmyrenean Palmyrenes Parthian patrons peer polity network Persian Phoenician poleis polis politeia produced provincial regional Roman imperial Syria sanctuary Seleucid Seleucid empire Soados social sophists status Strabo stresses symbols Syrian ethnos Syrian Goddess Tarsians Tatian temple thereby traditions Zeus