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and assembly, shall, before it become a law, be presented to the governor. If he approve, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it with his objections to that house in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconsideration, two-thirds of the members present shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered ; and if approved by two-thirds of the members present, it shall become a law. But in all such cases the votes of both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and against the bill, shall be entered on the journal of each house respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the governor within ten days (Sundays excepted,) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the legislature shall, by their adjournment, prevent its return; in which case it shall not be a law..

Sec. XIII. All officers holding their offices during good behaviour, may be removed by joint resolution of the two houses of the legislature, if two-thirds of all the members elected to the assembly, and a majority of all the members elected to the senate, concur therein.

Sec. xiv. The political year shall begin on the first day of January; and the legislature shall every year assemble on the first Tuesday of January, unless a different day shall be appointed by law.

Sec. xv. The next election for governor, lieutenant governor, senators, and members of assembly, shall commence on the first Monday of November, one thousand eight hundred and twentyiwo; and all subsequent elections shall be held at such time in the month of October or November as the legislature shall by law provide.

Sec. xvi. The governor, lieutenant governor, senators, and members of assembly, first elected under this constitution, shall enter on the duties of their respective offices on the first day of January, one thousand eight

How can a bill, having passed the senate and assembly, become a law? How may officers, holding their offices during good behaviour, be removed?

hundred and twentythree; and the governor, lieutenant governor, senators, and members of assembly, now in office, shall continue to hold the same until the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and twentythree, and no longer.

ARTICLE II.-Electors. Sec. 1. Every male citizen of the age of twentyone years, who shall have been an inhabitant of this state one year preceding any election, and for the last six months a resident of the town or county where he may offer his vote; and shall have, within the year next preceding the election, paid a tax to the state or county, assessed upon his real or personal property ; or shall, by law, be exempted from taxation; or, being armed and equipped according to law, shall have performed, within that year, military duty in the militia of this state; or who shall be exempted from performing militia duty in consequence of being a fireman in any city, town or village in this state : And also every male citizen of the age of twentyone years, who shall have been, for three years next preceding such election, an inhabitant of this state, and for the last year a resident in the town or county where he may offer his vote; and shall have been, within the last year, assessed to labor upon the public highways, and shall have performed the labor, or paid an equivalent therefor, according to law, shall be entitled to vote in the town or ward where he actually resides, and not elsewhere, for all officers that now are, or hereafter may be, elective by the people : But no man of color, unless he shall have been for three years a citizen of this state, and for one year next preceding any election, shall be seized and possessed of a freehold estate of the value of two hundred and fifty dollars, over and above all debts and incumbrances charged thereon; and shall have been actually rated, and paid a tax thereon, shall be entitled to vote at any such election. And no person of color shall be subject to direct taxation, unless he shall be seized and possessed of such real estate as aforesaid.

ART. 11. What qualifications constitute an elector,

SEC. 11. Laws may be passed, excluding from the right of suffrage, persons who have been, or may be, convicted of infamous crimes.

Sec. 11. Laws shall be made for ascertaining, by proper proofs, the citizens who shall be entitled to the right of suffrage hereby established.

Sec. iv. All elections by the citizens shall be by ballot, except for such town officers as may by law be directed to be otherwise chosen.

ARTICLE III.- Executive.


Sec. 1. The executive power shall be vested in a go

He shall hold his office for two years; and a lieutenant governor shall be chosen at the same time, and for the same term.

Sec. II. No person, except a native citizen of the United States, shall be eligible to the office of governor; nor shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not be a freeholder, and shall not have attained the age of thirty years, and have been five years a resident within this state, unless he shall have been absent during that time, on public business of the United States, or of this state.

Sec. lll. The governor and lieutenant governor shall be elected at the times and places of choosing members of the legislature. The persous respectively having the highest number of votes for governor and lieutenant governor shall be elected ; but in case two or more shall have an equal, and the highest number of votes for governor, or for lieutenant governor, the two houses of the legislature shall, by joint ballot, choose one of the said persons so having an equal and the highest number of votes for governor or lieutenant governor.

Sec. iv. The governor shall be general and commander in chief of all the militia, and admiral of the navy of the state. He shall have power to convene the legislature (or the senate only) on extraordinary occasions. He

What persons are excluded from the right of suffrage ? ART. III. m whom is the executive power vested ?-How often is he elected ?—What qualifications are requisite for this office ?When and in what manner are ihe governor and Lieut. governor elected ?-What powers are vested in the governor ?

shall communicate by message to the legislature at every session, the condition of the state; and recommend such matters to them as he shall judge expedient. He shall transact all necessary business with the officers. of go. vernment, civil and military. He shall expedite all such measures as may be resolved upon by the legislature, and shall take care that the laws are faithfully executed. He shall, at stated times, receive for his services a compensation which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the term for which he shail have been elected. Sec. v.

The governor shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons after conviction, for all offences except treason and cases of impeachment. Upon convictions for treason, he shall have power to suspend the execution of the sentence until the case shall be reported to the legislature at its next meeting ; when the legislature shall either pardon, or direct the execution of the criminal, or grant a further reprieve. Sec. VI.

In case of the impeachment of the governor, or his removal from office, death, resignation, or absence from the state, the powers and duties of the office shall devolve upon the lieutenant governor for the residue of the term, or until the governor absent or impeached shall return, or be acquitted. But when the governor shall, with the consent of the legislature, be out of the state in time of war, at the head of a military force thereof, he shall continue commander in chief of all the military force of the state. Sec. VII.

The lieutenant governor shall be president of the senate, but shall have only a casting vote therein. If, during a vacancy of the office of governor, the lieutenant governor shall be impeached, displaced, resign, die, or be absent from the state, the president of the senate shall act as governor, until the vacancy shall be filled, or the disability shall cease.

In case of the death or other inability of the governor, on whom do the duties of that office devolve ?->What are the duties of the lieutenant governor ?

ARTICLE IV.-Appointments and Choice.

Sec. 1.

Militia officers shall be chosen or appointed as follows:

Captains, subalterns, and non-commissioned officers, shall be chosen by the written votes of the members of their respective companies. Field officers of regiments and separate battalions, by the written votes of the commissioned officers of the respective regiments and separate battalions. Brigadier generals by the field officers of their respective brigades. Major generals, brigadier generals, and commanding officers of regiments or separate battalions, shall appoint the staff officers of their respective divisions, brigades, regiments, or separate battalions. Sec. II.

The governor shall nominate, and with the consent of the senate, appoint all major generals, brigade inspectors, and chiefs of the staff departments, except the adjutant general and commissary general. The adjutant general shall be appointed by the governor.

Sec. The legislature shall, by law, direct the time and manner of electing militia officers, and of certifying their elections to the governor. Sec. iv.

The commissioned officers of militia shall be commissioned by the governor; and no commissioned of. ficer shall be removed from office, unless by the senate,

the recommendation of the governor, stating the grounds on which such removal is recommended: or by the decision of a court martial, pursuant to law. The present officers of the militia shall hold their commissions, subject to removal as before provided.

Sec. v. In case the mode of election and appointment of inilitia officers hereby directed, shall not be found conducive to the improvement of the militia, the legislature may abolish the same, and provide by law for their appointment and removal, if two-thirds of the members present in each house shall concur therein.


ART. IV. How are militia officers chosen ?- What officers are appointed by the governor and senate?---What provision is made in relation to the election and appointment of militia officers ?

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