Fools and Jesters in Literature, Art, and History: A Bio-bibliographical Sourcebook

Capa
Vicki K. Janik
Greenwood Publishing Group, 1998 - 552 páginas


Jesters and fools have existed as important and consistent figures in nearly all cultures. Sometimes referred to as clowns, they are typological characters who have conventional roles in the arts, often using nonsense to subvert existing order. But fools are also a part of social and religious history, and they frequently play key roles in the rituals that support and shape a society's system of beliefs. This reference book includes alphabetically arranged entries for approximately 60 fools and jesters from a wide range of cultures. Included are entries for performers from American popular culture, such as Woody Allen, Mae West, Charlie Chaplin, and the Marx Brothers; literary characters, such as Shakespeare's Falstaff, Rabelais' Gargantua and Pantagruel, and Singer's Gimpel; and cultural and mythological figures, such as India's Birbal, the American circus clown, the Native American Coyote, Taishu Engeki of Japan, Hephaestus, Loki the Norse fool, schlimiels and schlimazels, and the drag queen.

The entries, written by expert contributors, are critical as well as informative. Each begins with a biographical, artistic, religious, or historical background section, which places the subject within a larger cultural and historical context. A description and analysis follow. This section may include a discussion of the fool's appearance, gender role, ethical and moral roles, social function, and relationship to such themes as nature, time, and mortality. The entry then discusses the critical reception of the subject and concludes with an extensive bibliography of general works.

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Índice

IV
19
V
27
VI
35
VII
44
VIII
49
IX
56
X
65
XI
73
XL
275
XLI
283
XLII
289
XLIII
292
XLIV
302
XLV
310
XLVI
323
XLVII
330

XII
79
XIII
85
XV
91
XVI
100
XVII
107
XVIII
114
XIX
121
XX
130
XXI
140
XXII
149
XXIII
163
XXIV
170
XXV
179
XXVI
188
XXVII
192
XXVIII
201
XXIX
209
XXX
214
XXXI
220
XXXIII
225
XXXIV
231
XXXV
240
XXXVI
244
XXXVII
248
XXXVIII
259
XXXIX
267
XLVIII
337
XLIX
345
L
355
LI
362
LII
368
LIII
374
LIV
380
LV
387
LVI
392
LVII
398
LVIII
403
LIX
411
LX
420
LXI
430
LXII
437
LXIII
445
LXIV
451
LXV
458
LXVI
463
LXVII
477
LXVIII
483
LXIX
491
LXX
496
LXXI
504
LXXII
528
Direitos de autor

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Palavras e frases frequentes

Passagens conhecidas

Página 17 - The heart of the wise is in the house of mourning; but the heart of fools is in the house of mirth. It is better to hear the rebuke of the wise, than for a man to hear the song of fools. For as the crackling of thorns under a pot, so is the laughter of the fool: This also is vanity.
Página 234 - tis not to come ; if it be not to come, it will be now ; if it be not now, yet it will come ; the readiness is all ; since no man has aught of what he leaves, what is't to leave betimes?
Página 210 - He is a fool with a good memory, and some few scraps of other folks' wit. He is one whose conversation can never be approved, yet it is now and then to be endured. He has indeed one good quality, he is not exceptions; for he so passionately affects the reputation of understanding raillery, that he will construe an affront into a jest; and call downright rudeness and ill language, satire and fire.
Página 17 - As for Comedy, it is (as has been observed) an imitation of men worse than the average ; worse, however, not as regards any and every sort of fault, but only as regards one particular kind, the Ridiculous, which is a species of the Ugly. The Ridiculous may be defined as a mistake or deformity not productive of pain or harm to others ; the mask, for instance, that excites laughter, is something ugly and distorted without causing pain.
Página 122 - In composing the music, I had in mind a distinct picture of a puppet, suddenly endowed with life, exasperating the patience of the orchestra with diabolical cascades of arpeggios. The orchestra in turn retaliates with menacing trumpet blasts. The outcome is a terrific noise which reaches its climax and ends in the sorrowful and querulous collapse of the poor puppet.
Página 319 - Those who are unspiritual do not receive the gifts of God's Spirit, for they are foolishness to them, and they are unable to understand them because they are spiritually discerned.
Página 388 - Isn't he a little too premature?" She said she had had a grandmother who carried just as short a time and she resembled this grandmother of hers as one drop of water does another. She swore to it with such oaths that you would have believed a peasant at the fair if he had used them. To tell the plain truth, I didn't believe her; but when I talked it over next day with the schoolmaster he told me that the very same thing had happened to Adam and Eve.
Página 319 - For Jews demand signs and Greeks seek wisdom, but we preach Christ crucified, a stumbling block to Jews and folly to Gentiles, but to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God.

Acerca do autor (1998)

VICKI K. JANIK is Assistant Professor of English at the State University of New York at Farmingdale, where she teaches courses in Shakespeare, drama, comparative mythology, drama, and other topics.

Informação bibliográfica