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obtain the crown? He smiled and said, 'No more than 'an ecclesiastic hath to the mitre, when he cries Nolo 'episcopari.' Indeed, he seemed to express some contempt at the question, and presently turned away.
A venerable spirit appeared next, whom I found to be the great historian Livy. Alexander the Great, who was just arrived from the palace of death, passed by him with a frown. The historian observing it, said, ' Ay, you 'may frown: but those troops which conquered the base 'Asiatic slaves would have made no figure against the 'Romans.' We then privately lamented the loss of the most valuable part of his history, after which he took occasion to commend the judicious collection made bj Mr. Hooke, which, he said, was infinitely preferable to all others; and at my mentioning Echard's, he gave a bounce, not unlike the going off of a squib, and was departing from me, when I begged him to satisfy my curiosity in one point, whether he was really superstitious or no? For I had always believed he was, till Mr. Leibnitz had assured me to the contrary. He answered sullenly,—' Doth Mr. Leibnitz know my mind better 'than myself?' and then walked away.
The Author is surprised at meeting Julian the apostate in Elysium: but is satisfied by him by what means he procured his entranee there. Julian relates his adventures in the character of a slave.
As he was departing, I heard him salute a spirit by the name Mr. Julian the apostate. This exceedingly amazed
me: for I had concluded that no man ever had a better title to the bottomless pit than he. But I soon found, that this same Julian the apostate was also the very individual, Archbishop Latimer. He told me, that several lies had been raised on him in his former capacity, nor was he so bad a man as he had been represented. However, he had been denied admittance, and forced to undergo several subsequent pilgrimages on earth, and to act in the different characters of a slave, a Jew, a general, an heir, a carpenter, a beau, a monk, a fiddler, a wise man, a king, a fool, a beggar, a prince, a statesman, a soldier, a tailor, an alderman, a poet, a knight, a dancing-master, and three times a bishop before his martyrdom, which together with his other behaviour in this last character satisfied the judge, and procured him a passage to the blessed regions.
I told him such various characters must have produced incidents extremely entertaining; and if he remembered all, as I supposed he did, and had leisure, I should be obliged to him for the recital. He answered, he perfectly recollected every circumstance, and as to leisure the only business of that happy place was to contribute to the happiness of each other. He therefore thanked me for addmg to his, in proposing to him a method of increasing mine. I then took my little darling in one hand, and my favourite fellow-traveller in the other, and going with him to a sunny bank of flowers, we all sat down, and he began as follows:—
'I suppose you are sufficiently acquainted with my 'story, during the time I acted the part of the emperor 'Julian, though I assure you all which hath been related 'of me is not true, particularly with regard to the many 'prodigies forerunning my death. However, they are 'now very little worth disputing; and if they can serve 'any purpose of the historian they are extremely at his
'My next entrance into the word was at Laodicea in Syria, in a Roman family of no great note; and being of a roving disposition, I came at the age of seventeen to Constantinople, where, after about a year's stay, I set out for Thrace, at the time when the emperor Valens admitted the Goths into that country. I was there so captivated with the beauty of a Gothic lady, the wife of one Rodoric a captain, whose name, out of the most delicate tenderness for her lovely sex, I shall even at this distance conceal; since her behaviour to me was more consistent with good-nature than with that virtue which women are obliged to preserve against every assailant. In order to procure an intimacy with this woman I sold myself a slave to her husband, who, being of a nation not over-inclined to jealousy, presented me to his wife, for those very reasons which would have induced one of a jealous complexion to have withheld me from her, namely, for that I was young and handsome.
'Matters succeeded so far according to my wish, and the sequel answered those hopes which this beginning had raised. I soon perceived my service was very acceptable to her. I often met her eyes, nor did she withdraw them without a confusion which is scarce consistent with entire purity of heart. Indeed, she gave me every day fresh encouragement, but the unhappy distance which circumstances had placed between us deterred me long from making any direct attack; and she was too strict an observer of decorum to violate the severe rules of modesty by advancing first; but passion, at last, got the better of my respect, and I resolved to make one bold attempt, whatever was the consequence. Accordingly, laying hold of the first kind opportunity, when she was alone, and my master abroad, I stoutly assailed the citadel, and carried it by storm. Well may I 'say by storm: for the resistance I met was extremely 'resolute, and indeed, as much as the most perfect decency 'would require. She swore often she would cry out for 'help; but I answered, it was in vain, seeing there was no 'person near to assist her; and probably she believed me, 'for she did not once actually cry out; which if she had, 'I might very likely have been prevented.
'When she found her virtue thus subdued against her
'will, she patiently submitted to her fate, and quietly
'suffered me a long time to enjoy the most delicious fruits
'of my victory: but envious fortune resolved to make me
'pay a dear price for my pleasure. One day in the midst
'of our happiness we were suddenly surprised by the un
'expected return of her husband, who coming directly
'into his wife's apartment just allowed me time to creep
'under the bed. The disorder in which he found his wife
'might have surprised a jealous temper; but his was so
'far otherwise, that possibly no mischief might have
'happened, had he not by a cross accident discovered my
'legs, which were not well hid. He immediately drew
'me out by them, and then turning to his wife with a
'stern countenance, began to handle a weapon he wore
'by his side, with which I am persuaded he would have in
'stantly dispatched her, had I not very gallantly, and
'with many imprecations, asserted her innocence and my
'own guilt; which, however, I protested had hitherto
'gone no farther than design. She so well seconded my
'plea (for she was a woman of wonderful art), that he
'was at length imposed upon; and now all his rage was
'directed against me, threatening all manner of tortures,
■ which the poor lady was in too great a fright and con
'fusion to dissuade him from executing; and perhaps, if
'her concern for me had made her attempt it, it would
'bave raised a jealousy in him not afterwards to be re
'After some hesitation, Rodoric cried out he had luckily hit on the most proper punishment for me in the world, by a method which would at once do severe justice on me for my criminal intention, and at the same time prevent me from any danger of executing my wicked purpose hereafter. This cruel resolution was immediately executed, and I was no longer worthy the name of a man.
'Having thus disqualified me from doing him any future injury he still retained me in his family: but the lady, very probably repenting of what she had done, and looking on me as the author of her guilt, would never, for the future, give me either a kind word or look: and shortly after, a great exchange being made between the Romans and the Goths of dogs for men, my lady exchanged me with a Roman widow for a small lapdog, giving a considerable sum of money to boot.
'In this widow's service I remained seven years, during all which time I was very barbarously treated. I was worked without the least mercy, and often severely beat by a swinging maid-servant, who never called me by any other names than those of the Thing, and the Animal. Though I used my utmost industry to please, it never was in my power. Neither the lady nor her woman would- eat any thing I touched, saying, they did not believe me wholesome. It is unnecessary to repeat particulars; in a word, you can imagine no kind of ill usage which I did not suffer in this family.
'At last, an heathen priest, an acquaintance of my lady's, obtained me of her for a present. The scene was now totally changed, and I had as much reason to be satisfied with my present situation, as I had to lament my former. I was so absolutely my master's favourite that the rest of the slaves paid me almost as much regard as they shewed to him, well knowing, that it