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quarrel with the king a popular colour; and so ingratiated me with the people, that when I set up my standard, which I soon after did, they readily and cheer"fully listed under my banners, and embraced my cause,

which I persuaded them was their own; for that it was "to protect them against foreigners that I had drawn my sword. The word foreigners with an Englishman hath a kind of magical effect, they having the utmost hatred and aversion to them, arising from the cruelties they suffered from the Danes, and some other foreign nations.

No wonder therefore they espoused my cause in a • quarrel which had such a beginning.

. But what may be somewhat more remarkable is, that when I afterwards returned to England from banish"ment, and was at the head of an army of the Flemish, who were preparing to plunder the city of London, I still persisted that I was come to defend the English from the danger of foreigners, and gained their credit. Indeed, there is no lie so gross but it may be imposed on the people by those whom they esteem their patrons and defenders.

The king saved his city by being reconciled to me, and taking again my daughter whom he had put away • from him; and thus having frightened the king into

what concessions I thought proper, I dismissed my 'army and fleet, with which I intended, could I not have succeeded otherwise, to have sacked the city of London, and ravaged the whole country.

I was no sooner re-established in the king's favour, or what was as well for me, the appearance of it, than I · fell violently on the archbishop. He had of himself retired to his monastery in Normandy; but that did not

content me, I had him formally banished, the see de* clared vacant, and then filled up by another.

I enjoyed my grandeur a very short time after my


restoration to it; for the king hating and fearing me to "a very great degree, and finding no means of openly 'destroying me, at last effected his purpose by poison, ' and then spread abroad a ridiculous story of my wishing

the next morsel might choke me, if I had had any hand ' in the death of Alfred ; and, accordingly, that the next morsel, by a divine judgment, stuck in my throat, and

"This of a statesman was one of my worst stages in the other world. It is a post subjected daily to the greatest danger and inquietude, and attended with less pleasure, and less ease. In a word, it is a pill, which, was it not gilded over by ambition, would appear nauseous and • detestable in the eye of every one; and perhaps that is

one reason why Minos so greatly compassionates the case of those who swallow it: for that just judge told 'me he always acquitted a prime minister who could produce one single good action in his whole life, let him have committed ever so many crimes. Indeed, I understood him a little too largely, and was stepping towards the gate : but he pulled me by the sleeve, and, telling 'me no prime minister ever entered there, bid me go back again; saying, he thought I had sufficient reason to rejoice in escaping the bottomless pit, which half my crimes committed in any other capacity would have entitled me to.'

CHAPTER XXI. Julian's adventures in the post of a Soldier. • I was born at Caen in Normandy. My mother's name was Matilda ; as for my father, I am not so certain; for

' the good woman on her death-bed assured me she her

self could bring her guess to no greater certainty than

to five of Duke William's captains. When I was no (more than thirteen (being indeed a surprising stout boy

of my age) I enlisted into the army of Duke William, afterwards known by the name of William the Conqueror; landed with him at Pemesey, or Pemsey in Sussex, and was present at the famous battle of


"At the first onset it was impossible to describe my consternation, which was heightened by the fall of two soldiers who stood by me; but this soon abated, and by degrees, as my blood grew warm, I thought no more of 'my own safety, but fell on the enemy with great fury, and did a good deal of execution; till unhappily I re

ceived a wound in my thigh, which rendered me unable " to stand any longer, so that I now lay among the dead, and was constantly exposed to the danger of being trampled to death; as well by my fellow-soldiers as by the enemy. However, I had the fortune to escape it,

and continued the remaining part of the day, and the 'night following, on the ground..

The next morning, the duke sending out parties to bring off the wounded, I was found almost expiring with • loss of blood; notwithstanding which, as immediate care was taken to dress my wounds, youth and a robust constitution stood my friends, and I recovered, after a long

and tedious indisposition, and was again able to use my 'limbs and do my duty.

As soon as Dover was taken I was conveyed thither " with all the rest of the sick and wounded. Here I re6 covered of my wound; but fell afterwards into a violent • Aux, which, when it departed, left me so weak that it

was long before I could regain my strength. And what most afflicted me was, that during my whole illness,


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• when I languished under want as well as sickness, I had • daily the mortification to see and hear the riots and * excess of my fellow-soldiers, who had happily escaped • safe from the battle.

I was no sooner well than I was ordered into garrison • at Dover-castle. The officers here fared very indif“ferently; but the private men much worse. We had great scarcity of provisions, and, what was yet more intolerable, were so closely confined for want of room • (four of us being obliged to lie on the same bundle of straw) that many died and most sickened.

"Here I had remained about four months, when one night we were alarmed with the arrival of the Earl of • Boulogne, who had come over privily from France, and • endeavoured to surprise the castle. The design proved ineffectual; for the garrison making a brisk sally, most of his men where tumbled down the precipice, and he • returned with a very few back to France. In this action, however, I had the misfortune to come off with a broken arm; it was so shattered, that besides a great deal of pain • and misery, which I endured in my cure, I was disabled ' for upwards of three months.

Soon after my recovery I had contracted an amour 6 with a young woman, whose parents lived near the • garrison, and were in much better circumstances than I

had reason to expect should give their consent to the "match. However, as she was extremely fond of me (as

I was indeed distractedly enamoured of her), they were prevailed on to comply with her desires, and the day was ' fixed for our marriage.

On the evening preceding, while I was exulting with the eager expectation of the happiness I was the next day to enjoy, I received orders to march early in the morning towards Windsor, where a large army was to be formed, at the head of which the king intended to

march into the West. Any person, who hath ever been ' in love, may easily imagine what I felt in my mind, on ' receiving those orders; and what still heightened my

torments was, that the commanding officer would not permit any one to go out of the garrison that evening; so that I had not even an opportunity of taking leave of my beloved.

The morning came which was to have put me in the possession of my wishes; but alas ! the scene was now

changed, and all the hopes which I had raised were 'now so many ghosts to haunt, and furies to torment me.

It was now the midst of winter, and very severe " weather for the season ; when we were obliged to make

very long and fatiguing marches, in which we suffered • all the inconveniences of cold and hunger. The night 'in which I expected to riot in the arms of my beloved - mistress I was obliged to take up with a lodging on the

ground, exposed to the inclemencies of a rigid frost; "nor could I obtain the least comfort of sleep, which

shunned me as its enemy. In short, the horrors of that 'night are not to be described, or perhaps imagined. "They made such an impression on my soul that I was

forced to be dipped three times in the river Lethe to "prevent my remembering it in the characters which "I afterwards performed in the flesh.'

Here I interrupted Julian for the first time, and told him no such dipping had happened to me in my voyage from one world to the other: but he satisfied me by saying, “That this only happened to those spirits which ' returned into the flesh, in order to prevent that remi

niscence which Plato mentions, and which would other'wise cause great confusion in the other world.

He then proceeded as follows: "We continued a very laborious march to Exeter, which we were ordered to • besiege. The town soon surrendered, and his majesty

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