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ferment. This is the reason that tailors in time of war are mistaken for politicians by their inquisitiveness into the event of battles, one campaign very often proving the ruin of half a dozen of us. I am sure I had frequent reason to curse that fatal battle of Cardigan, where the Welch defeated some of King Stephen's best troops, and where many a good suit of mine, unpaid for, fell to the ground.

"The gentlemen of this honourable calling have fared much better in later ages than when I was of 'it; for now it seems the fashion is, when they appre

hend their customer is not in the best circumstances, ' if they are not paid as soon as they carry home the

suit, they charge him in their book as much again as 'it is worth, and then send a gentleman with a small scrip of parchment to demand the money. If this be not immediately paid, the gentleman takes the beau with him to his house, where he locks him up till the tailor is contented: but in my time these scrips of parchment were not in use; and if the beau disliked paying for his clothes, as very often happened, we had no method of compelling him.

In several of the characters which I have related to you I apprehend I have sometimes forgot myself, and

considered myself as really interested as I was when I 4 personated them on earth. I have just now caught

myself in the fact; for I have complained to you as bitterly of my customers as I formerly used to do "when I was the tailor: but, in reality, though there

were some few persons of very great quality, and some others, who never paid their debts; yet those were but a few, and I had a method of repairing this loss. My customers I divided under three heads : those who paid

ready money, those who paid slow, and those who "never paid at all. The first of these, I considered

apart by themselves, as persons by whom I got a certain but small profit. The two last I lumped together, making those who paid slow contribute to repair my losses by those who did not pay at all. Thus, upon the whole, I was a very inconsiderable loser, and might have left a fortune to my family, had "I not launched forth into expenses which swallowed

up all my gains. I had a wife, and two children. · These indeed I kept frugally enough; for I half starved

them ; but I kept a mistress in a finer way, for whom

I had a country house, pleasantly situated on the · Thames, elegantly fitted up and neatly furnished.

This woman might very properly be called my mistress; for she was most absolutely so; and though her tenure was no higher than by my will, she domineered as tyrannically as if my chains had been rivetted in the

strongest manner. To all this I submitted, not through 'any adoration of her beauty, which was indeed but 'indifferent. Her charms consisted in little wantonnesses, which she knew admirably well to use in hours of dalliance, and which, I believe, are of all things the most delightful to a lover.

She was so profusely extravagant, that it seemed as if she had an actual intent to ruin me. This I am sure of, if such had been her real intention, she could have taken no properer way to accomplish it; nay, I myself might appear to have had the same view : for, besides

this extravagant mistress, and my country house, I kept ' likewise a brace of hunters, rather for that it was • fashionable so to do than for any great delight I took ' in the sport, which I very little attended; not for want

of leisure, for few noblemen had so much. All the 'work I ever did was taking measure, and that only of 'my greatest and best customers. I scarce ever cut a piece of cloth in my life, nor was indeed much more able to fashion a coat than any gentleman in the kingdom. This made a skilful servant too necessary to 'me. He knew I must submit to any terms with, or any • treatment from, him. He knew it was easier for him to ' find another such a tailor as me, than for me to procure such another workman as him: for this reason, he exerted the most notorious and cruel tyranny, seldom giving me a civil word: nor could the utmost condescension on my side, though attended with continual presents and rewards, and raising his wages, content 'or please him. In a word, he was as absolutely my • master as was ever an ambitious, industrious prime 'minister over an indolent and voluptuous king. All 'my other journeymen paid more respect to him than to me; for they considered my favour as a necessary consequence of obtaining his.

"These were the most remarkable occurrences while I acted this part. Minos hesitated a few moments, and then bid me get back again, without assigning any reason.'


The life of Alderman Julian. "I now revisited England, and was born at London. My father was one of the magistrates of that city. He had eleven children, of whom I was the eldest. He had great success in trade, and grew extremely rich, but the largeness of his family rendered it impossible for him to leave me a fortune sufficient to live well on, independent of business. I was accordingly brought VOL. IV.





up to be a fishmonger: in which capacity I myself afterwards acquired very considerable wealth.

The same disposition of mind, which in princes is • called ambition, is in subjects named faction. To this • temper I was greatly addicted from my youth. I was,

while a boy, a great partisan of Prince John's against his brother Richard, during the latter's absence in the holy war, and in his captivity. I was no more than • one-and-twenty when I first began to make political speeches in public, and to endeavour to foment disquietude and discontent in the city. As I was pretty well qualified for this office by a great fluency of words, an harmonious accent, a graceful delivery, and abore all an invincible assurance, I had soon acquired some • reputation among the younger citizens, and some of the weaker and more inconsiderate of a riper age. This, co-operating with my own natural vanity, made me extravagantly proud and supercilious. I soon began to

esteem myself a man of some consequence, and to "overlook persons every way my superiors.

"The famous Robin Hood, and his companion Little John, at this time made a considerable figure in Yorkshire. I took upon me to write a letter to the former, in the name of the city, inviting him to come to • London, where I assured him of very good reception, signifying to him my own great weight and conse

quence, and how much I had disposed the citizens in ' his favour. Whether he received this letter or no, I am not certain ; but he never gave me any answer to it.

A little afterwards one William Fitz-Osborn, or, as he was nick-named, William Long-beard, began to make a figure in the city. He was a bold and an 'impudent fellow, and had raised himself to great 'popularity with the rabble by pretending to espouse their cause against the rich. I took this man's part,

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and made a public oration in his favour, setting him forth as a patriot, and one who had embarked in the cause of liberty : for which service he did not receive me with the acknowledgments I expected. However, 'as I thought I should easily gain the ascendant over

this fellow, I continued still firm on his side, till the " Archbishop of Canterbury, with an armed force, put an end to his progress; for he was seized in Bowchurch, where he had taken refuge, and with nine of his accomplices hanged in chains.

'I escaped narrowly myself ; for I was seized in the same church with the rest, and, as I had been very

considerably engaged in the enterprise, the archbishop ' was inclined to make me an example; but my father's

merit, who had advanced a considerable sum to Queen - Eleanor, towards the king's ransom, preserved me.

The consternation my danger had occasioned kept me some time quiet, and I applied myself very assiduously to my trade. I invented all manner of methods to enhance the price of fish, and made use of my utmost

endeavours to engross as much of the business as • possible in my own hands. By these means I acquired a substance which raised me to some little consequence in the city; but far from elevating me to that degree, which I had formerly flattered myself with possessing, at a time when I was totally insig'nificant; for in a trading society money must at least lay the foundation of all power and interest.

. But as it hath been remarked that the same ambition which sent Alexander into Asia brings the wrestler on the green ; and as this same ambition is as incapable as quicksilver of lying still; so I, who was possessed, perhaps, of a share equal to what hath fired the blood of any of the heroes of antiquity, was no less restless and discontented with ease and quiet. My first


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