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of public sanitation or investigation of an engineering character should be referred to him.

State Highway Commission.

Perhaps the engineering divisions of the land grant colleges can render the greatest service to the state department or bureau of roads and highways. Its headquarters should be at the college and the college should provide laboratory facilities for testing all materials used in building of roads. The chief road engineer, while primarily a state official should be associated officially with the faculty and should have charge of such short courses in instruction in road building as are intended for county engineers, road superintendents, etc., over whom he has jurisdiction. He should associate with him, as instructors, members of the college staff who have specialized along the lines of instruction to be offered. The chief engineer should be an expert in road building and an able executive official, but he could scarcely be expected to be an expert in structural engineering, geology, and chemistry, so that he may well associate with him in an official consulting capacity such members of the faculty as may be necessary to completely cover the field contemplated by the bureau. For example, the professor of highway engineering might have charge of surveys, the professor of structural engineering or of bridge engineering the work of standardization and inspection of bridges and culverts; the professor in charge of laboratories the testing of road materials; while the geological and chemical work could be assigned to departments equipped for such work.

Department of Mines.

Another important field in which the land grant colleges can render valuable aid to the state is in its department of mines. If this department could be severed from politics it might be combined with the mining department at the college but in most states the duties of the state department and the calls made upon it are of such a character as to make it desirable at least that the executive office be located at the capital. There should be in any case the fullest cooperation of the state and college mining departments. The professor of mining engineering should in an official way be associated with the state department and scientific investigations both in the laboratory, mine, and field should be carried on under his direction. Investigations of a private character but relating to the public good should be permitted and encouraged. The work of such a scientific bureau would not be interrupted by changing administrations and could be planned ahead without reference to such changes.

Among the specific problems that might be referred to the department of mining in a coal producing state are: Analysis of mine gases and mine air; analysis of coal; lighting and lamps in underground workings; study of dusts; waste in mining processes; preservation and testing of mine timbers; strength of mine roofs, and strength of overcasts and stoppings. The study of efficiency, of safety appliances and any other research problem that might effect the safety and health of those engaged in mining.

Public Service.

Most states have a public service commission. The headquarters of this commission should be doubtless at the capital, but the work of standardization of weights and measures, and electrical, water and gas measuring instruments may be done in the laboratories of the land grant colleges. Such a commission needs a limited staff of engineers but the expense of maintaining a corps of specialists may

be greatly reduced by making the members of the engineering staff, say the heads of departments, consulting engineers along their special lines. Here is a field calling for expert service along many lines, such as the feasibility and safety of high dams for water power, railroad service, the generation of steam and gas power, and electrical service, etc. The extent of the service rendered in any particular case would depend on the scope of the work intrusted to the commission.

There is also a fertile field for the engineering divisions in aiding the state to provide and administer adequate laws for the protection of its workmen, whether such laws be administered through a public service commission, as in West Virginia, or by a separate department of public safety. The slogan, "Safety first" has greatly reduced the number of accidents in one of our largest corporations, and the college, through a campaign of education, inspection and investigation may greatly aid the state commission in its efforts to insure the greatest possible safety in occupations in which workmen are engaged. If the number of accidents and injuries can be reduced, the premiums to provide a workmen's compensation fund can be reduced directly benefiting the state, the employer and the employee.

Geological Survey.

The state geological survey should have a close relation to the college or university. The professor of geology should have a consulting connection with the survey and members of the survey might give courses at the college during certain seasons of the year. The engineering and chemical laboratories should be made available for determining quality and composition of materials.

Conclusions.

I have made no attempt to cover the entire field of public service open to the engineering divisions of the land grant colleges and have only touched upon in a very general way the lines of service in which aid is being given or contemplated in West Virginia.

The scope of the work to be rendered by any individual college will depend on local conditions, such as the organic laws of the state, the scientific bureaus already established, the organization of the state executive departments, the natural resources and industries of the state, and in the division of the work between the various state institutions, if more than one, strict uniformity at the various colleges would neither be practical nor desirable. Where an engineering experiment station is maintained I believe that all governmental investigations of an engineering character that are assigned to the college should be handled by the station.

If the college renders service along all the lines suggested it is manifest that its staff and its faculties would have to be enlarged, but considering the reduction in the number of specialists that would be needed by the state departments, the number of special laboratories that would have to be provided and the increased efficiency of instruction, the state can well afford to meet the additional expenditure and to pay salaries commensurate with the character of work demanded. How the college staff should be paid for the work done for the state departments is a detail which can be worked out to suit local conditions. As the state presumably foots the bills in most cases, it would matter little whether it all came from college appropriations, provided the extra service expected of the college is taken into consideration in making its appropriations.

It might be thought that the enlarged duties of the staff of instruction would lessen the attention given to teaching and render it less

effective. I believe that it would have the opposite effect. Members of the faculty who carry on investigations or consulting work for the state will be brought into close touch with all forward movements of their own state and in order to do efficient work for the state they must keep in close touch with the work that is being done elsewhere. The individual professor will have a more intimate knowledge of the actual needs of the people he serves, and his teaching will be more sympathetic and practical. The students will have the advantage of larger facilities, more alert professors, and at the same time profit by the investigations carried on at the college. Advanced students may carry on a part of the work under proper supervision. DEAN JONES.-There is a matter that might well come up at this time. This afternoon I asked the question of the president if anything was being done to further our interests in a legislative way. He advised me that the matter had been taken care of, but that we might strengthen ourselves somewhat by offering an additional resolution, giving the committee more positive instructions, so I shall offer this resolution:

Resolution.

Resolved, That the Executive Committee of this organization be instructed to draw up and present resolutions in the name of this body indicating our desire to cooperate with the Department of the Interior including the Bureaus of Education, Commerce, and Industry, and with the Department of Labor, with a view of making dand grant colleges of maximum usefulness to the whole people. Further,

Resolved, That the Executive Committee be instructed to take action to encourage such cooperation, and further,

Resolved, That the Executive Committee be instructed to use every endeavor to have the proposed national legislation in aid of extension work include all industrial classes.

DEAN JONES.-I move the adoption of the resolutions.
Seconded and carried unanimously.

PRESIDENT JACKSON, having resumed the chair.-In relinquishing the honor of presiding over you, which has been a real pleasure, because I believe that this organization represents the beginning of a movement which is going to be of very great value in this country, I have especial pleasure in presenting such strong men for the future officers and installing them into office.

The President, Dean Marston, has shown through his active work last year his unusual capability and great earnestness.

Dean Bissell has likewise been most active throughout the year as a member of the Executive Committee, and as Secretary-Treasurer, I have no doubt he will be equally efficient.

President Sparks and President Demarest you know very well as broad minded, level headed men, who understand the position of our organization and what is needed.

There is no need to speak further about Commissioner Claxton because of the excellent way in which last year and this year he has performed his duty toward this organization.

Dr. Tyler, as one of the Executive Committee, is a man of sound judgment and brings with him the experience of many years with the agricultural representatives of the other organization, which is especially desirable.

Dean Benjamin and Dean Orton have shown activity last year and this year, indicating an attitude which is in harmony with the organ

ization and they can be depended upon as most excellent members of the Executive Committee.

In adding Dean Reber, to serve in all matters relating to extension work, I think the committee will be materially strengthened.

I therefore take the greatest of pleasure in hereby announcing that these officers have been duly elected and are now duly installed. Unless there is further business, I ask for a motion to adjourn for the year 1913.

DEAN STOUT.-In speaking to some of the rest of the members there seems to be a feeling that we are not entirely clear as to the status of our application for admission to the other organization.

DEAN JACKSON.-My understanding is, although I may not have full information, that the proposed amendments have been put in, to establish a section on engineering and a section on agriculture, that is, for a meeting of the engineers separately and a meeting of the agriculturists separately with, in addition, a general administration meeting, in which the agricultural and engineering delegates will join. Now, unless there has been a slip these amendments will be acted upon next year, and will, if carried, make the status of engineering in the A. A. A. C. E. S. exactly the same as that of agriculture.

The secretary-elect announced that as soon as practicable he would inform the membership by circular letter of the exact parliamentary status of the question raised by Dean Stout.

Commissioner Claxton requested that the Executive Committee have a short meeting immediately after adjournment.

A motion to adjourn was carried.

PRESIDENT JACKSON.-As there is no further business before us the meeting now stands adjourned and the next meeting will be called by the new Executive Committee.

Adjourned.

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.

A meeting of the Executive Committee was held immediately after adjournment. Hon. P. P. Claxton, United States Commissioner of Education, invited the Association, through its Executive Committee, to prepare in collaberation with the Bureau of Education, a report on the status of engineering at the land grant colleges and universities, the same to be published by the bureau as a contribution from the Association.

It was voted to cooperate with the Bureau of Education and the Secretary was authorized to be the agent of the committee in carrying out the project.

ADDENDA.

I.

See page 10. The resolutions prepared by Dean Benjamin's committee were as follows:

WHEREAS, The interests of agriculture and of the mechanic arts are coexistent and coextensive in the so-called land grant colleges; and

WHEREAS, The influence of the Association of Agricultural Colleges and Experiment Stations on the development and extension of the work of the land grant institutions has been of great benefit to the colleges and to the states in which they are located;

Resolved, That a union of this association with the older organization is desirable, to the end that both the agricultural and the manufacturing interests of the several states may be stimulated and developed, and that each organization may have the benefit of the thought and experience of all the members; and be it further

Resolved, That the officers of this association be hereby directed and empowered to take such steps as may be necessary to secure the amalgamation of this association with the Association of Agricultural Colleges and Experiment Stations, as a section.

C. H. BENJAMIN,

G. W. BISSELL,

W. M. RIGGS.

These resolutions were formally transmitted to the A. A. A. C. E. S. by the following letter:

President W. O. Thompson,

Chairman Executive Committee,

October 21, 1913.

Association of American Agricultural Colleges

and Experiment Stations,
Columbus, Ohio.

Dear Sir:-The Land Grant College Engineering Organization, formed at Washington, D. C., January 24th and 25th, 1913, hereby makes application for admission to the Association of American Agricultural Colleges and Experiment Stations, as a separate section thereof. A statement of the reasons for such admission has been prepared in the way of formal resolutions by a committee of the organization appointed for that purpose, and copy is attached hereto.

The officers of the Land Grant College Engineering Organization urge that favorable action be taken on this application at as early a date as practicable at the Washington meeting, November, 1913. Respectfully submitted in behalf of the Land Grant College Engineering Organization.

J. P. JACKSON,

President.

A. MARSTON,

Secretary.

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