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their Vicinity to an Enemy's country, are now become valuable and may soon be peopled.
Of these Lands, his Majesty has already been pleased, with good Reason, to make various Grants to one and another, as a Reward of their Merit, and as Profit has accrued to his Crown by their Service. But, nay it please your Lordship, there has been nothing hitherto devised, or done, in which there is any Prospect of the firm Attachment of the Numerous Tribes of Savages in this land, to the british Interest, and their becoming good and peacible subjects, and industrious Members of Society, which has in any Measure that Degree of Probability in it, as this has which is recommended to your Lordships Patronage.
The Nations will not make war with us while their Children, and especially the children of their Chiefs are with us, They can't resist the Evidence we hereby give them of the Sincerity of our Intentions towards them— They know their Sons are made better by being with us --and that we make no gain to curselves by it-They receive the Testimony of their Sons, that we constantly treat them as Children in Health, and in Sickness, and calculate all our measures for their Good—And they begin to believe that our Motives are something great, quite beyond what they have before conceived of themMany of them begin to be convinced of the Necessity of Agriculture, in order to their Subsistance when their Resourses from the Wilderness fail, (as they certainly must do, when, and so fast, as the English extend their Settlements among them) and their own Sons are made able, by their Education here, to influence them in it-The Reputation of this School and their Fondness to have their Children taught in it, are yet increasing-a number of their own Sons are now become accomplished Interpreters and School Masters, among their Tribes; and recommend a Sober, manly, virtuous, and religious Life by their own Example. I can now obtain as many of their Children as I please, to be instructed here, and an hundred of them easier than I could one six years ago --. And how many and important are the consequences which now open to our view ?
And by the royal Favour of a Tract of Land, in Some Place convenient, sufficient to accomodate the School, and employ the Members of it while they are learning Husbandry, there is a fair Prospect that more than double the Benefit might be done them, and the Crown, with the Same Expence.
But as I am ignorant what may be reasonable to petition for, and as I would not needlessly burden your Lordship in this affair, I have fully communicated my mind to the Reyd Mr Whitefield, and Mr Whitaker, by whom your Lordship may expect to hear what may be judged most conducive to the great End, in view.
"I humbly ask your Lordships Pardon for this Freedom, and I hope the Nature, and importance of the subject may be esteem’d, in some Measure, Sufficient Excuse for him, who begs leave, with the most sincere Duty, and Respect to subscribe himself. Your Lordships Most Obedient, and Most Humble Servant. Eleazar Wheelock."
Autograph letter signed. 3 quarto pages.
SIR JAMES JAY to LORD DARTMOUTH. 517667, September 22, Monday. Freeman's Court, Cornhill.–Sends the charter of the college of New York and desires to see him on matters concerning the college.
Autograph letter in the third person. 1 quarto page.
JOHN Smith to LORD DARTMOUTH. 1766, October 17. London.-Hopes Dr, Allison's scheme for alteration in the mode of church government in America will not succeed.
Autograph letter signed. 13 quarto puges.
GENERAL PHINEAS LYMAN to LORD DARTMOUTH. [1766, October 28].[This letter is not dated, but a letter on the same subject addressed to the Earl of Shelburne of this date is in the collection at Lansdowne House, see Fifth Report, Appendix, p. 216.]
Not autograph. 38 quarto pages.
GOVERNOR SIR HENRY MOORE to LORD DARTMOUTH. 1766, November 11. New York.-Lord Hope has gone to South Carolina for the winter, Hopes the representations made of the favourable disposition of the Americans will prove true, but appearances are against them at present. Fears the licentious tenets held in some of the Charter colonies will be productive of mischief. Will lay the Billeting Act shortly before his assembly, and will then see what deference will be paid to Acts of Parliament.
Autograph letter signed. 2 quarto pages.
CAPTAIN Gavin COCHRANE to LoRD DARTMOUTH. 1766, November 14. Nielston.-Gives an account of his voyage from Savannah to the Island of Frederica, and describes that place and others passed en route. Remarks on fruits in Georgia and cultivation of the vine in America, also the produce of Charlestown.
Autograph letter signed. 5 quarto pages.
MINUTES in LORD DARTMOUTH's Hand. (1766), November 21.- Relative to memorials from the Weaver's Company, Major Mant, Gordon, and Captain Speer.
Autograph. folio page.
MERCHANTS of New York to the HOUSE OF COMMONS. N. D). [1766, November 281.-Petition to resume the consideration of the Plantation trade.
Not signed. 11 folio pages. [Also in the Marquis of Lansdowne's Collection, see Fifth Report, Appendix, p. 218.]
Endorsed :-Petition from New York.
BILLS AND SCHEMES touching the AMERICAN COLONIES. N. D. (1766 or 1767].- An Act for the more effectually restraining and preventing several unwarrantable Combinations and Undertakings in His Majesty's Colonies and Plantations in America. Manuscript. 114 pages. Endorsed :-Drat ot' Bill.
N. D. .--Clause of an Act with reference to the seizure of bullion in America.
Manuscript. 1 quarto page.
1766.--Pamphlet entitled, “ The Charters of the following Provinces of North America, viz., Virginia, Maryland, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Pensylvania, Massachusetts Bay, and Georgia. To which is prefixed a Faithful Narrative of the Proceedings of the North American Colonies, in consequence of the late Stamp Act. London: Printed for W. Owen, at Temple Bar; J. Alion, in Piccadilly; and F. Blyth, at John's Coffee House, Royal Exchange, MDCCLXVI.” · 69 quarto pages..
N. D. .—“ Scheme for an Union between Great Britain and her Colonies hy a representation in Parliament.” It begins thus :“ Massachusets Bay - - Each four Members to represent Pensylvania
them or a smaller number at Virginia . . . ! their option." 2 folio pages.
N. D. .-A List of duties laid on certain articles by “The Act of Parliament passed in 1764 called the American Act," with observations thereon.
3 large folio pages.
N. D. .-Paper of suggestions on the best measures to be pursued with regard to America. The Declaratory Act to remain unrepealed, without saying a word about it in the subsequent negotiation. The unlimited Supremacy of Parliament, not to be claimed on one side nor questioned on the other. The Right of Taxation, neither to be renounced on one side nor acknowledged by the other. The Supremacy of Parliament to be recognized by the Americans. All Acts, deemed grievances, passed since 1763 to be repealed. Commissioners to be appointed to settle differences. Restrictions respecting trade to cease. Troops to return and the fleet to remain or not, at the option of the ministry.
1 folio page.
HOUSE OF LORDS. N. D. . -[gy. Lord Dartmouth's Draft of a Speech in the House of Lords.] American papers to be laid before them for their consideration. Remarks on the King's speech. Is aware how delicate and difficult a task they have to enter upon, but can have no doubt that upon a thorough knowledge of the causes and extent of the disease their wisdom will be able to prescribe a proper remedy. State of tranquillity in the Eastern hemisphere. Their Lordships will not forget to condole with the King on the loss sustained by the death of Prince Frederick William. Dartmouth's autograph. 41 folio pages, draft.
Minutes in LORD DARTMOUTH's Hand. N. D. [1766).- Relative to a letter from Lord Halifax to the Board, 9 February 1765, and the fishing posts granted by the French King on the Labrador coast, 29 August 1765. Concerning a memorial of the Virginia and South Carolina agents, some Jamaica papers, and two letters from Sir Hy. Moore to Lord Dartmouth, 21 December 1765.
I quarto page.
PRIVATE MEMORANDUM Book of LORD DARTMOUT). 1765–66.—Containing notes of Parliamentary proceedings in 1765 and 1766, concerning the Stamp Act, and other miscellaneous items.
Autograph. 14 octavo pages (paper cover).
ROADs in AMERICA. N. D. [9y. about 1766].-Paper endorsed, “ Captain Legge's proposal of a Company of 100 Axmen, to make and preserve roads in the interior parts of North America.” “ There is nothing so much wanting in North America, in order to protect the country from the Indians, and give immediate relief to the many divided posts we have established there, than open and secure roads from one to the other.” During the late war in North America roads were made by cutting down irees. Proposes a scheme which he thinks worth the consideration of Government, and believes the result will be adequate to any expense incurred.
2 quarto pages.
“ MEMORANDUM to take the King's Pleasure.” N. D. [qy. 1766).- Six items respecting the Newfoundland Merchants' petition, the Lieutenant-Governor of Placentia, Governor Paterson's (of St. John) despatches, appointment of another Secretary and Chief Justice for New Hampshire, Colden's willingness to resign his office of Lieutenant-Governor of New York if desired, and pardon for Reynold McDougal in North Carolina.
I folio page.
GENERAL PHINEAS LYMAN. N. D. .-Reasons for a settlement on the Mississippi. Giving state of the country. Inhabited by Indians. Their present relations with the English and French. Proposal for settlement of the rich country near the Mississippi with the consent of the Indians living there. Advantages to trade resulting therefrom, especiully to the settlement of West Florida. Suggests the establishment of schools for Indians. Difficulty of managing Indian affairs from a distance. Suitable time for this settlement must be considered.
Not autograph. 264 pages.
N. D. .-Abstract of the foregoing.
MAJOR THOMAS Mant. N. D. .-Extracts from his proposal for a settlement al Detroit, containing the “ Objection " raised by the Board of Trade, and his “ Defence” in reply.
4 folio pages. Endorsed :-Objection against, and Defence for a Settlement at
J. ROBARTS. N. D. .-Paper endorsed, “ Observations upon Trade in general, and upon the Trade with the Spanish West Indies in particular."
Not signed. 20 pages.
WILLIAM PRINCE, Starch-maker, to the COMMONS of Great Britain.
N. D. [1766 about].--Petition. States that starch can be ma'le as easily from rice as froin wheat, and if he could rely on encouragement being given him, he would undertake that business in the present distress from scarcity of wheat. Asks that rice imported from the American Colonies might for the term of seven years be free of duty, and that rice starch might be allowed to be exported.
Corrected in another hand. i folio page.
House of Coinmons on Rice-Starch.
Sir William JOHNson to the EARL OF SHELBURNE. 1767, January 15. Johnson Hall.—Has just received the news of Mr. Croghan, one of his deputies, having surmounted all the difficulties which the French created to obstruct bis transactions at the Illinois. A peace has been made between the English and the Indians. The necessity of a regular establishment, and a proper support of the officers of Indian affairs to preserve this peace on account of the intrigues of the French, fraudulent traders, and turbuleut Indiaus. His three deputies have each a district allotted for their visitation, but lack of power limits their hopes of success.
Extract. 21 folio pages. [The original signed letter is in the Public Record Office, series America and West Indies, Vol. 271, fol. 167.] Endorsed :-Extract of a Letter from Sir Wm Johnsou to the Earl
of Shelburne. Dated Johnson Ilall 15th Jany 1767.
MAJOR-GENERAL THOMAS GAGE to the EarL OF SHELBURNE.
1767, January 17.-With respect to the trade of the Illinois anil in general of the Mississippi, the benefit at present accruing thence to Great Britain seems to be confined to the disposal of her manufactures.